Whither Academic Information Services in the Perfect Storm of the Early 21st-century? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Whither Academic Information Services in the Perfect Storm of the Early 21st-century?


Title: Whither Academic Information Services in the Perfect Storm of the Early 21st-century? Author: Michael A. Keller Last modified by: Administrator – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Whither Academic Information Services in the Perfect Storm of the Early 21st-century?

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Whither Academic Information Services in the
Perfect Storm of the Early 21st-century?
  • Michael A. Keller
  • Stanford University
  • For the 8th Bielefeld Conference
  • 060208

Elements of the Perfect Storm
  • Ubiquitous network access
  • Low cost computers PDAs
  • Plentiful, cheap magnetic memory
  • Just in time commercial culture
  • Public Internet an open culture
  • Investment market based on quarterly reports
  • Google, Yahoo, MSN, millions of other providers,
    some free, some fee
  • Blog-sphere, Wikis, RSS feeds
  • Course Management Systems
  • Collaboration environments
  • Virtual, global communities
  • Anonymous institutional information environments

Google ProjectLibrary Partner Motivations
  • Vastly expand intellectual access to our
  • Populate digital repositories for long-term
    persistence of digital avatars of our collections
  • Defense of fair use, by employing it!
  • Alternate reader functions from the ones Google
    presently offers

Course Management Systems
  • Increase use of web resources to enhance/extend
    in-person instruction
  • Dominate in most American universities
  • Produce lots of digital objects for institutional
    repositories and sharing
  • Make use of functions locate, gather, deliver,
    create sharing
  • Drive e-portfolio services

Web services
  • Discovering
  • Locating
  • Requesting
  • Delivering
  • Gathering
  • Creating
  • Sharing

Web Services based on systems
  • On-line public access catalogs
  • Internet Search Engines
  • Proprietary Search Engines
  • Course Management Systems
  • Institutional Information Topographies
  • Web Browser Applications
  • The World Wide Web itself

Services beyond Googles
  • Taxonomic indexing providing access to ideas in
    a text
  • Associative searching providing access by
    statistically ranked lists of co-terms
  • Hyperlinking of citations
  • GUIs to navigate search results
  • More subtle searching
  • Alerting services driven by user terms
  • Recommendation services
  • Info-tools assisting readers to find
    definitions, locations, biographical sketches

High Touch Services
  • First, make users predominantly self-sufficient
  • Provide in-person and personalized services on
    demand subject technial specialists needed
  • Serve communities in responsive and distinctive
  • Bibliographic, communication, analytic services
    advancing research, teaching learning

How many e-books?
  • Quick Stanford study 2005
  • 22,892 titles in English acquired in 2005 with
    imprint years 2001-2005
  • Random sample of 1,373 titles (6 of universe)
  • 181 titles available as e-books (13.2)
  • Hypothesis needs to be tested on other imprints,
    especially European ones
  • Will e-books replace physical books soon?
  • We conclude doubtful soon, but e-book readers are

How much information?
  • 9B web pages indexed by Google
  • 90B web pages behind access control
  • Federated searching behind access control
    difficult, but important service to provide

Digital Repositories
  • So far experimental
  • Transparent, auditable services needed
  • Portico, KB, BL, LOCKSS/CLOCKSS, Stanford Digital
    Repository, others
  • Later more wide-spread as techniques proven

Aquifer of DLF
  • Middleware services
  • Standards, including meta-data
  • Collection policies
  • Intended to support the federation of numerous
    local collections
  • Not an architecture, but a tool kit
  • Katherine Kott, director

Service Framework of DLF
  • Organizes effort and resources toward
  • Integration of systems, applications, standards
  • Develop evolve systems architectures
  • Responsive to users
  • Responsive to rapidly changing i.t. environment
  • Lorcan Dempsey, OCLC, lead

What about our people?
  • Re-treading and re-engineering vital
  • Employing well-qualified engineers vital
  • Engaging computer scientists vital
  • Shared vision, mission, goals vital

Libraries Virtual Libraries
  • Libraries as places heavily populated
  • Services well used
  • Millions of books move (more as mass digitization
    and indexing on the web proceeds
  • Virtual libraries heavily used, but metrics?
  • Planning bookless libraries, e.g. Engineering
  • Planning traditional libraries, e.g. Art
  • Bibliographic literacy information heuristic

Basic functions, regardless of medium
  • Selection gathering
  • Intellectual access to information objects
  • Distribution of content access
  • Interpretation of content navigating the ordered
    set and the information chaos
  • Preservation of the avatars of content physical
  • Analysis, manipulation presentation

Client Focus, not Guild Focus
  • Let the rising tide of
  • access to information
  • lift all the boats,
  • everywhere

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