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William Shakespeare 1564-1616

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... Globe Theater 1599 Burned in 1613 The New Globe Theater The Plays Comedies Tragedies Histories The Tragedies Hamlet Romeo and Juliet ... Macbeth Themes: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: William Shakespeare 1564-1616


1
William Shakespeare 1564-1616
All the world 's a stage, / And all the men and
women merely players.
2
  • Born in Stratford
  • The 3rd of 8 kids
  • Married at age 18
  • (his wife was 26)
  • Worked as an actor
  • Eighteen plays printed
  • small books called
  • quartos
  • First folio in 1623

3
The Globe Theater 1599
Burned in 1613
4
The New Globe Theater
5
The Plays
  • Comedies
  • Tragedies
  • Histories
  • The Tragedies
  • Hamlet
  • Romeo and Juliet
  • Othello
  • King Lear
  • Macbeth

Which plays have you heard of?
6
Characters Macbeth
  • Characters
  • Duncan King of Scotland
  • Malcolm heir to the throne
  • Macbeth general of the kings army
  • Banquo general of the kings army
  • Macduff Macbeths foil
  • Lady Macbeth wife of Macbeth

7
Themes Macbeth
  • Violence resulting when social order is tampered
    with
  • Qualities of good and evil combined in a single
    individual
  • Seduction of power and ambition turns noble
    people into tyrants
  • Internal desires versus external realities

8
The Gunpowder Plot of 1605
  • the seeds of discontent were sown in the late
    1520s during the reign of Henry VIII when he
    parted from the Roman Catholic Church
  • subsequent monarchs decided the fates of the
    nations believers
  • Elizabeth became fearful of an encroaching
    Catholic Europe so she began to repress and
    persecute Catholics
  • "Remember, remember the fifth of
    November.Gunpowder, Treason and Plot.I see no
    reason why Gunpowder TreasonShould ever be
    forgot."

9
  • three British Catholic gentlemen met in secret
    (Catesby, Wintour, and Wright)
  • King James promises a relaxation in the
    anti-Catholic laws, but it now appeared that he
    would be even more severe in their persecution
    than his predecessor had been
  • the plan was to blow up the King and the House of
    Lords at the next Opening of Parliament by
    renting a cellar right under the House of Lords
  • they would then seize the royal children and
    return Catholicism to the land

10
  • To commemorate the discovery of the Plot, King
    James had a medal created picturing a serpent
    hiding amongst flowers
  • Look like the innocent flower, but be the
    serpent undert
  • The Shakespearean audience would have understood
    the context and allusion
  • Guy Fawkes was able to fill the underground
    storehouse with some thirty-six barrels of
    gunpowder
  • Everything was set in place all the conspirators
    had to do now was wait.
  • The plan was foiled when a letter was sent to
    Lord Monteagle telling of the plot
  • All the conspirators except for one were executed
    for their crimes

11
Elizabethan Belief in Witches
  • Ghosts, malevolent spirits, witches, and other
    supernatural elements were common belief
  • Queen Elizabeth I passed the 1562 Elizabethan
    Witchcraft Act forbidding conjuration,
    enchantments, and witchcrafts
  • Belief in witches inspired violent behavior in
    Shakespearean times
  • Historians cite that 16,000 women were killed due
    to witchcraft accusations
  • King James wrote a book on the subject
    Daemonology (Shakespeare incorporated this aspect
    of the kings character when creating the role of
    Macbeth)
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