# Projectile Motion - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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## Projectile Motion

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### Projectile Motion Motion In Two Dimensions We restrict ourselves to objects thrown near the Earth s surface so that gravity can be considered constant. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Projectile Motion

1
Projectile Motion Motion In Two Dimensions
We restrict ourselves to objects thrown near the
Earths surface so that gravity can be
considered constant.
2
Projectile motion refers to the motion of an
object that is thrown, or projected into the air
at an angle.
The motion of a projectile is determined only by
the objects initial velocity and gravity.
3
Projectile motion applies to sports.
4
Projectile motion applies to destructive projectil
es.
5
Projectile motion is a combination of horizontal
motion and vertical motion.   The horizontal
motion of a projectile is constant because no
gravitational force acts horizontally
6
The vertical motion of a projectile is nothing
more than free fall with a constant downward
acceleration due to gravity.
7
The vertical motion of a projected object is
independent of its horizontal motion.
8
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9
A projectile moves horizontally with constant
velocity while being accelerated vertically.
The result is a motion in a curved path.
10
The path of a projectile is called its
trajectory.   The trajectory of a projectile in
free fall is a parabola.
11
A projectile, once projected, continues in motion
by its own inertia and is influenced only by the
downward force of gravity.
12
An object projected horizontally will reach the
ground in the same time as an object dropped
vertically. No matter how large the horizontal
velocity is, the downward pull of gravity is
always the same.
13
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14

The cannonball falls the same amount of distance
as it did when it was merely dropped from rest
15
Horizontally launched projectile
Horizontal velocity is constant. Vertical
velocity is changing due to gravitational
acceleration.. The SIZE of the arrows indicate
the magnitude.
16
Vertically launched projectile
The horizontal velocity component remains the
same size throughout the entire motion of the
cannonball. The SIZE of the arrows indicate the
magnitude.
17
Projectiles launched at different angles.
18
Sports Trivia
Maximum range is achieved if the projectile is
fired at an angle of 45 degrees with respect to
the horizontal.
19
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20
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21
Wignalls note The velocities on the way down
should be NEGATIVE velocities!
22
In Conclusion
A projectile is any object upon which the only
force is gravity. Projectiles travel with a
parabolic trajectory due to the influence of
gravity. There are no horizontal forces acting
upon projectiles and thus no horizontal
acceleration. The horizontal velocity of a
projectile is constant. there is a vertical
acceleration caused by gravity (9.8 m/s2) The
horizontal motion of a projectile is
independent of its vertical motion.
23
Suppose a snowmobile is equipped with a flare
launcher which is capable of launching a sphere
vertically. If the snowmobile is in motion and
launches the flare and maintains a constant
horizontal velocity after the launch, then where
will the flare land (neglect air resistance)?
24
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25
Suppose an airplane drops a flare while it is
moving at constant horizontal speed at an
elevated height. Assuming that air resistance
is negligible, where will the flare land relative
to the plane? A. Directly below the plane.
B. Below the plane and ahead of it. C.
Below plane and behind it.
26
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27
Why does the horizontal component of
a projectiles motion remain constant?
Because no force acts on it horizontally.
28
Why does the vertical component of a projectiles
motion undergo change?
Because gravity is pulling it downward.
29
A projectile is launched vertically at 100 m/s.
If air resistance can be neglected, at what speed