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Old Testament OVERVIEW

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Title: Old Testament OVERVIEW


1
Empower TrainingC3 North Shore
  • Overview of the Old Testament

2
  • C3 North Shore
  • Empower TRAINING

3
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The Importance of Old Testament
  • The message of the NT was scattered all over the
    OT without the OT, it would be almost impossible
    to get the entire picture of Gods salvation plan.
  • The Big picture reveals the OT is fulfilled as
    far as the covenants between God and man are
    concerned
  • a) Covenant between Noah and God (Gen 98-17)-
    God made it very clear that the punishment of sin
    is death, by using the flood to destroy all life.
    However after the flood, He promised not to let
    history repeat itself. Does it mean that man
    would become sinless that God would never need to
    bring his wrath on mankind again? Since we know
    that all men are sinful (Roman 513), and that we
    cannot become righteous through our work, God
    must have a better plan for us salvation through
    Christ.
  • b) Covenant between Abram and God (Gen 171-21)-
    Like Noahs time, Gods laws had not been revealed
    to the Israelite. But God clearly stated that He
    wanted us to be blameless (which no one can
    accomplish). Also, the covenant that God wanted
    the Israelite to bear physically on their flesh
    (circumcision) was replaced by the new covenant
    he put in our mind and writes on our hearts
    (Hebrews 810).

5
Septuagint Greek by a team of 70 Jewish
scholars, with the finished work being called
the LXX (which stands for 70), or the a Latin
word derived from phrase the translation of the
seventy interpreters
6
Multiple Themes
  • Creation of man and Gods fellowship and
    relationship
  • Gods friendship and constant involvement
    .And the unique role of this friendship has in
    this life and the on going eternal expression of
    this in eternity.
  • Be fruitful and multiply
  • In Genesis 128 God blesses Adam and Eve and
    instructs them to be fruitful and multiply. This
    theme reappears throughout the Old Testament
    during times of major transition. After the
    flood, God blesses Noah and his sons and
    instructs them to be fruitful and multiply. Jacob
    receives this promise after fleeing from Esau.
  • The eternal dynasty and the kingdom
  • In the person of David, it becomes clear who
    "the seed" will be. He will be a king, a
    descendant of David, and an heir of the promised
    eternal throne (II Samuel 711-16). Thus the
    promises concerning the seed are inherent in the
    promise for an eternal kingdom
  • The Law

7
United and Divided Kingdom
8
Pentateuch
  • The Pentateuch comprises the first five books
    of the Old Testament. It depicts a series of
    beginningsthe beginning of the world, of
    humankind, and of Gods promise to the
    Israelites. The Pentateuch seeks to explain how
    Israel became the chosen and covenanted people of
    God, and what this relationship to God involved
    for the life and destiny of Israel and all
    humankind.
  • Genesis, the first book, opens with Gods
    creation of the world and mankind. The perfect
    world falls into evil when humans disobey God,
    and the human population divides into separate
    nations and languages. After many generations,
    God speaks to a man named Abraham.
  • Exodus ,Greek Exodos Exit and departure from
    Egypt
  • Leviticus , Relating to the Levites And He the
    Lord CALLED
  • Numbers , Hebrew Census and 38 year desert
    wonderings
  • Deuteronomy , Repetition of the Law ( Hebrew , a
    copy of this law ) Name arose out of a miss
    spelling of Latin Vulgate and Greek Septuagint

9
Generational Lifespan
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History
11
Poetry
  • The third major section of the Old Testament
    contains books written mainly in poetic style.
    There is an epic poem (Job), a collection of
    hymns (Psalms), a collection of traditional
    wisdom (Proverbs), an ornate meditation on life
    and its vanity (Ecclesiastes), and a love poem
    (Song of Solomon).
  • Hebrew poetry is different from English poetry in
    that it stresses a balance of ideas rather than
    sounds, rhythm, and images.

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The Prophets
  • The fourth major section of the Old Testament
    contains the writings of the prophets of Israel.
  • It is divided into two groups,
  • A ) Major prophets (IsaiahDaniel)
  • B ) Minor prophets (HoseaMalachi).
  • The words major and minor do not imply any
    value judgment, but refer to the length of the
    books. Major prophets are long, and minor
    prophets are short. This section of the Old
    Testament contains prophecies concerning the
    coming of Jesus Christ.

14
Diagrams of the Tabernacle and Basic LayoutThe
tabernacle consisted of a tent-like structure
(the tabernacle proper) covered by rug-like
coverings for a roof, and an external courtyard
(150 feet by 75 feet). The whole compound was
surrounded by a high fence about 7 feet in
height. The fence was made of linen hangings held
by pillars.The tent (tabernacle proper) was
divided into the Holy Place and the Holy of
Holies. The tent was made of acacia wood boards
overlaid with gold and fitted together to form
the walls, measuring 45 by 15 feet
15
Solomons Temple
180 feet long, 90 feet wide, and 50 feet high. He
spares no expense in the building's creation. He
orders vast quantities of cedar from King Hiram
of Tyre has huge blocks of the choicest
quarried stone, and Solomon assumes such heavy
debts in building the Temple that he is forced to
pay off King Hiram with twenty towns in the
Galilee (I Kings 911).
16
Solomons Temple
Solomon's Temple had stood on the site of Mount
Moriah for over 350 years before the Babylonians
destroyed it in 586 BC beyond the possibility of
repair. Solomon built the temple on the east
side of Jerusalem on Mount Moriah, "where the
Lord had appeared to his father David, at the
place that David had prepared on the threshing
floor of Ornan the Jebusite"
17
Exile and Restoration
  • Because Israel was disobedient to the
    instructions of God , and at they were mandated
    to take His message of redemption to the nations.
    He exiled them from there home land . Never in
    all the worlds History has their ever been a
    nation where God has restored them ( twice) to
    their rightful inheritance.

18
Daniel understood that after 70 years , God would
restore Israel once again to her own land.
Nehemiah was the Catalyst and change agent that
initiated the release of Gods people and funds
to see the Temple rebuilt and the people return
19
Inter-Testament Period
  • The Old and New Testaments is vital to one's
    understanding of the four Gospels, it is very
    desirable, and indeed quite necessary if we would
    fully appreciate many of the scenes and incidents
    on which Matthew lifts the curtain. It gives a
    background against which we see with clearness
    the connections and relevance occupies the New
    Testament.
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