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James Madison


James Madison. By Hiral Tailor, Ian Fisher, Karla Demery, and Jason Kellogg. Timeline ... James Madison at one point had to decide whether or not he should fire his ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: James Madison

James Madison
  • By Hiral Tailor, Ian Fisher, Karla Demery, and
    Jason Kellogg

  • Born March 16, 1751 (Quinn 78)
  • In 1769 Madison left Montepelier (Schlesinger
  • Graduated from Princeton in 1771 (78)
  • In 1776, member of Virginia Convention (Sarager
  • Filled a vacancy in Governors council in 1778
    (Banfield 14)
  • Elected delegate of Virginia in 1780 (Banfield
  • Attended the Annapolis Convention of 1786 (Quinn
  • In 1787 he was Principal Architect of Centralized
    Virginia Plan (249)
  • In 1787 he led to ratify Constitution in the
    Virginia Convention (249)
  • Key member that framed Constitution in 1787
    (Nardo 27)
  • Married Dollie Payne in 1794 (Nardo 27)
  • In 1799, he marrried Nelly. (Schlesinger 14)
  • Begin Presidency in 1809 (Quinn 79)
  • Reinstated trade embargo from 1810 ( Nardo 20)
  • Called for war in June 1812 against British
    (Quinn 79)
  • Lost Washington D.C. to British in August 1814
    (Powell 188)
  • Signed a peace treaty with Britain on December
    24, 1814 (Powell 188)
  • Ended Presidency in 1817 (Quinn 79)
  • In 1830s became president of American Colonial
    Society (Schlesinger 24)

What he was like
  • Traveled little (Quinn 79)
  • Sickly (Krull 23)
  • Nervous (23)
  • Shy (23)
  • Looked like a boy until well
  • into his mid thirties (23)

What he did before
  • Considered himself as an amateur
  • scientist (Krull 24)
  • Owned lots of land but his farming led him little
    money (24)
  • Served the Religon Committee in Congress
    (Banfield 13)
  • Filled vacancy for Governors council (14)
  • Elected delegate of Virginia (16)

Decision 1
  • James Madison at one point had to decide
    whether or not he should fire his secretary, John
    Armstrong. Madison was deciding this because
    Armstrong was wrong about which way the British
    would move in the War of 1812. Armstrong said
    that the British would attack Baltimore so
    Madison had a heavy defense on Baltimore.
    Madison though was almost certain that the
    British would attack Washington D.C. In the end,
    the British attacked Washington D.C. Madison got
    rid of John Armstrong because he was wrong about
    his ideas proving him of little use, Armstrong
    caused the White House to be burned down by the
    British, and he felt that the new secretary would
    be better than Armstrong. (Banfield 16). Madison
    could have let Armstrong stay as secretary
    because he only made one wrong decision, and
    since he got rid of Armstrong, it created more
    tension in New England. Also he could have let
    Armstrong stay as secretary because a new
    secretary during war is not a good idea. Another
    choice Madison could have done was that he could
    have lowered Armstrongs rank. Madison could
    have done this because Armstrong had made good
    decisions before so he could still be valuable,
    because a lower rank can have a good person that
    has made bad decisions and because many people
    still like Armstrong and agreed with him that the
    British would attack Baltimore. The United
    States may have been different then it is now
    because if Madison let John Armstrong stay, he
    might have made another bad decision that could
    lead to the boundaries of Canada and the United
    States to be different as the War of 1812 was
    just on the boundaries of the United States and
    Canada. I would have not fired John Armstrong
    because he could make good decisions later on,
    people would not like me as much if I fired him,
    and firing someone for one wrong idea is not
    right to me. Madison had to get rid of Armstrong
    because his idea led to the destruction of the
    White House and he didnt want another
    catastrophe like that.

Decision 2
  • On June 30 Madison harped his pet theory
    that it was not a size of a state, but its
    geographical location and its laws regarding
    slavery that determined a states true
    interests. (Sarager 249). Madison had to
    determine whether or not he should let slaves be
    represented in Congress. After struggling with
    the problem, Madison admitted he has devised an
    expedient solution Let one house in Congress not
    be appointed by including slaves In a ratio of 5
    to 3, but in one branch let a state be
    represented only And in the other according to
    the whole number counting the slaves as free.
    (Rutland 17) Madisons reasons for letting
    slaves be in Congress was because he needed and
    quick solution , his commitment caused him to
    consider atleast one preposterous solution
    (Rutland 17), and because Madison miscalculated
    the mood of his fellow delegates. Madison could
    have ignored the problem, because in this time
    slaves werent free anyway, because he didnt
    want to get involved, and because his reputation
    wouldnt be great if he did do something.
    Madison also could have let only free people
    represent in Congress, because it would make most
    people happy, people thought nothing of slaves
    then, and he would have more supporters. The
    U.S. could have been different because
    African-Americans may not have had the same
    rights as now. Karla would have ignore the
    problem because more people would support her, it
    would be too complicated for her and she wanted
    to keep the tradition.

Decision 3
  • British vessels were attacking American vessels.
    Madison had to decide whether or not he should go
    to war with the British. Madison went to war
    because politics wanted him to go to war and the
    British were attacking American vessels, and it
    was embarrassing how the British used to control
    America but now they just come and try to attack
    us (Nardo 27). Madison could have made a peace
    treaty because they would avoid losing American
    lives, it would put an end to British attacks
    longer than war, and it was also a diplomatic way
    to settle things. Madison could have ignored the
    attacks because it would be the easiest way to do
    anything, he wouldnt have lost any lives, and
    would create less tension in New England. If
    Madison had made a peace treaty with the British,
    it would affect the U.S. today because the
    Canadian and American borders may have been
    different. Jason would have gone to war, because
    he thinks a peace treaty could be broken, if he
    ignored the attacks it might disobey some
    peoples respect and also the British could
    easily make the Canadian and American borders in
    their favor.

Decision 4
  • Edward FSC, Bro. Quinn. Fathers of the
    Constitution. New York Bronx County Historical
    Society, 1998.
  • Krull, Kathleen. Lives of the President. Florida
    Harcourt Brace and Company, 1998.
  • Banfield, Susan. James Madison. New York
    Franklin Watts, 1986.
  • Powell, William. North Carolina. Illinois
    McDougal Littell, 2003.
  • Sarager, John Mack (Madison, James) The
    Encyclopedia of Colonial and Revolutionary
    America. 1990 Edition.
  • Rutland, Robert A. James Madison, The Founding
    Fathers. New York Macmillan Publishing Company,

Bibliography Cont.
  • Nardo, Don. The War of 1812. San Diego Lucent
    Books, 1991.
  • Schlesinger, M. James Madison , PA Mason Crest
    Publishers 2003.
  • Wills, Garry. James Madison, NY Henry Holt and
    Company, LLC 2002.

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