The Jazz Age - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Jazz Age


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Title: The Jazz Age

The Jazz Age
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  • Pretest
  • A factory owner can produce more goods at a much
    quicker and cheaper rate by using an assembly
    line. What is this process called?
  • mass fabrication
  • mass construction
  • mass production

  • It was common for cowboys, jazz musicians, and
    artists of the Harlem Renaissance to be
  • Immigrants
  • African Americans
  • Native Americans
  • This is the state in which the Harlem Renaissance
    took place.
  • New York
  • New Jersey
  • Washington

  • What invention in the 1920s helped to spread the
    ideas in Harlem to other parts of the U.S.?
  • radio
  • television
  • telephone
  • The assembly line helped to make cars
  • more expensive
  • less expensive
  • only for wealthy Americans

Lets go for a ride!
  • In the Jazz Age, people were finally able to
    afford that new mode of transportation the
  • When the horseless carriages were first
    introduced in the 1890s, only the rich could
    afford them.
  • Prices dropped in the early 1900s, as automakers
    such as Henry Ford, began using the assembly line
    for mass production. Automobiles were now
    accessible to more people.

  • Fords vision of the affordable automobile
    brought about improved transportation. This
    resulted in
  • Greater mobility (people could move about easily,
    and they could arrive at their destinations much
  • Creation of jobs
  • Growth of transportation-related industries (road
    construction, oil, steel, automobile)
  • Movement to suburban areas (people didnt have to
    live so close to their work in the cities)

The Great Migration
  • Southern life was difficult for African
    Americans, many of whom worked as sharecroppers
    or in other low-paying jobs and often faced
    racial violence.
  • Many African Americans looked to the North to
    find freedom and economic opportunities, and
    during World War I the demand for equipment and
    supplies offered African Americans factory jobs
    in the North.
  • African American newspapers spread the word of
    opportunities in northern cities, and African
    Americans streamed into cities such as Chicago
    and Detroit.
  • This major relocation of African Americans is
    known as the Great Migration.

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Life in Harlem
  • New York City was one of the northern cities many
    African Americans moved to during the Great
    Migration, and by the early 1920s, about 200,000
    African Americans lived in the city.
  • Most of these people lived in a neighborhood
    known as Harlem, which became the unofficial
    capital of African American culture and activism
    in the United States.

This movement was known as the Harlem Renaissance.
New Roles for Women
Womens Roles Have Changed
  • Women
  • went to work in the workplace
  • can vote
  • attended college
  • wanted equality

The Flapper
One of the most widely recognized symbols of the
Jazz Age is the flapper. This term described
women of the time who wore short skirts, short
hair, and lots of makeup. They conducted
themselves in ways that were quite shocking for
women to do in the 1920s.
Effects of Urbanization
  • Though the 1920s was a time of great economic
    opportunities for many, farmers did not share in
    the prosperity.
  • Farming took a hard hit after World War I, when
    demand for products went down and many workers
    moved to industrialized cities.
  • The 1920 census showed that for the 1st time
    ever, more Americans lived in cities than in
    rural areas, and ¾ of all workers worked
    somewhere other than a farm.
  • The rise of the automobile helped bring the
    cities and the country together, and rural people
    were now likely to spend time in town and were
    less isolated. They could live farther from
    their jobs.
  • Education also increased, by the 1920s many
    states passed laws requiring children to attend
    school, helping force children out of workplaces.

School attendance and enrollment increased as
industry grew because more people could afford to
send their children to school, not to work.
  • Effects of Urbanization
  • Law required children to go to school.
  • Cities increased farming decreased
  • Automobiles allowed people to travel longer
    distances. (mobility)

A Renaissance in Harlem
Harlem Musicians
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Pilot Heroes of the Twenties
Charles Lindbergh
Amelia Earhart
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Batter up!
  • Another colorful character during the 1920s was
    Babe Ruth.
  • This flamboyant and talented slugger brought new
    interest and excitement to the sport of baseball.
  • In his 15 seasons with the New York Yankees, the
    team won four World Series championships and Ruth
    set many hitting records.
  • Ruths achievements and colorful personality,
    along with the new medium of radio, made baseball
    the most popular sport of the 1920s.
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