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Bloodborne Pathogens Training Program

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Title: Bloodborne Pathogens Training Program


1
Bloodborne Pathogens Training Program
Collier County Public Schools
2
What is OSHA? Purpose?
  • OSHA is the Occupational Safety and Health
    Administration
  • To establish safety and health standards which
    provide safe and healthful working conditions for
    every working man and woman.

3
Training Agenda
  • The OSHA standard for Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Terminology
  • What Bloodborne diseases do we have to protect
    ourselves from?
  • How are these diseases transmitted?
  • How do we recognize a potential exposure?
  • What is our Exposure Control Plan?
  • What are the methods to control accidental
    exposure?

4
(agenda)
  • HBV Vaccination Series
  • Universal Precautions
  • How to select PPE
  • Warning Signs and Labels
  • Procedures if accidental exposure occurs
  • Exposure Follow-up
  • Post Exposure Follow-up

5
OSHA Standard 1910.1030
  • Limit occupational exposure to blood or other
    potentially infectious materials (OPIMs)
  • 29 CFR Part 1910.1030 States
  • Workers who have the potential (who could
    reasonably anticipate) to be exposed to blood or
    other potentially infectious materials must be
    protected from the diseases associated with these
    materials.

6
Terminology
  • Biohazard
  • Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Contaminated (laundry, sharps)
  • Engineering Controls
  • Exposure (incident, risk)
  • OPIM
  • Parenteral
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Work Practice Controls

7
Universal Precautions!!!!
  • Universal Precautions - a method of infection
    control which requires you to assume that all
    blood and all body fluids are considered
    potentially infectious.
  • Treat all blood and body fluids as if they are
    known to be infectious for HIV, HBV, or other
    bloodborne pathogens.
  • Help prevent infection through the use of
    protective barriers (PPE) and safe work practices.

8
(continued)
  • Immediately wash any area of the body, and flush
    mucous membranes with water, after contact with
    blood or OPIMS.

9
Engineering Controls
  • are the primary methods used to prevent or reduce
    occupational exposure by either removing or
    isolating the hazard.

10
Safe Work Practice Controls
  • alter the manner in which a task is performed.

11
What is Personal Protective Equipment?
  • Specialized clothing or equipment
  • Gloves (disposable latex)
  • Face masks, eye protection
  • Protective body clothing

12
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • The use of PPE helps prevent exposure to
    infectious materials.
  • Gloves, eye protection, face shields, masks, gowns

13
Housekeeping
  • The work site must be maintained in a clean and
    sanitary condition.
  • Use dust pan, broom, tongs, mop, scrapers to
    handle spills and pick up sharp objects.

14
Diseases
  • What are the diseases associated with blood and
    other potentially infectious bodily fluids?
  • HIV - HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
  • HBV - HEPATITIS B VIRUS

15
(No Transcript)
16
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
  • HIV is the virus which causes AIDS.
  • Needs a route of entry into the body
  • A virus which attacks the bodys immune system,
    making it difficult or impossible to fight off
    disease
  • Resulting in illness from opportunistic
    infections, including pneumonia

17
HIV
  • Spread through sexual contact, shared drug
    needles, injuries from sharp objects causing
    parenteral exposure, a blood splash into mucus
    membranes (eyes, nose, mouth), or contact with
    non-intact skin.
  • Can be spread by blood or OPIMs such as semen,
    vaginal secretions, human tissue or organs, or
    body fluids contaminated with infected blood

18
HIV Symptoms
  • Symptoms may not appear for years
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight Loss
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Skin rashes
  • Currently there is no cure for AIDS

19
HBV - HEPATITIS B
  • 100 times easier to catch than HIV
  • Inflammation of the liver
  • Vaccine is Available

20
HBV Symptoms
  • Fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea
  • Jaundice, mild fever, rash
  • Pain in joints
  • Inflammation of liver or colon
  • Darkened urine, diarrhea
  • Tenderness in abdomen

21
HBV Immunizations
  • Available to all CCPS employees
  • A series of 3 injections over a six month period
  • Vaccine is safe and very effective
  • Consent / Declination form

22
Means of Transmission
  • Direct route of entry
  • Parenteral exposure, scrapes, cuts, dermatitis,
    or mucous membranes
  • Blood or OPIMs
  • Semen, vaginal secretions, amniotic fluid,
    saliva, human tissue, human organs, other bloody
    fluids
  • Lives in dried blood for up to 7 days

23
HBV and HIV are NOT spread -
  • Through casual contact, insect bites, by sharing
    food, or through the air.
  • Sharing equipment, bathrooms, telephones,
    cafeterias, or water fountains with an infected
    person.
  • Coughing or sneezing - the virus can only infect
    a person if it gets into his or her bloodstream.

24
Exposure Control Plan
  • Identifies WHO is at risk
  • Set of actions followed to reduce the risk of
    exposure to BBP.
  • Identifies tasks which may present a risk for BBP
  • Identifies what to do in case of exposure

25
Who?
  • Those individuals who are reasonably anticipated
    to have contact with blood or other potentially
    infectious materials (OPIMs).

26
Who?
  • Incidental or Good Samaritan acts are not
    considered occupational exposure.

27
When is there risk of exposure?
  • When it is necessary to handle, clean or dispose
    of another's blood or any other potentially
    infectious body fluids, contaminated materials,
    objects, or surfaces.
  • When encountering any body fluid under conditions
    that make it difficult to determine if it
    contains blood.

28
What do I do if Im accidentally exposed to blood
or OPIMs?
  • Wash area thoroughly, remove any contaminated
    clothing, and decontaminate!
  • See your supervisor to report the exposure
    incident.
  • Follow-up with Medical Evaluation.

29
Potential Exposure
30
How do I clean up a potentially infectious spill?
  • With a 1 part bleach to 10 parts water solution
    (on surfaces)
  • Absorbent materials
  • Safe work practices
  • Use of PPE

31
How do I dispose of potentially infectious waste?
  • For glass and other sharp objects
  • SHARPS CONTAINER
  • Puncture resistant, leak-proof, red in color or
    labeled
  • Other infectious waste
  • RED BAG (Biohazard)

32
WARNING SIGNS LABELS
33
More Ways to Protect Yourself
  • Dont share personal care items such as
  • Toothbrushes
  • Razors
  • Personal hygiene
  • Nail clippers, scissors, files
  • Pierced earrings

34
Make these precautions a habit
  • Practice Universal Precautions - treat ALL blood
    and potentially infectious materials as if they
    are infectious.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water IMMEDIATELY
    after contact with blood or OPIMs and after
    removing gloves.
  • Dispose of infectious waste carefully and in the
    appropriate RED or RED ORANGE biohazard
    containers or bags.

35
(continued)
  • Take steps to protect yourself
  • Cover any broken skin
  • Wear gloves (double glove)
  • Use other appropriate PPE
  • Get the Hepatitis B Vaccination Series.
  • Report any exposure incidents immediately.
  • Use the medical assistance youre offered.

36
QUESTIONS????????
  • The CDC National HIV/Aids Hotline
  • 1-800-342-2437 (English)
  • 1-800-344-7432 (Spanish)
  • 1-800-243-7889 (TDD)
  • American Liver Foundation
  • 1-800-737-8300

37
Video
  • Bloodborne Pathogens Training Video (School
    Version) 15 min.

38
Quiz
  • Bloodborne Pathogens Employee Training Quiz
  • Pass / Fail

39
Thank you for your participation in this training
session. Please contact the Department of Code
Enforcement Permitting if you have additional
questions or concerns at 254-4000 extension
4372.
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