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The global consequences of our nutritional habits -

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Title: Less meat, less heat Author: Preferred Customer Last modified by: Kurt Schmidinger Created Date: 8/26/2008 9:51:32 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The global consequences of our nutritional habits -


1
The global consequences of our nutritional habits
-
The consequences of the worldwide production of
65 billion farm animals per year on the
environment and climate, global nutrition, animal
welfare and human health and possible
alternatives!
2
Livestock / Consumption of animal products
  • Global consequences the major 4
  • Environment (incl. climate)
  • Human health
  • Animal rights and animal welfare
  • World nutrition / world hunger

3
Environment / Climate
  • Film Mechanisms of the greenhouse effect
    described in simple form http//www.youtube.com/w
    atch?vHxheREfgUGY
  • Film Veggie-Day as a first political measure
  • Already existing in Gent (BE), Bremen (DE), Sao
    Paolo (BR), San Francisco (US), Washington DC
    (US), Kapstadt (ZA), Zagreb (HR)
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vxj80Lfoh2_c

4
World hunger / environment


Meat lengthened food chain gt requires 5-15
times more areas, plants, water etc. to feed
humans (Exception Pure pasture management of
ruminants, which on the other hand requires huge
areas, causes much of the methane-issues,
furthermore only small share of global
production).
5
World hunger / environment


Input / Output 1 out of 7 calories converted to
meat, what happens with the rest?
Metabolic losses inevitable (compare humans),
Bread example, livestock first of all an
efficient production of excrements, meat as side
product, by far biggest waste of food globally,
1/3 of world harvest (cerealssoya) converted to
excrements!
6
Environment Climate, water, erosion, land
consumption, ...

 The livestock sector emerges as one of the top
two or three most significant contributors to the
most serious environmental problems, at every
scale from local to global. The findings of this
report suggest that it should be a major policy
focus when dealing with problems of land
degradation, climate change and air pollution,
water shortage and water pollution and loss of
biodiversity. Livestocks contribution to
environmental problems is on a massive scale and
its potential contribution to their solution is
equally large. The impact is so significant that
it needs to be addressed with urgency. Major
redutions in impact could be achieved at
reasonable cost  Livestocks Long Shadow, FAO
2006
  • Land consumption, water consumption, water
    pollution, rainforest destruction
  • Climate, loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, air
    pollution

7
Environment Climate change (1)
  • According to the FAO, the livestock-sector is
    responsible for 18 of global greenhouse gas
    emissions more than total worldwide traffic
  • (aeroplanes, cars, trucks, trains, ...)
  • Methane (CH4) digestion of ruminants,
  • Nitrous Oxide (N2O) fertilizer, manure,
  • Carbon dioxide (CO2) fire clearing of
    rainforests etc.

lt
8
Environment Climate change (2)
  • Interdisciplinary Study NL Worldwide Reduction
    (definition see paper) of consumption of animal
    products saves
  • 20 000 000 000 000 US (50)
  • of climate stabilisation costs (Aim GHG
    concentration levels 2050 same as today) - enough
    to build 130 million one-family houses at the
    cost of US 150 000 each - new houses for whole
    Europe!

Reasons 1. Saving of the CO2, N2O and
CH4-emissions from livestock, 2. Vastly reduced
land consumption, partly regrowing forests,
bushes gt huge CO2-sink due to regrowing forests
gt climate protection almost for free! Link
http//www.newscientist.com/article/dn16573-eating
-less-meat-could-cut-climate-costs.html
lt
9
Environment Climate change (2)
  • Interdisciplinary Study NL Worldwide Reduction
    (definition see paper) of consumption of animal
    products saves
  • 32 000 000 000 000 US (80)
  • of climate stabilisation costs (Aim GHG
    concentration levels 2050 same as today) - enough
    to build gt 200 million one-family houses at the
    cost of US 150 000 each - new houses for whole
    Europe, Russia, Australia, Canada!

Reasons 1. Saving of the CO2, N2O and
CH4-emissions from livestock, 2. Vastly reduced
land consumption, partly regrowing forests,
bushes gt huge CO2-sink due to regrowing forests
gt climate protection almost for free! Link
http//www.newscientist.com/article/dn16573-eating
-less-meat-could-cut-climate-costs.html
lt
10
(No Transcript)
11
Environment Rainforest destruction
  • Fire clearance of rainforests
  • Pastures for cattle
  • Feed monocultures (85 of global soy harvest as
    animal feed)
  • ? CO2-emissions due to fire clearances
  • ? or later agricultural areas prevent that woods
    can function as CO2-sink (CO2-sponge)

12
Environment Excrements
  • Manure water pollution worldwide

Enormous amounts, more than humans produce - no
wonder as farm animal population gt 25 billion (gt
3 times number of humans) and production of 65
billion farm animals per year.
13
Tierhaltung 51, 18, lt5 - was stimmt ??
  • Warum kommen Studien zur Auswirkung von
    Tierhaltung / Fleischkonsum aufs Weltklima auf so
    dramatisch unterschiedliche Ergebnisse?
  • Worldwatch 51,
  • FAO 18,
  • einige behaupten lt 5, z.B. für die USA die U.S.
    Environmental Protection Agency (2008) (U.S. EPA.
    2008. Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions
    and Sinks 1990-2006. U.S. EPA, Washington, DC.
    )

14
Tierhaltung 51, 18, lt5 - was stimmt ??
  • 1. Die Methoden (LCA, ökolog. Fußabdruck, ...)
  • LCA blind für Flächenverbrauch, misst nur
    THG-Emissionen
  • Footprint misst alles in Flächen (gha) Flächen
    die wir direkt brauchen, und auch Flächen (Wald),
    die nötig wären/sind, um z.B. unsere
    THG-Emissionen wieder zu binden und aus der
    Atmosphäre zu bringen. Tierhaltung hier also
    durch zwei Faktoren THG-Emissionen und direkte
    Flächen (Tierhaltung 80 der landwirtsch. Flächen
    weltweit)
  • missed carbon sink durch Flächenverbrauch im
    Footprint de facto drinnen, in LCAs (noch?) gar
    nicht

15
Tierhaltung 51, 18, lt5 - was stimmt ??

Interdisziplinäre Studie NL Weltweiter Verzicht
auf Tierhaltung spart 32.000.000.000.000 US
(80) an Klimastabilisierungskosten (Ziel
Treibhausgaskonzentration 2050 in etwa so wie
heute). Das entspricht gt 200 Millionen
Einfamilienhäusern zu je 150.000 US!! Neue
Häuser für ganz Europa, Russland, Australien,
Kanada!
Gründe 1. Wegfall der CO2, N2O und
CH4-Emissionen aus Tierhaltung, 2. weitaus
geringerer Flächenbedarf, z.T. Wiederbewaldung gt
riesige CO2-Senke durch nachwachsende Wälder gt
Klimaschutz fast zum Nulltarif! Link
http//www.newscientist.com/article/dn16573-eating
-less-meat-could-cut-climate-costs.html
lt
16
Tierhaltung 51, 18, lt5 - was stimmt ??
  • 2. Überzählige oder fehlende Faktoren in der
    Bilanz
  • Z.B. Worldwatch rechnet Atmung der Tiere mit (CO2
    entsteht), aber nicht CO2-Aufnahme durch die
    Futtermittel-Pflanzen Beides bildet aber einen
    kurzlebigen Kreislauf, ein Nullsummenspiel,
    entweder ich zähl beides, oder lass es (als
    Nullsumme) gleich weg aus der Bilanz. Nur eines
    in die Bilanz aufzunehmen ist falsch.
  • Österreichs Landwirtschaft lässt gern die
    importierten Futtermittel aus der Bilanz raus.

17
Tierhaltung 51, 18, lt5 - was stimmt ??
  • 3. Landänderungen (v.a. Regenwaldbrandrodung/-abho
    lzung) tendenziöse Zuordnung zu Ursachen
  • Ziel Fleisch kein Klimakiller Ursache
    Landspekulationen o.ä., spätere Nutzung für
    Futtermittel oder Rinderweiden hat mit Emissionen
    aus Zerstörung nichts mehr zu tun
  • Ziel Fleisch ist Klimakiller Ursache natürlich
    Futtermittel und Weideland, auch Landspekulation
    wäre ohne spätere Nutzung für diese Zwecke nicht
    möglich.
  • Spielen kann man auch mit weiteren Schräubchen
    wie dem Zeitraum, über den man diese Emissionen
    den Produkten anlastet.

18
Tierhaltung 51, 18, lt5 - was stimmt ??
  • 4. GWP-Zeithorizonte
  • Global Warming Potential

20 Jahre 100
Jahre
Methan 72 CO2-Eq.
Methan 25 CO2-Eq.
lt
19
Tierhaltung 51, 18, lt5 - was stimmt ??
  • 5. Tierhaltungssysteme der Zukunft effizienter!
    ??
  • Oft wird argumentiert, je produktiver/hochgezüchte
    ter ein Tier, umso weniger THG-Emissionen pro
    Kilogramm Fleisch/Milch/Eier.
  • Achtung, viele andere Faktoren Welternährung
    (effiziente Nutztiere sind Nahrungskonkurrenten,
    keine Weidetiere), Verknappung der Ackerflächen,
    Biodiversität, Bodenerosion, Wasserverschmutzung,
    Tierschutz ... ? kein gangbarer Weg

20
Tierhaltung 51, 18, lt5 - was stimmt ??
  • Hauptschraube (deckt 1.-5. ab) Politische
    Absicht!
  • Wie groß ist der Klimaeffekt der Tierhaltung
    weltweit wirklich?
  • Diskussion anhand der FAO- und Worldwatch-Zahlen
    und der 5 Punkte und grobe Einschätzung.
  • 1. FAO lässt methodisch missed carbon sink aus
    sehr relevant.
  • 2. Bilanzfaktoren bei FAO weitgehend korrekt,
    Worldwatch-Fehler
  • 3. Zuordnung Landänderung FAO bemüht um
    Objektivität
  • 4. Evtl. GWP 50 Jahre, FAO dann moderat zu
    niedrig (Methan)
  • 5. Theoret. FAO zu hoch, aber industrielle
    Tierhaltung Sackgasse

21
Tierhaltung 51, 18, lt5 - was stimmt ??
  • In vielen Bereichen Spielräume, kein richtig und
    falsch
  • Aber ich schätze es auf
  • ? 20 30 des globalen Klimaeffekts

22
Planet Earth 2013
23
World hunger

  • Of 7 billion humans
  • 800 000 000 suffer from hunger, among these are
    200 000 000 children.
  • 25 000 people die from malnutrition each day.
  • FAO-Report Crop Prospects and Food Situation
    2008
  • 754 million tons of cereals are fed to farm
    animals each year (with a yield of 17 for
    calorie-conversion this is a loss of calculated
    650 million tons of cereals for human nutrition)
    soy, etc. not yet included
  • Compare Due to biofuel production (2nd biggest
    problem for loss of calories at croplands) we
    lose only 100 million tons of cereals for human
    nutrition

24
World hunger

  • FAO-Report Crop Prospects and Food Situation
    2008
  • 754 million tons of cereals are fed to farm
    animals each year (with a yield of 17 for
    calorie-conversion this is a loss of calculated
    650 million tons of cereals for human nutrition).
    Soy, etc. not yet included.
  • Compare Due to biofuel production (2nd biggest
    problem for loss of calories at croplands) we
    lose only 100 million tons of cereals for human
    nutrition.

25

World hunger / environment
  • The biomass of all farm animals exceeds the mass
    of all wild vertebrates on land by a factor of
    20!! Source V. Smil The Earths Biosphere

26
World hunger / environment

  • Food waste during the production of animal based
    food
  • Animal derived foods Food chain with 3 (plant ?
    animal ? human) instead of 2 elements (plant ?
    human) gt inefficient
  • gt 10 plant calories for 1 calorie of beef
  • gt 5 plant calories für 1 calorie of pork
  • gt 3 plant calories für 1 calorie of poultry

!
!
1/3 of world harvest (soy cereals) converted to
excrements (with an upward tendency)
27
World hunger / environment


Meat lengthened food chain gt requires 5-15
times more areas, plants, water etc. to feed
humans (Exception Pure pasture management of
ruminants, which on the other hand requires huge
areas, causes much of the methane-issues,
furthermore only small share of global
production).
28
World hunger / environment

  • Short food chain plant ? human could release
    enormous areas globally Possibilities to use
    these
  • Regrowing vegetation could absorb huge amounts of
    CO2 from the atmosphere (see slides earlier,
    interdisciplinary study NL) Massive contribution
    to climate stabilisation
  • Growing of maize for renewable plastic
    alternatives without causing a global food crisis
  • Photovoltaics for energy production, maybe even
    biofuels would make sense again
  • ...

29
World hunger / environment

Livestock and the cultivation of feed require
almost 80 of total global agricultural land
(cropland plus pastures) 30 of total land
surface of the earth 2/3 OF ALL areas used by
humans globally
Source FAO, 2006 Goodland R. et al,1999
30
Fazit
  • 7 Milliarden Menschen essen 65 Milliarden Tiere
    pro Jahr
  • über 65 Milliarden Nutztiere verbrauchen 40 der
    Getreide- und 85 der Sojaernte weltweit,
    konvertieren 1/3 der Welternte in Exkremente
  • dafür werden 80 der landwirtschaftlichen Flächen
    verwendet
  • diese Ernten und das Land könnten weit
    effizienter für direkte menschliche Ernährung
    verwendet werden
  • Menschen in den Industrieländern sind
    übergewichtig und sterben an Zivilisationskrankhei
    ten als Folge dieser Überernährung

31
The future?

32
Environment
  • Average water consumption / kg .
  • potatoes 500 litres
  • wheat 900 litres
  • soybeans 2 000 litres
  • beef 15 000 litres
  • Please interpret these numbers with caution, more
    details (green, blue, grey water-footprint)
    beyond the scope of this presentation

33
Health What means ...
  • vegetarian No meat, no fish, but milk and dairy
    products and eggs.
  • vegan no animal products at all, i.e. no meat,
    dairy, eggs, fish, ...
  • further forms like raw food, macrobiotics,
    frutarism, ...

34
Maybe at least meat is healthy ... ?

Vegan instead of ears!
35
Maybe at least meat is healthy ... ?

36
Health take care of
  • Of what should we especially take care of?
  • Especially for vegan/vegetarian diets
  • Mix Proteins Cereals (short of lysine or
    threonine but good source for methionine),
    nuts/oat flakes/cacao (much tryptophan) and
    legumes (rich in all but methionine)
  • Minerals Calcium, iron, zinc
  • Vitamins Take care of Vit. B12, possibly also D
    (especially in winter)
  • Omega-3-fatty acids Linseed oil (do not heat!)
    as a good source. Alternative EPA- und
    DHA-containing algae supplement (food supplement)
  • gt Interesting values for blood-tests especially
    for vegans/vegetarians Vit. B12 D folic
    acid, calcium, ironferritin, zinc, homocysteine,
    HDLLDL-quotient

37
Health veggies celebrate!
  • And these are especially important advantages
    again especially for vegan diets
  • De facto all worldwide pandemics of the last
    decades (bird flu, swine flu, EHEC, BSE, ...) and
    of the future (...,...,...) from intensive
    livestock farms Billions of animals packed
    together, bad housing, bad immune system, ... gt
    without livestock avoidable!
  • Antibiotic resistance from intensive livestock
    farms (factory farming) would be avoidable
  • Bacterial food poisoning (salmonellosis, E Coli,
    etc.) mostly a problem with animal products gt
    avoidable
  • You get far less of these evils Cholesterol,
    arachidonic acid, purines, saturated fatty acids,
    also free radicals/ox.stress, ...
  • You get more of these good things Vitamin
    CE, fibres (whole meal) and phytochemiclas
    (fruits!, vegetables!, antioxidative effects
    etc.)

38
Health factory farming

Industrial livestock farms can harm humans, think
of antibiotic resistance, but also this
and swine flu ?
and .... ?
39
Health meat sicknesses (1)
  • The (high) consumption of animal products is
    linked to the following sicknesses
  • Cardiovascular diseases (Oxford Studies, 7th Day
    Adventists study, studies of the ADA, Uni Gießen,
    Bundesgesundheitsamt Berlin, u.v.m.)
  • Colon Cancer (American Cancer Society, Univ.
    Oxford, Univ. San Diego, Krebsforschungszentrum
    Heidelberg), breast cancer (Harvard Medical
    School), prostate cancer (PCRM, Washington DC),
    gastric cancers (EPIC)

40
Health meat sicknesses (2)
  • Osteoporosis (!) (UC San Francisco, USDA-ARS)
  • Multiple sclerosis (CHRU Grenoble)
  • Gallstones
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Allergies
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (UUH Oslo)
  • Links to the papers ? www.futurefood.org ? For
    the world ? Health

41
Gesundheit in Belgien

Aktueller Entwurf Gesundheitsvorsorge-Plan ?Mehr
Gemüse! ?Mehr Obst! ?Mehr Ballaststoffe! ?Mehr
trinken! ?Weniger Süßes / Alkohol ???
  • Ergebnisse der Nationalen
  • Ernährungsumfrage
  • Zu wenig Gemüse
  • Zu wenig Obst
  • Zu wenig Ballaststoffe
  • Zu wenig Flüssigkeit
  • Zu viel Süßes / Alkohol
  • Zu viel Fleisch

42
(No Transcript)
43
Health Veggie also for Kids, ..?!
  • Vegetarian diets with milk (and eggs) are widely
    accepted They reduce many but do not avoid all
    problems caused by animal products.
  • A deliberate vegan diet avoids all disadvantages
    of animal products and avoids the disadvantages
    of a non-deliberate vegan diet ? optimum
  • For infants
  • ADA (the world biggest dietetic association) and
    others recommend a vegan diet for all stages of
    the life cycle, others are more sceptical.
  • Vegan mothers have to be well nourished and
    should breast feed the child
  • For small and big children Pay attention to
    slide
  • gt Health take care of !
  • ... and then make use of the benefits!

44
Animal welfare
  • Most mother sows in Europe, China or the US live
    like that

and almost all fattening pigs like this
45
Animal welfare factory farming life
  • Before birth Animals bred with extreme
    characteristics detrimental to the health for
    highest egg-, milk- or meat-production.
  • Immediately after birth
  • Male laying-hen chicken gassed or killed
    otherwise
  • Dairy calves separated from mothers shortly after
    birth
  • Mutilations shortly after birth
  • beak trimming,
  • dehorning,
  • clipping of teeth and tails
  • castration
  • ? globally mainly performed without anaesthesia

46
Animal welfare factory farming life
  • Life
  • Tiny cages (laying hens, rabbits, quails, mother
    sows, )
  • Tethered Many dairy cows
  • Kept densely packed Fattening pigs, broiler
    chickens, turkeys, rabbits, ducks,
  • Often strong stench (smell)
  • Individual
  • Force feeding (e.g. goose- or duck fatty liver)
    with 1/5 of the live weight of the ducks and
    geese per day.
  • Injured animals left to die from injuries or
    thirst in cages or outside boxes
  • Broiler chicken runts die of thirst
  • Technical failures / fire lead to mass deaths,
    usually no evacuation possible

47
Animal welfare factory farming life
  • And the end?
  • Transport to slaughterhouses, sometimes half way
    around the world, (e.g. sheep or cattle from
    Australia to Egypt)
  • Slaughterhouse
  • Often stunning does not work, and billions are
    also butchered kosher/halal without intended
    stunning
  • Individuals (pigs, poultry) live until they reach
    the tanks where they are scalded
  • Some species are boiled alive (such as lobsters)
  • Undercover investigations also show abuse and
    sadism carried out on animals
  • Compare with golden rule of ethics One should
    not treat others in ways that one would not like
    to be treated.

48
Animal welfare factory farming life
  • Films / Documentaries
  • Documentaries 10-25 minutes
  • Meet your Meat (USA, but in many aspects similar
    conditions in Europe, too) http//www.meat.org/
  • Intensive pig farming, focus on Austria (German)
    http//www.tierrechtsfilme.at/langfilme/schweineha
    ltung_lucie/lucie.htm
  • Force feeding of ducks and geese (forbidden in
    many countries, but imported almost everywhere)
    http//www.vierpfoten.org/website/output.php?id11
    77idcontent1909language2

49
Animal welfare factory farming life
  • Films / Documentaries
  • 95 minutes documentary
  • Earthlings http//veg-tv.info/Earthlings
  • Awarded comic (short) The Meatrix
    http//www.themeatrix.com/

50
Animal welfare impressions

51
Livestock / consumption of animal products
  • is the biggest ... on earth !!
  • land consumer
  • water consumer
  • water contaminator
  • contributor to rainforest destruction
  • food-waster
  • cause of billionfold suffering of animals
  • risk factor for food poisonings
  • risk factor for global pandemics
  • one of the biggest or the biggest ... on earth!!
  • factor in loss of biodiversity
  • cause for soil erosion
  • risk factor for lifestyle diseases
  • risk factor for antibiotic resistances
  • is one of the biggest ... on earth!!
  • climate killers
  • air polluter

52
With each meal the earth is at stake
  • If too much meat is a big part of the problems,
    we should modernise our nutrition as part of the
    solutions

53
(No Transcript)
54
www.futurefood.org - alternatives to animals
products
  • The reasons
  • Environment (climate)
  • Health
  • Animal welfare
  • World nutrition / hunger

55
  • ?

What could lead to a collapse of the factory
farming practices?
  • Human reason / ethics ????
  • Top-products as alternatives to animal products
    ??
  • Food shortages (climate?) / concurrency of
    non-food croplands (plastic alternatives made of
    maize, biofuels) ??
  • Antibiotic-resistances from intensive livestock
    facilities ???
  • Serious new pandemics from intensive livestock
    facilities ?

56
Success criteria?
  • Flavour Taste, aroma, smell, texture, satiety
    feeling, ...
  • Price
  • Marketing, target groups, advertising
  • Health
  • Shelf life / hygiene / logistic advantages

57
www.futurefood.org Alternatives to animal products
  • Vegetarian meat All raw materials to replace
    meat
  • Non dairy milk products All raw materials to
    replace dairy milk, cheese, joghurt etc.
  • Replace egg products All raw materials to
    replace egg products

58
(No Transcript)
59
Vegetarian meat
  • Wheat Wheat gluten (seitan)
  • Soy Soya meat (TVP), tofu, tempeh, sprouted
    soybeans
  • Sweet lupines
  • Fresh mushrooms
  • Fermented fungi, e.g. Quorn
  • Algae
  • Rice, peas

60
Some top brands veget. meat
  • Tofurky (Turtle Islands Foods)
  • Oregon, USA
  • Sausages, roasts and others, based on tofu and
    wheat gluten, but also tempeh.
  • Gardein (Garden Protein Int.)
  • British Columbia, Canada
  • "Chicken"-wings,-filets,-breasts und-stripes,
    skewers and more,
  • Based on soy protein and wheat gluten.

61
Some top brands veget. meat
  • Frys
  • South Africa
  • Huge variety of vegetarian meat alternatives,
    based on soy protein and wheat protein.
  • and many others

62
Plant based alternatives to dairy products
  • Drinks (milk), yoghurts, cream, sour cream made
    from soy, oat, almond, rice, coco, quinoa,
    millet, spelt, barley, kamut. Often fortified
    with B2, B12, D2, calcium, A, B6, folic acid, E
  • Ice cream from soy, rice, etc.
  • Cheese from soy protein, pea protein, tofu,
    potato starch, rice starch, soy oil, other plant
    based fats and oils, nut butter, thickening
    agents, yeast, but also tapioca- u. arrowroot
    flour, rapeseed oil, safflower oil, coconut oil,
    etc.
  • Desserts, confectionaries, margarine ...

63
Some top brands for dairy alternatives
  • Alpro / Provamel
  • Belgium, but also Germany, UK
  • European market leader, huge variety, mostly
    based on soy, to a
  • lesser extent on rice, almond or oat,
  • Provamel is the brand for the organic product
    range
  • Turtle Mountain
  • Oregon, USA
  • So Delicious and Purely Decadent, ice cream,
    frozen desserts,
  • based on soy

64
Some top brands for dairy alternatives
  • Valsoia
  • Italiy
  • Drinks, Desserts, ice cream, confectionary based
    on soy, partly
  • also rice, also vegetarian meat products
    (burgers, sausages cutlets, )
  • Daiya
  • Canada
  • Cheese alternatives, also cooperation with other
    veggie-food-
  • producers (e.g. as pizza cheese), unique
    composition tapioca-
  • and arrowroot flour, rapeseed oil, safflower oil,
    coconut oil, pea protein

65
Plant based alternatives to egg products
  • Alternatives to egg products for the industry
    About 10 companies in the US, NL, UK and others.
    Made of gelling and thickening agents (alginate,
    carrageen, guar flour, locust bean gum, xanthan
    gum), soy lecithin, potato protein, potato
    starch, full soy beans, wheat gluten, corn syrup,
    sometimes also dairy(!) or egg(!!) ingredients
    ? see http//www.futurefood.org/eggproducts/index
    _en.php

66
Plant based alternatives to egg products
  • At home Egg replacers by Ener-G, Orgran or
    others (potato-, tapioca starch, CMC, citric
    acid, calcium carbonate) Or simply use soy
    flour, baking powder, mineral water, locust bean
    gum, agar-agar, soaked linseeds, etc.
  • Vegan fried egg, vegan yolk by The Vegg
    Yeast flakes, alginates, sulphur salt, ß-carotene

67
Futuristic approaches
  • Biofermenter Peter Arras / AKT, Germany, take
    ruminants as model/guide ? food out of straw,
    harvest waste, etc. (all this would suddenly also
    be basis for human nutrition)
  • In Vitro Meat Real meat without animals,
    produced out of cells in labs. Technological
    basic facts Initial cells, culture medium incl.
    growth factors, bioreactors, etc. see
    http//www.futurefood.org/DissertationSchmidinger.
    pdf, chapt.12

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Futuristic approaches in vitro meat
  • Some protagonists
  • Henk Haagsman and Bernard Roelen (NL) Work
    continuously, search for basic understanding
  • Mark Post (NL) Supported by Sergey Brin,
    presented the first in-vitro-meat burger of the
    world for 250.000 in August 2013.
  • Julie Gold (Sweden), US-NGO new-harvest.org and
    (in earlier times more active) Stig Omholt
    (Norway, with 1. in-vitro-meat symposium)
    Networking
  • Gabor a. Andras Forgacs (USA) Modern Meadow,
    3D-printer, Thiel-Foundation
  • Vladimir Mironov and Nick Genovese (USA) PeTA,
    3-D-printer, networking, mastermind
  • Oron Catts Ionat Zurr (AUS) Artists from
    Australia
  • Willem van Eelen (NL) Pioneer, cultured meat
    patent

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Tips
  • Handouts e.g. Tofushopping, Link auf die
    Präsentation,
  • This Präsentation http//www.futurefood.org/basic
    _english.ppt
  • Tips for canteen kitchens
  • Canteen kitchen project www.gv-nachhaltig.de/
  • Regional veggie-gastronomy z.b. Graz Ginko,
    Mangolds, Rest. Arche

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We just have this 1 world
71
Dr. Kurt Schmidinger Graduate in Geophysics
Doctor in Food Science Project Leader
www.futurefood.org Tel. 43 / 676 / 33 22
107 Kurt.schmidinger_at_futurefood.org
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