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QTP 9.2


Automation Need for automation, Rules of automation ... SilkTest (Borland) TestComplete (AutomatedQA) QAWizard (Seapine) TestPartner (Compuware) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: QTP 9.2

QTP 9.2
  • Material Prepared by Sriraman K

  • Automation Need for automation, Rules of
  • Exposure to the Automation Concepts and Kick
    start the learning of one of the leading tool QTP

Need of Automation
  • Speed Automation Scripts run very fast when
    compared to human users
  • Reliable Tests perform precisely the same
    operations each time they are run, there by
    eliminating human error.
  • Repeatable We can test how the application
    reacts after repeated execution of the same
  • Comprehensive We can build a suite of tests
    that covers every feature in our application
  • Reusable We can reuse tests on different
    versions of an application, even if the user
    interface changes.

Rules of Automation
  • Testing Tools are usually very expensive.
  • The test manager or the test lead has to
  • think twice before going in for automating
  • his test effort. There are also some widely
  • held false notions or beliefs about
  • automation tools.
  • In general, the golden rules that should be
  • kept in mind in the regard are.

Golden Rules
  • Product feature understanding, test planning,
    test case documentation, test bed setup, defect
    tracking, progression tests are all done in
    manual mode
  • Test automation success depends on robustness of
    the test cases not on the test tool.
  • Every manual step has commands in test scripts
  • If it is not worth, DO NOT AUTOMATE.
  • Do not build application logic in your test
  • Always have a common know base state for test
  • One test script Action must address one test

What are the different tools available in the
market (for functional testing)-
  • Quick Test Professional (HP)
  • WinRunner (HP)
  • Robot (IBM Rational)
  • Functional Tester (IBM Rational)
  • SilkTest (Borland)
  • TestComplete (AutomatedQA)
  • QAWizard (Seapine)
  • TestPartner (Compuware)
  • QEngine (AdventNet)
  • Open source tools (Sahi, Watir)

Life Cycle Of Automation-
  • Analyze the Application
  • Select The Tool
  • Identify the session
  • Design/ Record Test Scripts
  • Run the test scripts
  • Finding Reporting the defects

Introduction to QTP -
  • Developed by Mercury interactive now owned by HP
  • Developed for web functionality
  • QTP supports both web applications windows
  • QTP Developed in 2002, present version in the
    market is 9.5
  • Test Script developed on VB Script
  • QTP supported Technology
  • .NET. J2EE, Main Frame, XML, Java, Delphi
  • ERP -gt SAP, Seibel, People soft
  • QTP Supports both Technical Non Technical
  • QTP run on only windows platform not supporting
    UNIX, Linux etc

Environment needs for QTP 9.2
  • System Requirement Equivalent to P3 and above
  • Hardware Drive 250MB of Free Memory space
  • RAM 512MB of RAM
  • OS M/S windows 2000 server with 3-4
    service pack
  • M/S
    windows XP with 1-2 SP
  • M/S
    windows 2003 with no service pack
  • Web Browser MS Internet Explorer 5.5 and

  • Netscape Navigator 6.11, 6.22, 6.23, 7.02, 7.1
  • AOL
    8.0, 9.0

Add Ins of QTP -
  • Technology supported by the QTP
  • By default three Add Ins are there in QTP
  • ActiveX
  • VB
  • Web
  • Additional Add ins
  • Java
  • Oracle
  • People soft
  • .NET
  • Terminal Emulator (RTE)
  • SAP
  • Siebel
  • Delphi

Window Structure of QTP -
  • 1) Test Pane
  • 2) Active Screen
  • 3) Data Table
  • 4) Debug Viewer

Architecture Of QTP -
  • Script(.mts file)
  • Action1 Rep1(.mtr file)
  • Sheet1(localSheet)
  • Parameters (Action Parameter)
  • Shared Repository (.tsr File) Action2 Rep2
  • Global Sheet Sheet2(localSheet)
  • Environment Parameter Parameters (Action
  • Test Parameter
  • Action3 Rep3
  • Sheet3(localSheet)
  • Parameters (Action Parameter)

Course Objective
  • Object Spy
  • Object Identification
  • Understanding customizing Non Standard Objects
  • Understanding Way of Recognition
  • Object Repository
  • Simple Record and Replay
  • Types of Record Context Sensitive, Analog, Low
    Level Record
  • Managing Script with Various Data
  • Parameters (DataTable)
  • VB Scripting (String Manipulation, Msgbox, Split
    command, InStr, Loops, Conditions)
  • Managing Script with Dynamic Objects
  • Regular Expression
  • Smart Identification
  • Check Points Standard, Bitmap, Text

Object Spy-
  • Object spy is used to display or view all the
    physical properties and methods of an object.

Object Identification-
  • Used to Map non Standard Object to Standard
  • Used to configure Recognition properties for an
    object class.
  • Recognition properties are configured using
  • Mandatory Properties
  • Assistive properties (are used when mandatory
    property fails to recognize the object uniquely)
  • Ordinal Identifier (are used when both mandatory
    and assistive fails to recognize the object
  • Location (Represent x- coordinate of the screen
    or parent object Nearest to x is 0)
  • Index (Works based on active screen active
    screen being 0 by default)
  • Creation Time (For web browsers, no. of instances
    decides the creation time)

Object Repository-
  • Stores the object for the purpose of playing back
  • Uses Logical Name and Description properties to
    recognize the object from script and application
  • Description Properties are created through Object
  • Repository can be managed using Per Action mode
    (.mtr File) and Shared Repository Mode (.tsr
    File) by the script

Object Repository Dialog Box-
Recording Modes -
  • Three Modes of Recording
  • Context Sensitive or Normal Recording Uses the
    object class and properties and method to perform
  • Analog Recording Understands only the key or
    mouse movements
  • Relative to the screen Desktop.RunAnalog
  • Relative to the window Window(ltltobjNamegtgt).RunAna
    log Track1
  • Low Level Recording Understand the x and y
    coordinate of the within the object on which the
    action is performed.
  • Object(ltltObjNamegtgt).Click (22,45)

Record a Test
Record Run Settings-
Run a Test and Save Results-
View Test Results-
Virtual Object-
  • Virtual Object is used to identify the properties
    of similar objects in a particular Area.
  • Example In normal recording if we select the
    paint brush window, the script will look like
  • window(Paint).Activate
  • Window(Paint).Winobject(colors).Click
  • Window(Paint).Winobject(colors).Click
  • window(Paint).Close
  • If we are using Virtual object, the script will
    look like this-
  • window(Paint).Activate
  • Window(Paint).Winobject(colors).Virtu
    al Button(RED)
  • Window(Paint).Winobject(colors).Virtu
    al Button(BLUE)
  • window(Paint).Close

VB Scripting
  • Msgbox()
  • Inputbox()
  • String manupulation
  • Using Variables
  • Using Concatenation
  • Split ()
  • Instr()
  • Loops For loop, Do while, Select Case
  • Conditions If then Else

Parameters Data manipulation
  • Script Level Parameterization
  • Constant
  • DataTable(clmName,dtLocal/GlobalSheet)
  • RandomNumber(start,End)
  • Environment(Paraname)
  • Action Parameter - Parameter(ParaName)
  • Action Parameter
  • Constant
  • DataTable
  • RandomNumber
  • Environment
  • Test Parameter
  • Test Parameter
  • Constant (Test Parameter can be configured only
    through Action Parameter)
  • Environment Parameter
  • Build In
  • User Defined

Action Parameter
  • Action Parameter
  • To create an Action Parameter Go to Action,
    Right Click, Select Action Properties and give
    Default value to be used.
  • To Modify Action Parameter default value Go to
    Action, Right Click, Select Action Call
    Properties and select the parameter for which
    modification is needed, select value column and
    click on configure value button under value.
  • To control the iteration of Action Sheet, Go to
    Action, Right Click, Select Action call
    properties and Run tab

Test Parameter Environment
  • Test Parameter
  • File-gtSetting-gtParameter Tab
  • Only constant value can be used
  • To use the test parameter in the script, Test
    parameter needs to configured to action
  • Environment Parameter
  • File-gtSetting-gtEnvironment Tab
  • Build in and User defined parameters
  • To use the environment in other machines, use
    export and import under environment parameter tab

Setting the Parameter Value-
Using Data Sheet (Global, Local Location)-
Multiple Actions
  • How to Create New Actions?
  • Creating as Independent Action (Call to New
    action, Select at the end of test radio button)
  • Creating as Nested Action (Call to new action,
    Select After the current test radio button)
  • Dependent Action One action depends on another
    action for want of data
  • Using Datatable Output Value
  • Using Output Parameter Output Value
  • Output value
  • Select the object from active screen, Right
    click, Select output value
  • At Recording time Select from menu Insert-gtOutput
    Value-gtStandard Output value

Reusable Actions
  • How to make an action as Reusable Action?
  • Passing Parameters for Reusable Action
  • Using Input Parameters
  • Using Output Parameters
  • SystemUtil Commands
  • .Exist Command
  • Syntex of Reusable Action
  • RunAction ActionNameScriptName,
    One/Alliteration, Parameters(optional)

Dynamic Objects-
  • What is Dynamic Object?
  • When we can say, the object is dynamic?
  • Ways to Solve those dynamic objects
  • SetTOProperty
  • Parent().Object(Logical).SetTOProperty
    propertyName, Value
  • Regular Expression
  • Repository Parameter
  • Smart Identification
  • What is Smart Identification?
  • It is a second level of Recognition Mechanism to
    recognize an object when it is failed using
    Description properties
  • It is not a permanent method to solve a dynamic
    object It is an indication to the user that the
    object is not managed using description properties

Regular Expressions-
  • This can be used where there is a pattern of
  • Regular Expressions can be used in the following
  • 1) Check Points
  • 2) In parameterization
  • 3) Data Driven test
  • 4) Actions
  • 5) Exception Handling.etc

Using a Regular Expression-
Some Regular Expressions-
Smart Identification-
  • Smart Identification is used as Second level of
    recognition mechanism. When the Quick test fails
    to recognize the object through description
    properties, it tries to identify the object using
    Smart identification.
  • By invoking smart identification, system takes
    more time than usual time so if an object is
    identified in smart identification method then
    that object needs to be attended
  • Two properties are available in Smart
  • They are-
  • Base Filter Properties (This property has to
  • Optional Filter Properties (Atleast one of the
    property should be unique)

Synchronization Point-
  • Synchronization point maintains the time
    coordination between testing process and your
    application process.
  • Types of Synchronization
  • Sync
  • Wait
  • WaitProperty
  • Exist

Check Points-
  • Check Point is a verification point that compares
    the current value of the specified property with
    the expected value for that property.
  • Standard Check Point
  • Text/ Text Area Check Point
  • Bitmap Check point
  • Database Check Point
  • XML Check Point
  • Accessibility Check Point/ Web Checkpoint

Checkpoint Types
Inserting a Checkpoint During Recording-
Insert a Checkpoint After Recording-
Identifying a Failed Checkpoint-
Exception Handling-
  • It enables Quick test to detect and handle when
    unexpected error occurred during execution time.
  • Types of Exception Handling
  • Popup Exception Handling
  • Object State Exception Handling
  • Test Run Exception Handling
  • Application Crash

Comments Queries-
  • Queries are always welcome.

Your Voluntary Contribution
  • To enhance the service by improving bandwidth and
    improve the e-learning methodology needs an
    investment, in case you feel this helps you,
    kindly contribute any amount to the below
    mentioned account.
  • Little drops of water make the mighty ocean.
  • Expecting your kind support, it is absolutely
    voluntary and optional
  • Company Softsmith Infotech Pvt Ltd.
  • Bank Name HDFC Bank Ltd
  • Account Type Current A/C
  • Account No 05742320000031
  • Branch Chennai - Kodambakkam -
  • Cust ID 25417385
  • Branch Code 0574
  • When remitting kindly mention your name and
  • You can also send DD to the above mentioned name
    in case direct transfer is not possible.
  • Address is available at www.softsmith.com

  • Please spend few minutes from your
  • valuable time to provide your feedback.
  • It will help us to improve in next sessions.
  • Contact Details
  • Sriraman K
  • Email sriramank_at_softsmith.com
  • Thanks Happy Testing..
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