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The Cold War: The Cold War Abroad


The Cold War: The Cold War Abroad – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Cold War: The Cold War Abroad

The Cold WarThe Cold War Abroad
Troubles In Europe
  • Because of the effects of WWII on continental
    Europe they became very dependent on foreign
    investment, primarily from the US.
  • As was mentioned before, it took the massive
    influx of cash into the European economy via the
    Marshall Plan to save places like France and
    Italy from turning red.

? American Red Scare propaganda
China The New Communist Front
  • America had backed the Kuomintang regime in China
    since before the war.
  • In 1949 Mao Zedong led his revolutionary against
    the Chinese regime and beat them in a bloody
    Civil War.
  • He created the Peoples republic of China which
    immediately allied with the Soviets.

Chairman Mao 1945-1976
Cold War Terminology
  • A Proxy War is where two powers use third parties
    as a substitute for fighting each other directly.
  • Balance of Power, as it relates to the Cold War,
    is where the Soviets and the Americans would
    continue adding to their nuclear armaments in
    order to offset the other.
  • MAD (Mutual Assured Destruction) was a Cold War
    military strategy where both sides would be
    destroyed if one attacked the other.

North South Korea
  • Korea had been split into two halves much the
    same way Germany had been after the war. Japan
    gave the top half to the Soviets and the bottom
    to the Americans.
  • In 1950 the Soviets backed the southern invasion
    by the north. China later joined in 1951.
  • South Korea was under prepared and the Americans
    came to help out. Soon Canada and the UN arrived.
    Canada sent over 26,000 troops to Korea.
  • The conflict ended in 1953 with borders at the
    same place. A DMZ zone was created to ease

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Battle In The Nam
  • In 1953 Eisenhower replaced Truman (US Pres.) and
    Khrushchev replaced the recently deceased Stalin.
  • As the Korean War wound down Vietnam began
    heating up. War between North and South Vietnam
    broke out in 1956 originally with the French.
  • The Americans came in to help and Vietnam became
    the second major proxy war in the Cold War era.

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Battle In The Nam Continued
  • The Americans were attempting to help withstand
    guerrilla attacks by the National Front for the
    Liberation of South Vietnam.
  • The US enacted a conscription policy and as a
    result 90,000 people fled to Canada who became
    known as Draft Dodgers.
  • By now it was apparent that the US was staying
    involved in these national conflicts in order to
    protect governments against the threat of
  • The South impressively drove away the American
    forces by 1975. This was a huge embarrassment to
    the American government.

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  • Hungarian Revolution in 1956
  • Yeahthey get an A for effort, but effort doesnt
    resurrect those that die in a failed rebellion.
    They lost.

The Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Until 1959 Cuba had been an American colony.
    Castro and Che Guevara overthrew the Americans
    and made the country communist as it remains
  • The Cubans received funding from the Soviets and
    in exchange the Cubans allowed the USSR to plant
    nuclear missiles on the island.
  • The US demanded that the Soviets remove the
    missiles but they originally refused.
  • As the threat of nuclear war grew increasingly
    close the Soviets offered to remove the missiles
    in exchange for America leaving Cuba alone and
    taking missiles out of Turkey.

Fidel Castro and Che Guevara
A song dedicated to Che
  • Stands for North American Aerospace Defence
  • The US pressured Canada to setup a missile
    defence program to warn of incoming nuclear
  • The program was established in 1958.

Détente The Thaw
  • By 1970 the cost of building arms was spiralling
    out of control and both countries stopped
    building up their armaments as much.
  • As other countries around the world had finished
    recovering from WWII they began stepping outside
    the US/Soviet spheres of influence.
  • The war re-heated up with Afghanistan in 1979.
    The Soviets backed the communist government in
    power while the US provided materials, guns and
    aid to the insurgents so that they could continue
    the war.
  • The War ended 9 years later with the Soviets
    being kicked out of Afghanistan after losing
    100,000 troops and their puppet government

The Iran Contra Affair
  • Was a political scandal that was discovered in
  • Members of U.S. President Reagans government had
    been illegally selling weapons to Iran in
    exchange for the release of hostage
  • The profits from these weapons sales were then
    used to covertly fund the Contras, a right-wing
    extremist terrorist group fighting the government
    of Nicaragua.
  • As well, it has been alleged that the CIA was
    involved in aiding the Contras in cocaine
    trafficking, and that the CIA knowingly used drug
    money to fund the Contras.
  • The CIA distributed the, a booklet describing
    ways for the average citizen to cause disorder,
    to the Nicaraguan public via airdrop.
  • President Reagan would initially deny any and all
    weapon sales to Iran, but would later admit to
    it, though only saying one planeload of weapons
    was sold, and in the spirit of a new
    relationship between the US and Iran

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End Of The Cold War
  • By the end of the Cold War the Soviets were
    starving their own people to keep up their
    military and armaments.
  • Mikhail Gorbachev, who had taken control of the
    USSR, decided to make peace with the US (George
    Bush Sr.) and the Cold War officially ended in
  • Following the peace, the Soviet empire would
    collapse politically, economically and socially.
  • That November the Berlin Wall (Built 1961) which
    had split Germany in two was torn down by the
    citizens of East Germany.

Glasnost The Canadian Connection
  • Alexander Yakovlev, the Soviet ambassador to
    Canada, was a close friend and advisor to Mikhail
  • He had been credited as helping pioneer the idea
    of perestroika (economic reform in the USSR), and
    the driving force behind glasnost (freedom of
    information and government transparency) in the
    Soviet Union
  • Alexander was also a friend of famous PM Trudeau,
    and the two often talked of the need for
    liberalization in the USSR

  • Destruction of the Berlin Wall

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