Vietnam War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Vietnam War

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Vietnam War 1954-1975 Background Vietnam colony of France WW II ended and returned to France Communist & Vietnamese nationalist revolutionary Ho Chi Minh wants ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Vietnam War


1
Vietnam War
  • 1954-1975

2
Background
  • Vietnam colony of France
  • WW II ended and returned to France
  • Communist Vietnamese nationalist revolutionary
    Ho Chi Minh wants independence

3
Frances Exits
  • Ho Chi Minh defeats France
  • Vietnam divided along the 17th parallel
  • North backed by Minh and communist
  • South backed by Ngo Dinh Diem and western
    democracies

4
Growing Tension
  • North Vietnam wants to unite all of Vietnam under
    communism
  • USA organizes South East Asia Treaty Organization
    (SEATO) to protect independence of South Vietnam
  • Maintain policy of containment

SEATO Flag
5
Domino Theory
  • USA is afraid of the domino theory that if one
    country falls to communism the rest will also fall

6
USA Enters War
  • Gulf of Tonkin Incident
  • August 1964 President Johnson claimed that North
    Vietnam attacked US ships in the Gulf of Tonkin
  • Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and
    sends troops

http//www.history.com/topics/us-presidents/lyndon
-b-johnson/videos/lbj-gulf-of-tonkin-incident?m52
8e394da93aesundefinedf1freefalse
7
Turning Point 1968
  • Tet (lunar new year) Offensive
  • Communist attack 30 South Vietnamese cities
  • http//www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/tet-offe
    nsive

8
USA Withdraws
  • Vietnam War very unpopular in the US
  • Kent State
  • Dodging the mandatory draft
  • Length of war
  • Cost of war approximately 140 billion
  • January 1973 cease fire

http//www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnam-
war-history/videos/vietnam
9
Victory of North Vietnam
  • April 1975 South Vietnamese troops retreat
    without consulting US
  • South Vietnamese President Thieu resigns and
    communist take over
  • Vietnam united under communism

http//www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnam-
war-history/videos/after-the-fall-of-saigon
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