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The Most Common Lifestyle Disorders

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A lifestyle of a person is the way of living his/her life. In recent times, India has started to observe an increase in various kinds of health-related problems due to change in lifestyle regardless of their gender or age. Lifestyle disorders may occur due to different factors such as dietary patterns, habits and behavior, preferences, and more. An article by the business world states that nearly 61% of people in India die due to lifestyle or non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Lifestyle diseases are not limited to adults alone; nowadays, it is affecting kids as well. Here is an article providing some of the profound insights on the most common lifestyle disorders, its causes and symptoms, and the preventive measures to be taken to avoid them. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Most Common Lifestyle Disorders


1
The Most Common Lifestyle Disorders
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A lifestyle of a person is the way of living
his/her life. In recent times, India has started
to observe an increase in various kinds of
health-related problems due to change in
lifestyle regardless of their gender or age.
Lifestyle disorders may occur due to different
factors such as dietary patterns, habits and
behavior, preferences, and more. An article by
the business world states that nearly 61 of
people in India die due to lifestyle or
non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Lifestyle
diseases are not limited to adults alone
nowadays, it is affecting kids as well.
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  • Here is an article providing some of the profound
    insights on the most common lifestyle disorders,
    its causes and symptoms, and the preventive
    measures to be taken to avoid them.
  • What Is Lifestyle Disorder?
  • A lifestyle disorder is a disease connected with
    the way of people living. With the growth in
    technological advancements and lack of physical
    exercise, we are facing a continuous rise in
    lifestyle diseases, also known as
    non-communicable diseases (NCD). Poor lifestyle
    choices such as smoking, alcohol usage, bad food
    habits, irregular sleeping habits, etc. can lead
    to lifestyle disorders. It is highly essential to
    maintain a healthy environment in our day-to-day
    activities that help to prevent lifestyle
    disorders.

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Causes of Lifestyle Diseases
  • It is well-known that lifestyle diseases in India
    are at a peak. Hence, knowing the root causes and
    consequences of lifestyle disorders is
    significant because it helps to eliminate in
    early-stage and achieve enhanced health.
  • Dehydration Muscles and tendons dehydration is
    the foremost cause of muscle strain, fatigue, and
    other disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
  • Poor physical fitness The primary reason for
    cardiovascular diseases and other lifestyle
    disorders is due to poor physical fitness. There
    is a direct relationship between reduced chronic
    levels of physical fitness and an increased
    chance of chronic diseases in India.
  • Fatigue Another major cause of a lifestyle
    disorder is lack of sleep. It is associated with
    different medical complications such as stroke,
    high blood pressure, obesity, and mental
    impairment.
  • Malnutrition The deficiency of adequate
    nutrition in our diet and the overconsumption of
    food leads to several chronic disorders.
  • Stress Uncontrolled stress at the workplace or
    home is the most prominent cause of lifestyle
    diseases. It may attack ones health severely,
    thereby resulting in heart-related disorders.

5
Most Common Lifestyle Disorders
Lifestyle disorders are the health issues that
are related to the physical and mental
functioning of a human being. Here is a list of
the different types of lifestyle diseases
widespread in todays society
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1) Obesity
  • People fall under obese when their body mass
    index (BMI) is higher than 25. One experiences
    obesity due to a stressful lifestyle, unhygienic
    and unhealthy eating habits, reduced physical
    activity, and more. Overweight people suffer from
    blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases,
    breathing issues, and diabetes. Obesity is a
    primary disorder that leads to other chronic
    diseases in a human being.

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2) Hypertension
  • High Blood Pressure, also known as HBP and
    hypertension, is a long-term lifestyle disorder
    that results in critical health complications
    such as heart disease, stroke, etc. When the
    reading is 140/90 or higher in the BP machine, it
    means the blood pressure is high. Some of the
    common reasons for HBP are genetic factors,
    stress, unhealthy eating habits, and obesity.

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3) Heart disease and Stroke
  • Cardiovascular disease (CVD), also known as heart
    disease, refers to the heart conditions that
    involve blocked blood vessels and blot clots.
    India ranks first with 50 million cardio patients
    suffering from heart health issues. It is a
    severe chronic disease, and the abnormalities and
    irregularities in blood vessel walls and heart
    muscles are due to the following diabetes,
    smoking, and high cholesterol.
  • A stroke occurs when there is reduced blood flow
    to the brain. A blood vessel that transports
    oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either
    obstructed by bursts or a

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4) Alzheimers disease
  • Alzheimers disease (AD) is a progressive brain
    disorder that leads to problems in thinking and
    memory. Alzheimers is a primary cause of
    dementia among older adults that deals with
    cognitive functioning, behavioral abilities, and
    memory loss. In the United States, Alzheimers
    disease is the 6th most important cause of death.
    Some of the major features of Alzheimers disease
    are tangles and plaques in the brain.
  • 5) Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a
    chronic lung disease that causes inflammation and
    obstructed airflow from the lungs. The symptoms
    of COPD are long-term breathing problems, chronic
    cough with mucus, wheezing, and more. The most
    common causes of COPD are tobacco smoking,
    genetics, and environmental factors such as
    pollution and gas leaks.

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6) Asthma
  • Asthma is a long-term inflammatory disease caused
    due to the swelling and narrowing of airways. It
    is a common chronic disorder that results in
    prolonged coughing, breath shortness, chest
    tightness, and wheezing.
  • 7) Type II Diabetes and Cancer
  • Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), also known as adult-onset
    diabetes, is a chronic medical disorder caused
    due to poor lifestyle choices and unhealthy
    eating habits. Estimates predict that 40.9
    million people in India have Type II diabetes.
    This disease is a non-insulin form that is most
    common among adults and results in frequent
    thirst, unusual weight loss, and recurrent
    urination.
  • Cancer is a group of malignant diseases that
    involves the irregular growth and spread of
    abnormal cells to various parts of the body. The
    immunity of ones body gets reduced due to the
    following prolonged cough, smoking, stress,
    abnormalities in weight loss, defecation, etc.
    Through proper vaccination, medication, and
    dietary recommendations, there is a possibility
    to overcome cancer risks.

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8) Chronic Liver Disease
  • Cirrhosis, also known as chronic liver disease,
    is a long-term progressive disorder that involves
    the destruction of liver parenchyma. The major
    causes of chronic liver diseases are long-term
    abuse of alcohol, metabolic disorders, autoimmune
    inflammation, Hepatitis B C infection, and
    more. This disease lasts over six years as well
    as results in portal hypertension and synthetic
    dysfunction.
  • 9) Osteoporosis
  • Osteoporosis is a lifestyle disorder caused due
    to the lack of estrogen hormones in women and
    androgen hormones in men. It is a bone-weakening
    disease that is common in India, with more than
    10 million cases per year. Bone density
    decreases, thereby affecting bone strength and
    structure. With porous bone, there is an
    increased risk of fracture. With proper dieting
    and regular medications, people can avoid
    osteoporosis.

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10) Arteriosclerosis
  • Arteriosclerosis is the thickening and hardening
    of arterial blood vessel walls. There is a loss
    of elasticity in the walls of arteries, thus
    resulting in chest pain, blood circulation
    disorders, and heart attacks. The major causes of
    this disease are smoking, high blood pressure,
    etc.
  • Lets have a look at the recent statistics on
    lifestyle disorders
  • According to the Meenakshi Mission Hospital and
    Research Centre, India has seen a 50 increase in
    heart disease and stroke cases.
  • Statistics South Africa report (2016) on
    mortality and causes of death stated that
    Diabetes is the second common cause of natural
    death in the country.
  • Cardiovascular diseases account for 31 of deaths
    globally.
  • The number of adults diagnosed with heart disease
    in the U.S. is 30.3 million.
  • The overall rise in cardiovascular diseases has
    increased from 2.57 crore in 1990 to 5.45 crore
    in 2016.
  • In India, Lifestyle diseases/NCDs have taken an
    increase to 55 of all disease cases, up from 30
    in 1990.
  • According to a recent report by GOQii titled
    India Fit Report 2019, since last year, there
    has been an increase in lifestyle diseases among
    individuals under the age of 45.

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Tips to Prevent Lifestyle Disorders
  • In recent days, the occurrence of various
    lifestyle diseases has become high among youth
    and kids. It is because of several reasons, such
    as busy work schedules, smoking and alcohol
    habits, sleep disorders, poor food practices, and
    so on.

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  • Here are some simple tips and measures to prevent
    lifestyle diseases that can make a healthier and
    better you
  • Drink plenty of water every day
  • Avoid soft drinks and junk foods as they might
    cause acidity
  • Eat more green vegetables, dry fruits, and
    calcium-rich grains
  • Eliminate the consumption of oily and fatty foods
  • Practice different forms to physical activity and
    workouts to maintain the immune system active
  • Sleep adequately to keep a refreshed mind
  • Burn some calories daily and do not skip meals
  • Stay away from smoking and alcohol
  • Take care of your health properly

15
Lifestyle Disorders Increase the Demand for
Health Professionals
  • Growing lifestyle disorders increases the demand
    for health professionals, especially specialists.
    It is a call for medical professionals to upgrade
    themselves with specialization programs to meet
    the demand in the industry and help people get
    rid of the ailments. Universities like Texila
    American University offer fellowship in MMSc
    programs with specializations such as Critical
    Care, Endocrinology, Diabetology, Family
    Medicine, Global Health, HIV Medicine
    Infectious Disease, Preventive Cardiology,
    Medical Education, Telemedicine Healthcare
    Management, Oncology, Leadership Excellence in
    Medicine, Nuclear Medicine, Cosmetology, and
    Reproductive Health. By taking up a
    specialization course, you can serve your society
    based on their needs while growing in your
    career.

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To know more click the below link https//blog.t
auedu.org/the-most-common-lifestyle-disorders/
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