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Nationalism

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Nationalism & Democracy in the 1800s 3.07 Evaluate the effects of colonialism on Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Europe. 4.04 Examine the causes and effects of the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Nationalism


1
Nationalism Democracy in the 1800s
  • 3.07 Evaluate the effects of colonialism on
    Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Europe.
  • 4.04 Examine the causes and effects of the
    Russian Revolution and its effect on Russia and
    the world.
  • 4.05 Evaluate the causes and effectiveness of
    nineteenth and twentieth century nationalistic
    movements that challenged European domination in
    Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
  • 5.01 Analyze the causes and course of World War I
    and assess its consequences.

2
  • Europe After Napoleon
  • After Napoleons defeat, the victors met at the
    Congress of Vienna and redrew the map of Europe
    to create a balance of power and to strengthen
    conservatism.
  • The European powers, except for Britain, adopted
    the principle of intervention, which allowed the
    great powers to send armies into nations where
    there were revolutions.

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4
  • Changes in Europe
  • Liberals and nationalists opposed the existing
    political system and threatened the conservative
    regimes.
  • Liberalism
  • Liberals wanted to protect civil liberties, such
    as freedom of the press and speech, religious
    tolerance, and government rule by constitution.
  • Many liberals wanted a written document like the
    American Bill of Rights.

5
  • Changes in Europe
  • Nationalism
  • Nationalism arose when people began to identify
    themselves based on language, region, culture,
    and customs.
  • Nationalism was a threat to conservatism because
    giving independence to nationalistic groups would
    upset the balance of power established at the
    Congress of Vienna.
  • Beginning in 1830, liberalism and nationalism led
    to revolution in Europe. France and Belgium
    overthrew the current regimes, while Poland and
    Italy were unsuccessful in their rebellions.

6
  • Toward National Unification
  • The rise of nationalism led to the unification of
    Italy and Germany.

7
  • Nationalism Reform in Europe
  • While Italy and Germany were being unified, other
    states in Europe were also changing.
  • England
  • Was able to avoid the revolutions of Europe by
    making social and political reforms.
  • Parliament expanded voting privileges to the
    middle class
  • Industrial Revolution allowed wages to rise
    significantly, so the working class was now able
    to share in the prosperity.
  • Queen Victoria, who ruled from 1837 to 1901,
    reflected the nationalistic pride of British
    citizens.

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  • Videos

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  • Nationalism Reform in Europe
  • The Austrian Empire
  • Nationalism was a problem for the Austrian Empire
    because it contained so many different ethnic
    groups.
  • The Compromise of 1867 created a dual monarchy of
    Austria-Hungary.

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  • Nationalism Reform in Europe
  • Russia
  • After being defeated in the Crimean War, Russia
    realized it had to modernize.
  • Russia was a large, rural, agricultural society
  • It depended on the authority of the central
    government to function as a European power.
  • Czar Alexander II decided to enact reforms and
    issued an emancipation edict freeing the serfs.
    The new system did not improve the lives of the
    serfs, however.
  • Alexanders other reforms led to his
    assassination in 1881.
  • His son, Alexander III, returned to the old
    methods of repression.

12
  • Nationalism in the US
  • Unified by the War of 1812, the United States
    later entered a bloody civil war that lasted from
    1861 to 1865.
  • In the middle of the nineteenth century, slavery
    became the biggest threat to American political
    and social systems.
  • Abolitionism in the North challenged the Southern
    way of life.

13
  • Nationalism in the US
  • With the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860,
    South Carolina voted to secede.
  • More Southern states joined them and formed the
    Confederate States of America.
  • The American Civil War lasted for four years.
  • The Union defeated the Confederacy in 1865,
    ending slavery and unifying the nation.

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