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Gunpowder treason and plot

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Title: Gunpowder treason and plot


1
Gunpowder treason and plot
2
England at the time of Elizabeth I
3
The queens and kings of England
  • Mary Tudor 1553-1558,
  • aka Bloody Mary
  • She was a Catholic and her husband was the king
    of Spain.
  • During her reign, Protestants were persecuted
    some were imprisoned, tortured, hanged or burnt
    to death.

4
English Protestants
5
The queens and kings of England
  • Elizabeth I 1558-1603
  • She was a Protestant queen. Now it was the turn
    of Catholics to suffer.
  • The Catholic mass was forbidden and people were
    fined if they did not attend Protestant services.
  • Catholics who disobeyed the Law could be jailed
    or executed for treason.

6
The queens and kings of England
  • James I 1603-1625
  • As soon as he came to power, there were attempts
    to murder him.
  • King James was a devout Protestant with no time
    for Catholic or Puritan ideas.
  • He was a very intelligent but unpopular king.

7
Catholic recusants réfractaires
  • It was a crime to hear or to say Catholic prayers
    or masses.

8
Catholic recusants
  • The Kings soldiers would even enter private
    homes to harass or arrest Catholics.

9
Catholic recusants
Churches were destroyed, and valuable objects
taken.
10
Catholics and Protestants in Europe
11
Who was he?
  • Guy Fawkes was a devout Catholic.
  • In his 20s Guy left England to join the king of
    Spains army in the Netherlands.

12
Guy Fawkess life
13
A soldier of fortune
  • When the Spanish attacked fortified towns they
    used cannons and gunpowder to break down the
    walls. Guy Fawkes soon became an expert soldier,
    especially at manipulating gunpowder.

14
A secret mission
  • But Guy or Guido as he was then called never
    forgot his Catholic friends in England.
  • One of his Catholic friends came to visit him in
    the Netherlands.
  • This friend Thomas Wintour told Guido about a
    plot to assassinate king James I.
  • Guy knew many of the other plotters as he had
    been to school with them.
  • Guido finally returned to England to join the
    conspiracy.

15
The plotters
Arba7
  • There were 13 plotters in all.

16
The Conspiracy
  • The plot was to blow up the king, the members of
    his Parliament and the Lords.

17
The Plan
  • They rented a house near Parliament Hall and
    stocked the gunpowder in the cellars.

18
The Plan
  • They rowed the gunpowder barrels across the
    Thames River at night.

19
The tunnel in the cellar
  • they dug a tunnel from their house cellar to
    the cellars under Parliament House.

20
All set
  • Once everything was ready, Guido would light the
    fuse to blow up the barrels.
  • The plotters waited for the King to open
    Parliament to give Guido his orders.

21
The mysterious letter
  • But there was a traitor in the group.
  • An anonymous letter warned the King that a plot
    to assassinate him was underway.

22
The plotters were stopped
  • Guy Fawkes was arrested by the Kings guards just
    as he was ready to light the gunpowder barrels.

23
Guy Fawkes was arrested
  • Guy was taken before the King but refused to talk.

24
Guy Fawkes was tortured
  • Guy Fawkes was brutally tortured for 4 days...

25
He finally cracked up
  • Guy Fawkes was brutally torured for 4 days ...

26
And signed a confession
27
And signed a confession
  • His tortures had been so extreme that he could
    hardly sign his confession.

28
Public execution
  • The other plotters were either arrested or
    killed. The survivors were sentenced to death
    with Guy Fawkes.

29
Public execution
  • Executions were public in order to set a
    terrifying example for any would-be terrorists.

30
Public execution
31
Public execution
The terrorists heads were stuck onto pikes and
displayed on London Bridge.
  • That was how the King made sure his people would
    learn the lesson.

32
How the English reacted
Remember! Remember!
  • On the night of November the 5th, the Kings
    supporters celebrated the failure of the
    Gunpowder Plot.
  • They lit bonfires and made a model of Guy. Then
    they threw this dummy into the flames!

33
A penny for the guy!
Remember! Remember!
  • Ever since, children have been going from door
    to door asking for money to make a dummy of Guy
    and to buy fireworks.

34
Bonfire Night today
Remember! Remember!
  • Then they make huge bonfires and put the Guy on
    top of the fire.
  • The air is filled with smoke, flashes and
    flames.
  • You can hear fireworks exploding too.
  • This reminds people what would have happened if
    Guy Fawkes had not been found!

35
They chant around the fires a very old rhyme
Remember! Remember!
  • "Remember, remember,
    The 5th of
    November
    Is gunpowder treason and
    plot.
  • I see no reason,
  • Why gunpowder treason
    Should ever
    be forgot."


36
Opening Parliament today
Remember! Remember!
  • Before any monarch can open Parliament
    tradition asks that special security checks are
    made

37
Opening Parliament today
  • Yeomen of the Guard hallebardiers de la
    garde royale search the cellars of the Houses of
    Parliament before the Queen opens Parliament.
  • But the ceremony is kept secret!
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