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The Epic Hero, Knights, and Chivalry

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The Epic Hero, Knights, and Chivalry English 12 Mrs. Harbison The Epic Hero Beowulf Mortal man Very strong a warrior Code of Honor Ultimate honor to die in battle ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Epic Hero, Knights, and Chivalry


1
The Epic Hero, Knights, and Chivalry
  • English 12
  • Mrs. Harbison

2
The Epic Hero
  • Beowulf
  • Mortal man
  • Very strong a warrior
  • Code of Honor
  • Ultimate honor to die in battle
  • No character flaws like Tragic Hero
  • If he dies, another will rise to take his place

3
Medieval Europe
  • Feudal System
  • System of government and land ownership
  • Noblemans oath of loyalty lands gifted from
    king
  • Noblemen ruled the lands (judge, tax collector,
    armed forces, landlord)
  • Powers granted in exchange for promise of loyalty
    to the king

4
The Feudal System
  • King at top owned everything and granted riches
    in exchange for loyalty
  • Nobles next provided king with knights, money,
    advice, and a place to stay when travelling
  • Lords next title and land earned (through
    knighthood), provided one knight to the king

5
  • Villeins next received land in return for
    working in the lords manor, but could not sell
    their land
  • Surfs last had no land and worked for the lord
    lowest of the low, no hope for advancement
  • Because lords and nobility were so powerful,
    they often warred with each other

6
Knights
  • Professional warriors
  • Granted fiefs (land) in exchange for military
    service
  • Serfs the lifeblood of their wealth, so in their
    best interest to protect them
  • Members of the gentry, above peasants, but not
    necessarily royalty or ruling nobility class

7
  • Not inherited position had to be earned
  • Appealing means of younger son of a lord to
    advance himself
  • In some cases the son of a commoner could train
    to be a knight
  • Training began at about age 7
  • Fostered out to another knight become a Page

8
  • Taught to hunt, religion, reading, and writing
  • Taught to fight by imitating their knight and
    practicing combat with each other (used wooden
    swords and lances)
  • At 14, a Page became a Squire

9
Duties of a Squire
  • The personal servant of a knight or his lady.
  • Chamberlain attended to the rooms of the castle.
  • Carving or Table squire carved the meat and
    attended to the banquet tables.
  • Of the wines managed the wine cellar.
  • Of the pantry stocked and kept track of household
    goods in the pantry.
  • Of arms cleaned and maintained the armor and
    swords.
  • Of honor assisted the lord in all ceremonies and
    feasts.

10
  • During this time, they learned to serve and
    mastered the intricacies of social behavior and
    chivalry
  • Learned how to handle horses
  • Continued practicing with wooden swords and
    lances (sometimes with the nights themselves)
  • Wore chain mail armor to get used to it

11
  • As they got older, exercised and trained in full
    armor
  • Assisted knights in combat, at tournaments, and
    traveling to distant lands
  • carrying and cleaning armor, taking care of the
    knight's horses, packing baggage, etc.
  • Upon turning 21, a squire is ready to be knighted

12
Knights Oath
  • He would always defend a lady.
  • He would speak only the truth.
  • He would be loyal to his lord.
  • He would be devoted to the church.
  • He would be charitable and defend the poor and
    helpless.
  • He would be brave.
  • When on a quest, he would remove his armor and
    arms only while sleeping.

13
  • He would never avoid dangerous paths out of fear.
  • He would be on time for any engagement of arms,
    like a battle or tournament.
  • Upon returning to his home or lord's court from
    an adventure, he would always tell of his
    escapades.
  • If taken prisoner, he would give up his arms and
    horse to his opponent and not fight the opponent
    again without the opponent's consent.
  • He would fight only one-on-one against an
    opponent.

14
Privileges and Duties
  • Obtained the title Sir
  • Owned land and could hire soldiers to defend it
  • Dispense justice over those soldiers
  • They and their horses could wear armor in battle
  • During feasts, held places the high table where
    lords and nobility sat
  • Could bear arms inside a church

15
  • In times of war, called to fight by their lords
    or the king
  • Led foot soldiers and archers into battle
  • During peacetime managed their estates, dispensed
    justice, trained for battle, and participated in
    tournaments

16
Female Knights
  • Women didnt usually have the opportunity to
    become knights
  • There were a few exceptions
  • In 1149, women who had helped defend the Spanish
    town of Tortosa from the Moors were inducted into
    an order of knights called the Order of the
    Hatchet (which didn't survive beyond its original
    membership).
  • The Order of St. John inducted warrior "nuns."
  • The Knights Templar also had a class of warrior
    nuns shortly before all the Templars were accused
    of heresy and burned.

17
  • Women, usually wives of knights and nobles, were
    inducted into the Order of the Garter in England
    between 1358 and 1488.
  • After the French Revolution, French women could
    be inducted into the Legion d'Honneur.
  • The Order of the Star of India inducted a woman
    named Nawab Begum in 1861. Later, her daughter
    and Queen Mary were granted knighthood in this
    order.
  • Today, women can be granted knighthood in British
    orders. The proper salutation for a female knight
    is "dame" (think of Dame Judi Dench, the
    actress).

18
Chivalry
  • A code of conduct to which all knights adhered
  • Swore to defend the weak and to uphold virtues
    like compassion, loyalty, generosity and
    truthfulness.
  • Prevented well-armed and well-trained knights
    from wreaking havoc on the general population.
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