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Vietnam War:

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Vietnam War: Americanizing the War Focus Question: What were the causes and effects of America s growing involvement in the Vietnam War? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Vietnam War:


1
Vietnam War Americanizing the War
  • Focus Question
  • What were the causes and effects of Americas
    growing involvement in the Vietnam War?

2
American Strategies-1965
Increase military presence in Vietnam and
increase the fighting Americanize the War
General William Westmoreland
3
Americanizing the War
Between 1965-1973 6 million tons of bombs on the
enemy (3x more than WWII)
4
American Strategy
  • In addition to conventional weapons the U.S. will
    utilize chemical warfare
  • Napalm
  • Agent Orange

5
American Strategy
  • In addition to airstrikes
  • American troops landed in
  • Vietnam March 8, 1965
  • Guarded bases-
  • ex. Da Nang
  • Search and destroy to
  • kill enemy guerillas-VC

6
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7
Vietcong Doctrine A Determined Enemy
Supplied with weapons, food, and fighters
along the Ho Chi Minh Trail Ho Chi Minh
compared his troops to a tiger Traveled light
carrying a Rifle and some rice Dug tunnels
during the day Attacked at night Wear down the
enemy
8
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9
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10
American Results
  • Did
  • disrupt industry and slow supplies, but not
    enough to divide Vietminh Vietcong
  • Did Not
  • Cause the North Vietnamese to surrender or lose
    morale

11
The war escalates
  • By 1968 escalation of troops
  • 500,000 soldiers
  • 30,000 deaths
  • Americas Mission to help South Vietnam build a
    stable government and win the hearts and minds of
    its citizens
  • However, many Americans question who is our enemy?

12
Defeating the Enemy
  • Vietcong and NVA avoided significant engagements
  • Fought smaller battles
  • Small unit abilities
  • Had knowledge of the land

13
Battlefield Conditions
  • Neutral Cover
  • Enemy clad in black pajamas
  • Fighting at night
  • Not knowing your enemy

14
Women in War
  • About 10,000 women served
  • Mostly as nurses

15
Morale Declines
By 1965 most soldiers had been drafted
16
Effect on the Economy
  • Enormous cost of fighting the war
  • Government
  • Raised taxes
  • Cut back on Great Society programs

17
Anti-War Movement Begins
  • After Tonkin GulfCongress split on escalation of
    war by 1967
  • Hawks
  • mostly conservative
  • Believed in containment policy
  • Accepted rising troop rates, rising costs and
    rising battlefield deaths
  • Crucial front in the Cold War

18
Anti-War Movement Begins
  • Doves
  • Liberal politicians, pacifists, student radicals,
    civil rights leaders
  • Questioned the war on moral and strategic grounds
  • Was a localized civil war
  • William Fulbright began hearings in 1967-68 to
    investigate conflict- National Civil War or Cold
    War conflict?
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