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Title: Ulysses

  • Group Member Simon.Joseph.Lily.Leo.
  • Rebecca. Sarah

  • Voc.
  • Dramatization of the poem
  • Paraphrase
  • Introduction (Theme/Main idea)
  • Structure
  • Contrast
  • Conclusion

  • Hearth (N) A hearth is the floor of a
    fireplace, which sometimes extends into the room.
  • --It was winter and there was a huge fire
    roaring in the hearth.
  •  Mete (Verb) (formal) to give sb a punishment
    to make sb suffer bad treatment.
  • -- Severe penalties were meted out by the
  • Lee (N) the side or part of sth that provides
    shelter against the wind.
  • --We built the house in the lee of the hill.

  • Dole (Verb) to give out an amount of food,
    money, etc. to a number of people in a group.
  • --The landlord doles his servant unequally.
  • Hoard (Verb) to collect and keep large amounts
    of food, money, etc., especially secretly.
  • --The king hoards a lot of money for the war.
  • Thro through
  • Scud (Verb) (literary) (of clouds) to move
    quickly across the sky.
  • --Puffy white clouds were scudding past.

  • Drift (N) the movement of the sea or air.
  • --The general direction of drift on the east
    coast is very unsteady.
  • Dim (Adj) where you cannot see well because
    there is not much light.
  • --Its very dangerous to walk along a dim
    street at night.
  • Climates (N) a general attitude or feeling an
    atmosphere or a situation which exists in a
    particular place.

  • --We need to create a climate in which business
    can prosper.
  • Council (N) (formal) (especially in the past) a
    formal meeting to discuss what action to take in
    a particular situation.
  • --The King held a council at Nottingham from 14
    to 19 October 1330.
  •  Margin (N) the empty space at the side of a
    written or printed page.
  • --Notes scribbled in the margin

  • Fade (Verb) to disappear gradually.
  • --His voice faded to a whisper
  • Yearn (Verb) (literary) to want sth very much,
    especially when it is very difficult to get.
  • --There was a yearning look in his eyes.
  • Scepter (N) a decorated rod carried by a king
    or queen at ceremonies as a symbol of their
  • --Scepter is a symbol of power that many people
    want to get it.

  • Isle (N) used especially in poetry and names to
    mean island
  • --the Isle of Skye
  • Discern (Verb) to know, recognize or understand
    sth, especially sth that is not obvious.
  • --It is possible to discern a number of
    different techniques in her work.

  • Prudence (N) sensible and careful when you make
    judgements and decisions
  • --Maybe you'll exercise a little more financial
    prudence next time.
  • Subdue (Verb) to bring sb/sth under control,
    especially by using force
  • --Troops were called in to subdue the rebels.
  • Sphere (N) an area of activity, influence or
    interest a particular section of society
  • --He and I moved in totally different social

  • Wrought work
  •  Toil (Verb) to work very hard and/or for a
    long time
  • --Hundreds of men toiled for years at building
    the pyramid.
  • Hath have
  • Smite (Verb) to have a great effect on sb,
    especially an unpleasant or serious one
  • --Suddenly my conscience smote me.

  • Furrow (N) a long narrow cut in the ground,
    especially one made by a plough for planting
    seeds in.
  • --Dark ploughed earth, with white chalk in the

Paraphrase-First Stanza
  • The only advantage that an admirable king can
    have is standing beside a warm fireplace, and
    matched with an aged wife. I punished the savage
    people with unequal laws, but the treasures,
    sleep, and feed are not mine, for I cannot rest
    from travel, or I will have nothing for the rest
    of my life.  I have greatly enjoyed and suffered
    all times with whom loved me alone when
    sailing quickly through the dim sea to Hyades
    Vext on shore.   I became a name, for always
    roaming with a hungry heart.  I have seen and
    known much and was delight for the battle with my
    peers about the cities of men, manners, climates,
    councils and governments, not least myself, and
    honored  all of them., which were far on the
    plains of windy Troy.

ParaphraseFirst Stanza
  • I am not little, but they should be honored
    and enjoy the victory with my people. At the
    wide open filed of Troy, I have become a part of
    all that I have encountered. Experiences are
    like beams that untravelled the world shining
    through an arch on me whenever I move. It is a
    dull thing to pause, to make no use of the
    useless and rather to make the best of the things
    good to use. It is great to breather life, but
    life is too little, especially mine. A bringer
    from the eternal silence had brought something
    vile. I would like to store the precious for
    myself, but the gray spirit was always yearning
    in desire to follow the true knowledge, which is
    the utmost of human knowledge, like a sinking

Second Stanza
  • This is my own son Telemachus. The one I love. I
    left my scepter and the isle to him and he was
    discerning to fulfill this labor. He slowly and
    mildly conquered a rugged people under prudence.
    Through the soft process, he made them good and
    obeyed. He is nothing to blame. He centered the
    power and executed the duties on the people. He
    couldnt be failed in paying highly worship to my
    household gods and be tender to the people when I
    was gone. He did his jobs well, but I did mine.

Third Stanza
  • The vessel puffs its sail in the port. The broad
    seas are dark and glooming. The mariners with me
    are toiled. You and I are old and have yet got
    the honor and toil. Although death I coming,
    some works of noble note should be done before
    the end of life. I am the man who strives with
    god. The day wanes and the moon climbs, and
    there are so many deep voices around me and
    encourages me that it was not too late to seek a
    new world. Go away I am ready to smite the
    surrounding furrows. I want to sail beyond the
    sunset and bath in all the western stars until I
    die. Maybe I will be wash down at the gulf or
    touch the happy isle. Probably I can meet great
    Achilles. Although we do not own the strength in
    the old days, we are one equal temper of heroic
    hearts. Perhaps we are weaker by the time and
    fate, but still will to strive, to seek, to find,
    and not to yield.

  • Main idea
  • Ulysses want to continue a challenging and
    adventured life instead of staying stable to

Homers and Dantes Ulysses
  • In this poem, Tennyson reworks the figure of
    Ulysses by drawing on the ancient hero of Homer's
    Odyssey and the medieval hero of Dante's Inferno.
    Homer's Ulysses, learns from a prophecy that he
    will take a final sea voyage after killing the
    suitors of his wife Penelope. The details of this
    sea voyage are described by Dante in the Inferno
    Ulysses finds himself restless in Ithaca and
    driven by "the longing I had to gain experience
    of the world."
  • Dante's Ulysses is a tragic figure who dies while
    sailing too far in an insatiable thirst for
    knowledge. Tennyson combines these two accounts
    by having Ulysses make his speech shortly after
    returning to Ithaca and resuming his
    administrative responsibilities, and shortly
    before embarking on his final voyage.

  • This poem is written as a dramatic monologue the
    entire poem is spoken by a single character,
    whose identity is revealed by his own words. The
    lines are in blank verse, or unrhymed iambic
    pentameter, which serves to impart a fluid and
    natural quality to speech. Many of the lines are
    enjambed, which means that a thought does not end
    with the line-break the sentences often end in
    the middle, rather than the end, of the lines.
    The use of enjambment is appropriate in a poem
    about pushing forward "beyond the utmost bound of
    human thought." Finally, the poem is divided into
    four paragraph-like sections, each of which
    comprises a distinct thematic unit of the poem.

Structure--Dramatic Monologue
  •    Tennyson takes on the persona of an
  • unhappy king that is not satisfied
    until he
  • is once again traveling. He makes
  • to Achilles assuming the reader
  • knows who he is.    Tennyson wrote
    Ulysses in blank verse
  • to keep Ulysses speech more natural.  
    A dramatic monologue is used because
  • Ulysses is the only speaker throughout
      the entire poem.

Structure--Detail analysis
  • SpeakerOdysseys
  • ListenerMariner (already died)
  • AudienceReaders (now)
  • Analysis on the poem
  • First stanzasoliloquy (a speech in a play,
    in which a character alone on the stage speaks
    his or her thoughts aloud p.1772)
  • sentense15 mono syllabus, giving heavy
  • 621recalling the journey
    he had with his mariners. His
  • glory, also
    inferred his greatness.

  • 2232
  • His travels have exposed him to many
    different types of people and ways of living.
    They have also exposed him to the "delight of
    battle" while fighting the Trojan War with his
    men. His glory brings him empty and hollowness,
    so he wants to go on for his glory.
  • Second stanza
  • Ulysses now speaks to an unidentified
    audience concerning his son Telemachus, who will
    act as his successor while the great hero resumes
    his travels he says, "This is my son, mine own
    Telemachus, to whom I leave the scepter and the
    isle." He speaks highly but also patronizingly of
    his son's capabilities as a ruler, praising his
    prudence, dedication, and devotion to the gods.
    Telemachus will do his work of governing the
    island while Ulysses will do his work of
    traveling the seas "He works his work, I mine."

  • Third Stanza
  • Third stanzaIn the final stanza, Ulysses
    addresses the mariners with whom he has worked,
    traveled, and weathered life's storms over many
    years. He declares that although he and they are
    old, they still have the potential to do
    something noble and honorable before "the long
    day wanes." He encourages them to make use of
    their old age because "'tis not too late to seek
    a newer world." He declares that his goal is to
    sail onward "beyond the sunset" until his death.
    Perhaps, he suggests, they may even reach the
    "Happy Isles," or the paradise of perpetual
    summer described in Greek mythology where great
    heroes like the warrior Achilles were believed to
    have been taken after their deaths. Although
    Ulysses and his mariners are not as strong as
    they were in youth, they are "strong in will" and
    are sustained by their resolve to push onward
    relentlessly "To strive, to seek, to find, and
    not to yield."

Dictions Compare between Home Adventure
  • Going Home
  • The hoard, and sleep, and feed, and know not
  • I cannot rest from travel I will drink
  • Life to the lees. All times I have enjoyed
  • How dult it is to pause, to make an end.
  • To rust unburished, not to shine in use!
  • And this gray sprint yearning in desire
  • To follow knowledge like a sinking star,
  • Beyond the utmost bound of human thought.

Continuing the Adventure
  • I. Deal with the age problem
  • Free hearts, free foreheads, - you and I are
  • Old age hath yet his honor and his toil.
  • One equal temper of heroic hearts,
  • Made weak by time and fate, but strong in
  • To strive, to seek, to find, and not to
  • II. Convince that it is consider great to do so
  • Death closes all but something ere the end.
  • Some work of noble note, may be yet done.
  • Moans round with many voices. Come, my
  • Tis not too late to seek a newer world.

  • III. No doubt at all in his mind
  • To sail beyond the sunset, and the baths
  • Of all western stars, until I die.
  • It may be that the gulfs will wish us down
  • It may be we shall touch the Happy Isles,

 Figurative language
  • 1.  Metaphor I will drink / Life to the lees
  • (6-7)  His is saying that he is  going to
  • everything out of life that he can.
  • 2.  Metaphor- '"'From that eternal silence,
  • something more,'"' (27).  The eternal   
      silence mentioned here is meaning death.
  • 3. Metaphor- '"'There lies the port,'"' (44).
     The port is a
  • metaphor for his life. They are sailing
  • the sunset of life.

 Imagery used
  • 1.  Visual imagery And this gray spirit
    yearning in desire(30).  
  • He is using the word '"'grey'"' to
    describe his old, aged spirit.
  • 2.  Visual imagery There gloom the dark,
    broad seas(45).  
  • Ulysses is describing the sea.  He is
    telling how broad it is and
  • the dark gloominess of it.
  • 3.  Visual imagery To sail beyond the
    sunset, and the baths / Of
  • all the western stars(60-61).  In these
    two lines, the reader can
  • picture the black silhouette of a boat
    sailing into the sunset.  Then
  • late at night, the stars curtain the
    western sky.

Victorian character
  • the sustaining idea was the idea of
    progress--growth of industry and trade social
    progress in concern for the poor progress toward
    democratic government scientific progress
    discoveries of Charles Darwin about the facts of
    creation and evolution moral progress in terms
    of the ideals of purity and of family life and
    domesticity. This ceaseless activity is captured
    in a few lines from his poem "Ulysses"
  • One equal temper of heroic hearts,Made weak by
    time and fate, but strong in willTo strive, to
    seek, to find, and not to yield (68-70)

Alfred, Lord Tennyson
  • Alfred Tennyson was born August 6th, 1809 and
    died on October 6, 1892, at the age of 83.
    Tennyson worries about money all his life. He
    also had a lifelong fear of mental illness. In
    1827 Tennyson escaped the troubled atmosphere of
    his home to Cambridge, and became famous there.
    He joined the Apostles In 1829, and met his best
    friend Arthur Hallam's there. The success of his
    1842 Poems made Tennyson a popular poet, and in
    1845 he received a Civil List pension. The
    success of "The Princess" and In Memoriam and his
    appointment in 1850 as Poet Laureate finally
    established him as the most popular poet of the
    Victorian era.

  • As a child, Tennyson was influenced
    profoundly by the poetry of Byron and Scott, and
    his earliest poems reflect the lyric intensity
    and meditative expressiveness of his Romantic
    forebears. However, unlike the Romantics, whose
    nature poems present a scene that raises an
    emotional or psychological problem Tennyson uses
    nature as a psychological category. Not only is
    Tennyson a poet of the natural and psychological
    landscape, he also attends frequently to the
    past, and historical events. In addition to
    treating the history of his nation, Tennyson also
    explores the mythological past, as articulated in
    classical works of Homer, Virgil, and Dante. His
    Ulysses draws upon actual incidents in Homer's
    Odyssey. Tennyson thus looked both to historical
    and mythological pasts as repositories for his

  • ln dramatic monologues, the character of the
    speaker emerges almost unintentionally from his
    own words. Ulysses' incompetence as a ruler is
    evidenced by his preference for potential quests
    rather than his present responsibilities.
  • He devotes a full 26 lines to his own egotistical
    proclamation of his zeal for the wandering life,
    and another 26 lines to the exhortation of his
    mariners to roam the seas with him. However, he
    offers only 11 lines of lukewarm praise to his
    son concerning the governance of the kingdom in
    his absence, and a mere two words about his "aged
    wife" Penelope. Thus, the speaker's own words
    betray his abdication of responsibility and his
    specificity of purpose.

Work Cited
  • http//www.sparknotes.com/
  • http//www.eng.fju.edu.tw/internet_course.htm
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