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Web Resources: Infant Mental Health


Web Resources: Infant Mental Health &Young Children with Challenging Behavior: Introduction of terms and outline of web pages Exploring the resources- online and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Web Resources: Infant Mental Health

Web Resources Infant Mental Health Young
Children with Challenging Behavior
  1. Introduction of terms and outline of web pages
  2. Exploring the resources- online and print copies
  3. Suggestions for additional resources

Infant Mental Health is the developing capacity
of the child from birth to age three to
  • Experience, regulate and express emotions,
  • Form close relationships and secure
    interpersonal relationships and
  • Explore the environment and learn
  • All in the context of family,community, and
    cultural expectations for young children. Infant
    mental health is synonymous with healthy social
    and emotional development.
  • (Zero To Three)

Challenging Behavior
  • Challenging behavior is defined as any repeated
    pattern of behavior, or perception of behavior
    that interferes with or is at risk of interfering
    with optimal learning or engagement in pro-social
    interactions with peers and adults.
  • Center for evidence-based Practice Young
    children with challenging behavior

At or High Risk Children
  • Young children at risk or in substantiated child
    neglect of abuse
  • Combinations of other family and socio- economic
    circumstances including such things as poverty,
    teen mothers, mental health or substance abuse
    issue of parents, homelessness, violence
  • Some states serve high risk children within the
    part C system others do not

Diagnosed conditions
  • Examples
  • Autism Spectrum disorders
  • Pre-natal drug exposure
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
  • Williams syndrome, Downs syndrome etc
  • Speech language delays
  • Developmental delays and mental retardation.
  • Severe attachment disorders/ childhood depression

Who receives services?
  • Children with challenging behaviors
  • Children whose challenging behavior is more
    intense and frequent
  • Children with diagnosed conditions- mental
    health, DD, social emotional disturbances
  • Children living in environments with risk factors
    that are known to affect growth and development.

AND their families!
  • Some programs are designed to work with child but
    involve families
  • Some services are targeted to families in order
    to help children
  • Some have the equal or dual focus of child and
    family unit

Promotion, Prevention, Treatment programs for
children n AND their families
  • Promotion- activities to enhance or bring about
    better adaptive competency, positive growth and
    functioning, improve self esteem, builds on
    strengths and oriented toward mastery. (wellness
  • Prevention- attempts to forestall, avoid or deter
    the occurrence of problems or negative outcomes
    intervening before the initial onset of a
    clinically diagnosable disorder with the aim of
    reducing the consequences or the onset. Reactive
    and weakness based.
  • Treatment-manage and provide care following the
    onset of a problem, disorder or condition,
    correct or remediate the problem, eliminate
    dysfunctional behavior, deficient or fragility
  • (Dunst, Trivette, Thompson, 1994)

Who provides services and supports?
  • IDEA Part C and B
  • Private providers- Child psychologist, counselors
  • Head Start and Early Head Start
  • Child Care Providers
  • Home visiting parenting programs
  • Special projects

Examples of EI Services for Child/family with
Environmental Risk based upon need (IDEA)
  • Service Coordination
  • Family Training and Counseling
  • Nutrition
  • Special Instruction
  • Psychological
  • Social Work
  • Therapies (OT,Speech, PT,AT, vision, audiology,
  • Transportation

Promising practices in early childhood mental
health include services that have the following
  • Family Centered
  • Individualized
  • Comprehensive
  • Community based
  • Coordinated
  • Built on a high level of parent decision making
  • Focused on developmental need
  • Built on strengths and resiliency of child and
  • (Vol. III Promising Practices in Early Childhood
    Mental Health)

Lessons of Successful Programs for Families at
Risk (Lisbeth Schorr, Within our Reach)
  • See the person in the context of the family and
    the family in their surroundings.
  • Dont blame the person for their circumstances.
  • Assume that all people have strengths and build
    on these strengths.
  • Hold non-traditional views of assessment and
    intervention-linking them continually together.
  • People, not professionals, drive the services and
    intervention efforts.
  • Professionals are described as people who display
    care and concern, respect and can be trusted.

Lessons continued
  • Staff members and program are flexible.
  • Programs offer a broad spectrum of services and
    supports in non-traditional settings and in ways
    which are coherent and easy to access.
  • Programs regularly cross or even circumvent
    traditional professional and bureaucratic
  • For many services HOW they are delivered is as
    important as that they are delivered.
  • (Lisbeth Schorr- Within our Reach

Web Resources
  • For administrators,
  • For providers of services
  • Classroom teachers/care givers
  • For families
  • On-line information, articles, research,
    strategies and connections
  • http//www.nectac.org/topics/menhealth/menhealth.a
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