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The Runaway Jonah 1 The Book of Jonah History or Parable? If

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Title: The Runaway Jonah 1 The Book of Jonah History or Parable? If


1
The Runaway
  • Jonah 1

2
The Book of Jonah
  • History or Parable?
  • If parable the message of the story of Jonah
    ought to be taken as seriously as the message of
    the parable of the waiting father or the good
    Samaritan or any other part of the Bible
    (Limburg 1993 24).

3
Divine Instruction
  • Elijah
  • The word of the Lord came to him, Arise go
    qum hlk to Zarephathso he arose and went
    qum hlk to Zarephath (1 Kgs 17.8-10).
  • Jeremiah
  • The Lord said to me, Arise go qum hlk to
    Euphrates...so I went hlk to Euphrates (Jer
    13.6-7).

4
Divine Instruction
  • Jonah
  • The word of the Lord came to Jonah son of
    Amittai, Arise go qum hlk to NinevehBut
    Jonah arose qum to flee brh to Tarshish
    (Jonah 1.1-3).

5
Nineveh
6
Tarshish end of the world
7
A Trip to Tarshish
  • A Jewish record calculates that a full year is
    necessary for a voyage to Spain. It is a place
    as extremely remote as this which the narrator
    has in mind. That is why the Tarshish ships
    supply all kinds of exotic rareties sic 1
    Kings 1022 lists not only precious metals but
    also ivory (elephants tusks), apes, and baboons
    (Wolff 1986 101).

8
Jonahs Descent
  • Jonah goes down (vyrd) to Joppa (1.3)
  • Jonah goes down (vyrd) into the ship (1.3)
  • Jonah goes down (vyrd) into the deck of the ship
    (1.5)
  • Jonah is totally separating himself from God,
    both horizontally (toward Tarshish) and
    vertically (toward the bottom of the sea)
    (Limburg 1993 43).
  • Jonah has fled away from Yahweh (millipene
    yhwh) (1.3x2, 10).

9
Preventative Measures
  • They threw vessels overboard
  • They attempted to row back to shore
  • each cried out to his own god (1.5a)
  • The captains order to Get up, call on your
    god! is the second time Jonah has been told to
    get up and call/cry out the vocabulary is the
    same as the Lords initial commission to Jonah,
    there translated preach (12) (Limburg 1993
    50-51).

10
Calling out to God
  • each cried qrh to his own god (1.5)
  • they cried qrh to the Lord (1.14)
  • everyone who calls qrh on the name of the LORD
    will be saved (Joel 2.32a)

11
Jonahs Punishment
  • God hurls (vtul) a tempest upon the sea (1.4)
  • The sailors hurl (vtul) cargo into the sea (1.5)
  • Jonah is hurled (vtul) into the sea (1.15)

12
  • Projecting
  • into
  • the New Testament

13
The Prodigal Son (Lk 15)
  • Father, I have sinned against heaven and
    against you. I am no longer worthy to be called
    your son (15.21)
  • For this son of mine was dead and is alive
    again he was lost and is found (15.27a).
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