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Clean and Sustainable Energy


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Title: Clean and Sustainable Energy

Economic Recovery Federal Climate Policy
Updates, Opportunities, Resources for Local
Emma Zinsmeister State and Local Climate and
Energy Program Office of Atmospheric
Programs ICLEI Southeast Regional
Workshop September 17, 2009 Loudermilk Center,
Atlanta, GA
  • Economic Recovery
  • Status Update on Federal Climate Policy
  • EPA Resources and Partnership Programs
  • Funding Opportunities

Economic Recovery
  • American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)
    2009 - 787 Billion
  • One-time, unprecedented level of spending
  • Tremendous Opportunity
  • Consider energy efficiency (EE), climate
    protection, and green workforce development in
    ALL ARRA spending
  • ARRA provides an excellent opportunity for
    local governments to build the foundation of
    EE/climate programs and prepare for potential
    greenhouse gas (GHG) regulations in the future

  • Status Update on Federal Climate Policy

Status Update on Federal Climate Policy
  • Multiple activities are ongoing that may
    contribute to GHG regulation and climate policy
    at the federal level
  • Proposed Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule
  • Proposed Endangerment Finding
  • American Clean Energy and Security Act 2009
  • Senate Energy Climate Bills
  • What does all of this mean for local governments?

Proposed Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule
  • Background
  • FY08 Omnibus Appropriations Act Required EPA to
    develop and publish a rule requiring mandatory
    reporting of greenhouse gas emissions above
    appropriate thresholds in all sectors of the
  • In order to develop a strong proposal, EPA met
    with over 250 stakeholder groups, including trade
    associations, industries, states, and state- and
    region-based groups.
  • Status
  • March 10, 2009 EPA Administrator signed
    proposed rule to collect accurate and
    comprehensive emissions data from large sources
    in the U.S. to inform future policy decisions.
  • April 10, 2009 Proposed rule published in the
    Federal Register and was open for public comment
    until June 9, 2009 (60 days).
  • Public hearings held in Arlington, VA (April 6-7)
    and Sacramento, CA (April 16).
  • Currently under OMB review

Proposed Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule
  • Local Government Outreach Input
  • March 10 August 25, 2009 EPA staff met with
    over 150 local and state governments, regional
    and tribal organizations, and environmental- and
    state-based NGOs.
  • Information sharing through conferences,
    webinars, and EPA Region-led initiatives.
  • Approx. 45 of 16,800 comments on rule from
    local/state governments and local/state based
  • POTENTIAL Impact on Local Governments
  • Local Governments could be required to submit an
    annual GHG report for any facility they own or
    operate that is subject to the rule.
  • Landfills and stationary combustion equipment are
    the types of facilities owned or operated by
    locals that would most likely trigger
  • However, rule is still under review and nothing
    is certain at this time.

Proposed Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule
  • Next Steps
  • Completion of OMB review finalization of rule
  • Congressional review
  • Publication in Federal Register
  • Outreach, education, and training by EPA
  • Aiming for reporting period to begin Jan. 1, 2010

Proposed Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule
  • More information
  • Website
  • Guide for state local agencies, text of
    proposed rule 2 page fact sheet, regulatory
    impact analysis, technical support documents,
    guidance sheets for each subpart, FAQs
  • Coming soon Training schedule (once rule is
  • Contact for general questions Kitty Sibold
  • (202) 343-9280

Endangerment Finding
  • Background
  • April 2, 2007 In Massachusetts v. EPA, the
    Supreme Court found that greenhouse gases are air
    pollutants covered by the Clean Air Act.
  • EPA was required determine whether
  • GHG emissions from new motor vehicles cause or
    contribute to air pollution
  • This air pollution may reasonably be anticipated
    to endanger public health or welfare or
  • The science is too uncertain to make a reasoned

Endangerment Finding (contd)
  • Status
  • April 17, 2009 Administrator signed a proposal
    with two distinct findings regarding greenhouse
    gases under section 202(a) of the Clean Air Act
  • Proposed Endangerment Finding Current and
    projected concentrations of the mix of six key
    GHGs in the atmosphere threaten the public health
    and welfare.
  • Cause or Contribute Finding Combined emissions
    of CO2, CH4, N2O, and HFCs from new motor
    vehicles and motor vehicle engines contribute to
    the atmospheric concentrations of these key GHGs
    and hence to the threat of climate change.
  • April 24, 2009 Proposed endangerment finding
    was published in the Federal Register and open
    for public comment until June 23, 2009 (60 days).
  • Public hearings held in Arlington, VA (May 18)
    and Seattle, WA (May 21).
  • Currently reviewing public comments

Endangerment Finding (contd)
  • Local Government Input
  • Approx. 400,000 comments were received from a
    variety of entities, including local and state
  • Impact on Local Governments
  • This action, if finalized, does NOT impose any
    requirements on industry or other entities.
  • The proposed endangerment finding is NOT
    accompanied by a proposed standard for GHG
  • It does NOT impose any timetable for issuing
  • It does NOT indicate that EPA has made any final
    decisions about regulating GHGs under the Clean
    Air Act.

Endangerment Finding (contd)
  • Next Steps
  • Complete review of public comments issue
    response document
  • Finalize the technical report on science
    emissions data
  • Finalize the finding no set timeline
  • More Information
  • Website http//
  • Text of proposed endangerment finding 2 page
    fact sheet, technical support document, 2 page
    summary of supporting science, FAQs
  • Contact for general questions
  • (202) 343-9927

American Clean Energy and Security Act
  • Background
  • Comprehensive national climate and energy
    legislation authored by Reps. Henry Waxman (D-CA)
    and Edward Markey (D-MA).
  • Would establish an economy-wide, GHG
    cap-and-trade system and critical complementary
    measures to help address climate change and build
    a clean energy economy by
  • Incentivizing reductions in GHG emissions
  • Advancing energy efficiency and reducing reliance
    on oil
  • Stimulating innovation in clean coal technology
  • Accelerating use of renewable energy (RE)
    sources and
  • Creating strong demand for clean energy
    technologies and assisting economic recovery and
    job growth.
  • Status
  • March 31, 2009 Discussion draft released.
  • May 15, 2009 Final draft introduced to Energy
    and Commerce Committee.
  • May 21, 2009 Markup and amendments completed
    passed by committee.
  • June 26, 2009 Approved by the House by a vote
    of 219-212.
  • July 6, 2009 Placed on Senate calendar.

American Clean Energy and Security Act 2009
Waxman-Markey (contd)
  • Potential Relevance to Local Governments
  • Renewable Energy - requires electric utilities to
    meet 20 of their electricity demand through RE
    (75 minimum) and EE by 2020.
  • Smart Grid Technology - promotes deployment and
    transmission planning and siting.
  • Building Codes - requires new buildings to be 30
    more efficient in 2012 and 50 more efficient in
  • Cap and Trade requires major U.S. sources to
    reduce GHG emissions 17 by 2020, 42 by 2030 and
    83 by 2050 compared to 2005 levels.
  • Establishes a system of tradable emissions
  • Allows up to 2 billion tons of offsets annually
    for compliance system wide.
  • Revenue from sale of allowances will be used for
    a variety of purposes, such as protecting
    consumers from energy price increases, supporting
    domestic adaptation initiatives, and establishing
    an EE and RE Worker Training Fund.

American Clean Energy and Security Act 2009
Waxman-Markey (contd)
  • More Information
  • House of Reps. summary of key provisions
  • EPA - economic analyses http//
  • Pew Center on Global Climate Change
  • Potential impacts on agriculture
  • Potential impacts on coal
  • http//
  • Other resources http//
  • Climate Communities presentations on cap and
    trade http//

Senate Energy Climate Bills
  • In contrast to the House of Representatives, the
    Senate is working on separate energy and climate
  • The American Clean Energy and Leadership Act of
    2009 was passed by the Committee on Energy and
    Natural Resources on June 17, 2009.
  • Contains significant energy efficiency provisions
    including greatly strengthened building codes, a
    renewable electricity standard with an EE
    component, and new energy efficient product
  • Sets no GHG reduction requirements.
  • Climate Bill Sens. Barbara Boxer (D-CA) and
    John Kerry (D-MA) plan to introduce bill into
    committees this month for markup.
  • Resulting bill will likely be combined with ACSLA
    to create the Senate counterpart to
  • If the Senate passes this combined bill,
    differences between the Senate and House bills
    will have to be reconciled. A final bill will
    have to be passed by both sides of Congress
    before going to President Obama for signature.

What does all of this mean for local governments?
  • The outcome of the ongoing regulatory and
    legislative processes will determine if federal
    regulation of GHGs will occur under the CAA,
    through a cap and trade program, or not at all.
  • Due to the rapid pace at which climate policy is
    evolving, it is challenging, yet critical, to
    stay abreast of the implications for local
  • EPA has numerous tools, resources, and
    communication channels to assist local
    governments with program development and
    interpreting the federal regulatory landscape.
  • The time is now for local governments to put into
    place strong EE and climate protection programs
    and take advantage ARRA and other funding

  • EPA Resources and Partnership Programs

EPA Local Climate and Energy Program Goals
  • Assist localities (e.g., regional governments,
    counties, municipalities, and small communities)
  • Identify credible information on key climate
  • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions while achieving
    multiple benefits
  • Understand, integrate, and maximize multiple
    benefits in planning and designing cost-effective
  • Learn from peer to peer exchange

EPA Local Climate and Energy Program Approach
  • Multiple Benefits Framework for Climate - Clean
  • Local Governments can achieve
  • Air quality improvements
  • Greenhouse gas emission reductions
  • Energy security and reliability
  • Economic development
  • Public health
  • Quality of life

Clean Energy Energy Efficiency, Renewable
Energy, Clean Distributed Generation
Roadmap for Locals Achieving GHG Reductions
using EPA Tools
Create Collaboratives
Local Clean Energy Strategies Guide, Peer
Establish Goals
Clean Air Climate Protection Software, eGRID
Clean Energy Resources Database, Clean
Energy/Climate Policy Maps, SEP Toolkit, Heat
Island Actions Database, Heat Island Compendium,
Local Clean Energy Strategies Guide, Local
Government Webcasts, ENERGY STAR, other EPA
Identify Policies Programs
COBRA, GHG Equivalency Calculator, Local
Government Webcasts, LBE Guide, Multiple Benefits
Guide, Biomass Toolkit
Design Analyze
Implement Evaluate Progress
MV Guidance, ENERGY STAR Benchmarking /
Portfolio Manager, Clean Energy/Climate Policy
Maps, GHG Equivalency Calculator
Key Programmatic Resources
  • Local Clean Energy Strategies Guides
  • Local Clean Energy Webcasts
  • Clean Energy Resources Database for Local
    Governments http//

Local Clean Energy Strategies Guides
  • 15 strategies in 4 areas
  • Energy Efficiency
  • Energy Supply
  • Transportation
  • Urban Planning and Design
  • Available draft guides
  • Energy Efficiency in Affordable Housing Green
    Power Procurement
  • Energy Efficient Product Procurement On-site
  • Combined Heat and Power Landfill Gas to
  • Energy Efficiency in Municipal Operations
  • Future guides
  • Energy Efficiency in K-12 Schools
  • Transportation Control Measures
  • Efficient Fleets
  • Smart Growth
  • http//

Sample Content Local Climate and Energy Guides
  • On-Site Renewable Energy Generation Guide
  • Snapshot of renewable energy measures and
    technologies content
  • Wind
  • Solar
  • Geothermal
  • Biomass
  • Landfill gas and other biogas
  • Solid waste (waste-to-energy)
  • Low-impact hydropower
  • Fuel cells
  • Energy Efficiency in Municipal Operations Guide
  • Snapshot of planning and design approaches to
    energy efficiency content
  • Improving energy efficiency in existing and new
    local government facilities
  • Incorporating energy efficiency in new and
    renovated green buildings
  • Improving energy efficiency in local government
Local Clean Energy Peer Exchange Webcasts,
  • Webcasts
  • Monthly webcasts provide
  • An overview of the relevant EPA programs and
  • Presentations by 1-2 local practitioners about
    their experiences implementing similar projects
  • Q and A sessions
  • Webcasts are posted online and can be used as
  • Examples of past webcasts include
  • ARRA 2009 Clean Energy Opportunities
  • Landfill Gas to Energy
  • Green Power Procurement
  • Energy Efficiency Procurement
  • Upcoming webcasts topics include
  • Energy efficiency in K-12 schools, Transportation
    Control Measures, Combined Heat and Power, Clean
    Energy Workforce Development
  • Listserv to sign up, visit for more information
  • Provides information on new policy developments
    highlights technology advances shares
    information on new studies, reports, and upcoming
    events and notes new funding opportunities

EPA Guidance links Recovery Funds with Energy
  • ARRA 2009 A Guide to Renewable Energy and Energy
    Efficiency Incentives for Local and Tribal
  • Companion March 5, 2009 webcast recording
    available online
  • http//
  • ARRA 2009 State and Local Guide to U.S. EPA
    Climate and Energy Program Resources
  • Information about Tax Credits
  • Portfolio Manager Implementation Resources
  • Rapid Deployment Energy Efficiency Toolkit

EPA Partnership Opportunities for Locals
  • Help Local Governments
  • Learn from Best Practices
  • Emphasize Co-Benefits
  • Integrate Planning
  • Prioritize EE as a Resource
  • These programs offer
  • Direct Technical Support
  • Peer Exchange
  • Tools and Guidance

Collision Repair Campaign
Key EPA Climate and Energy Programs
  • Local Climate and Energy Program
  • ENERGY STAR for local governments
  • ENERGY STAR Residential Program
  • Combined Heat and Power http//
  • Green Power Partnership http//
  • Landfill Methane Outreach Program
  • Smart Growth Program http//
  • Heat Island Reduction Program http//
  • Office of Transportation and Air Quality

White House Council on Environmental Quality
(CEQ)Recovery Through Retrofit
  • On May 26, 2009, at a meeting of the Middle Class
    Task Force, Vice President Biden asked
  • "the Council on Environmental Quality to report
    back to the Task Force in 90 days with proposals
    that expand green jobs opportunities, and boost
    energy savings for the middle class."
  • 13 federal agencies (EPA, DOE, DOL, DoEd, HUD,
    etc.) have been meeting regularly to develop an
    action plan for Recovery through Retrofit
    weatherization / EE retrofits of 1 million homes
    per year
  • Demand creation financing
  • Workforce capacity
  • Innovation
  • Draft report presented to Middle Class Task Force
    August 21, 2009
  • Final to be released October 2009 with specific
    proposals for collaboration, action steps,

HUD-DOT-EPASustainable Communities Partnership
  • March 2009 HUD and DOT establish partnership
  • June 2009 EPA Joins partnership principles
  • September 17-18 Secretaries Dononvan and LaHood
    and Administrator Jackson tour sustainable
    communities (Chicago, IL Denver, CO and
    Dubuque, IA)
  • Sustainable Community Principles
  • Provide more transportation choices
  • Promote equitable, affordable housing
  • Enhance economic competitiveness
  • Support existing communities
  • Coordinate policies and leverage investment
  • Value communities and neighborhoods

  • Joint program of U.S. EPA and U.S. DOE helping
    save money and protect the environment through
    energy efficient products and practices.
  • Cost-free climate protection / energy efficiency
  • Tools to benchmark and track energy performance
    in buildings
  • Energy Management Guidelines
  • Assistance for architects on designing energy
    efficient buildings
  • Case studies and best practices from leaders
  • Calculators to track returns on energy efficiency
  • Onsite and Online Training Sessions
  • Materials to communicate with citizens,
    employees, stakeholders, and the media about
    energy efficiency efforts.
  • How can local governments benefit from ENERGY
  • Sign up for the Energy Star Challenge
  • Benchmark government buildings
  • Reduce energy use in homes

The ENERGY STAR Challenge
  • The ENERGY STAR Challenge encourages everyone to
    improve the energy efficiency of Americas
    buildings by 10 or more.
  • Off-the-shelf campaign and tools to promote
    energy efficiency in your community
  • More than 150 cities and counties have signed on
  • In a typical city or county, local government
    operations may account for only 5 of greenhouse
    gas emissionsengaging the private and residental
    sector is critical.
  • Louisville, KY
  • Lead by example and improve the energy efficiency
    of your own buildings.
  • Promote energy efficiency to constituents.
  • Sign up online and access the
  • toolkit at

Home Performance with ENERGY STAR
  • Sponsored by a utility, state or local government
  • A network of specially-trained contractors
  • Evaluate homes using state-of-the-art equipment
  • Recommend comprehensive energy improvements
  • Ready to complete the work or refer to someone
    who can
  • Quality assurance program checks work of
    participating contractors to verify program
    standards are met
  • Homeowner chooses and pays for improvements based
    on credible information

ENERGY STAR for Buildings
  • Offers proven solutions to help building owners
    and managers reduce energy consumption
  • Program for new construction and existing
  • Works in markets with a focus on
  • Public sector (government, K-12, higher ed)
  • Healthcare
  • Small business and congregations
  • Commercial property (offices, retail, hotels)
  • Provides free online benchmarking tool for
    existing buildings Portfolio Manager

  • Funding Opportunities

Climate Showcase Communities Grant
  • 2009 Appropriations Bill
  • Administered by Local Climate and Energy Program
  • 10M Competitive grant to assist local
    communities in pursuing their own climate change
  • Goal is to achieve documentable, replicable GHG
    reductions from a range of activities
  • Program will
  • Foster collaborative partnership between
    communities and with the Federal government
  • Ensure federal investments spur local innovation
    and produce concrete results
  • Promote transfer of best practices among
  • Identify strategies to overcome institutional
    barriers to local governments achieving energy
    use and GHG reductions
  • Solicitation period closed in July
  • Grantees will be awarded in January 2010
  • http//

Climate Showcase Communities Connections with
ARRA Funding
  • Focus and Goals
  • ARRA funds for energy reductions, implementation
  • Showcase Grants focus on GHG reductions (broader
    than energy), planning through implementation
  • Timelines
  • ARRA funds already being distributed, must be
    spent within 18 months (by 12/2010), forces
    emphasis on shovel ready
  • Showcase Grants funds available 1/2010, 2-3
    year project periods, allows longer-term
    planning, assessment, education, evaluation
  • Support and Peer Exchange
  • ARRA limited direct support available (due to
    volume), no identified mechanisms for
    peer-to-peer exchange, no replicability
  • Showcase Grants hands-on technical support and
    training for all recipients, multiple
    peer-exchange venues, replicability is goal
  • ARRA and Showcase Grants Serve as Complements
  • ARRA allows mass implementation, sows seeds for
    long-term change
  • Showcase Grants grow projects into sustainable,
    replicable models of success
  • Lessons learned from ARRA projects inform
    Showcase Communities, serve as additional source
    of results and best practices
  • Coordinating reporting metrics saves effort for
    feds and funding recipients

Green Workforce Development
  • Workforce Investment Act (WIA)
  • Funds a number of different workforce development
    programs, some funding may cover green job
    related training
  • Department of Labor, 3.95 billion ARRA funds
  • Training for Careers in Energy Efficiency and
    Renewable Energy
  • Funding for research, labor exchange, and job
    training projects that prepare workers for
    careers in energy efficiency and renewable
    energy, as described in the 2007 Green Jobs
    Amendment to the WIA.
  • Sets aside 500 million of WIA funds for Green
  • EPA Resources
  • State Technical Forum resources include a
    background paper, resource list, and case studies
    of state and local green job programs.

Open Solicitation under Workforce Investment Act
  • Pathways Out of Poverty (SGA/DFA PY 08-19)
  • 150 million in grant funds for projects that
    provide training and placement services to
    provide pathways out of poverty and into
    employment within EE and RE industries.
  • Grantees selected from two separate types of
    applicants will be funded through this
    solicitation (1) national nonprofit entities
    with networks of local affiliates, coalition
    members, or other established partners and (2)
    local entities.
  • Intend to fund grants ranging from approximately
    3 to 8 million for national grantees, and
    grants ranging from approximately 2 to 4
    million for local grantees.
  • Issue Date June 24, 2009
  • Closing Date September 29, 2009
  • http//

EPA National Clean Diesel Campaign
  • Regular EPA grant program received 300 million
    ARRA funds
  • Promotes diesel emissions reduction strategies to
    improve air quality and public health
  • The State and Local Clean Diesel Toolkit provides
    an array of tools and resources for designing,
    funding and evaluating programs that reduce
    diesel engine emissions http//
  • A special Recovery Act web site for the National
    Clean Diesel Campaign is available.
  • The Diesel Emission Quantifier (DEQ) helps
    estimate cost effectiveness and environmental
    impact of emission reduction technologies
  • Office of Transportation and Air Quality (OTAQ)
  • The OTAQ website contains information on energy
    use and emissions associated with different fuels
    and technologies. http//
  • OTAQs State and Local Resources site offers
    tools and information tailored to the needs of
    local governments. http//
  • Local Climate and Energy Program
  • Strategy Guide on Efficient Fleets, coming soon

EPA Brownfields Program
  • Regular solicitations
  • Assessment Grants http//
  • Revolving Loan Fund Grants http//
  • Cleanup grants http//
  • Job Training Grants http//
  • Training, Research, and Technical Assistance
    Grants http//
  • EPA collaborates with other federal partners, and
    state agencies to identify and make available
    resources that can be used for brownfields
    activities. EPA also provides technical
    information on brownfields financing matters.
  • EPAs Brownfields Program http//

Looking Ahead
  • Local governments play a key role in climate and
    energy issues.
  • Every day, local governments make decisions that
    impact energy security and reliability, air
    quality, greenhouse gas emissions, economic
    development, public health, and quality of life.
  • Local policies and programs complement,
    supplement, and enforce policies and action by
    other levels of government and the private
  • Local governments are a high priority of the
    current administration.
  • Administrator Jackson has made communities a top
    EPA priority, and the Agency is engaging in a
    number of initiatives to support local
    governments and champion local interests at the
    federal level.
  • ARRA funds provide a tremendous opportunity for
    local governments to build and strengthen EE and
    climate protection programs in ways that will
    provide benefits beyond the economic recovery
  • EPA has a number of programs, resources, and
    tools to help local governments take advantage of
    the opportunities available.

EPA Local Climate and Energy Contacts
  • Emma Zinsmeister
  • 202-343-9043
  • Neelam R. Patel
  • 202-343-9384
  • Andrea Denny
  • 202-343-9268
  • Main Website
  • State and Local Climate and Energy Listserv