Jesus and Christian Apologetics - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

About This Presentation
Title:

Jesus and Christian Apologetics

Description:

I Who Was Jesus of Nazareth? II The Miracles of Jesus John Oakes Foster Stanback Future Apologetics Certificate Classes World Religions, San Diego, May, 2010, John ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:1008
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 93
Provided by: gcc62
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Jesus and Christian Apologetics


1
Jesus and Christian Apologetics
  • I Who Was Jesus of Nazareth?
  • II The Miracles of Jesus
  • John Oakes
  • Foster Stanback

2
You are Invited!
2010 International Christian Evidence
Conference Concordia University Irvine,
CA Evolution Four Views
3
Future Apologetics Certificate Classes
  • World Religions, San Diego, May, 2010, John Oakes
  • Existence of God Doug Jacoby and John Oakes
    August 27-28, 2010
  • History, Archaeology and Christian Apologetics.
    John Wilson, Doug Jacoby, John Oakes. Orange
    County October 29-31, 2010.

4
  • ARS recent debate Jesus Man, Myth or Messiah?
  • The trilemma (C. S. Lewis) Liar, Lord, Lunatic
  • More modern version (Doug Jacoby) Liar, Lord,
    Lunatic, Legend

5
Who Was Jesus?
  • Sage
  • Prophet
  • Liar
  • Crazy person
  • Messiah
  • Son of Man
  • God in the flesh
  • Legend/Myth
  • Man (ie. mere man)
  • An important religious leader among many

6
Our Outline
I Claims of Jesus II Jesus and Other Religious
Leaders III Extra-Biblical sources on Jesus IV
Reliability of the Witnesses V Messianic
Prophecies VI The Jesus Myth Hypothesis VII
Transformed Lives VIII The Miracles of
Jesus IX The Resurrection
7
Grading (if you are getting credit)
  • The Reading 30
  • Required Reading Reasons For Belief J. Oakes
    IPIBooks
  • Exam 30
  • Paper 40 A research paper of 5 or more
    pages on a special topic of your choice.

8
I. The Claims of Jesus
  • If we can assume the gospels faithfully record
    the claims of Jesus then he is either
  • Crazy
  • A manipulative liar
  • Or
  • The Messiah and Son of God.

9
JESUS CLAIMS ABOUT HIMSELF IN THE BOOK OF JOHN
Claim of Jesus Scripture Hearers Response
Fulfilled all the O.T. prophecies of the Messiah John 539 Refused to come to him
I am the bread of life John 635 Grumbled
A life without sin John 846 Jesus is demon-possessed (crazy)
I AM God John 858 Attempted to stone him
I and the Father are one John 1030 Attempted to stone him
I am the resurrection and the life John 1125 Plotted to murder him
I am the only way to God John 146 No negative response (Jesus talking to disciples)
10
II. Is Jesus just one of many similar religious
leaders?
Confucius
Joseph Smith
11
Lao Tzu
Bahaullah
Buddha
Moses
Is Jesus a Guru? A Great Prophet? One of Many
Important Spiritual Leaders?
Muhammad?
12
III. Jesus and Extra-Biblical Sources
  • Roman (7)
  • Jewish (2)
  • Christian (33)

13
Cornelius Tacitus approx AD 114
Not all the relief that could come from the man,
not all the bounties that the prince could
bestow, nor all the atonements which could be
presented to the gods, availed to relieve Nero
from the infamy of bbeing believed to have
ordered the conflagration, the fire of Rome.
Therefore, to squelch the rumor, Nero created
scapegoats and subjected to the most refined
tortures those whom the common people called
Christians, a group hated for their
abominable crimes. Their name comes from Christ,
who, during the reign of Tiberius, had been
executed by the procurator Pontius Pilate.
Suppressed for the moment, the deadly
superstition broke out again, not only in Judea,
the land which originated this evil, but also in
the city of Rome, where all sorts of horrendous
and shameful practices, from every part of the
world converge and are fervently
cultivated. Annals 15.44
14
Josephus AD 38-100
About this time there lived Jesus, a wise man, if
indeed one ought to call him a man. For he was
one who wrought surprising feats and was a
teacher of such people as accept the truth
gladly. He won over many Jews and many of the
Greeks. He was the Messiah. When Pilate, upon
hearing him accused by men of the highest
standing amongst us, had condemned him to be
crucified, those who had in the first place come
to love him did not give up their affection for
him. On the third day he appeared to them
restored to life, for the prophets of God had
prophesied these and countless other marvelous
things about him. And the tribe of Christians,
so called after him, has still to this day not
disappeared. Antiquities 1833
15
Talmud (1st and 2nd Century AD)
On the eve of Passover they hung Yeshu and the
crier went forth for forty days beforehand
declaring that "Yeshu is going to be stoned for
practicing witchcraft, for enticing and leading
Israel astray. Anyone who knows something to
clear him should come forth and exonerate him."
But no one had anything exonerating for him and
they hung him on the eve of Passover. Ulla said
Would one think that we should look for
exonerating evidence for him? He was an enticer
and G-d said (Deuteronomy 139) Show him no pity
or compassion and do not shield him. him? He was
an enticer and G-d said (Deuteronomy 139) "Show
him no pity or chow him no pity or compassion,
Babylonian Sanhedrin 43a-b
16
Seutonius (about AD 120)
"As the Jews were making constant disturbances at
the instigation of Chrestus, he (Claudius about
AD 50) expelled them from Rome
17
Lucian of Samosata
  • The Christians, you know, worship a man to
    this daythe distinguished personage who
    introduced their novel rites, and was crucified
    on that account You see, these misguided
    creatures start with the general conviction that
    they are immortal for all time, which explains
    the contempt of death and voluntary self-devotion
    which are so common among them and then it was
    impressed on them by their original lawgiver that
    they are converted, and deny the gods of Greece,
    and worship the crucified sage, and life after
    his laws.
  • (Lucian The Death of Peregrine)

18
Pliny the Younger AD 112
Those who denied that they were or had been
Christians, when they invoked the gods in words
dictated by me, offered prayer with incense and
wine to your image, which I had ordered to be
brought for this purpose together with statues of
the gods, and moreover cursed Christ none of
which those who are really Christians, it is
said, can be forced to do these I thought
should be discharged. Others named by the
informer declared that they were Christians, but
then denied it, asserting that they had been but
had ceased to be, some three years before, others
many years, some as much as twenty-five years.
They all worshiped your image and the statues of
the gods, and cursed Christ
19
V. Are the Gospel Witnesses Reliable?
  • Martyrdoms. (Romans 56-8)
  • James, the brother of Jesus AD 62 (Josephus Ant
    20.9.1)
  • Apostle James, brother of John (Acts 121-2)
  • Peter and Paul in Rome about AD 64
  • Tradition all but John
  • Compare to the Book of Mormon.
  • Three witnesses
  • Eight witnesses

20
Reliability of the Gospel writers
  • The embarrassment factor.
  • Written and read in Jerusalem when could be
    refuted.
  • Galatians AD 49 1 Corinthians AD 55 Mark AD
    60?
  • Independent attestation.
  • Luke the historian.

21
Sir William Ramsay
I found myself brought into contact with the Book
of Acts as an authority for the topography,
antiquities, and society of Asia Minor. It was
gradually borne upon me that in various details
the narrative showed marvelous truth. In fact,
beginning with a fixed idea that the work was
essentially a second century composition, and
never relying on its evidence as trustworthy for
first century conditions, I gradually came to
find it a useful ally in some obscure and
difficult investigations. Luke is a historian of
the first rank not merely are his statements of
fact trustworthy he is possessed of the true
historic sense he fixes his mind on the idea and
plan that rules in the evolution of history, and
proportions the scale of his treatment to the
importance of each incident. He seizes the
important and critical events and shows their
true nature at greater length, while he touches
lightly or omits entirely much that was valueless
for his purpose. In short, this author should be
placed along with the very greatest of
historians. Sir William Ramsay, St. Paul, the
Traveler and the Roman Citizen, (Hodder and
Stoughton, 1920).
22
Messianic Prophecies Fulfilled
  • Isaiah 531-12. Despised, rejected, silent
    when accused and pierced.
  • Micah 52 Born in Bethlehem.
  • Isaiah 91 From the land of Zebulun and
    Naphtali
  • Psalms 2214-18 crucified, garments divided
    and gambled over
  • Zechariah 1112-13 betrayed for 30 pieces of
    silver, money thrown to the potter.
  • Daniel 924-25 The Messiah to come to Jerusalem
    about AD 33.

23
Jesus Fulfilled Historical Foreshadows
  • Prophet, Priest and King
  • One like Moses (Deut 1817-19)
  • Genesis 22 Abraham and Isaac
  • Raised from the dead on the 3rd day 1 Cor 154 ,
    Heb 1119
  • Moses and the snake (Numbers 214-9)
  • Jonah (Matthew 1239-40)
  • Joseph
  • David

24
VI. The Jesus Myth Myth
  • Is the biblical Jesus an interpolated Christian
    myth?
  • Adonis (Greek)
  • Osiris (Egypt)
  • Tammuz (Egypt)
  • Dionysus (Greek)
  • Mithra (Persia)
  • Krishna (India)
  • Appolonius of Tyana
  • Peregrinus
  • Empodocles
  • Attis
  • Hercules
  • Romulus
  • Baal

25
Osiris
  • An Egyptian god/man. Very obviously a
    mythical figure.
  • Killed by his brother. Body cut up into
    13 pieces. His wife Isis reassembles and sews
    back together 12 of the 13 pieces (see the
    parallel to the apostles?) He comes back to
    life and goes to rule in the underworld to judge
    the living and dead.

26
Appolonius of Tyana
  • A miracle worker. A Pythagorean in the city of
    Tyana in 1st century AD. Saves a friend in
    Corinth. Predicts a plague in Ephesus. Says
    stone this beggar to death to end the plague.
    The do so, and when they remove the stones they
    find a large dog alive and well. Appolonius
    disappears and is never seen again.
  • No death. No resurrection. No ascension.
  • Only one very unreliable source. 100 years
    after he died. No eye witness testimony. Which
    story is mythical?

27
Christian Myths
  • Acts of Peter (3rd century) Peter squares off
    with Simon Magus. A dog tells Simon Magus to
    repent. Jesus raises a smoked fish to life.
  • Gospel of Thomas. Jesus works whacky miracles
    as a baby which seem quite silly. Jesus kills a
    child for carelessly bumping into him.
  • There is nothing like this is the New Testament.

28
Conclusion
  • Given Jesus claims about himself
  • Given the historical evidence, both from
    Christian and Pagan sources
  • Given the strong evidence that Jesus worked
    wonders and signs.
  • Given the quality and quantity of the witnesses
  • Given the fulfillment of clear messianic
    prophecies
  • and... Given the evidence for the resurrection
  • I conclude that Jesus is the Son of God, the
    Messiah. Jesus is who he said he was.

29
One More Point VII. Changed Lives
  • Jesus has had more influence on human history
    than any other person.
  • How to explain the vitality and growth of a
    religious movement started by uneducated,
    ordinary men.
  • Millions of lives transformed by a personal
    experience with Jesus Christ.

30
Miracles
  • What is a miracle?
  • Lewis I use the word miracle to mean an
    interference with nature by a supernatural
    force.
  • Webster A miracle is an event which apparently
    contradicts know scientific laws
  • Oakes An event which requires the intervention
    of God

C. S. Lewis
31
Miracles?
  • Reggie Miller scores 9 points in last 11 seconds
    to win a playoff game.
  • 1969 Miracle Mets
  • A man rescued after 28 days in the rubble in
    Haiti
  • Miraculous transformation of lives by God

32
Miracles Acts 222
  • Jesus accredited by miracles, wonders and
    signs.
  • miracle dunamis Power or ability, physical
    or moral, residing in a person or thing.
  • wonder teras Something strange a marvel
  • sign semeion Sign or signal
  • In apologetics we are most interested in the
    third definition.

33
Do Miracles Happen?
  • If miracles happen then supernatural/God exists,
    but that is circular reasoning.
  • What does science tell us?
  • Science cannot answer the question of miracles
    it can only help us to define the miraculous.
  • If that happened, it would definitely be a
    miracle!

34
The Miracle of Creation
  • A most difficult question Why does anything at
    all exist?
  • One thing for sure. The universe was created.
  • Another thing for sure. Life was created.

35
The Miracle of Sustaining the Universe
  • Colossians 115-17 In him all things hold
    together
  • C. S. Lewis I contend that in all these miracles
    alike the incarnate God does suddenly and locally
    something God has done or will do in general.
    Each miracle writes for us in small letters
    something that God has already written, or will
    write (or is now writing), in letters almost too
    large to be noticed, across the whle canvas of
    Nature.

36
Old Testament Miracles
  • Paul The Jews demand miraculous signs (semeion)
    and Greeks look for wisdom.
  • No wonder they did God prepared them to expect
    miraculous signs to accompany new revelation.
  • The reason for signs, wonders and miracles
    Hebrews 23-4

37
Old Testament Miracles
  • Parting of the Jordan River. Joshua 34
  • The sun stands still, hailstones at Gibeon.
    Joshua 10715
  • Elijah endless supply of flour and oil. 1 Kings
    17716
  • Elijah resurrects son of widow of Zarephath. 1
    Kings 171724
  • Elijah on Mt. Carmel. 1 Kings 18
  • Elisha resurrects the Shunammite womans son. 2
    Kings 4837
  • Naaman healed of leprosy. 2 Kings 5
  • Destruction of the Assyrian army. 2
    Kings193537, 2 Chronicles 32
  • Jonah in the belly of fish. Jonah 12
  • The flood. Genesis 78
  • The destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. Genesis
    19
  • The ten plagues in Egypt. Exodus 712
  • The pillar of cloud and of flame. Exodus
    132122
  • The parting of the Red Sea. Exodus 1415
  • Manna, quail and water Exodus. 1617
  • Thunder, lightning, flame and trumpet blasts on
    Mt. Sinai Exodus. 191425
  • Judgment on those in Korahs rebellion, the
    budding of Aarons staff. Numbers 162849

38
Evidence for OT Miracles
  • Sodom and Gomorrah
  • Exodus and Conquest
  • Hezekiah, Isaiah and Sennacherib

39
The Five City League, including Sodom and Gomorrah
40
Papyrus Ipuwer
22The river is blood The river was turned
to bloodExod 720 26 Blood is everywhere
Blood is throughout all the land of Egypt Exod
721 414Trees are destroyed And the hail
broke every tree in the field Exod 925
911The land is not light And Moses stretched
forth his hand and there was a thick darkness
Exod 1022 213He who places his brother in
the ground is everywhere For there was not a
house where there was not someone dead Exod
1230

41
Abdi-Hiba pleaded for military aid from Pharaoh
Akhnaton The Habiru plunder all lands of the
king. If archers are here this year, then the
lands of the king, the lord, will remain but if
the archers are not here, then the lands of the
king, my lord, are lost.
One of the Tel El Amarna Letters 1400 BC
42
The Sennacherib Cylinder or Taylor Prism British
Museum, London (2 Kings 18) 691 BC
As for Hezekiah, the Judean who did not submit to
my yoke, I surrounded and conquered forty-six of
his strong-walled towns and innumerable small
settlements around them by means of earth ramps
and siege-engines and attack by infantry men. I
brought out from them and counted 200,150 people
of all ranks. He i.e., Hezekiah himself I shut
up in Jerusalem, his royal city, like a bird in a
cage. The warriors and select troops he had
brought in to strengthen his royal city Jerusalem
did not fight
43
The Message Of OT Miracles
  • Judgment (flood, Sodom, etc)
  • Salvation (flood, Sodom, Exodus, Jonah, etc.)

44
Miracles of Timing or Supernatural Events?
  • Water turned to blood, flies, frogs, hail,
    pheasants, wind that drove back the Red Sea.
    Maybe
  • Jordan River stops, Moses glows, water from a
    rock, death of first-born, events on Mt. Sinai.
    No way.

45
Miracles as Foreshadows/Prefigures of Jesus
  • Moses sets Israel free from slavery
  • Israel baptized into Moses as they leave
    slavery in Egypt.
  • Moses gave bread and water.
  • Jonah resurrected on the third day

46
Prefigure Miracle Miracle Prefigured
Elijah provides an unlimited supply of flour and oil. 1 Kings 17716 Jesus provides bread for 5000. John 6114
Elijah raises the son of the widow at Zarephath. 1 Kings 171724 Jesus raises Jairus the synagogue rulers daughter. Mark 52143
Elijah parts the Jordan River. 2 Kings 278 Jesus walks on water. Matthew 142533
Elijah ascends. 2 Kings 21112 Jesus ascends. Luke 245053
Elisha fills large jars with oil. 2 Kings 417 Jesus turns large jars of water into wine. John 2111
Elisha raises the Shunammite womans son from the dead. 2 Kings 41837 Jesus raises the daughter of Jairus the synagogue ruler. Mark 52143
Elisha feeds one hundred. 2 Kings 44244 Jesus feeds five thousand. Luke 91017
Elisha heals Naaman of leprosy. 2 Kings 5114 Jesus heals a man of leprosy. Matt 814 Jesus heals ten of leprosy. Luke 171119
Elisha opens the eyes of the blind. 2 Kings 5114 Jesus opens the eyes of the man born blind. John 916
47
VIII. Jesus and Miracles
  • Four Possibilities
  • He neither worked miracles nor claimed to work
    miracles
  • He claimed to work miracles, but he was a
    charlatan.
  • He worked genuine miracles, but as a sorceror/by
    the power of Satan.
  • He worked genuine miracles and his claims about
    himself are validated by those miracles.

48
The Jews Expected the Messiah to Give Miraculous
Signs
  • 4Q521

49
Reasons to believe Jesus worked miracles
1. A great number of the miracles were done
publicly, often in front of the greatest
skeptics and harshest critics of Jesus. 2. There
were tens of thousands of eyewitnesses from every
background to these events. 3. The apostles
openly proclaimed that Jesus worked a great
variety of miracles during the lifetime of
those who could have refuted the claims. 4.
Both Roman and Jewish histories report at least
the general fact that Jesus worked
wonders. 5. Pharisees and Rabbis did not deny
miracles, but instead claimed Jesus did his
signs by the power of demons. 6. Those who
recorded the miracles as eye-witnesses (the
gospel writers except Luke) have every
appearance of being credible.
50
Josephus AD 38-100
About this time there lived Jesus, a wise man.
For he was one who wrought surprising feats and
was a teacher of such people as accept the truth
gladly. He won over many Jews and many of the
Greeks. When Pilate, upon hearing him accused by
men of the highest standing amongst us, had
condemned him to be crucified, those who had in
the first place come to love him did not give up
their affection for him. For the prophets of God
had prophesied these and countless other
marvelous things about him. And the tribe of
Christians, so called after him, has still to
this day not disappeared. Antiquities 1833
51
Talmud (1st and 2nd Century AD)
On the eve of Passover they hung Yeshu and the
crier went forth for forty days beforehand
declaring that "Yeshu is going to be stoned for
practicing witchcraft, for enticing and leading
Israel astray. Anyone who knows something to
clear him should come forth and exonerate him."
But no one had anything exonerating for him and
they hung him on the eve of Passover. Ulla said
Would one think that we should look for
exonerating evidence for him? He was an enticer
and G-d said (Deuteronomy 139) Show him no pity
or compassion and do not shield him. him? He was
an enticer and G-d said (Deuteronomy 139) "Show
him no pity or chow him no pity or compassion,
Babylonian Sanhedrin 43a-b
52
Why Did Jesus Do Miracles?
  • Because he had compassion. Matt 1414
  • To fulfill prophecy. Matt 1240
  • To validate his message. John 1036-39
  • Because of peoples faith. Matt 1521-28
  • To create faith in people. John 2030-31
  • Because his mom asked him to. John 21-11

53
Reference Miracle

John 114 The miracle of creation
John 2111 Water into wine
John 44654 Healing of the officials son
Mark 12128 Casting out evil spirit
Mark 12934 Healing Peter's mother-in-law
Mark 1.3539 Miscellaneous healings
John 5 Healing man lame from birth
Luke 5111 Miraculous catch of fish
Mark 14045 Healing leprosy
Mark 2.112 Healing the paralytic
Matthew 8513 Healing the Centurion's servant
Luke 71117 Raising the widow's son
Mark 32030 Healing the blind mute
Matthew 82327 Rebuking the wind and waves
Mark 5120 The pig incident
Mark 52143 Raising of Jairus' daughter
Mark 525 Healing the bleeding woman
Matthew 92734 Blind men
The Miracles of Jesus
54
Mark 72430 Healing the Canaanite's daughter
Mark 7.3137 Healing the deaf mute
Matthew 1413, Mark 630, Luke 910, John 6.1 Feeding the multitudes
Mark 82226 Healing the blind man
Matthew 171, Mark 92, Luke 928 The Transfiguration
Matthew 1714, Mark 914, Luke 937 Healing the deaf mute boy
Matthew 172427 The coin in the fish's mouth
Luke 1310 Healing the crippled woman
John 9 Man born blind
Luke 1412 Healing of the man dropsy
John 11 Raising Lazarus
Luke 1711 The ten lepers
Matthew 202934, Mark 1046, Luke 1835 Healing Bartimaeus and his friend
Mt 2118, Mk 1112 Cursing the fig tree
Luke 2251 Healing the soldier's ear
John 21 Resurrection
Mark 169, John 2011 Appearance miracles
John 211 Miraculous catch of fish reprised

The Miracles of Jesus
55
The Miracles of Jesus
  • Why he did it
  • What it tells us about Jesus
  • Go and report to John what you hear and see
    The blind receive sight, the lame walk, those who
    have leprosy are cured, the deaf hear, the dead
    are raised, and the good news is preached to the
    poor. Matthew 114-5

56
John 21-11 Water to Wine
  • Jesus the Creator
  • Why? To meet a need and because his mom asked
    him to.

57
John 61-14 Feeding 5000
  • Surely this is the Prophet!
  • Jesus the creator and the sustainer of life
  • Jesus is the bread of life
  • Jesus is spiritual food
  • Jesus the source of eternal life

58
Jesus, Miracle Worker
  • John 635 I am the bread of life. He who
    comes to me will never go hungry, and he who
    believes in me will never be thirsty
  • John 61-15 Jesus feeds 5000 men, plus women
    and children.

59
Mark 21-12 Healing of the Paralytic
  • Why? Because of the faith of the friends.
  • Jesus controls our health.
  • Jesus can forgive sin.

60
Matthew 823-27 Jesus Calms the Storm
  • Why? To save the apostles from death.
  • Jesus rules the physical universe
  • What kind of man is this? The apostles now
    realized Jesus is God.

61
Mark 121-28 Jesus Drives Out An Evil Spirit
  • Jesus has control over the demon world.

62
John 146-49 Jesus Knows Nathanael
  • Jesus knows the thoughts and the heart of
    Nathanael.
  • Jesus knows our thoughts and our hearts.
  • When you were under the fig tree, I saw you.
  • Rabbi, you are the King of Israel.

63
Luke 2120-21 Jesus Predicts the Future
  • When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, you
    will know that its desolation is near.
  • Jesus, knows and by implication, controls the
    future

64
Eusebius
  • If any man will compare the words of our Saviour
    with the whole History of the Jewish war, as
    related by Josephus he cannot forbear to admire
    and acknowledge our Lords prescience and
    prediction to be wonderful above nature, and
    truly divine. (Book III. Ch. 7) But the people
    of the church in Jerusalem had been commanded by
    a revelation, vouchsafed to approved men there
    before the war, to leave the city and to dwell in
    a certain town of Perea called Pella. (Book III,
    Ch. 5)

65
John 111-53 Jesus Raises Lazarus
  • Jesus is the resurrection and the life.
  • Jesus will raise those who put their faith in
    him.
  • Hundreds present
  • The smell of death was strong
  • Lazarus came out
  • Look at the responses. There are only two
    rational responses to Jesus the miracle-worker.

66
The Greatest Miracles of All The Incarnation.
  • C. S. Lewis Miracles
  • The central miracle asserted by Christians is
    the Incarnation.
  • The apostle John
  • The Word became flesh and lived for a while
    among us. (John 114)

67
The Incarnation A Miracle on Many Fronts
  • It fulfilled prophecy. Isaiah 714 The Lord
    himself will give you a sign. Behold the virgin
    will be with child and will give birth to a son
    and will call him Immanuel.
  • Mary believed in Jesus.
  • It fulfilled a prefigure.
  • Joseph left the right hand of his father and
    became a slave in Egypt. He saved Israel.
  • Moses left the right hand of Pharaoh to become a
    slave in Egypt and save Israel.
  • It was a physical miracle.
  • It proves God can create human life ex nihilo.

68
The Incarnation A miracle
  • A miracle in a sense not allowed by our
    definition. It is a miracle that God would
    humble himself in this way. Philippians 26-8
  • It is a miracle that the fullness of deity can
    dwell in bodily form. (Colossians 29)
  • What is the evidence that this miracle happened?
  • Jesus I am the bread which came down from
    heaven (John 641) Which he proved by making
    bread
  • Jesus Before Abraham was born, I AM. John 858

69
The Ultimate Miracle The Resurrection of Jesus
70
Why is the resurrection so important?
  • 1 Cor 1513-19 If Christ has not been raised
    then your faith is futile you are still in your
    sins.
  • If Jesus was raised, then there is life after
    death.

71
Extraordinary claims require extraordinary
proof David Hume
72
Fact 1
  • Jesus of Nazareth was crucified under Pontius
    Pilate in Jerusalem

73
Fact 2
  • From the very beginning, the church unanimously
    claimed that Jesus was resurrected

74
Fact 3
  • The tomb was empty

75
Fact 1
  • Jesus of Nazareth was crucified under Pontius
    Pilate in Jerusalem

76
Josephus AD 38-100
About this time there lived Jesus, a wise man.
For he was one who wrought surprising feats and
was a teacher of such people as accept the truth
gladly. He won over many Jews and many of the
Greeks. When Pilate, upon hearing him accused by
men of the highest standing amongst us, had
condemned him to be crucified, those who had in
the first place come to love him did not give up
their affection for him. The prophets of God had
prophesied these and countless other marvelous
things about him. And the tribe of Christians,
so called after him, has still to this day not
disappeared. Antiquities 1833
77
(No Transcript)
78
Cornelius Tacitus approx. AD 114
  • To squelch the rumor that he had started the
    Great fire in Rome, Nero created scapegoats and
    subjected to the most refined tortures those whom
    the common people called Christians, a group
    hated for their abominable crimes. Their name
    comes from Christ, who, during the reign of
    Tiberius, had been executed by the procurator
    Pontius Pilate.
  • Annals 15.44

79
Talmud (1st and 2nd Century AD)
On the eve of Passover they hung Yeshu
Babylonian Sanhedrin 43a-b
80
Fact 2
  • From the very beginning, the church unanimously
    claimed that Jesus was resurrected
  • Acts 224 But God raised him from the dead
  • How else to explain the growth of the church?

81
Fact 3
  • The tomb was empty
  • If not.

82
QuestionWhat is the most reasonable explanation
of the facts?
  1. Jesus body was taken from the tomb.
  2. Jesus did not actually die (swoon theory).
  3. Jesus was bodily resurrected from the dead.

83
The Stolen Body Theory
  • Who would have stolen the body?
  • The Jews?
  • The Romans?
  • The disciples?
  • Could they have stolen the body?
  • Did they, in fact, steal the body?

84
The Swoon Theory
  • Beaten to the point of near death.
  • No food or water for more than two days.
  • Crucified and died.
  • Pierced with a sword.
  • Separated blood and water (plasma)

85
The Mass Hallucination Theory
  • The women at the tomb.
  • Peter and John.
  • The twelve apostles, including doubting Thomas.
  • Many other appearances.
  • Over 500 witnesses.
  • Do hallucinations eat fish?

86
The Resurrection of the Messiah was prophesied
  • Genesis 221-12 Abraham received Isaac back
    from the dead on the third day. (Hebrews
    1117-19)
  • Jonah 17 Jonah was raised from the dead on the
    third day. (Matthew 1140 For as Jonah was
    three days and three nights.)

87
Prophecies of the Resurrection
  • Feast of Firstfruits. Lev 239-14
  • Jesus is the firstfruit from among the dead. His
    resurrection is a promise of ours. Colossians
    the first fruit from the dead.
  • Romans 62-7 If we have been united with him in
    his death, we will certainly also be united with
    him in his resurrection.

88
Implications of the Resurrection
  • Validates the claims of Jesus
  • John 11 I am the resurrection and the life
  • It confirms that we, too, will be resurrected.
  • 1 Peter 13-4
  • It confirms that there will be a judgment day.
  • Our doubts become much less significant.
  • What about. Jesus was raised from the dead!

89
What Is Your Reasonable Response?
  • John 1145-48 Either
  • Put your faith in Jesus or
  • Radically reject him and all he stood for.

A Challenge Have Resurrection Faith.
90
Ultimate Miracle 3 The Ascension of Jesus
91
The Ascension
  • After he said this, he was taken up before their
    very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight.
    They were looking intently up into the sky as he
    was going, when suddenly two men dressed in white
    stood beside them. Men of Galilee, they said,
    why do you stand here looking into the sky? This
    same Jesus, who has been taken from you into
    heaven, will come back in the same way you have
    seen him go into heaven. (Acts 1911)
  • If nothing else, it was a physical miracle
    violating the law of gravity.
  • It tells us that Jesus will come back in the same
    way he came.

92
The Miracles Jesus Did Not Do
  • Meeting his own needs.
  • Working miracles in order to convince the
    hard-hearted.
  • Working a miracle because he was challenged to do
    so by an unbeliever.
  • A miracle to take revenge or in judgment.
  • Forcing the will of someonetaking away free
    will.
  • Jesus did not prevent the crucifixion.
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com