Chapter 3 Physical Fitness and Your Health - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

About This Presentation
Title:

Chapter 3 Physical Fitness and Your Health

Description:

Muscular Endurance The muscles ability to perform a task over an extended period of time without fatigue. ... to continue with exercise Improving Your Health ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:226
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 37
Provided by: Iow6
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Chapter 3 Physical Fitness and Your Health


1
Chapter 3Physical Fitness and Your Health
  • Lesson 1
  • Physical Fitness and You
  • p. 46 - 52

2
Health Terms
  • Physical fitness
  • Body composition
  • Flexibility
  • Muscular strength
  • Muscular endurance
  • Cardio-respiratory endurance

3
What is Physical Fitness?
  • The ability to carry out daily tasks easily and
    have enough reserve energy to respond to
    unexpected demands.
  • What does this mean?

4
Benefits of Physical Fitness
  • Physical Health
  • Reduces you chances of diseases
  • Allows you to be more active
  • Gives you higher energy levels
  • Improves posture

5
Benefits of Physical Fitness contd
  • Mental/Emotional Health
  • Makes you intellectually more productive
  • Provides stress relief
  • Helps control depression
  • Gives you a sense of pride accomplishment
  • Contributes to a positive self-esteem

6
Benefits of Physical Fitness contd
  • Social Health
  • Reduces stress that can interfere with
    relationships
  • Builds self-confidence
  • Gives opportunities to interact and cooperate
    with others

7
Basic Components of Physical Fitness
  • Body Composition
  • Flexibility
  • Muscular Strength
  • Muscular Endurance
  • Cardio-Respiratory Endurance
  • This is an outline for the following slides

8
Body Composition
  • Ratio of body fat to lean body tissue
  • Muscle
  • Bone
  • Water
  • Measured with skin-fold calipers
  • Biceps
  • Triceps
  • Subscapular
  • Iliac Crest
  • BMI - Body Mass Index
  • Weight(kg)/Height(m)

9
Flexibility
  • The ability to move the body through the full
    range of motion.
  • ROM
  • Reduces muscle strains and lower back problems
  1. Sit and Reach
  2. Cobra
  3. High/Low arm reach (???)

10
Muscular Strength
  • The amount of force the muscle can exert.
  • Helps you to perform daily tasks more efficiently.
  • Push-ups
  • Upper-body
  • Curl-ups
  • Abdominal
  • Single Squat
  • Leg/Glutei
  • Video example

11
Muscular Endurance
  • The muscles ability to perform a task over an
    extended period of time without fatigue.
  • Better posture
  • Less fatigue
  • Leg Lifts
  • Wall Squats
  • Flexed Arm Hang
  • Video example

12
Cardio-Respiratory Endurance
  • The ability of the heart and lungs to send oxygen
    and fuel to the body during long periods of
    activity.
  • One mile
  • Step Test
  • Pulse Recovery Rate

13
  • HAVE YOU GOTTEN YOUR EXERCISE TODAY!?!??!

14
Chapter 3Physical Fitness and Your Health
  • Lesson 2
  • Exercise and Fitness
  • p. 53 - 59

15
Health Terms
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Metabolism
  • Basal metabolism
  • Calories
  • Aerobic exercise
  • Anaerobic exercise
  • Isometric exercise
  • Isotonic exercise
  • Isokinetic exercise

16
Benefits of Exercise
  • Exercise helps strengthen
  • all sides of the
  • Health Triangle
  • Physical
  • Mental
  • Social

17
Benefits to Physical Health
  • Nervous system
  • Improved reaction time
  • Circulatory system
  • Strengthens your heart
  • More efficient HR (heart rate)

18
Benefits to Physical Health contd
  • Respiratory system
  • Strengthens your lungs
  • Lung/air capacity
  • Weight control
  • Metabolism
  • - a body process that converts fuel/food to
    energy
  • Your weight
  • - eat fewer calories than burnlose weight
  • - eat more calories than burngain weight

19
Benefits to Mental Health
  • Reduces emotional stress
  • Stretching relaxes tight muscles
  • Fatigues muscle so sleep improves
  • Exercise release happy hormones that prove to
    lift your mood
  • Increase brain stimulation for more work/school
    productivity
  • Improves self-esteem because you look and feel
    healthier

20
Benefits to Social Health
  • Meeting new people at clubs or organized
    activities
  • Forming friendships with people with similar
    interests
  • Because of physical benefits, exercise prepares
    you to meet new people
  • Meeting a workout partner helps to motivate you
    to continue with exercise

21
Improving Your Health-Related Fitness
  • Add variety to your exercise routine!
  • Develops overall fitness
  • Decreases burnout
  • Decreases over-use or injury

22
Improving Cardio-Respiratory Endurance
  • Improving the Heart-Lung capacity
  • Aerobic Exercise
  • Swimming
  • Running
  • Cycling
  • Dance
  • Walking

23
Improving Muscular Strength, Endurance,
Flexibility
  • Anaerobic Exercise
  • Sprinting
  • Calisthenics
  • Resistance Training

24
Types of Resistance Training
  • Isometric Exercise
  • Holding a contraction
  • Wall squats
  • Iso-Abs
  • Isotonic Exercise
  • Repetitive movement at a joint
  • Weight lifting
  • Sit-ups
  • Push-ups
  • Isokinetic Exercise
  • Resistance through the entire ROM
  • Hydraulic resistance

25
  • Have YOU gotten your exercise today?!?!?!?

26
Chapter 3Physical Fitness and Your Health
  • Lesson 3
  • Planning A Fitness Program
  • p. 60 - 65

27
Health Terms
  • Cross-training
  • Overload
  • Progression
  • Specificity
  • Warm-up
  • Cool-down
  • Resting Heart Rate (RHR)

28
Setting Fitness Goals
  • Planning a Fitness Program
  • Choose a group activity
  • Aerobics
  • Spinning
  • Yoga/Pilates
  • Choose an individual activity
  • Walk Home exercise
  • Bicycle Yoga/Pilates
  • Swim Aerobics
  • Choose an activity you enjoy
  • One you look forward to participate

29
Setting Fitness Goals contd
  • Getting Started
  • Set Short -Term Goals
  • Duration of activity
  • Minutes per session
  • Days per week
  • Set Long -Term Goals
  • Health goals

30
Selecting the Right Activity
  • Where you live
  • Your range of interest
  • Your level of health
  • Time and place
  • Personal safety
  • Comprehensive planning

31
Selecting the Right Activity contd
  • Cross-Training
  • Selecting a variety of activities to keep
    motivated and to train various parts of the body.

32
Basics of an Exercise Program
  • The Warm-Up
  • The Work-Out
  • The Cool-Down

33
Basics of an Exercise Program contd
  • The Warm-Up
  • Raise body temperature
  • Stretch large muscles slowly
  • Increases elasticity prevents injury
  • Perform the activity slowly
  • Activity of workout choice
  • Increase pulse gradually

34
Basics of an Exercise Program contd
  • The Workout
  • Frequency - who often?
  • 3-4 times a week
  • Intensity - how hard?
  • Time - how long?
  • 20-30 min in THR

35
Basics of an Exercise Program contd
  • The Cool-Down
  • - gradually decrease activity

36
  • Have YOU gotten your exercise today?!?!??!
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com