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"Lion Hunt" by Eugene Delacroix

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Romanticism is an artistic and intellectual movement that originated in the late ... Characteristics of Romanticism. rejected 18th century predecessors emphasis ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: "Lion Hunt" by Eugene Delacroix


1
"Lion Hunt" by Eugene Delacroix
  • Mood?
  • Color?
  • Subject?
  • Texture?
  • Space?
  • Balance?

2
"Fury" by Eugene Garin
  • Mood?
  • Color?
  • Subject?
  • Texture?
  • Space?
  • Balance?

3
Saturn" by Francisco de Goya
  • Mood?
  • Color?
  • Subject?
  • Texture?
  • Space?
  • Balance?

4
Romanticism
  • The Voice of Passion
  • and
  • Reason
  • What is Romanticism?
  • Romanticism is an artistic and intellectual
    movement that originated in the late 18th century
    in Europe.

5
Romanticism….why?
  • Remember, 18th century….all about human reason
  • Romanticism is about emotion

6
Concerns of Romanticism
  • Romantic artists were concerned about themselves
  • emotions
  • reactions to their world
  • own individuality

7
5 Is of Romanticism
  • Intuition
  • Imagination
  • Innocence
  • Inspiration from supernatural and from nature
  • Inner experience

8
Characteristics of Romanticism
  • rejected 18th century predecessors emphasis on
    reason
  • explored power of dreams and the subconscious
  • deepening appreciation of the beauties of nature



9
Characteristics of Romanticism
  • natural universe was mysterious world of its own
  • believed in remoteness of time or place

10
Characteristics of Romanticism
  • Romantics stressed
  • strong emotion
  • imagination
  • freedom from classical correctness in art forms
  • rebellion against social conventions
  • senses over intellect

11
Characteristics of Romanticism
  • Romantics Rejected
  • order
  • calmness
  • balance
  • idealization
  • rationality

12
Two Ways of Finding Higher Truth
  • 1. Find truth by searching in exotic and faraway
    settings, possibly in the supernatural realm or
    in old legends.
  • 2. Find truth through contemplating the natural
    world (for example, the inspiration found in a
    flower).

13
Romantics had a predilection for
  • The Exotic
  • The Remote
  • The Occult
  • The Monstrous
  • The Weird
  • The Diseased
  • The Mysterious
  • And even the Satanic

14
Political views of Romanticism
  • Democratic
  • Lord Byron and Delacroix supported liberalism
  • HOWEVER
  • Conservative because they distrusted human reason

15
Spirit of the Age It all began in
England… British Romantic Poets and Writers
16
English Romanticism
  • William Wordsworth (1770-1850)
  • founder of English Romantic movement
  • witnessed revolutionary France
  • inspired by political idealism
  • Bliss was it, in that dawn to be alive.

17
English Romanticism
  • William Wordsworth (1770-1850)
  • later part of French Revolution disturbed him
  • withdrew to the English countryside
  • 1799 lived in Lake District (his poetry made it
    famous)

18
Percy Bysshe Shelley
  • English Romantic poet who rebelled against
    English politics and conservative values
  • expelled from Oxford for atheist beliefs
  • died mysteriously in 1822
  • married Mary Wollstonecraft
  • encouraged his wife, Mary Shelley, to write
    fiction
  • What book?

19
Mary Shelleys Frankenstein
  • Dr. Frankenstein
  • creates monster in his lab
  • complex work of nature and science
  • concern that science is growing out of control
  • suggests maternal love is possibly key to
    happiness

20
English Romanticism
  • Lord Byron (1788-1824)
  • led an unconventional life
  • mysterious and gloomy heroes in his books
  • romantic melodrama

21
English Romanticism
  • John Keats (1795-1821)
  • Eve of Saint Agnes
  • Ode to a Nightingale
  • Ode to Autumn
  • -died at the age of 26 from tuberculosis

22
The Horrors of War Emotion in
Romantic Painting
23
Francisco de Goya
  • 1808 French troops take over Spain
  • 1814 were driven out and Goya was commissioned to
    remember the atrocities in Madrid

24
Francisco de Goya
  • His works
  • uses emotions to show the horrors of war
  • agonized victims
  • light of torches on victims while executions lie
    in the shadows

25
(No Transcript)
26
Romantic Painting in France
27
Raft of the Medusa by Gericault (French
government ship, wrecked off the coast of Africa
in 1816)
28
Eugene Delacroix (1798-1863)
  • greatest of all French Romantic artists
  • used color and combination to create emotion

29
Massacre at Chios by Delacroix
  • a.k.a. Massacre 1
  • Romantic political protest
  • Turkish slaughter of 20,000 Greeks on island of
    Chios in 1824
  • drew inspiration from Lord Byron
  • To set fire to yourself, remember certain
    passages from Byron

30
The Death of Sardanapalus (1826)
  • a.k.a. Massacre No. 2
  • bored, luxurious Assyrian king atop his own
    funeral pyre
  • has his possessions, slaves,
  • and wives all destroyed and burned rather than
    give them to the enemy
  • dreamlike quality
  • and remember…he was a fan of Lord Byron…

31
From Sardanapalus (act I, sc. 2) by Lord Byron
  • Think'st thou there is no tyranny but that Of
    blood and chains? The despotism of vice-- The
    weakness and the wickedness of luxury-- The
    negligence--the apathy--the evils Of sensual
    sloth--produces ten thousand tyrants, Whose
    delegated cruelty surpasses The worst acts of one
    energetic master, However harsh and hard in his
    own bearing.

32
Theodore Gericault (1791-1824)
  • young French liberal
  • used violent lighting to enhance emotions
  • used painting to expose scandal

33
Romantic Music
  • music, like painting, could release emotion
  • bridged classical and romantic periods

34
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)
  • Romanticist because he withdraws increasingly
    within himself…..reveals only his subjective
    thoughts and pays heed to nothing but his own
    inspiration

35
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)
  • very dramatic composer
  • often knocked down candles during performance
  • music helped popularize the piano
  • enjoyed wealth and fame (unlike Mozart)

36
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)
  • before losing his hearing learned classical
    musical structures
  • age 32 realized deafness was incurable
  • contemplated suicide
  • continued to compose
  • Music searched for unity and peace
  • Personal emotions

37
Franz Schubert (1797-1828)
  • Father Moravian peasant
  • fused romantic poetry and music
  • performed in only one public concert
  • died at a young age, syphilis

38
Chopin
  • most famous composers of early 19th century
  • dreamy, brooding, melancholic, and fiery
  • performed in upper-class drawing rooms

39
Famous American Romantics
40
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)
41
JAMES FENIMORE COOPER (1789-1851)
42
Walt Whitman (1819-1892)
43
Edgar Allen Poe (1809-1849)
44
Washington Irving (1783-1859)
45
Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864)
46
Herman Melville (1819-1891)
47
Time for Romanticism Review!
  • Use your Romanticism notes!
  • Answer the questions!
  • Turn in when youre finished!
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