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Finding Information in the Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences September 2005, AOS 907

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Finding Information in the Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences September 2005, AOS 907 Jean Phillips Schwerdtfeger Library Space Science and Engineering Center – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Finding Information in the Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences September 2005, AOS 907


1
Finding Information in the Atmospheric and
Oceanic Sciences September 2005, AOS 907
  • Jean Phillips
  • Schwerdtfeger Library
  • Space Science and Engineering Center
  • Jean.Phillips_at_ssec.wisc.edu

2
Discussion Threads
  • MadCat overview
  • Finding journal articles Peer review, searching,
    subject databases
  • Finding dissertations
  • Searching Google
  • Evaluating what you find
  • Citation guides
  • Recap

3
MadCat Overview
  • The Library catalog, used to find books,
    government reports, journal titles and their
    locations
  • Journal articles or contents of books (specific
    chapters) ARE NOT in MadCat find them in
    article database, then search for journal or book
    title in MadCat or use
  • Schwerdtfeger Library holdings in
    MadCat

4
(No Transcript)
5
My MadCat Account
6
Patron Information
  • Update address/contact information
  • Check for patron blocks
  • View and renew items checked out
  • Check on requests pending or items available
    (important)
  • Check fines and fees

7
Basic Search An Introduction to Dynamic
Meteorology
8
Results
9
Place Request
10
Recall or Retrieve
11
ID, Pickup Desk, Submit Request
12
Basic Search IRS 84
13
Guided Search IRS 84
14
Results
15
Finding Journal Articles
  • UW-Madison Libraries have licensed many databases
    for your use
  • Information cannot be accessed by using Google
  • Emphasis is on finding literature related to the
    atmospheric and oceanic sciences
  • After finding specific articles, search for the
    journal title in MadCat for location on campus
  • Some databases may have links to full-text via
  • Links to databases from our home page
  • By subject or name from E-Resource Gateway
  • Remote access http//www.library.wisc.edu/help/re
    mote/remote-restrict.html

16
Peer Review
  • Sometimes called refereed
  • When was it established?
  • Reasons for peer review
  • How it works
  • Criticisms of the process

17
Searching
  • Plan your search
  • Remember variant word endings, Boolean connectors
    and synonyms
  • Limit search terms to specific fields (title,
    subject heading), within a certain proximity to
    each other, year ranges
  • To narrow a search limit by theoretical
    approach, one aspect of subject, by time, by
    geographic location
  • To broaden a search generalize your topic, check
    more databases, limit jargon, check Web or
    newspaper databases if topic is too new
  • Note controlled vocabularies
  • Perform search, review results, refine search,
    search again, refine search, search again, export
    results

18
Subject Databases
  • Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts
    (MGA)
  • Oceanic Abstracts
  • NTIS
  • Web of Science
  • Inspec
  • Georef

19
Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts
  • Updated quarterly, July 1974
  • MGA covers meteorology, climatology,
    oceanography, remote sensing, atmospheric
    chemistry, hydrology, etc.
  • Indexes journal articles, conference proceedings,
    books, technical reports
  • Includes abstract for most entries
  • Includes links to full-text for AMS journals and
    other journals if the campus has a license
  • Pre-1974 literature can be found using print
  • equivalent

20
Oceanic Abstracts
  • Updated monthly, 1984
  • Premier database for marine resources
  • Covers biology, ecology, marine geology,
    geophysics, geochemistry, oceanography, marine
    pollution, environmental protection
  • Includes links to full-text where available
  • Same interface as MGA, NTIS and Oceanic Abstracts

21
NTIS Bibliographic Index
  • Updated quarterly, 1964
  • Contains descriptions of U.S. government
    sponsored sci/tech research from DOD, DOE, EPA,
    NASA, NOAA
  • Covers astronomy, atmospheric science,
    biotechnology, computers, energy, engineering,
    etc.
  • Included are reports on contracts/grants,
    technical memoranda, technical reports,
    dissertations, etc.
  • Pre-1964, consult Government Reports and
    Announcements Index in print
  • Same interface as MGA

22
Finding Government Documents
  • What are they? Conference literature, government
    reports, internal reports, reports on contracts,
    etc.
  • Why are they important? Cited in literature and
    historically have provided a rapid means of
    scientific communication.
  • Who publishes them? Agencies, governmental
    bodies, professional societies, federal
    contractors, etc.
  • What characteristics do they have? Alpha-numeric
    report numbers, accession numbers, grant or
    contract numbers, sponsoring agency, no
    commercial publisher, distributed through
    facility like NTIS.
  • Where can I find them? 1)Libraries Campus
    libraries have most reports distributed 2)NTIS,
    DTIS, NASA, STI 3)Author
  • 4)Issuing agency

23
Define Research Problem
  • What papers have been published that define the
    urban heat island phenomenon and its possible
    relation to global warming?
  • Synonyms urban climate(s), urban influences on
    (temperature, climate), urban meteorology, urban
    microclimate(s), climate change

24
Open MGA, Select Database(s)KWurban heat
island (KWTI,AB,DE)
25
Results
26
Refine SearchKWurban heat island
ANDKWglobal warming
27
Results Review, Refine, SaveHow to Use
28
View Abstracts and Descriptors for Additional
Search Terms
29
Refine Search
  • KW(urban heat island) OR (urban environment)
    OR (urban influences on ) OR (urban climat)
  • AND
  • KW(global warming) OR (climate change) OR
    (climat trend) OR (heat reflection)

30
Command Search
31
Review Results
32
Web of Science
  • Updated weekly, 1970
  • Combination of three databases
  • Indexes peer-reviewed journal literature only
    does not include reports, conference proceedings,
    dissertations
  • Known for its currency and meticulous indexing
  • Used to do general, cited reference or author
    searching
  • Pre-1981, use Science Citation Index in print
  • Journal Citation Reports is companion database
    http//portal17.isiknowledge.com/portal.cgi/jcr?In
    itYesSIDB5_at_2ppdAkLMm4j4b7O5

33
Search/Database Options, Limits
34
Topic Search urban heat island AND global
warming
35
Review/Mark/Submit Records
36
Check Cited References and Times Cited
37
Cited Reference Search
38
Cited Reference Results
39
Print/Save/E-mail Records
  • Mark records
  • Print/Save/E-mail records
  • Use to locate full-text
  • Use MadCat for other locations

40
Other Databases
  • INSPEC, updated monthly, 1969 -
  • Covers physics, electrical engineering,
    electronics, computers, etc.
  • Includes journal articles, conference papers,
    significant books, tech reports, dissertations
  • Pre-1969, consult Computer and Control Abstracts
  • Georef, updated bimonthly, 1785 -
  • Indexes earth sciences literature of the world
  • Includes journal articles, conference papers,
    reports, guidebooks, theses, monographs

41
Yet More Databases
42
Finding Dissertations on Campus
  • Schwerdtfeger Library holds masters theses and
    doctoral dissertations for AOS
  • Memorial Library is the depository for all PhD
    dissertations not all masters theses are
    deposited in libraries and not all masters
    circulate
  • Search MadCat for location
  • Contact a library for interlibrary loan, to see
    if it was published in report form or to purchase
  • Some dissertations published as journal articles
    or reports if funded by government
    contract

43
Finding Dissertations Databases
  • Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD)
    http//www.ndltd.org/browse.en.html
  • Current Research _at_ UW-Madison http//wwwlib.umi.c
    om/cr/wisc/main
  • Proquest Digital Dissertations, 1861
    http//wwwlib.umi.com/dissertations/search
  • Index to ThesesGreat Britain and Ireland
    http//www.theses.com/
  • CRL Foreign Doctoral Dissertations Database
    http//www.crl.edu/content.asp?l15l223l344l4
    25

44
Searching Google
  • Title intitleurban heat island and
    intitleglobal warming Returns 21 hits
  • Top level domain urban heat island and global
    warming sitegov Returns 351 hits
  • Specific site or subdomain "urban heat island"
    sitewww.epa.gov Returns 158 hits (w/out quotes,
    Returns 915 hits)
  • Specific URL urban heat island
    inurlwww.epa.gov/globalwarming Returns 2 hits
    (w/out quotes, Returns 8 hits)
  • Links to linkwww.epa.gov/heatisland/
    Returns 18 hits
  • Use quotes around terms to group them together

45
Evaluating Accuracy
  • Examine references or bibliographies
  • Verify information in another source (journal,
    book, another Web site)
  • Is it well-documented?
  • Are there errors in spelling or grammar that
    might lead you to question accuracy?
  • Is the page thorough? Does it have the kind of
    information you want?

46
Evaluating Authority
  • Who created the site?
  • Verify authors qualifications (use another
    database, journal, directory if necessary)
  • Is there an About page?
  • Does the document link back to the home Web site?

47
Evaluating Objectivity
  • What is the purpose of the site?
  • Is the information representative of multiple
    viewpoints? Does it present results of research
    or statistical analyses?
  • Does the site present one side of an issue or try
    to persuade or sell?
  • Examine URL .gov, .edu, .com, .org, country
    codes

48
Evaluating Currency
  • If there are dates listed, is their meaning
    clear?
  • When was the site last updated and is this
    important?
  • Are there dates on publications?

49
Citation Guides
  • American Meteorological Society
    http//www.ametsoc.org/pubs/refstyl.html
  • American Institute of Physics http//www.aip.org/
    pubservs/style/4thed/toc.html
  • American Geophysical Union http//www.agu.org/pub
    s/inf4aus.html
  • Internet Citation Guides (UW-Madison)
    http//memorial.library.wisc.edu/citing.htm
  • Citing References in Your Paper (Writing Center,
    UW-Madison) http//www.wisc.edu/writing/Handbook/D
    ocumentation.html

50
Recap
  • Determine search criteria
  • Select database(s) to be searched MGA, NTIS,
    Oceanic Abstracts, Web of Science
  • Check MadCat for availability and location
  • Schwerdtfeger Library http//library.ssec.wisc.ed
    u
  • Finding Information (Powerpoint)
    http//www.ssec.wisc.edu/library/teaching/finding_
    information_September2005.ppt
  • Resources in the Atmospheric Sciences
    http//library.ssec.wisc.edu/library/resources/ere
    sources/index.htm
  • Questions Ask a librarian
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