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James Madison and the War of 1812

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James Madison and the War of 1812 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: James Madison and the War of 1812


1
James Madison and the War of 1812
2
Native American Resistance
  • Little Turtle led a group of Native Americans
    against the American settlers, with help from
    British Troops
  • General Mad Anthony Wayne leads Legion of the
    United States against the natives
  • Battle of Fallen Timbers, Wayne defeats natives
  • Treaty of Greenville (1795) forces Native
    Americans to withdrawal from most of the Ohio
    River Valley

3
Native American Reactions
  • Accepting White Culture
  • Assimilation
  • Blending Indian and American Cultures
  • Return to Indian Traditions
  • Take Military Action
  • Tecumseh (pictured here)
  • Battle of Tippecanoe

4
Reasons for the War of 1812
  • War Hawks
  • John C. Calhoun (S.C.) Henry Clay (KY)
  • Wanted to move west and get rid of Indians
  • Want war with British Canada since British
    supplied Indians

5
Madison Administration
  • Argues for war with British
  • British impressments
  • British supplying Indians
  • British control of U.S. trade
  • War approved in 1812
  • America not prepared for war

6
War of 1812
  • Failed invasion of Canada
  • Naval War
  • Victories despite outnumbered (U.S.S.
    Constitution)
  • Chesapeake captured (Dont give up the ship)
  • Perrys victories on the Great Lakes
  • Burning of Washington, D.C.
  • British fail to advance troops from Canada
  • British troops burn Washington
  • Advance on Baltimore
  • Baltimore holds off advance
  • Francis Scott Key watches attack on Fort McHenry
  • Wrote The Star-Spangled Banner

7
Treaty of Ghent
  • Hartford Convention
  • New Englanders want to break away from the nation
  • Disliked Mr. Madisons War
  • Treaty of Ghent
  • Neither side wanted the war
  • Met in 1814 in Belgium and settled war
  • All boundaries kept the same (or at least more
    defined)

8
(No Transcript)
9
The Battle of New Orleans
  • Greatest American victory comes two weeks after
    the war is over
  • General Andrew Jackson and 4,500 Americans
    defended New Orleans from 11,000 British troops
  • British suffer over 2,000 casualties, the
    Americans 21
  • Andrew (Old Hickory) Jackson becomes a national
    hero

10
Post War Boom and Panic
  • Economic growth after the War (Era of Good
    Feelings)
  • James Monroe
  • National Republican
  • Wins election of 1816
  • Created the Second Bank of the U.S. (1816)
  • Abundant credit for moving west and trade with
    England
  • Panic of 1819
  • London banks began to demand money back form U.S.
    loans
  • U.S.s first great depression
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