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College English Book Two


Text A: Cambridge---the University Town. Notes to the Text. Oral and Written Work. Grammar ... It is, therefore, incorrect to say, He had read Moby Dick' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: College English Book Two

College EnglishBook Two
  • Edited by Hu Wenzhong, Ma Yuanxi,
  • Zhu Jue and Li He
  • Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • Lesson One
  • Lesson Two
  • Lesson Three
  • Lesson Four
  • Lesson Five
  • Lesson Six
  • Lesson Seven
  • Lesson Eight
  • Lesson Nine
  • Lesson Ten
  • Lesson Eleven
  • Lesson Twelve
  • Lesson Thirteen
  • Lesson Fourteen
  • Lesson Fifteen
  • Lesson Sixteen

Lesson Six
  • Words and Expressions
  • Pattern Drills
  • Text A Cambridge---the University Town
  • Notes to the Text
  • Oral and Written Work
  • Grammar
  • Exercises
  • Chinese Translation of Text A

Words and Expressions
  • AD(in the year) since the birth of Christ ??
  • afford vt. Spare enough time or money for
  • as well too ??
  • belong to vi. To be the property of ??
  • boiling adj. ???
  • book vt. To arrange in advance to have(sth.) ??
  • boxing n. the sport of fighting with tightly
    closed hands
  • Cambridge n. ??(????)
  • centre vi. To gather to a center ???
  • chancellor n. The president of certain American
    universities ????

  • church n. A building for public, especially
    Christian worship??
  • Chub n. a society of people who join together for
    a certain purpose, esp. sport or amusement ???
  • countess n. The wife or widow of a count in
    various European countries ???????
  • cousin n. the child of ones uncle or aunt
  • dig n. Chiefly British Lodgings????
  • direction n. The distance-independent
    relationship between two points in space that
    specifies the angular position of either with
    respect to the other the relationship by which
    the alignment or orientation of any position with
    respect to any other position is established??

  • disease n. A pathological condition of a part, an
    organ, or a system of an organism resulting from
    various causes, such as infection, genetic
    defect, or environmental stress, and
    characterized by an identifiable group of signs
    or symptoms???
  • disturb vt. To interfere with interrupt??(??)
  • faculty n. a branch or division of learning, esp.
    in a university (???)??
  • fill out to put in (whatever is needed to
    complete something) ??
  • final adj. last, coming at the end ??
  • form n. A document with blanks for the insertion
    of details or information??
  • ghost n. The spirit of a dead person, especially
    one believed to appear in bodily likeness to
    living persons or to haunt former habitats???

  • gown n. The faculty and student body of a
  • graduate n. a person who has completed a
    university degree course, esp. for a first degree
  • hate ut. to have a great dislike of ?
  • heart n. the centre ??
  • imaginary adj. Having existence only in the
    imagination unreal ???????
  • in fact reallyactually ???
  • journal n. a periodical magazine, newspaper a
    magazine issued at regular times ????
  • lead vi. To tend toward a certain goal or
  • lodging n. Furnished rooms in another's house
    rented for accommodation?????(???)??

  • Manchester vi. ????(????)
  • market place n. ??
  • Milan n. ??
  • Oxford n. ??
  • photographic adj. ???
  • pub n. public house ??
  • recognize vt. to acknowledge to be true or valid,
  • refound vt. ??
  • Religious adj. Of, concerned with, or teaching
  • postgraduate n. One who is engaged in
    postgraduate study ???
  • priest n. clergyman of a Christian church ????
  • properly adv. Right suitable correct ???
  • provide vt. To supply (something needed or
    useful) ??

  • see sb. off to go to say or wave goodbye to
  • separation n. breading or coming apart ??
  • sign n. a mark ??
  • society n.A group of human beings broadly
    distinguished from other groups by mutual
    interests, participation in characteristic
    relationships, shared institutions, and a common
  • source n. a place from which something comes ??
  • staircase vt. to say, express or put in words ??
  • supervisor n. ??
  • the Black Death n. ???
  • tutor n. A graduate, usually a fellow,
    responsible for the supervision of an
    undergraduate at some British universities(???????

  • undergraduate n. a university student who has not
    yet taken his first degree n. ??????????
  • university town n. ???
  • up to until ??

Pattern Drills
  • Drill A
  • ----Im sorry I wasnt able to come
  • ----Why couldnt you?
  • ----By the time I got to the station the school
    bus had left. Then I had to wait another twenty
    minutes be fore I managed to get on a public bus.
  • 1)get the film magazine for you / I got to town
    the book-stores had all closed.
  • 2) get your book for you / I got to the library
    they had stopped lending books.
  • 3)see my aunt off / I got to her place she had
    already gone to the railway station. And when I
    arrived at the station the train had just left.

  • Drill B
  • ----Why didnt you clean the washroom yesterday?
  • ----Because Id cleaned it the day be fore.
  • ----Im sorry I didnt know. I was looking for
    you all this morning. Where were you?
  • ----I was writing my essay in the library. I
    finished it by lunchtime.
  • 1) hand in your exercise-book / already hand it
    in / help Lao Wang with the wall newspaper
  • 2) book a train ticket / buy one in town last
    Sunday / shop for myself and my roommates
  • 3) take pictures of your high school friends
    while they were here / already take their
    pictures / translate an article for the
    university journal
  • Drill C
  • 1) Please ask him to fill out this form.
  • He told me just now heed already done

  • Good. Did he say if he had handed it
  • No, he didnt.
  • 2) Please give him this message from his cousin.
  • He told me hed already got it.
  • Did he say who had given it to him?
  • No, he didnt .
  • 3) Please tell him to put up a notice about the
  • He said hed already done so.
  • Did he say where he had put it up?
  • No, he didnt.
  • 4) Please make him go and see the doctor.
  • He told me hed already done so.
  • Did he say what medicine the doctor
    had given him?
  • No, he didnt.

  • Drill D
  • v.doing
  • verbs used in this pattern start, begin,
    finish, stop, mind, like, love, hate, practise,
    remember, enjoy, keep (on), continue, prefer,
    cant help, go on, etc.
  • 1) Do you mind putting this picture up for me?
  • Of course not.
  • 2) I hate disturbing the others. Lets stop our
    singing practice.
  • No, dont stop. I enjoy listening to
  • 3) I remember closing the window after I
    finished typing. Why is it open now? Im the only
    person who has the key to the room. Perhaps there
    are ghosts in here.
  • What nonsense! You probably didnt close
    it properly.
  • 4) When shall we start airing our winter
  • I prefer ding it early, in September,
    when theres no wind.

  • Pattern Drills
  • 1. another twenty minutes twenty more minutes
  • Normally another is followed by a
    singular noun. We can say another day, but not
    another days. It, however, can be followed by few
    or a number with a plural noun. e. g.
  • Ive got another two (two more) weeks
    before the holiday ends.
  • There is room for another few (few
    more) in the back of the bus.
  • Note that instead of another three days, we
    could say three more days, but not (in this case)
    three other days.
  • 2. by lunch time
  • by not later than at or before, but
    not after. e. g.
  • You can borrow my camera, but I must have
    it back by 5 oclock.
  • By the time is used with a verb to mean
    not later than the moment that something
    happens, as in Ill be back by the time you get

Text Cambridge the University Town
  • When we say that Cambridge is a university
    town we do not mean just that it is a town with a
    university in it . Manchester and Milan have
    universities, but we do not call them university
    towns. A university town is one where there is no
    clear separation between the university buildings
    and the rest of the city. The university is not
    just one part of the town it is all over the
    town. The heart of Cambridge has its shops, pubs,
    market place and so on, but most of it is
    university colleges, faculties, libraries,
    clubs and other places for university staff and
    students. Students fill the shops, cafes, banks
    and churches, making these as well part of the
  • The town was there first. Two Roman roads
    crossed there, and there are signs of building
    before Roman times (earlier than AD 43.) Trouble
    in 1209 caused come students and their teachers

  • to move. Cambridge became a centre of
    learning, and the authority of the head of the
    university, the chancellor, was recognized by the
    king in 1226.
  • At that time many of the students were very
    young (about fifteen), and many of the teachers
    were not more than twenty-one. At first they
    found lodgings where they could, but this led to
    trouble between town and gown, and many students
    were too poor to afford lodgings. Colleges were
    opened so that students could live cheaply. This
    was the beginning of the college system which has
    continued at Cambridge up to the present day.
  • The colleges were built with money from
    kings, queens, religious houses or other sources.
    One example is Clare College. It was first
    founded in 1326 as University Hall. After the
    Black Death (a disease which killed nearly half
    the population of England between 1349 and 1350)
    it was refounded with money from the Countess of
    Clare. In providing it , the Countess stated

  • that the college was to be for the education
    of priests and scholars. Today there are nearly
    thirty colleges. The newest are University
    College, founded in 1965, and Clare Hall, founded
    in 1966, both for graduates. Very few students
    can now live in college for the whole of their
    course the numbers are too great. Many of them
    live in lodgings digs at first and move
    into college for their final year. But every
    student is a member of his college from the
    beginning. While he is in digs he must eat a
    number of meals in the college hall each week.
    His social and sports life centres on the
    college, although he will also join various
    university societies and clubs. To make this
    clearer, take the imaginary case of John Smith.

  • He is an undergraduate at Queens College.
    His rooms are on E staircase, not far from his
    tutors rooms on C staircase. He has dinner in
    the fine old college hall four times a week. He
    plays rugger for Queens and hopes to be chosen
    to play for the university this year. His other
    favourite sport is boxing, and he is a member of
    the university club. He is reading history, and
    goes once a week to Emmanuel College to see his
    supervisor to discuss his work and his lectures.
    He belongs to several university societies the
    Union, the Historical Society, a photographic
    club, and so on and to a number of college
  • With about 8,250 undergraduates like John
    Smith and over 2,000 postgraduates, the city is a
    busy place in full term. Undergraduates are not
    allowed to keep cars in Cambridge, so nearly all
    of them use bicycles. Dont try to drive through
    Cambridge during the five minutes between
    lectures. On Mondays John Smith has a lecture in
    Downing College ending at 9.55 and another in
    Trinity at 10. His bicycle must get him there
    through through a boiling sea of other bicycles
    hurrying in all

  • directions. If you are in Cambridge at five
    minutes to the hour any morning of full term, you
    know that you are in a university town. Stop in
    some safe place, and wait.
  • Text A
  • 1. as well too, also.
  • More examples with as well and too
  • She not only sings she plays the piano
    as well.
  • I was in Germany last summer too.
  • Note that as well too and too normally go
    at the end of the sentence.
  • As well and too have similar meanings. They
    can refer to the subject or another part of the
    sentence according to the situation.
  • Consider
  • John teaches skiing as well.
  • This could mean three different things
  • 1) Other people teach, and John does as well.

  • 2) John teaches other things, and
    skiing as well.
  • 3) John does other things, and teaches
    skiing as well.
  • 2. Two Roman roads crossed there.
  • to cross to lie across intersect. e.
  • Parallel lines cannot cross.
  • Note the other meanings of cross when
    used as a verb in the following examples
  • My letter to her and her letter to me
    crossed (v. i. met and passed) in the mail.
  • He crossed out (v. t. cancelled by
    drawing a line or lines over) the wrong word.
  • He crossed (v. t. put or laid across)
    his arms.
  • Cross the street (v. t move from one
    side to the other )at the corner.
  • Main street crossed (v. t lay across)
    Market street.

  • The ship crossed (v. t carried or
    transported across) the soldiers to a new theatre
    of battle.
  • He crossed (v. t. met and passed) her
    on the stairs.
  • If anyone crosses (v. t. fig. hinders
    or opposes) him, he gets angry.
  • 3. Trouble in Oxford in 1209 caused some students
    and their teachers to move More examples
    with the verb pattern to cause sb. to do sth. or
    sth. to happen
  • His illness caused him to miss the
  • What caused him to change his mind?
  • Heating a copper bar will cause it to
  • It can also be followed by an NP direct
    object or double objects.
  • What caused his illness?
  • He often causes trouble to/for
  • This car causes me a lot of trouble.

  • To cause has the same meaning as to lead
  • More examples
  • Hard work leads to success.
  • Smoking cigarettes leads to lung
  • but this led to trouble between
    town and gown
  • 4. , and may students were too poor to afford
  • Afford is generally used with can,
    could, able to and usually occurs in either the
    interrogative or the negative. e. g.
  • I cant afford to run a car.
  • More examples with afford
  • Can you afford 100 000 for a
  • Since she lost her job, she cannot
    afford (to have) a car.
  • I cant afford three weeks away from
  • 5. digs (also diggings) lodgings, e. g.
  • When his family left the city, Tom
    moved into digs.

  • 6. His social and sports life centres on the
  • To centre can be used either as an
    intransitiye verb or as a transitive verb,
    meaning to focus, fix.
  • Further examples
  • The conversation (was) centred on
    the election.
  • She centred her attention on the
  • Do women centre their lives
    around the home now?
  • Our thoughts (are) centred upon
    one idea.
  • 7. His bicycle must get him there
  • Paraphrase
  • He must ride there on a bicycle.

Notes to the Text
  • 1. Manchester and Milan have universities, but we
    do not call them university towns.
  • Manchester has long been the leading
    textile city of England. It is also the centre
    of printing and publishing in northern England.
    Its population was 540,000 in 1971. It has two
    universities (Manchester and Salford) and a large
    institute of science and technology (UMIST).
  • Milan is the second largest city in
    Italy. It has long been a commecial, financial
    and industrial centre. There are three
    universities and a polytechnic institute in the
    city. Its population was 1,724,000 in 1971.
  • 2. Two Roman roads crossed there.
  • At the time of the Roman Empire
    there was a system of highways liking Rome with
    its most distant provinces. The roads

  • ran in a straight line. Their chief purpose
    was military, but they also were of great
    commercial importance. Cambridge was originally
    the site of a Roman fort, which explains why two
    Roman roads crossed there.
  • 3. Trouble in Oxford in 1209 caused some students
    and their teachers to move.
  • In Oxford there were frequent
    conflicts between the town and the university
    during the 13th century. The university had the
    support of the church and the king and was
    usually victorious. But the conflict in 1209 made
    some teachers and students leave Oxford and move
    to Cambridge.
  • 4. This led to trouble between town and gown.
  • This refers to the trouble between the
    people of the town and the university. Teachers
    and students used to wear gowns, mostly black, on
    university campuses. This is no longer observed
    except in the ancient universities and academic
    dress is usually worn

  • only on formal occasions. The gown here
    stands for the university.
  • 5. the Black Death
  • The worst plague occurred in 1334 and
    is estimated to have killed three quarters of the
    population of Europe and Asia. It started in
    Constantinople and spread throughout Europe. It
    lasted almost twenty years.

Oral and Written Work
  • 1. Pair work
  • 1) In what way is a Chinese university different
    from Cambridge?
  • 2) Describe the life of a typical Chinese college
  • 3) Is there anything you wish to do as a student
    but have not been able to do?
  • 4) What do you do on an average day?
  • 2. Group work
  • Discuss the following and report your ideas to
    the class.
  • 1) What do you think a students life should be
  • 2) What are some of the things you wish to do and
    dont have time for?

  • 3) If you were the chairman of the student union,
    how would you organize the life of the students?
    What societies would you want to set up? How
    would you involve as many students as possible?
  • 4) What are some of the difficulties you meet
    with at college?
  • 3. Complete the following dialogue
  • Eliza Did you go to the party last night, Bob?
  • Bob
  • Eliza Im sorry to hear that. Have you been to
    the dentist?
  • Bob
  • Eliza I think youd better see a dentist as soon
    as possible.
  • Bob
  • Eliza Perhaps youre right. You do need to get
    rid of the infection first.

  • The Past Perfect Tense
  • The past perfect indicates past in
    the past that is, a time further in the past as
    seen from a definite point in the past. e. g.
  • Mr Brown had learned some Chinese
    before he came to China.
  • When we got to the station the train
    had already left.
  • 1. In this sense we can say the past perfect is
    a relative tense, that is, it is rarely used
    all by itself. It is normally used with reference
    to another action or a point of time in the past.
    It is, therefore, incorrect to say, He had read
    Moby Dick. unless the context makes it clear
    what time point the sentence is related to.
  • 2. When describing one event following another
    in the past, we can show their relation by using
    the past perfect for the earlier event,

  • or else we can use the past tense for both,
    and rely on the conjunction (e. g. after, when)
    to show which event took place earlier. For
    example, we can either say
  • When the teacher had left the room
    ,the children started talking.
  • Or After (When) the teacher left the room,
    the children started talking.
  • The sentences mean roughly the same, and
    indicate that the teacher left before the
    children started talking.
  • More examples of the past perfect follow
  • He met her in Paris in 1977. He had
    last seen her ten years before.
  • Her hair had been grey then now it
    was white.
  • He arrived at 2.30. He had been told to
    wait at the entrance of the hotel.

  • Phonetics
  • 1. Read
  • Rhythmic Pattern 6- Ooo O
  • Whats to be done? Give him a call.
    Led me a hand.
  • Where have you been? Leave it alone.
    Write it in ink.
  • Where have they gone? Do it again.
    Throw it away.
  • Not in the least. time and
    again Meet me tonight.
  • Nothing at all. just for right
    over there Show me the way.
  • No one is in. out of the way
    Pass me the sale.
  • 2. Read the following, paying attention to
  • a bright idea in an
    instant Read it again.
  • a short arm at an
    airport Put it on.

  • an eight-hour day on an
    island Take it along.
  • first of all
    Thats good enough,
  • not at all
    Lets look at it.
  • most of us
    Hes worked it out.
  • By the time I got there they were all sold
  • Please put up a notice about the lecture.
  • Why is it open now?
  • It is a town with a university in it.
  • The university is not just one part of the
    town it is all over the town.
  • 3. Read
  • Nothing Gold Can Stay
  • Natures first green is gold.
  • Her hardest hue to hold.

  • Her early leafs a flower
  • But only so an hour.
  • Then leaf subsides to leaf.
  • So Eden sank to grief,
  • So dawn goes down to day.
  • Nothing gold can stay.

  • Robert Frost
  • Grammar
  • 4. Put the verbs in the right tenses. Use the
    past perfect where necessary
  • 1) Almost all the guests (to leave) by
    the time we (to arrive ) .
  • 2) He (to return) to his post full of
    energy his leave (to do) him good.
  • 3) He (never to be ) ill in his life
    until he (to go) into the jungle.

  • 4) I (to come) to tell him they were the
    wrong seeds, but he (to plant) them
  • 5) The company (not to hire) him
    because he (to lie) about his past
  • 6) A man who (to be attacked) by bandits
    (to lie) bleeding on the road.
  • 7) After a while he (to realize) that he
    (to take) the wrong path.
  • 8) He (to try) to fan the fir, but it
    (to burn out) .
  • 9) She (to want) to know what (to
    happen) at the meeting.
  • 10) Three out of the four ships (to return)
    one (to be delayed) by a storm.
  • 11) The weather (to be) far worse than
    we (to expect) .
  • 12) The girl who (to promise) to
    baby-sit for them (to be ) too ill to do

  • 13) I (not know) that they (to move)
    back to their old home.
  • 14) I (to hear) many things about this
    country before I (to come) here.
  • 5. Put the verbs in the correct tense
  • 1) When her husband (arrive)
    unexpectedly at the railway station at. Noon
    yest-erday, Ingram, of course, (be)
    very happy. Her husband (say) that he
    (not be) away long, but she (not
    expect) him back for another week. The telegram
    that (announce) his arrival
    (come) after breakfast and she barely
    (have) time to get to the station to meet his
    train. As they (go) home by bus, they
    (be) full of questions and news for each
  • 2) Old Mr Brown (wait) impatiently for
    Oliver to return home. He (expect) that
    the boy (be) back in twenty minutes, but
    he (be) away for nearly four hours. He
    (tell) him very clearly where the shop
    (be). But the boy (not

  • return) . He (lose) his way?
    Impossible. The old man (begin) to
    wonder if the thieves (get) hold of the
    boy again.
  • 6. Translate
  • 1) ??????,?????????????
  • 2)??????,????????
  • 3)??????????,??????
  • 4)????????????,?????????
  • 5)?????????(to say one word of reprimand)??,????
  • 6)??????????????(to order)???
  • 7) ??????? (to sit down to dinner)???????????????
  • 8) ???????,??????????? (one page of the
    examination paper was missing).

  • 9) ??????????,?????????????????,??????????????,???
  • 10) ??????????
  • ????????????
  • ????????
  • ??????????????,?????????
  • Vocabulary
  • 7. Pick out nouns that have no plural form
  • teacher, worker, staff, cook,
  • bag, satchel, baggage, luggage,
  • note, information, rumour, message
  • advice, help, warning, tip,
  • chair , sofa, furniture, stool,

  • 8. Choose the best word for the blanks
  • 1) A university normally consists of several
    , which may be widely apart from each other.
  • 2) Normal provide free board and
    for all students.
  • 3) A has a kitchen and a bathroom, but a
  • 4) A student at Oxford could meet his
    several times a week.
  • 5) In writing a thesis each student is assigned a
    whose job it is to give the student
    guidance and help.
  • 6) Baseball is a sport of Japanese
  • 7) Conditions are for developing
    maritime sports in Qingdao.

  • 8) The of International Economic
    Management was established two years ago.
  • 9. Complete the following sentences with a gerund
    or an infinitive
  • 1) He is a person who likes
  • 2) Long before the football season began they had
  • 3) When do you think you can finish ?
  • 4) I wouldnt mind
  • 5) When she heard of her brothers sudden death
    she couldnt help
  • 6) In spite of his failures he kept
  • 7) How can you say you hate ?
  • 8) In poetry he prefers
  • 10. Rewrite the sentences with expressions from
    the text

  • 1) He hasnt got enough money to buy a colour TV.
  • 2) Apricot trees are everywhere on the hills.
  • 3) He persisted and in the end succeeded in his
  • 4) You can see there is change everywhere.
  • 5) They would like to find out whether Mark
    wanted to be a member of the Photographic
  • 6) There is all-round expansion of the city.
  • 7) He te a couple of the oranges and gave the
    remainder to his fellow students.
  • 8) They cannot understand why he lost confidence
    so easily.
  • 9) The village school used to be the centre of
    all cultural activities.
  • 10) Romanticism did not become a trend until the
    beginning of the 19 th century.

  • 4. 1) had left arrived
  • 2) returned had done
  • 3) had never been went
  • 4) came had planted
  • 5) didnt hire had lied
  • 6) had been attacked lay
  • 7) realized had taken
  • 8) tried had burned out
  • 9) wanted had happened
  • 10) returned had been delayed
  • 11) was had expected
  • 12) had promised was
  • 13) didnt know had moved
  • 14) (had) heard came

  • 5. 1) arrived was had said would not be
    didnt expect had announced came had barely
    had went were
  • 2) was waiting had expected would be had
    been had sent had told was had not returned
    had he lost began had got
  • 6. 1) Our county had built three cinemas by the
    and of last month.
  • 2) By the time we got to the airport, the
    plane had already taken off.
  • 3) She didnt give the book back to me
    yesterday, because she had not finished reading
    it yet.
  • 4) When the foreign visitors got to the
    factory nursery, the children were having their
  • 5) The child (had) started crying before the
    mother said a word of reprimand.
  • 6) They never received any book they (had)
  • 7) By the time / As soon as we sat down to
    dinner the others had left the dining-hall.

  • 8) The examination had started before they
    found that one page of the examination paper was
    missing. Or they didnt find that one page of
    the examination paper was missing until the exam
    had started.
  • 9) When I came back last night, I noticed
    that the lights were still on in my room. I was
    puzzled because I felt certain that I had turned
    them off when I left the room.
  • 10) What did you do yesterday afternoon?
  • I went to the Beijing Library to
    borrow some books.
  • What did you borrow?
  • Nothing, because by the time I got
    there, the library had already closed.
  • 7. staff / baggage luggage / information / help
    encouragement / furniture
  • 8. 1) colleges 2)universities
    lodging 3) dormitory
  • 4) Teacher 5) tutor
    6) favourite

  • 7) favourable 8) Institute
  • 9. 1) He cant afford (to buy) a color TV.
  • 2) Apricot trees are all over the hills.
  • 3) His persistence led to the success in his
  • 4) You can see sings of change everywhere.
  • 5) They would like to find out whether Mark
    wanted to join the Photographic Society.
  • 6) The city expands in all directions / There
    is expansion of the city in all directions.
  • 7) He ate a couple of oranges and gave the
    rest to his fellow students.
  • 8) They cannot understand what caused him to
    lose his confidence so easily.
  • 9) All cultural activities used to centre o
    the village school.
  • 10) Romanticism didnt become a trend until
    the beginning of the 19th century.

  • I. Vocabulary and structure
  • 1.

Chinese Translation of the Text
  • ?????
  • ????????,???????????????????????????
  • ??????????????????????????????????????

  • ?????1209???????????????????????,???????????
  • ??,????????(?????),?????????????,?????
  • ??????????????????????????????????????

  • ?,????????????????????????,??????????????????
  • ?????????????????E???,??????????C??
  • ??????????????8250???,????2000?????,

  • ???,?????????????,??,?????????????????????,??
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