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Overview of National Trends in Science and Engineering Research Funding Kei Koizumi March 1, 2004 fo

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DOE Office of Science budget would stay flat for the fifth year in a row. ... NONE of the domestic appropriations bills may be enacted by the November elections. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Overview of National Trends in Science and Engineering Research Funding Kei Koizumi March 1, 2004 fo


1
Overview of National Trends in Science and
Engineering Research FundingKei KoizumiMarch
1, 2004for the ASEE Engineering Research Council
Forum
  • AAAS RD Budget and Policy Program
  • http//www.aaas.org/spp/rd

See the Whats New section for the latest
updates see the Seminars and Presentations
section for copies of this presentation.
2
BUDGET CONTEXT FOR FY 2005
AAAS RD Budget and Policy Program
  • Record-breaking federal budget deficits are in
    store because of increased spending, new
    entitlement programs, tax cuts, and an economic
    slowdown.
  • The FY 2004 budget deficit could be 521 billion,
    nearly one out of every four federal dollars
    spent.
  • President Bush claims to cut the deficit in half
    by 2009.
  • The FY 2005 budget proposes increases for defense
    and homeland security spending, no restraints on
    entitlement spending, new tax cuts, and
    extensions of expiring tax cuts.
  • The only area of restraint is domestic
    discretionary spending, up just 0.5 percent in FY
    2005

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RD IN THE FY 2005 BUDGET
AAAS RD Budget and Policy Program
  • Federal RD is at an all-time high of 126
    billion this year, and proposed for 132 billion
    in FY 2005.
  • In the past few years, funding increases have
    gone almost exclusively to defense weapons
    development and homeland security RD.
  • In FY 2005, basic and applied research funding
    would actually fall 0.1 percent.
  • The FY 2005 budget continues recent trends flat
    (DOE Science, IT RD) or declining (DOD ST)
    funding for most RD programs, increases for
    weapons development and homeland security RD.

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Engineering Research
AAAS RD Budget and Policy Program
  • Federal support of engineering research 8.2
    billion in FY 2003.
  • Declining support in 2004 and 2005 based on
    agency budgets.
  • DOD, DOE, NASA, and NSF are the major sponsors.
  • For universities, NIH is also an important
    funding source.

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Agency highlights
AAAS RD Budget and Policy Program
  • DOD would cut 6.1 funding by 5 in 2005, 6.2
    funding by 12 . DARPA is a bright spot (up 9)
  • DOE Office of Science budget would stay flat for
    the fifth year in a row.
  • NSF Increase in RD, but ENG budget up only 1.9
  • NASA Overall increase for new missions, but
    research funding would decline because of focus
    on the near term (Shuttle, Space Station)
  • DHS Large increase, but so far money has gone
    mostly to development and to the labs.
  • NIH Doubling days are over NIBIB up 3.1
  • Nanoscale science initiative is a top priority,
    but funding for the IT initiative would stall.

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HOMELAND SECURITY RD IN THE BUDGET
AAAS RD Budget and Policy Program
  • Homeland Security is a collection of programs
    cutting across government missions such as
    health, defense, transportation, and justice.
  • Total HS spending in FY 2005 would be 47 billion
    (up 14 percent), of which 4.2 billion would go
    to RD.
  • The majority of HS RD investments will remain
    outside the Dept. of Homeland Security.
  • In the past few years, there has been a dramatic
    expansion of federal RD investments in this
    area, which would continue in FY 2005.
  • Spending on biodefense research would continue to
    be the top priority, but RD on other
    technologies would also increase.

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OUTLOOK FOR THE FY 2005 BUDGET
AAAS RD Budget and Policy Program
  • The Presidents budget presents tough choices for
    Congress in cutting domestic spending, especially
    in an election year.
  • Congress has to write a budget resolution by
    April, then pass the appropriations bills.
  • NONE of the domestic appropriations bills may be
    enacted by the November elections.
  • The budget leaves out alternative minimum tax
    fix, future costs for Iraq, and assumes even
    tougher choices after the election.
  • Congress will try to add funds for defense
    research, nondefense RD, but may not have enough
    money.
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