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21st Century Teaching for 21st Century Students


Why 21st Century Skills? ... 58% Self-Direction 70% Critical Thinking & Problem Solving 70% Work Ethic 73% Leadership 81% Written Communication Why 21st Century ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 21st Century Teaching for 21st Century Students

(No Transcript)
21st Century Teaching for 21st Century Students
  • Brad Fountain
  • Discovery Education

  • The illiterate of the 21st century will not be
    those who cannot read and write, but those who
    cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn.
  • - Alvin Toffler

This is a story about the big public
conversation the nation is not having about
education whether an entire generation of kids
will fail to make the grade in the global economy
because they cant think their way through
abstract problems, work in teams, distinguish
good information from bad, or speak a language
other than English. How to Build a Student for
the 21st Century, TIME Magazine, December 18, 2006
Who are 21st Century Learners?
  • As large in number as Baby Boomers
  • Consumers- 150 billion annually
  • Digital Media Users 6 ½ hrs daily (Exposed to 8
    ½ hours)
  • Multi-taskers online - phone - print
  • Hyper-Communicators -socially civically
  • Gamers-interactive learning
  • Risk-Takers
  • Depersonalization
  • Pursuers of ongoing education
  • Futurists Optimistic
  • IQ is up by 17 points between 1947-2001 with most
    gains post 1972

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Are They REALLY That Different?
  • 21st Century Students Brain
  • Neuroplasticity
  • 50 hours to affect change
  • Video games
  • Hypertext Minds
  • Point to Point vs. Linear
  • Breadth vs. Depth
  • Environmental Impact
  • Thinking Patterns
  • ADD or Disengaged

Marc Prensky Digital Natives, Digital
Immigrants Part 2
What Are They Missing?
  • Critical Thinking
  • Reflection
  • Evaluation
  • Linear Processing
  • Personal Communication
  • Meaningful Persistence
  • Formal processes

Why 21st Century Skills?
Workforce Survey Are They Really Ready to Work?
Released October 2, 2006, by The Conference
Board, Corporate Voices for Working Families,
Partnership for 21st Century Skills, and the
Society for Human Resource Management groups.
Why 21st Century Skills?
What skills are most important for job success
when hiring a High School graduate?
Work Ethic 80
Collaboration 75
Good Communication 70
Social Responsibility 63
Critical Thinking Problem Solving 58
Why 21st Century Skills?
Of the High School Students that you recently
hired, what were their deficiencies?
Written Communication 81
Leadership 73
Work Ethic 70
Critical Thinking Problem Solving 70
Self-Direction 58
Why 21st Century Skills?
What applied skills and basic knowledge are most
important for those you will hire with a
four-year college diploma?
Oral Communication 95.4
Collaboration 94.4
Professional/Work Ethic 93.8
Written Communication 93.1
Critical Thinking/Problem Solving 93.1
Why 21st Century Skills?
What skills and content areas will be growing in
importance in the next five years?
Critical Thinking 78
I.T. 77
Health Wellness 76
Collaboration 74
Innovation 74
Personal Financial Responsibility 72
So What Does this Mean for Teachers and Schools?
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  • If you are not prepared to be wrong, youll
    never come up with anything original. By the
    time students become adults they have lost that
    capacity. And national education systems are
    where mistakes are the worst things you can make.
    The result is we are educating people out of
    their creative capacities. - Sir Ken

New Definitions for Schools
  • Schools will go from buildings to nerve
    centers, with walls that are porous and
    transparent, connecting teachers, students and
    the community to the wealth of knowledge that
    exists in the world while creating a culture of
  • Teachers will go from primary role as a dispenser
    of information to orchestrator of learning and
    helping students turn information into knowledge,
    and knowledge into wisdom.

New Definition for Students
  • In the past a student was a young person who went
    to school, spent a specified amount of time in
    certain courses, received passing grades and
    graduated.  Today we must see learners in a new
  • First we must maintain student interest by
    helping them see how what they are learning
    prepares them for life in the real world. 
  • Second we must instill curiosity, which is
    fundamental to lifelong learning. 
  • Third we must be flexible in how we teach.
  • Fourth we must excite learners to become even
    more resourceful so that they will continue to
    learn outside the formal school day.

Being Literate Today Means
  • Finding the information
  • Processing different media
  • Decoding the information
  • Analyzing the information
  • Critically evaluating the information
  • Organizing it into personal digital libraries
  • Creating information in a variety of media
  • Teaching the information to find the user
  • Filtering the information gleaned

Inquiry Learning
  • Dewey defines productive inquiry as that aspect
    of any activity where we are deliberately seeking
    what we need in order to do what we want to do.
    (Dewey, 1922 and Cook and Brown, 1999) In the net
    age we now have at our disposal tools and
    resources for engaging in productive inquiry
    and learning that we never had before.

-John Seely Brown
20th Century vs. 21st Century Learning
20th Century Classrooms 21st Century Classrooms  
Time-based Outcome-based
Focus on memorization of discrete facts Focus on what students KNOW, CAN DO and ARE LIKE after all the details are forgotten
Lessons focus on lower level of Blooms Taxonomy knowledge, comprehension and application Learning is designed on upper levels of Blooms synthesis, analysis and evaluation
Textbook-driven Research-driven
Passive learning Active learning
Learners work in isolation classroom within 4 walls Learners work collaboratively with classmates and others around the world the Global Classroom
Teacher-centered  teacher is center of attention and provider of information Student-centered  teacher is facilitator/coach
Little or no student freedom Great deal of student freedom
Fragmented curriculum Integrated and Interdisciplinary curriculum
Grades averaged Grades are based on what was learned
20th Century vs. 21st Century Learning
Low expectations High expectations If it isnt good, it isnt done  We expect, and ensure, that all students succeed in learning at high levels.  Some may go higher we get out of their way to let them do that.
Teacher is judge.  No one else sees student work. Self, Peer and Other assessments.  Public audience, authentic assessments.
Curriculum/School is irrelevant and meaningless to the students. Curriculum is connected to students interests, experiences, talents and the real world.
Print is the primary vehicle of learning and assessment. Performances, projects and multiple forms of media are used for learning and assessment.
Diversity in students is ignored. Curriculum and instruction address student diversity.
Literacy is the 3 Rs reading, writing and math Multiple literacies of the 21st century aligned to living and working in a globalized new millennium.
Why change is needed
  • In the 20th century, the approach to education
    was to focus on learning-about and to build
    stocks of knowledge and some cognitive skills in
    the student to be deployed later in appropriate
    situations. This approach to education worked
    well in a relatively stable, slowly changing
    world where students could expect to learn one
    set of skills and use them throughout their
    lives. Careers often lasted a lifetime. But the
    21st century is quite different. The world is
    continuously changing at an increasing pace.
    Skills learned today are apt to be out-of-date
    all too soon. When technical jobs change, we can
    no longer expect to send a person back to school
    to be re-trained or to learn a new profession. By
    the time that happens, the domain of inquiry is
    likely to have morphed yet again.

-John Seely Brown
Other Cultures
  • Korea
  • Little time reading newspapers or watching TV.
    Life moves at the speed of the net and being
    connected is the only way to remain current
  • Japan
  • Laptops are viewed as dinosauric technology. The
    cell phone provides the privacy and instant
    connectivity individuals crave

What will the future hold?
  • Future Forces Affecting Education

Putting it into practice.
Where do I Start?
  • Back to School with the Class of Web 2.0

Tools of the Trade
  • Online Collaborations
  • Blogs
  • Wikis
  • Google Docs/Spreadsheets
  • Skype
  • Flickr
  • RSS
  • Digital Storytelling
  • Photostory 3
  • Movie Maker 2
  • Adobe Premiere Elements/iMovie
  • Audacity
  • Freeplay Music

Tools of the Trade
  • Google Earth
  • Podcasts
  • Bubbleshare
  • Slideshare
  • Innertoob
  • NewsMap
  • Toondoo

What does it look like?
  • Cross-Curricular Projects on the Web
  • Johnny Appleseed Project
  • Journey North
  • Classroom Blogs
  • Mr. Cs Class Blog
  • The Secret Life of Bees
  • Classroom Podcasts
  • Room 208
  • RadioWillowweb

What does it look like?
  • Google Earth
  • Grapes of Wrath Google Earth Littrip
  • Coral Reef Temperatures
  • Tree Coverage Percentage
  • Wikis
  • Vicki Davis
  • Tim Frederick
  • Technospud

How can I help my school?
  • Professional Development Needs Assessment
  • MILE Guide
  • How to Bring Our Schools Out of the 20th Century
  • Engauge
  • Visions 2020
  • Building the Perfect School

Some good reads
  • Blogs
  • 2 Cents Worth David Warlick
  • Teach42 Steve Dembo
  • The Strength of Weak Ties David Jakes
  • Moving at the Speed of Creativity Wes Fryer
  • Weblogg-ed Will Richardson
  • Dangerously Irrelevant Scott McLeod
  • Beths Thoughts on Technology in the Classroom
    Beth Knittle
  • Books
  • Tested Linda Perlstein
  • Dont Bother Me MomIm Learning! Marc Prensky
  • A Whole New Mind Daniel Pink
  • The World is Flat Thomas Friedman
  • What Video Games Have to Teach us About Literacy
    and Learning James Paul Gee

What Will You Do to Make A Difference?
Brad Fountain brad_fountain_at_discovery.com
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