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Misunderstandings of the Lord


Misunderstandings of the Lord s Supper – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Misunderstandings of the Lord

Misunderstandings ofthe Lords Supper
  • Jesus instituted the Lords Supper on the night
    of his betrayal (Matthew 2626-29 Mark 1422-25
    Luke 2214-20).
  • Rebuking the Corinthian disciples for their
    corruption of this memorial feast, Paul pointed
    them back to the original pattern (1 Corinthians

  • Corruptions of the Lords Supper are not limited
    to antiquity, but may also be seen in the modern
    religious world.
  • In this lesson, let us examine certain practices
    of Catholicism, Protestantism, and
    misunderstandings evidenced by some churches of

Catholic Transubstantiation
  • The Concise Oxford English Dictionary defines
    transubstantiation as the doctrine that the
    substance of the Eucharistic elements is
    converted into the body and blood of Christ at
    consecration, only the appearances of bread and
    wine still remaining.
  • Compare with consubstantiation, i.e., the
    doctrine that the substance of the bread and wine
    coexists with the body and blood of Christ in the

Figurative Language
  • When Jesus said, This is my body... this is my
    blood he employed metaphorical language, using
    a figure of speech involving a comparison
    (Matthew 2626-28 Mark 1422-24 Luke 2219-20).

Simile Defined
  • Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary defines a
    simile as a figure of speech comparing two
    unlike things that is often introduced by like or
    as (as in cheeks like roses) compare metaphor.
  • The Concise Oxford English Dictionary says a
    simile is a figure of speech involving the
    comparison of one thing with another thing of a
    different kind (e.g. he was as brave as a lion).
  • There are several examples of this in the Bible
    (Luke 731-34 Matthew 2327 Psalms 11-4).

Metaphor Defined
  • Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary defines a
    metaphor as a figure of speech in which a word
    or phrase literally denoting one kind of object
    or idea is used in place of another to suggest a
    likeness or analogy between them (as in drowning
    in money) broadly figurative language
    compare simile.

Metaphor Defined
  • The Concise Oxford English Dictionary defines
    metaphor as a figure of speech in which a word
    or phrase is applied to something to which it is
    not literally applicable a thing regarded as
    symbolic of something else.
  • The Bible is filled with metaphorical language
    (Daniel 237-38 Matthew 513-16 Luke 1332
    John 107-9 151, 5 1 Corinthians 1123-26).

The Words of Christ Give Life
  • The Catholic church employs John Chapter Six to
    defend the doctrine of transubstantiation, but
    verse 63 reveals the true import of Jesus
  • He was speaking figuratively It is the Spirit
    who gives life the flesh profits nothing the
    words that I have spoken to you are spirit and
    are life (cf. John 652-63, esp. vs. 63).

Continuing Unbloody Sacrifice
  • Catholicism also teaches that Christ is
    sacrificed in the Mass, but in an unbloody
  • However, the Bible teaches that the Lords
    sacrifice was a one time act eternally
    effective and forever valid not reenacted in
    the Eucharist but remembered in the Lords Supper
    (Hebrews 924-28 1010-14).

Once For All Occurrence
  • The Greek word ephapax, here translated once for
    all occurs 5x in the NT (Romans 610 1
    Corinthians 156 Hebrews 727 912 1010), and
    is descriptive of action taking place once and
    to the exclusion of any further occurrence, once
    for all, once and never again BDAG.

Protestantism Frequency Of Observance
  • Protestant denominations often observe the Lords
    Supper on an annual, semi-annual, quarterly or
    monthly basis.
  • All such practices demonstrate a misunderstanding
    of how frequently the people of God should
    observe this commemorative feast.

Establishing Bible Authority
  • Jesus said that we would be judged by His word
    (John 1248).
  • There are three basic methods of establishing
    Bible authority
  • Direct Commands
  • Divinely Approved Examples
  • Necessary Inferences

Application to Lords Supper
  • First, our basic authority for observing this
    memorial feast is by direct commandment (1
    Corinthians 1123-25).
  • A divinely approved example teaches the day on
    which we are to observe the Lords Supper (Acts
  • We learn how often to partake of the Lords
    Supper through necessary inference (Cf. Numbers
    1532-36 1 Corinthians 161-2 ).

Churches Of ChristOne Cup Controversy
  • The use of one cup in the communion was common in
    the early days of the Restoration Movement.
  • However, over time this tradition took on the
    quality of a binding ordinance in the mind of
  • This controversy arises from a failure to
    understand the symbolic use of language in the

Metonymy Defined
  • Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary defines
    metonymy as a figure of speech consisting of the
    use of the name of one thing for that of another
    of which it is an attribute or with which it is
    associated (as crown in lands belonging to the

Everyday Examples
  • Mom, the kettle is boiling.
  • I was thirsty and drank a whole glass of water.
  • News correspondents often report, The White
    House says...

Biblical Examples
  • The Scriptures say that Noah was moved with fear
    to obey God and thus saved his house (Hebrews
    117). Does this refer to the building in which
    he lived, or rather to his family?
  • When Jesus said, This cup which is poured out
    for you is the new covenant in My blood (Luke
    2220), was he speaking of the container or the

  • The word cup is used 33 times in the New
  • It is often used as a metaphor for suffering
    (Matthew 2022-23), ones life (Matthew
    2325-26), lewdness (Revelation 174 186),
    Gods punishment (Revelation 1410 1619).
  • It is used as a metaphor and metonymy for meat
    sacrificed to idols (1 Corinthians 1221). It is
    a metonymy for the fruit of the vine (Matthew
    2627 Mark 1423 Luke 2217, 20 1 Corinthians
    1016, 21 1125-28).
  • The only times it refers to a literal container
    is in Matthew 1042 73-4, 8 and 941.

  • Avoiding the errors of Catholicism,
    Protestantism, and the misunderstandings of some
    brethren, let us observe the Lords Supper in a
    manner pleasing to Christ and beneficial to self.
  • Partaking of this memorial feast, may we look
    backwards to the cross, inward in self
    examination, and forward in expectation of our
    Lords return (1 Corinthians 1123-34).
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