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IE496 Industrial Engineering Internship


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Title: IE496 Industrial Engineering Internship

IE496Industrial Engineering Internship
  • Dr. Barnes
  • November 20, 2006
  • Lecture 11

Students handing in rough drafts
  • Abdella
  • Appelt
  • Cheng outline only
  • Drucker Trifunovski
  • Hanif
  • Jankowski
  • Kotarski
  • Lee
  • Liong Kaczmarski
  • Nasradinaj
  • Skerker
  • Tarrien
  • Vaidya
  • Widjaja

Groups with approved ethics projects
  • Group 1 both approved
  • Group 2 both approved
  • Group 3 - ?
  • Group 4 - both approved
  • Group 5 four approved ?
  • Group 6 both approved
  • Group 7 - ?

The Future of Engineering
Main Topics
  • Technological Context of Engineering Practice
  • Societal, Global, and Professional Contexts of
    Engineering Practice
  • Aspirations for the Engineer of 2020
  • Attributes of Engineers in 2020

Technological Context of Engineering Practice
  • Technological Change
  • Breakthrough Technologies
  • Technological Challenges

Technological Change
  • More change from 1900 to 2000 than from all time
  • Macroscopic ? Microscopic ?
  • Molecular ? Atomic ? Subatomic

Breakthrough Technologies
  • Biotechnology
  • Nanotechnology
  • Materials Science and Photonics
  • Information and Communications Technology
  • The Information Explosion
  • Logistics

  • Technology based on biology, especially when used
    in agriculture, food science, and medicine. The
    UN Convention on Biological Diversity has come up
    with one of many definitions of biotechnology1
  • "Biotechnology means any technological
    application that uses biological systems, living
    organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or
    modify products or processes for specific use."
  • This definition is at odds with common usage in
    the United States, where "biotechnology"
    generally refers to recombinant DNA based and/or
    tissue culture based processes that have only
    been commercialized since the 1970s.

Biotechnology - continued
  • Red biotechnology is applied to medical
    processes. Some examples are the designing of
    organisms to produce antibiotics, and the
    engineering of genetic cures through genomic
  • White biotechnology, also known as grey
    biotechnology, is biotechnology applied to
    industrial processes. An example is the designing
    of an organism to produce a useful chemical.
  • Green biotechnology is biotechnology applied to
    agricultural processes. An example is the
    designing of transgenic plants to grow under
    specific environmental conditions or in the
    presence (or absence) of certain agricultural
    chemicals. One hope is that green biotechnology
    might produce more environmentally friendly
    solutions than traditional industrial
    agriculture. An example of this is the
    engineering of a plant to express a pesticide,
    thereby eliminating the need for external
    application of pesticides. An example of this
    would be Bt corn. Whether or not green
    biotechnology products such as this are
    ultimately more environmentally friendly is a
    topic of considerable debate.
  • Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field
    which addresses biological problems using
    computational techniques. The field is also often
    referred to as computational biology. It plays a
    key role in various areas, such as functional
    genomics, structural genomics, and proteomics,
    and forms a key component in the biotechnology
    and pharmaceutical sector.
  • The term blue biotechnology has also been used to
    describe the marine and aquatic applications of
    biotechnology, but its use is relatively rare.

What is Nanotechnology?
  • Nanotechnology is the understanding and control
    of matter at dimensions of roughly 1 to 100
    nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel
    applications. Encompassing nanoscale science,
    engineering and technology, nanotechnology
    involves imaging, measuring, modeling, and
    manipulating matter at this length scale.At the
    nanoscale, the physical, chemical, and biological
    properties of materials differ in fundamental and
    valuable ways from the properties of individual
    atoms and molecules or bulk matter.
    Nanotechnology RD is directed toward
    understanding and creating improved materials,
    devices, and systems that exploit these new
    properties. One area of nanotechnology RD is
    medicine. Medical researchers work atthe micro-
    and nano-scales to develop new drug delivery
    methods, therapeutics and pharmaceuticals. For a
    bit of perspective, the diameter of DNA, our
    genetic material, is in the 2.5 nanometer range,
    while red blood cells are approximately 2.5
    micrometers. Additional information about
    nanoscale research in medicine is available from
    the National Institutes of Health.
  • A nanometer is one-billionth of a meter a sheet
    of paper is about 100,000 nanometers thick. See
    The Scale of Things for a comparative view of the
    sizes of commonly known items and nanoscale

  • The science and technology of generating,
    controlling, and detecting photons, particularly
    in the visible light and near infra-red spectrum.

Applications of Photonics
  • Consumer Equipment Barcode scanner, printer,
    CD/DVD/Blu-ray devices, remote control devices
  • Telecommunications Optical fiber communications
  • Medicine correction of poor eyesight, laser
    surgery, surgical endoscopy, tattoo removal
  • Industrial manufacturing the use of lasers for
    welding, drilling, cutting, and various kinds of
    surface modification
  • Construction laser levelling, laser
    rangefinding, smart structures
  • Aviation photonic gyroscopes lacking any moving
  • Military IR sensors, command and control,
    navigation, search and rescue, mine laying and
  • Entertainment laser shows, beam effects,
    holographic art
  • Information processing
  • Metrology time and frequency measurements,
  • Photonic computing clock distribution and
    communication between computers, circuit boards,
    or within optoelectronic integrated circuits in
    the future quantum computing

Technological Challenges
  • Physical Infrastructures in Urban Settings
  • Information and Communications Infrastructures
  • The Environment
  • Technology for an Aging Population

Societal, Global, and Professional Contexts of
Engineering Practice
  • Social Context
  • Professional Context for Engineers of the Future
  • Implications for Engineering Education

Social Context
  • Population and Demographics
  • Health and Healthcare
  • The Youth Bulge and Security Implications
  • The Accelerating Global Economy

Professional Context for Engineers in the Future
  • The Systems Perspective
  • Working in Teams
  • Complexity
  • Customerization
  • Public Policy
  • Public Understanding of Engineering
  • Building on Past Successes and Failures

Implications for Engineering Education
  • An Aging Population
  • The Global Economy
  • The Five- or Six-Year Professional Degree
  • Immigration and the Next Generation of U.S.
    Engineering Students
  • Building on Past Successes and Failures
  • Education Research
  • Teamwork, Communication, and Public Policy

Aspirations for theEngineer of 2002
  • Visions of the Committee

Visions of the Committee
  • Our Image of the Profession
  • Engineering without Boundaries
  • Engineering a Sustainable Society and World
  • Education of the Engineer of 2020

Our Image and the Profession
  • By 2020, we aspire to
  • a public that will understand and appreciate the
    profound impact of the engineering profession on
    socio-cultural systems, the full spectrum of
    career opportunities accessible through an
    engineering education, and the value of an
    engineering education top engineers working
    successfully in non-engineering jobs.

Our Image and the Profession - continued
  • We aspire to
  • a public that will recognize the union of
    professionalism, technical knowledge, social and
    historical awareness, and traditions that serve
    to make engineers competent to address the
    worlds complex and changing challenges.

Our Image and the Profession - continued
  • We aspire to
  • engineers in 2020 who will remain well grounded
    in the basics of mathematics and science, and who
    will expand their vision of design through solid
    grounding in the humanities, social sciences, and
    economics. Emphasis on the creative process will
    allow more effective leadership in the
    development and application of next-generation
    technologies to problems of the future.

Engineering without Boundaries
  • We aspire to
  • an engineering profession that will rapidly
    embrace the potentialities offered by creativity,
    invention, and cross-disciplinary fertilization
    to create and accommodate new fields of
    endeavors, including those that require openness
    to interdisciplinary efforts with non-engineering
    disciplines such as science, social science, and

Engineering without Boundaries - continued
  • By 2020 we aspire to
  • engineers who will assume leadership positions
    from which they can serve as positive influences
    in the making of public policy and in the
    administration of government and industry.
  • an engineering profession that will effectively
    recruit, nurture, and welcome underrepresented
    groups to its ranks.

Engineering a Sustainable Society and World
  • It is our aspiration that
  • engineers will continue to be leaders in the
    movement toward use of wise, informed, and
    economical sustainable development. This should
    begin in our educational institutions and be
    founded in the basic tenets of the engineering
    profession and its actions.

Engineering a Sustainable Society and World -
  • We aspire to a future where
  • engineers are prepared to adapt to changes in
    global forces and trends and to ethically assist
    the world in creating a balance in the standard
    of living for developing and developed countries

Education of the Engineer of 2020
  • It is our aspiration that
  • engineering educators and practicing engineers
    together undertake a proactive effort to prepare
    engineering education to address the technology
    and societal challenges and opportunities of the
    future. With appropriate thought and
    consideration, and using new strategic planning
    tools, we should reconstitute engineering
    curricula and related educational programs to
    prepare todays engineers for the careers of the
    future, with due recognition of the rapid pace of
    change in the world and its intrinsic lack of

Education of the Engineer of 2020 - continued
  • Our aspiration is to
  • shape the engineering curriculum for 2020 so as
    to be responsive to the disparate learning styles
    of different student populations and attractive
    for all those seeking full and well-rounded
    education that prepares a person for a creative
    and productive life and positions of leadership.

Attributes of Engineers in 2020
  • Connections between Engineering Past, Present,
    and Future

Guiding Principles
  • The pace of technological innovation will
    continue to be rapid (most likely accelerating)
  • The world in which technology will be deployed
    will be intensely globally interconnected.
  • The population of individuals who are involved
    with or affected by technology (e.g., designers,
    manufacturers, distributors, users) will be
    increasingly diverse and multidisciplinary.

Guiding Principles - continued
  • Social, cultural, political, and economic forces
    will continue to shape and affect success of
    technological innovation.
  • The presence of technology in our everyday lives
    will be seamless, transparent, and more
    significant than ever.

Connections between EngineeringPast, Present,
and Future
  • Will
  • require strong analytical skills
  • exhibit practical ingenuity
  • have creativity
  • require good communication
  • need to master principles of management and
  • understand principles of leadership
  • possess high ethical standards and strong
  • demonstrate dynamism, agility, resilience, and
  • be lifelong learners

  • Lets make a list of what you believe will be the
    top strategic technologies for the year 2020.

  • Battelles Technology Forecasts
  • http//

Battelles 2020 Strategic Technologies
  • Genetic-based Medical and Health Care
  • High-power energy packages
  • GrinTech (Green Integrated Technology)
  • Omnipresent Computing
  • Nanomachines
  • Personalized Public Transportation
  • Designer Foods and Crops
  • Intelligent Goods and Appliances
  • Worldwide Inexpensive and Safe Water
  • Super Senses

Rising Above the Gathering Storm Energizing and
Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future
  • A report from the National Academy of Sciences,
    the National Academy of Engineering, and the
    Institute of Medicine

  • U.S. Congress what are the top actions that
    federal policy-makers could take to enhance the
    science and technology enterprise so that the
    United States can successfully compete, prosper
    and be secure in the global community of the 21st

Top Actions
  1. Increase Americas talent pool by vast improving
    K 12 science and mathematics
  2. Sustain and strengthen the nations traditional
    commitment to long-term basic research
  3. Make the U.S. the most attractive setting to
    study and perform research
  4. Insure that the U.S. is the premier place in the
    world to innovate

Info source
  • The Engineer of 2020 Visions of Engineering in
    the New Century, National Academy of Engineering,
  • The Battelle company, Columbus, Ohio
  • Rising Above the Gathering Storm, National
    Academy of Sciences, National Academy of
    Engineering, and Institute of Medicine, 2005.
  • Wikipedia

Your ethics assignments are due next week
  • Four groups will present in our next class the
    other three the following week.
  • All must submit their assignments electronically
    by eob, November 27th.
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