Vietnam War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Vietnam War PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3ddf06-NzY3M



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Vietnam War

Description:

Vietnam War Vietnam French Colony Communist Resistance Ho Chi Minh (North) Communist Leader Dienbienphu falls 1954 Geneva Conference Geneva Conference Split at 17th ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:27
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 24
Provided by: intranetC3
Learn more at: http://intranet.centennial.k12.or.us
Category:
Tags: vietnam | war

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Vietnam War


1
Vietnam War
Vietnam
2
French Colony
  • Communist Resistance
  • Ho Chi Minh (North)
  • Communist Leader
  • Dienbienphu falls 1954
  • Geneva Conference
  • Geneva Conference
  • Split at 17th parallel
  • Elections in 2 years (never happened)
  • Ngo Dinh Diem (South)
  • Eisenhower promised economic and military aid

3
(No Transcript)
4
Why Should US Get Involved?
  • Domino theory
  • If Vietnam falls to Communists, so will the rest
    of Asia.
  • Potential of becoming a force in western
    Hemisphere

5
JFK Steps In
  • Communist get stronger
  • 1961 JFK sends more military advisors
  • - Soldiers that are to help train and organize
    troops in a foreign nation. They are not to
    participate or lead in combat
  • Over 15,000

6
Gulf of Tonkin Incident
  • August 1964
  • Attack on US Navy by N. Vietnamese ships reported
  • Tonkin Gulf Resolution
  • Gave President power for all necessary action to
    protect our Armed Forces and allies in Southeast
    Asia

7
Escalation
  • President Johnson
  • Belief that increasing manpower and the level of
    war would force N. Vietnam to peace table

8
Escalation
  • March 1965 Operation Rolling Thunder
  • Dec. 1965 180,000 troops
  • Dec. 1967 500,000 troops
  • 30 Billion/ year

9
The War
  • Heart and Minds
  • The strategy that if the US troops helped and
    befriended the Vietnamese, then they would help
    resist communism.
  • Increased bitterness as soldiers did not know who
    to trust
  • Body Count
  • Could not judge success by taking land.
  • Caused war to become especially bloody

10
  • A soldier in Vietnam was called a Grunt
  • Draft
  • College/ essential skill exempt
  • African-Americans/ poor most affected
  • Average age of a US soldier in Vietnam
  • 19

11
Frustration takes its toll
  • Tour of Duty
  • Time spent in Vietnam
  • Rotation system
  • Soldiers are placed in units as individuals
  • Guerilla Warfare
  • Hit and run tactics. No definable enemy.
  • Difficult to see
  • Civilians could be the enemy
  • booby traps common
  • Disillusionment (0-215)
  • Some troops becoming disenfranchised with war.
    Concentration on friends and themselves
    surviving, not winning
  • Turns to anger and frustration at times

12
1967 Siege of Khe SanhConstant attack for 77
straight days
13
Tet Offensive
  • January 1968
  • Attack on Vietnamese New Year
  • 27 cities
  • US embassy in Saigon
  • Effects
  • Public opinion turned sharply against the war
  • 200,000 more troops requested
  • March 31 LBJ announces a freeze and that he will
    not run for re-election
  • Status Quo

14
My Lai Massacre
  • March 1968
  • 28 ambushes or booby trap incidents causing 5
    deaths in one month
  • No direct contact
  • Frustration overcomes army unit
  • About 347 killed
  • Mostly women and children
  • 26 soldiers charged
  • Lt. serves 3 years of life sentence
  • 3 soldiers tried to stop it were vilified
  • Highly publicized

15
Counterculture
  • Reaction to social norms of the 50s and 60s
  • Civil Rights
  • Anti-war protest
  • Hippies
  • Opposed traditional values that got America in
    trouble in the first place restraint,
    conformity, sense of right and wrong
  • Aimed to live free of these values as
    demonstrated through fashion, music, and open
    behavior
  • Reflected in
  • Drugs
  • Rock and Roll
  • Sexual Revolution
  • Womens Rights

16
Places To Be
  • Haight-Ashbury, San Francisco
  • Center for the counterculture
  • Many young people went there to live in communes
    and be free of traditional values.
  • Woodstock
  • 3 young entrepreneurs promise 3 Days of Peace
    and Music
  • Top music Acts Jimmie Hendrix, CCR, Joe Cocker,
    Janis Joplin
  • Soon went of control when 500,000 showed up

17
(No Transcript)
18
Anti-War Protests
19
1968 Democratic Convention
  • Hubert Humphrey (Dem) ? Johnson
  • Pro-war
  • Eugene McCarthy (Dem)
  • Anti-war
  • clean for Gene
  • Robert Kennedy
  • Anti-war
  • Killed June 5, 1968
  • Humphrey wins nomination? loses to Nixon in
    Election
  • The Whole Nation is Watching
  • (0-100)

20
Bombing Cambodia
  • April 1970
  • Congress not consulted
  • Invaded Cambodia
  • Fierce protests
  • Kent State
  • 4 dead/ 9 wounded
  • 100,000 protest in Washington, DC
  • June 29, 1970 Nixon calls back forces

21
President Nixon Asks for Help
  • Asks the Silent Majority to make themselves
    heard in order to counter the protests
  • Believed that most Americans agreed with the war
    but were not as vocal as the minority
  • Vietnamization
  • Nixons plan reduce troops and have S. Vietnamese
    stand on their own, militarily.

22
The Collapse of S. Vietnam
  • N. Vietnam invades
  • Massive evacuation April 1973
  • 140,000 South Vietnamese

23
Effects
  • 55,000 US Soldiers Dead
  • Economy Falls
  • Inflation
  • People mistrust the government
About PowerShow.com