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Improving Teen Mental Health

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Improving Teen Mental Health – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Improving Teen Mental Health


1
Improving Teen Mental Health
  • Presentation for
    Newark High School
  • Teachers Staff

2
TODAYS PRESENTATION
State of the problem
Treatment
Steps to take
Warning signs
Normal teen development
Types of mental health problems
Referral process
Talking to parents
Managing the Classroom
3

Newark High School
4
No help Pain Suffering Failing
5
At least 1 in 5 children and adolescents has a
mental health disorder
1 in 10 has a serious disorder
90 of people who develop a mental disorder show
warning signs during their teen years
6
HELP Better academic achievement Less
substance abuse Improved chances for their
future
7
Everyone Can Make a Difference
SchoolStaff
Parents
Every Adult
8
Teachers Critical Role
9
On the Front Lines
Influential
Overburdened
10
Steps Teachers Can Take
ACT
NOTICE
TALK
11
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12
Angry or aggressivebehaviors
13
Poorconcentration
14
Increasedtardiness or absences
15
Withdrawn
Withdrawn
16
Anxious
17
Troubled?
Typical?
18
  • Complex period of rapid change, transition
  • Challenges fitting in, defining identity,
    competing demands (school, home)
  • Sometimes - other home issues (divorce, violence
    or substance abuse)
  • Bottom line May display alterations of mood,
    distressing thoughts, anxiety,
  • and impulsive behavior.

TypicalTeens
19
  • Experiencing more than normal developmental
    challenges, inability to form healthy
    relationships
  • Without treatment, more likely to have serious
    problems
  • Academic
  • Relationships
  • Employment

TroubledTeens
20
What causes mentalhealth disorders?
environment
biology
21
  • As you NOTICE signs, ask yourself, are they
  • FREQUENT ?
  • (e.g., student is quiet, withdrawn over multiple
    days/weeks)
  • EXTREME ?
  • (e.g., violent outburst, aggressive behavior)
  • If either
  • TALK with student
  • ACT by communicating what youve seen/heard with
    school MH staff

22
Teen Mental Health Disorders
Mood disorders
Anxiety disorders
Psychotic disorders
Behavioral/disruptive disorders
23
  • CLINICAL DEPRESSION
  • Deep despair, sadness, crying
  • 1 in 13 teens experience symptoms
  • BIPOLAR DISORDER
  • Extreme changes from happy to sad
  • 1 in 100 teens have it
  • Hard to diagnose, looks like depression

24
  • ANXIETY DISORDERS
  • Overwhelming fear with no cause
  • Risk is greater with family history
  • EATING DISORDERS
  • Unrealistic thoughts about weight
  • 1 in 20 teens suffer 90 females
  • Untreated it can result in
    hospitalization or death

25
  • SCHIZOPHRENIA
  • Strange thoughts, unusual behaviors
  • High functioning, then big decline
  • Distrustful, no longer social, voices
  • ADHD
  • Problems paying attention
  • Can seriously impact ability to learn

26
  • OPPOSITIONAL DEFIANT DISORDER
  • Stubborn, argumentative, hostile
  • Major distraction in the classroom
  • CONDUCT DISORDER
  • Verbal/physical aggression
  • Junior sociopaths
  • End up in detention centers

27
Physicalcomplaints
Abuse ofalcohol/drugs
Depression
Self-injury/ Cutting
Threats torun away
Aggression
Intense fear of becomingobese
Frequentoutbursts
Nightmares
Inability to cope
Marked change in school performance
Threat to harm self or others
Sexualacting out
Unusualbehavior
28
Psychiatrists
Psychologists
Mental Health Counselors
29
Psychiatrists
Psychologists
Mental Health Counselors
30
School Mental Health Professionals
31
EFFECTIVE TREATMENT
  • Therapy, Medication
  • Sometimes combination works best
  • No silver bullet or quick fix timeframe
    depends on
  • Severity of disorder
  • Temperament of child
  • Family school support

32
MEDICATION
  • Used to
  • Improve daily functioning
  • Prevent serious symptoms
  • Enable therapy to be more effective
  • Must be used appropriately and only under care of
    psychiatrist or other physician

33
Effective Mental Health Treatment
THERAPY
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)
Family Therapy
Group Therapy
34
PROCESS AT NEWARK HIGH SCHOOL
TEACHER identifies a cause for concern in a
student
TEACHER talks to student or parent
Teachers notify Wellness
Center Staff
If problem is identified as a behavior/conduct
problem, student is sent to ASSISTANT PRINCIPAL
or ADVISOR.
School Psychologist, School Social Worker or
Interventionist
Wellness Center handles problem or

Wellness Center makes referral to Community
Resources
SOCIAL SERVICES
CLINICAL SOCIAL WORKER
PSYCHOLOGIST
PSYCHIATRIST
SOCIALWORKER
35
External Referral Process
  • When help is needed beyond our school...

36
Managing Disorders in the Classroom
Follow good classroom management principles
Communicate with others
Take care of yourself
37
Talking with Parents
Observablebehaviors
Start early
Be positive and have perspective
Stick together
38
NOTICE
TALK
ACT
39
Changing a Lifes Course
40
More Resources for You
  • www.healthyminds.org
  • (American Psychiatric Association)
  • Other Resources
  • www.aacap.org (American Academy of Child and
    Adolescent Psychiatry)

41
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