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The Significant Period of Second Language Acquisition

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The assessment of the foreign languages learning and teaching based on the ... This instinctive protection of the native language occurs in every language and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Significant Period of Second Language Acquisition


1
The Significant Period of Second Language
Acquisition
  • by
  • Yang Zhahe
  • Email add. Kunming _online_at_hotmail.com
  • Foreign Languages School
  • Yunnan Normal University

2
The Significant Period of Second Language
Acquisition
  • Background information of the issue
  • The Open-and-reform policy in China (1976)
  • The beginning of the CET4 and CET 6 (1986)
  • The assessment of the foreign languages learning
    and teaching based on the language competence of
    listening and speaking (1995)

3
The Significant Period of Second Language
Acquisition
  • Countrywide research investigation on the
  • improvement of listening and speaking, to
    the native speakers level in the Chinese contest
  • 1) The factors that affect the listening and
    speaking even at tertiary level
  • Policy at all levels
  • Language environment (urban and rural)
  • Teachers ( quality and quantity)
  • Text books ( native or SL2)
  • Teaching methods (old or new)
  • Learners (willing or not willing)
  • There may be over 20 factors can be
    mentioned

4
The Significant Period of Second Language
Acquisition
  • 3. Of all the factors, learners should be the
    most crucial one in the second language
    acquisition
  • One theory Languages can only be
    learned , not
  • be taught. a teacher can only be the
    helper
  • Interest ( like or dislike)
  • Value of the language (useful or
    useless)
  • Motivation ( strong inner power)
  • Objectives ( going abroad )
  • Attitude (love the house love the bird)
  • Character ( outward or inward)
  • Genetic origin ( some from the parents)
  • Age ( last but the most important here)

5
The Significant Period of Second Language
Acquisition
  • 4. Our research based on the age-importance in
  • Second Language Acquisition
  • Paul Broca, a French doctor majored in
    neuropathy
  • (mental) and dissection
  • The story of his findings in 1861
  • Paul Broca had a language barrier patient who
    could understand others, but could not talk and
    yet his speech organs were good. Six days later
    the patient died and the dissection found that
    his left-front part brain tissue was clearly
    damaged. Afterwards, 8 similar cases he declared
    this part is the language-center area. Later
    people call it Paul Broca area, or Brocas theory
    in language learning. This is a great
    contribution Broca did in language learning.

6
The Significant Period of Second Language
Acquisition
  • 5. And other important findings in this area were
  • established in Connell University of the
    USA issued
  • 1996 in the magazine Nature of the first
    volume.
  • New technology nuclear magnetic resonance
  • Findings
  • The development of this area (2--3)
  • The matured period (10--12)
  • Tendency
  • The characteristics now easy and
    flexible in
  • language learning when young and rigid
    and
  • stiffened when old.

7
The Significant Period of Second Language
Acquisition
  • The three stages of the law of Nature for human
  • beings
  • Stage one 212 both physical Languages
    growth
  • Stage two 1319 living working skills
    obtaining
  • Stage three 20 and above, family raising
  • Back to the experiment carried out in Connell
    University again
  • The controlled experiment
  • Group one ( under 12 )
  • Group two ( above 12 )
  • Item Second language Learning

8
The Significant Period of Second Language
Acquisition
  • The differences in L2 learning in the brain
  • Before 12
    above 12

9
The Significant Period of Second Language
Acquisition
  • One more thing to mention is the relationship
    between mother- tongue and second language
  • The tendency of resistance from the mother-
    tongue system against acceptance of other
    languages.
  • eg. Most people think their native language is
    the best one and most beautiful, and easiest to
    learn. So the mother tongue is superb.
  • This instinctive protection of the native
    language occurs in every language and the more
    perfect it develops, the stranger it will be.
    Likewise the younger, the better in learning a
    second language.

10
The Significant Period of Second Language
Acquisition
  • 7. Psychological characteristics of the young in
    the
  • second language Learning
  • Troubles in care
  • Their attention-span
  • Language environment
  • Suitable text books
  • Good instructor
  • 8. Conclusion
  • In general the Significant Period for the
    young
  • learners to start second language
    learning is
  • between 6 12.
  • Thank you !
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