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The Byzantine Empire

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Title: The Byzantine Empire


1
The Byzantine Empire
  • Coach Parrish
  • OMS
  • Chapter 10, Section 1

2
Attempt at Conquest
  • Prince Igor of Kiev (city in Russia), watched as
    his ships sailed across the Black Sea in 941 AD.
  • Prince Igor was sure that his fleet would capture
    Constantinople capital of the Byzantine Empire.
  • Instead of winning, he watched as his ships were
    destroyed by Greek Fire. This weapon gave the
    Byzantines power in the Mediterranean Sea.

3
Greek Fire
4
Constantinople at a Crossroads
  • Following the Roman Empire, two groups controlled
    what we now call the Middle East.
  • Christian Byzantines
  • Muslim Arabs and Turks
  • Sometimes the two groups shared power and
    sometimes they fought over the region.

5
Constantine and His Capital
  • Constantine began his rule of the enormous Roman
    Empire in 306 AD.
  • Two important things that Constantine did
    1)Became a Christian and stopped Christian
    persecution. 2) After 20 years of ruling in
    Rome, he built a new imperial capital.
  • His capital was called Constantinople, and by 500
    AD, contained large markets, paved roads, a
    palace, public baths, and a circus.

6
Constantine
7
Constantine and His Capital
  • The emperors that followed Constantine continued
    to rule from Constantinople.
  • Over time, the Roman Empire split in two halves.
    The eastern half, where Constantinople was
    located, was the strongest.
  • The eastern half was the strongest because of its
    military and wealth through trading.

8
Trade
  • Constantinople was built at a major crossroads of
    land and sea trade routes.
  • Goods came from Kiev in the north, from Egypt in
    the south, and across Central Asia. The
    Byzantines charged taxes on all goods that went
    through the city.
  • Over time, the Byzantine Empire grew rich.

9
Currency (Money)
10
Fall of the Western Empire
  • By 350 AD, the western Roman Empire was already
    in decline. Roman armies were having difficulty
    holding back invaders from Europe.
  • Germanic groups were coming closer and closer to
    Rome itself. In 476, a Germanic leader overthrew
    the emperor of Rome. (We will discuss this later
    when we talk about the Roman Empire itself.)
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