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Forms of Literature Language Arts Standards: 7E1b.

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Forms of Literature Language Arts Standards: 7E1b.1 Structural Features of Informational Text 7E1c.1 Discuss the purposes and characteristics of – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Forms of Literature Language Arts Standards: 7E1b.


1
Forms of Literature
  • Language Arts Standards
  • 7E1b.1 Structural Features of Informational Text
  • 7E1c.1 Discuss the purposes and characteristics
    of
  • different forms of literary text

2
Prose
  • The ordinary form of written language.
  • Most writing that is not poetry, drama, or song
    is considered prose.
  • Prose is one of the major genres of literature
    and occurs in two forms, fiction and nonfiction.

3
Childrens Literature
  • A form of literature for readers and listeners up
    to about age twelve and is often illustrated.
  • Childrens literature can include books that are
    written by children, books written specifically
    for children, or books that are chosen by/for
    children.
  • Two common forms of childrens literature are
    picture books and chapter books.

4
Picture Books
  • A book in which the colorful illustrations are
    as important as the text, both contributing to
    the telling of the story.
  • Often use rhyme, repetition, and other poetic
    elements to increase engagement of young
    children.
  • Picture books are often among the first books
    introduced to children and are usually intended
    to be read to them.

5
Chapter Books
  • A book long enough to be divided into chapters,
    but not long or complex enough to be considered a
    novel.
  • Chapter books intended for the youngest children
    often contain some illustrations.

6
Young Adult Literature
  • Books selected for reading by young adults, ages
    13 to 18, whether published specifically for them
    or for the general public.
  • The vast majority of the stories published
    specifically for young adults, portray an
    adolescent as the protagonist, rather than an
    adult or a child.
  • The subject matter and story lines are typically
    consistent with the age and experience of the
    main character.
  • Themes in these stories often focus on the
    challenges of youth.
  • Despite its unique characteristics, this type of
    literature shares the fundamental elements of
    fiction with other stories character, plot,
    setting, theme, and style.

7
Young Adult Literature Coming-of-Age Story
  • A type of novel where the protagonist is
    initiated into adulthood through knowledge,
    experience, or both, often by a process of
    disillusionment.
  • Some of the shifts that take place are these
  • ignorance to knowledge
  • innocence to experience
  • false view of world to correct view
  • idealism to realism
  • immature responses to mature responses

8
Short Story
  • A short story is a brief work of fiction.
  • Although concise, is does contain all the
    literary story elements.
  • Like a novel, a short story presents a sequence
    of events, or plot. The plot usually deals with a
    central conflict faced by a main character, or
    protagonist.
  • The events in a short story usually communicate a
    message about life or human nature. The message,
    or central idea, is the storys theme.

9
Novella
  • A work of fiction intermediate in length and
    complexity between a short story and a novel.

10
Novel
  • A novel is a long work of fiction.
  • Novels contain all the elements of short stories,
    including characters, plot, conflict, and
    setting.
  • However, novels are much longer than short
    stories. The writer of novels, or novelists, can
    develop these elements more fully than a writer
    of short stories can. In addition to its main
    plot, a novel may contain one or more subplots,
    or independent, related stories. A novel may also
    have several themes.

11
Poetry
  • A form of literary art in which language is used
    for its aesthetic qualities, and not usually for
    its apparent meaning.
  • Poems are often divided into lines and stanzas
    that employ regular rhythmical patterns, or
    meters.
  • However, some poems are written out like prose or
    free verse.
  • Most poems use highly concise musical and
    emotionally charged language.
  • Many poems use imagery, figurative language, and
    special devices such as rhyme.

12
Drama
  • A drama is a story written to be performed by
    actors.
  • Although a drama is meant to be performed, one
    can also read the script, or written version, and
    imagine the action. The script of a drama is made
    up of dialogue and stage directions. Both the
    dialogue and stage directions aid comprehension
    when reading a drama.
  • Dialogue- the words meant to be spoken by the
    actors
  • Stage directions- usually printed in italics,
    describe the setting and effects of sound and
    lighting and tell how the actors should look,
    move, and speak
  • Dramas are often divided into parts called acts.
    The acts are often divided into smaller parts
    called scenes.

13
Comic Book
  • A periodic publication containing pictures and
    stories and articles of interest to those who
    purchase it or subscribe to it
  • cartoon strips, comic strips, and/or funnies- a
    sequence of drawings telling a story in a
    newspaper or comic book

14
Graphic Novel
  • A graphic novel is a narrative work in which the
    story is conveyed to the reader using sequential
    artwork.
  • Unlike comic books, graphic novels usually cover
    a story from start to finish, rather than the
    traditional cliffhanger ending.

15
Nonfiction Literature
  • Biography, Autobiography, and Memoir
  • Informational Books
  • Technical Manuals
  • Reference Sources
  • Encyclopedias
  • Dictionaries
  • Thesaurus
  • Articles, Essays, and Critiques

16
Essay
  • An essay is a short nonfiction work about a
    particular subject. Most essays have a single
    major focus and a clear introduction, body, and
    conclusion. There are many types of essays, but
    most can be placed into one of four main
    categories.
  • Expository- relates information or provides
    explanations
  • Narrative- a story about a real-life experience
  • Persuasive- presents and supports an opinion
  • Descriptive (Most essays contain elements of
    description, but few are purely descriptive
    essays.)

17
Critique Critical Analysis/ Literary Analysis
  • 1. (verb) the study of a literary work by a
    critic, student, or scholar.
  • 2. (noun) a report about the elements of a
    literary work which is based on a careful,
    detailed reading and analysis of that work

18
Articles
  • A stand-alone section of a larger written work.
  • These nonfictional prose compositions appear in
    magazines, newspapers, academic journals, the
    Internet or any other type of publication.
  • Articles can be divided into two main categories
    news and features.
  • News Article- discusses current or recent news of
    either general interest or on a specific topic
  • Feature- nonfiction articles that intend to
    inform, teach or amuse the reader on a topic. The
    topic centers around human interests. Feature
    stories may include conventions found in fiction
    such as dialogue, plot and character. A feature
    article is an umbrella term that includes many
    literary structures personality sketches,
    essays, how-to's, interviews and many others.

19
Resources
  • http//www.nde.state.ne.us/read/framework/glossary
    /general_a-e.html
  • http//en.wikipedia.org
  • http//www.thefreedictionary.com
  • http//www.virtualsalt.com/litterms.htm
  • Prentice Hall Literature Bronze
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