Summary of the 2010 API Storage Tank Conference and Safe Tank Entry Workshop October 18-21, 2010 San Francisco, CA Argonaut Hotel (This document is for informational purposes only. Refer to OSHA 29CFR1910.146 for regulatory requirements.) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Summary of the 2010 API Storage Tank Conference and Safe Tank Entry Workshop October 18-21, 2010 San Francisco, CA Argonaut Hotel (This document is for informational purposes only. Refer to OSHA 29CFR1910.146 for regulatory requirements.)


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Title: Summary of the 2010 API Storage Tank Conference and Safe Tank Entry Workshop October 18-21, 2010 San Francisco, CA Argonaut Hotel (This document is for informational purposes only. Refer to OSHA 29CFR1910.146 for regulatory requirements.)

Summary of the 2010 API Storage Tank Conference
and Safe Tank Entry WorkshopOctober 18-21,
2010San Francisco, CAArgonaut Hotel(This
document is for informational purposes only.
Refer to OSHA 29CFR1910.146 for regulatory
API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • OSHA 29CFR1910.146 covers all confined spaces and
    therefore is very general.
  • Therefore API developed the API 2015 2016 to
    specifically address Fuel Aboveground Storage
    Tanks to cover OSHA requires and beyond.
  • Basic Framework for Hazard Recognition
  • Recognition, Evaluation, Control
  • Permit Required Confined Space Assessment
  • Restricted Entry Exit
  • Large Enough for Work
  • Not Intended for Continuous Occupancy
  • Non-Permit Required Confined Space
  • Missing any one of the three above requirements.
  • Note This does not mean that the confined space
    is no longer dangerous.
  • API (not OSHA) also defines a non-confined space.
  • It is recommended to assume all spaces to be
    hazardous until proven otherwise. Always think of
    the shortcuts or oversights that will be the
    cause of your death today when making entry.
  • Confined Space Controls
  • Engineering
  • Administrative
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Do your best to reduce reliance on PPE. PPE can
    technically make all spaces safe for entry, but
    should not be your first preference for self

API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • Definitions
  • PEL Personal Exposure Limit (8 hour time
    weighted average)
  • TLV Threshold Limit Value (measured in ppm)
  • IDLH Immediate Danger to Life and Health
  • LEL Lower Explosive Limit
  • UEL Upper Explosive Limit
  • Natural ventilation is inadequate. Confined
    spaces must be mechanically ventilated.
  • Engineering Control
  • Vent, Isolate, Substitute (for less hazardous
    material, i.e. substitute water for crude)
  • 2/3 of confined space hazards is atmospheric.
  • Administrative Rules
  • If personal gas monitor alarms, it has to be a
    go/no go alarm. You must make the determination
    if the space is safe or alarm false outside of
    the confined space.
  • Marine Chemist or Shipyard Competent Person
    should determine if space is safe for entry. This
    should be performed at every break in work.
  • PPE Rule
  • Make the space safe for workers, not Make the
    workers safe for the space.
  • Fire Triangle
  • Fuel, Oxidizer, Heat Source (All three present
  • Flammable Range
  • The flammability range is between the LEL and UEL.

API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • Oxygen Deficiency
  • Highest Atmospheric Risk No warning signs (no
    smell, color)
  • Typical Cause Metal Oxidation (Corrosion),
    organic decomposition.
  • Adequate oxygen is required for LEL Testing.
  • Highly recommended to only enter spaces at 20.8
    - 20.9 oxygen.
  • If 19.8 oxygen tested, then 1.0 is missing.
    1.0 of any gas is 10,000ppm
  • OSHAs own procedures does not allow OSHA
    personnel to enter spaces not at 20.8 oxygen.
  • In event of fire, close tank. At 16 oxygen,
    fires will burn itself out. Tank must cool before
    opening. Fuel Heat are still present, the
    introduction of oxygen will re-ignite.
  • Mechanical ventilation has to be shutdown when
    testing of oxygen. 15 minutes for a 150 diameter
    tank per API 2015.
  • Flammability
  • Less than 10 of the LEL will not ignite or
    explode because the mixture is too lean. However
    you should not enter the space.
  • 0 is preferred. 0 is required for unrestricted
  • Example 10 of the LEL of methane is 1,000ppm.
    1,000ppm of methane is higher than the TLV
  • UEL should not be treated as if there is no
    danger. The flammable vapors will dissipate and
    eventually reach the explosive range.
  • Oxygen level must be above 16 for fire to occur.
  • Check your gas meter, is it calibrated by methane
    or pentane? Methane is okay for plumbing
    industry. Pentane is preferred for petroleum
    industry. In test, the methane calibrated meter
    did not detect and LEL for butane in a closed
    container with butane. The pentane calibrated
    meter detected LEL for butane.

API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • Toxicity
  • Although OSHA is law, recommend using levels set
    by ACGIH. (American Conference of Governmental
    Industrial Hygenists.)
  • Recommend Photoionization Meter. Traditional LEL
    meters utilize the Wheatstone bridge. This is
    unable to effectively measure diesel LEL and
    toxicity in addition to many other low vapor
    pressure fuilds.
  • ACGIH has changed the safe limit of Hydrogen
    Sulfide from 10 to 1. (TWA 1ppm) OSHA has
    not changed its safe limits. ACGIH recommends
    utilizing their safety levels even though OSHA is
    law as reliance on the higher limit will expose
    your company to legal risks. Example Employee
    gets sick and files civil lawsuit. ACGIH reviews
    and updates data more often. In the court of law,
    you may be correct. In the court of opinion,
    explain use of older and less reviewed standard.

API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • Confined Space Safe Practices
  • Issues Low man on roster gets posted as the hole
    watch or fire watch. Hole watch should be the
    most trained or one of the best crew member. This
    person is the responder to emergency procedures.
    Also has to observe and watch all crews in/out
    for coordination of work.
  • PRCS (Permit Required Confined Space) No
    specific NFPA forms, however permit form does
    require all 14 points (See 29CFR1910.146). Per
    OSHA, permits are good for the duration of the
    job. Safe work practice would recommend that a
    permit is made out for each shift or break in
    work to make certain work conditions have not
  • There is no definition for periodic testing and
    monitoring during entry and work. Continuous
    monitoring/testing is recommended.
  • Always provide adequate information on
    anticipated hazards.
  • No OSHA requirement for refresher training.
  • Rescue Team training/drills is only required once
    annually. This frequency is not enough an more
    frequent training is recommended.
  • Confined space permits must be held for 1 year
    per OSHA and must be reviewed. OSHA however, does
    not state how to review or what to do to refine
    your process after completion of review.
  • Entry personnel should always wear safety
    harness. The attendant should have rescue
    apparatus and be competent in its use.
  • Crews wearing PPE should have medical exams
    current to protect themselves from other medical
    conditions. (i.e. respiratory)
  • Heat Stress, Claustrophobia, Respiratory
    distress, are some of the physical problems that
    can be encountered.

API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • Confined Space Safe Practices
  • There are no meters for measuring explosive dust.
    Do not believe the OSHA specification for dust
    hazards being obstructed sight _at_ 5 feet
  • Entrants should be trained to be able to
    recognize abnormal operating conditions. Tanks
    may be safe at start of work. Conditions change.
    Continuous monitoring is highly recommended.
  • OSHA states that you can self rescue. This is not
    appropriate. Evacuation or escape is more
    appropriate terms. Your first response to any
    abnormal condition should be to leave the space.
    Always evaluate the situation outside.
  • The attendant can leave for no reason. This
    include mental departures (texting, daydreaming,
  • Know how you will be performing a rescue without
    entering the space.
  • OSHA allows the attendant to monitor more than
    one space. It is recommended not to do it. What
    do you do with multiple emergencies or a single
    emergency? How do you continue to monitor the
    second space or provide rescue assistance to
    both? You will not be able to. This is why you
    should not monitor multiple spaces.
  • The attendant should not allow owners or their
    inspectors to just show up and make entry. All
    entrants should be trained and listed on the
    entry permit.
  • An attendant should be posted at all entry/exit
    points or designate a check in/out procedure as a
    part of your confined space plan. This is avoid
    having an entrant leave from another point and go
    as unaccounted by your attendant.
  • Line of sight is key. Communication is mandatory.
    What do you do if there is communication failure?
    It is acceptable to place a secondary attendant
    for relay between crew and outside attendant.
  • Know your Lock Out / Tag Out requirements.

API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • Confined Space Safe Practices
  • Do not assign conflicting duties. Example Fire
    watch for interior/exterior welding can not be
    assigned to the attendant. Do not distract the
    attendant from their primary job.
  • The Tank Entry Supervisor is supposed to verify
    Emergency plans and rescue personnel
    availability. If the Fire Department is the
    designated Rescue team, check if they want to be
    notified for every entry. OSHA recommends it.
  • If the local Fire Department is your designated
    rescue team and is responding to an external
    emergency, your permit entry should be suspended
    as your rescue crew is not available. Monitoring
    of local emergency radio traffic would be
  • Basic First Aid/CPR training is required for all
    rescue team members. One person on the crew must
    be fully certified.
  • If you have an in-house rescue team, annual
    training (1 time per calendar year) is required
    by OSHA. An actual rescue qualifies as the
    required drill. It is highly recommended that
    your rescue team train for more than one scenario
    and executes drill more frequently than once a
    year. You can not become proficient to execute
    are rescue that must be performed in 5 minutes or
    less by participation in 1 drill per year. It is
    very likely that the drill you practice will not
    simulate any actual required response.
    Observation of actual entries and discussion of
    how each would be addressed is advisable.
  • Personal 4-gas monitors are advised. You may
    check atmosphere at entry point, it most
    certainly will be different on the other side of
    the tank where your work will occur. Also once
    work is commenced, the atmospheric conditions
    will change.
  • The personal monitors do not need to be
    calibrated everyday (although this would be
    preferred), but they should at a minimum be bump
    checked with a known gas prior to every use.
    Verify that the meter reading is the same as the
    test gas composition.
  • Test atmosphere in the following order Oxygen,
    Flammability, Toxicity
  • Shut down ventilation 10-15 minutes prior to

API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • Confined Space Safe Practices
  • Rule of Thumb for air exchanges is 5-6 per hour.
    Do your calculations to be certain that you meet
  • Natural ventilation is not acceptable. Spaces
    must be mechanically ventilated.
  • Fire Watch. Determine best fire protection aides.
    CO2 Extinguisher will displace O2. Dry Chem
    types may cause the same effect. Pressurized
    water is normally preferred.
  • BREAKING THE PLANE constitues taking confined
    space precautions. Materials within can off-gas.
    When you break the plane, it can affect you and
    cause you to possibly fall into the space.
  • Entry Permit Retention. Check! May be 30 years
    retention requirement if dealing with
    carcinogens. Otherwise OSHA only requires 1 year
    for annual review.
  • Refer to TLV booklet for work/rest ratio table.
  • Local exhaust for fumes generated by your work is
    very effective. It prevents the atmosphere within
    the space from becoming contaminated by the
    result of your work.

API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • Static Electricity
  • Separation of Surfaces. Collection of Charge.
    Discharge quickly through sharp points.
  • You can control separation of surfaces and
    collection of charges by bonding/grounding. This
    would eliminate/reduce discharges.
  • You can test for explosive atmospheres. This
    would eliminate explosions/ignitions in the event
    of a static discharge.
  • Static charges can discharge at voltages as high
    as 22kV. If you created a static discharge in a
    flammable atmosphere it would trigger an
  • Static Electricity can be controlled by Bonding
    or Grounding.
  • The exhaust fan can create static due to the
    outflow of vapors over the surface of the fan.
    Exhaust fans must be bonded to the tank.
  • Practices to Inhibit Static Ignitions Never use
    filters in the end of flow lines Never splash
    fill tanks Reduce agitating operations inside
    tanks Reduce flow rates at the beginning of
    loading Bond/Ground objects Never blow air or
    gases into or through liquids Wait 30 minutes
    before inserting objects into or removing objects
    from tanks Use metal devices inside tanks.
  • API 2015 What you have to do
  • API 2016 How to do what 2015 tells you what you
    have to do.
  • Always review floating roof cribbing and safety
  • Recommend inspection w/mirrors for internal
    floating roof while tank is in service.

API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • Testing Spaces
  • To test spaces, it is highly recommended to use a
    meter with a pump, with a PID or separate PID
  • Know your sample time to pull gas through the
    sample tube. The rule of thumb is to allow 2
    times the rated sample time.
  • If O2 levels are not reading 20.8, entry is not
    recommended. The sensor will not tell you if the
    oxygen has been consumed or displaced. Again,
    OSHA allows 19.5 as safe for entry. However, if
    19.8 oxygen tested, then 1.0 is missing. 1.0
    of any gas is 10,000ppm. What vapor or gas is
    safe at 10,000ppm?
  • Dont abuse your meter. If constantly running the
    LEL sensor to above the test gas level, the life
    of the sensor will degrade faster.
  • Infrared technology is more reliable technology
    than the catalytic LEL sensor.
  • Silicone and lead can coat elements and destroy
    the LEL sensor.
  • Heavy Vapors dont pass through the internal
    flame arrestor and have a slower reaction time.
    Also the response is dependant on the calibration
    gas (Pentane vs. Methane) Pentane is better
    suited for the Petroleum industry. Methane is
    better for areas where sewer gas is present.
  • Pentane Calibrated meters calibrate at 1.5 by
    volume of Pentane 100 LEL reading. OSHA
    allows entry at lt10 LEL. At 10 there is still
    1500ppm of gas. Consider that 1.0 LEL 150ppm
    and that most toxic contaminants have acceptable
    exposure levels of less than 150ppm. Most
    flammable gases are toxic. Therefore it is highly
    recommended that the only acceptable flammable
    gas test result should be 0 LEL.
  • Detector tubes are good indicators, but are
    expensive, have a poor accuracy of /- 25.
    Drager has a chip measurement which is /- 5.
    However, Photoionization Detectors are the best
    with a /- 0.2 ppm.
  • NIOSH publishes a pocket guide for LEL Lookup.

API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • Testing Spaces
  • For checking diesel, a photoionization detector
    should be required. Catalytic LEL sensors can not
    check toxicity.
  • Permits
  • Your Confined Space entry permit should have
    fields for test results, not just pass/fail. The
    permit form should also have fields for
    re-testing verification (i.e. after lunch,
    breaks, etc.) so you can verify and compare
  • Gas Meter Alarm Settings
  • Recommended Settings are
  • Oxygen 20.7 for low oxygen alarm. 30.0 for
    high oxygen alarm.
  • Something is consuming or displacing oxygen,
    Something is causing space to be flooded with
    oxygen. You should leave the space and determine
    cause for change in condition.
  • Carbon Monoxide 12 ppm.
  • LEL 5
  • Do not wait until OSHA allowable10. If LEL is
    increasing, you will most probably not make it
    out of the space until the LEL level has
    surpassed the 10 safety limit.
  • H2S Use 0.5. Recommend ACGIH limit of 1ppm.
    If using OSHA 10ppm limit, set alarm point to 2.
  • If testing Alcohols (Ethanol, Methanol, Etc.) Use
    only detector tubes. The alcohol fumes will
    destroy the LEL and PID meters.

API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • Assessment
  • Which of the following can be achieved by
    ventilating a confined space?
  • Keep oxygen at a level consistent with the level
    in the air outside the tank (between 19.5 and
  • Keep engulfment hazards below the danger level
  • Keep flammable/combustible gases and vapors below
    10 LEL
  • Keep noise levels below the OSHA required 85 dba
  • Keep airborne combustible dust concentrations at
    permit reuqired levels (below their LELs)
  • Keep toxic exposures at the permit required
    levels (below their PELs or TLVs)
  • When testing the atmosphere of a petroleum oil
    storage tank, which item is tested first?
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Temperature
  • Toxics
  • Flash Point
  • Oxygen
  • What is the regulatory maximum hydrocarbon LEL
    for confined space entry without restrictions
    provided that oxygen and toxic levels are within
    established safe limits? Is this a safe level
    from all hazards? Why or why not?
  • 0 LEL
  • 5 LEL

API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • Assessment
  • What is the ACGIH TLV for diesel fuel?
  • 100 ppm
  • 200 ppm
  • 15 ppm
  • 30 ppm
  • Which of the following are the three
    characteristics of all confined spaces?
  • Not intended or designed for continuous occupancy
  • Not effectively ventilated
  • Contains dangerous air contaminants
  • Has limited or restricted entry or exit
  • Large enough to allow for entry and work inside
  • The LEL of a vapor is the point at which the
    atmosphere contains a mixture with the minimum
    amount of vapor in air to sustain combustion.
  • True
  • False

API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • Assessment
  • Which of the following are characteristics
    specific to permit-required confined spaces?
  • There is the potential for a hazardous (toxic,
    flammable, etc.) atmosphere in the tank.
  • The material in the tank has the potential to
    engulf the entrant.
  • The tanks internal configuration could trap or
    asphyxiate an entrant.
  • The tank has any other recognized, potentially
    harmful serious hazard.
  • The tank has only one opening which is too small
    to enter wearing a SCBA.
  • The normal amount of oxygen in air (by volume)
  • 16.6
  • 20.8
  • 19.5
  • 25.2
  • 18.5
  • PELs are to OSHA as TLVs are to
  • API

API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • Assessment
  • When testing for atmospheric toxics,
    concentrations of gases or vapors are usually
    expressed in
  • by volume in air
  • LEL
  • PPM (Parts per million)
  • TWA (time weighted average)
  • The effectiveness of an oxygen sensor is limited
  • Toxic gases in the atmosphere
  • Shelf life of the sensor
  • Atmospheric pressure, humidity and temperature
  • Flammable vapors in the atmosphere
  • When using a combustible gas indicator, the
    tester must determine that the oxygen in the
    atmosphere being tested is at least ______ by
  • 10
  • 20.8
  • 16
  • 19.5

API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • Assessment
  • If the oxygen level is between 19.5 and 23.5
    and the LEL is below 10 then the atmosphere in
    the tank is safe for entry.
  • True
  • False.
  • A confined space rescue team needs to be
  • Within a 5 minute response time of the work site.
  • At the tank area during all permit required
    confined space entry
  • On standby during non-confined space entry
  • Designated for all required confined space entry
  • The permit-required confined space program
    identifies which specific individuals
  • Tank entry supervisor
  • Entrant
  • Qualified atmospheric tester
  • Attendant
  • Rescue coordinator
  • The photoionization detector (PID) is able to
    detect low concentrations of carbon monoxide and
    hydrogen sulfide.

However, by OSHA rules it is safe.
API/NFPA 2010 Safe Tank Entry Workshop
  • Assessment
  • Calibration (which includes bump testing per
    manufacturers instructions) of oxygen and
    combustible gas indicators should be performed
    prior to each days use.
  • True
  • False
  • A concentration of 5 LEL displayed on a properly
    calibrated combustible gas indicator could
    indicate a concentration of (assuming the LEL is
    1 by volume)
  • 1000 ppm of a toxic contaminant
  • 5 ppm of a toxic contaminant
  • 500 ppm of a toxic contaminant
  • 14 oxygen by volume
  • Tank entry permits are valid for no longer than
    ______ .
  • 24 hours
  • 8 hours
  • 48 hours
  • duration of each shift.
  • the entire length of the job.

This rule is per OSHA. However, because
conditions change, permits and atmospheric
testing should be renewed every shift or break in
  • Emma Coffman, Operations Manager D J A
    Inspection Services (P.O. Box 544, Edison CA
    93220) Tel 661-363-5453 Toll Free
    800-235-2869 Fax 661-363-5467 Cel
    661-213-7878 Email
    Web API 653 Tank
    Inspections, Floating Roof Inspections, Magnetic
    Flux Leakage, Engineering, Feasibility Studies,
    Spill Prevention Plans, Construction
    Supervision. Notes Knows Gary Powers, went to
    same High School.
  • Collin Watson, Manager, Tank Lining Division
    Nilex (9222 40 Street S.E., Calgary, AB,
    Canada, T2C 2P3) Tel 403-543-5454 Toll Free
    888-543-5454 Fax 403-543-5455 Cel
    403-831-4094 Email Web Berm Lining, Tank
    Internal Lining.
  • Joe B. Fleck, Engineering Manager PetroChem
    Inspection Services, Inc. (2535 Rand Morgan Rd.
    Corpus Christi, TX 78410) Tel 361-241-0605
    Fax 361-241-2747 Cel 361-232-9607 Email Web API 653 Inspections,
    Engineering is outsourced Subsidiary of TUV SUD
    Americas Inc. Note No in-house licensed
    engineers. All engineering judgments performed by
    3rd party consultants.
  • Chris Hastings, General Manager Philadelphia
    Mixing Solutions, Ltd. (P.O. Box 1738, Cypress,
    TX 77410-1738) Tel 281-246-4480 Fax
    281-246-4481 Cel 281-224-2720 Email Web In-Line Static Mixers Note
    Admitted that mixers have flow rate limitations
  • Sol Sassoon, National Sales/Marketing Manager
    Consolidated Fabrication Constructors,
    Inc. (3851 Ellsworth Street, Gary, Indiana
    46408) Tel 219-884-6150, Ext. 262 Fax
    219-884-6652 Cel 219-808-0155 Email Web API Tank
    Fabrication Repair

  • Lance Berry, General Manager Rosemount Tank
    Gauging North America, Inc. (10700 Hammerly
    Blvd., Suite 115, Houston, TX 77043) Tel
    713-722-9199 Ext 303 Toll Free 800-722-2865
    Fax 713-722-9115 Cel 713-818-5751 Email Web
    Radar Gauges Note HECO utilizes these systems
  • Jim Viale, Business Development Sales Paso
    Robles Tank, Inc. (825 26th Street, Paso Robles,
    CA 93446) Tel 805-227-1641 Fax 805-238-9654
    Cel 805-610-6622 Email
    m Web Note Shop
    Fabricated Tanks (Similar to tanks used for DGs)
  • Raymond R. Campbell, Project Manager
    Innovative Technical Solutions, Inc. (6396
    McLeod Drive, Suite 1, Las Vegas, NV 89120) Tel
    925-946-3223 Toll Free 888-545-4874 Fax
    702-433-4874 Cel 702-289-7022 Email Web Note
    Currently performing work at MCBH repairing two
    tanks. Know Don Grimes when stationed at Hickam
    AFB and lived in Ewa Beach.
  • Linda Kean, Region Sales Manager HMT
    Inc. (2500 East Victoria Street, Compton, CA
    90220) Tel 714-516-9907 Fax 714-516-9938
    Cel 714-343-1217 Email Web API Tank Fabrication Repair
    API 653 Tank Inspections Tank Calibration
    Services Note Last work performed in Hawaii was
    for Tesoro
  • Morris C. Kline, Vice President Domestic Sales
    HMT Inc. (24 Waterway Ave., Suite 400, The
    Woodlands, TX 77380) Direct 281-681-7036 Tel
    281-681-7000 Fax 281-419-7689 Cel
    832-473-8727 Email Web

  • Kevin Kupitz, Vice President TCI Services,
    Inc. (9114 Virginia Road, Unit 100, Lake In The
    Hills, IL 60156) Tel 847-658-5065 Fax
    847-658-5567 Cel 918-640-7549 Email Web API Tank Inspection
  • Larry Volkmann, Business Line Manager Applus
    RTD USA (8201 Maryland Road, Bloomington, MN
    55438) Tel 952-486-8901 Fax 952-486-8945
    Cel 713-351-9862 Email larry.volkmann_at_applusrtd
    .com Web Plant Integirty
    Management Plant Inspection New
    Construction Note Performs guided wave pipeline
    exterior inspections through insulation
  • Monty McDonough, Business Line Manager Applus
    RTD USA (11801 S. Sam Houston Parkway W.,
    Houston, TX 77031-2360) Tel 832-295-5036 Fax
    832-295-5001 Cel 281-748-3816 Email Web Transport Pipeline Integrity
    Management Note Inspected Chevron Hawaiis 20
    inch and 30 inch marine Cargo lines. Worked with
    Wilson Rivera.
  • Alan Watson, President A.R. Watson,
    Inc. (4016 E. Maryland Street, Bellingham, WA
    98226) Tel 360-734-9157 Toll Free
    866-734-9157 Fax 360-752-1779 Cel
    251-751-7732 Email Web Air Lift Technology Moving
    Tanks without disassembly.
  • Justin Hair, Petrochemical Business Development
    Manager Sherwin-Williams Protective Marine
    Coatings (5200 South Yale, Suite 101, Tulsa, OK
    74135) Tel 918-488-1830 Fax 918-488-6108
    Cel 918-809-2576 Email
    m Web Note East Coast
    Manager NACE Certified 3387

  • Lisha Salathiel, National Sales Manager Global
    Vapor Control, Inc. (12600 North Featherwood,
    Suite 330, Houston, TX 77034) Direct
    832-775-1528 Tel 713-678-7400 Fax
    713-463-9216 Cel 281-409-9482 Email Web Vapor Control for Volatile
    Liquid Storage Tanks and other applications to
    remove hazardous vapors. Note Affiliated with
    TriStar PetroServ
  • Jeff McFarland, National Sales Manager TriStar
    PetroServ (12600 North Featherwood, Suite 330,
    Houston, TX 77034) Tel 713-463-9200 Fax
    713-463-9216 Cel 281-910-0995 Email Web
  • John Sigmon, Director of Marketing and Sales
    TriStar Global Energy Solutions (12600 North
    Featherwood, Suite 330, Houston, TX 77034) Tel
    832-775-1565 Fax 713-672-0777 Cel
    713-203-5953 Email
  • Dave Maurer, Regional Sales Manager
    Mesa (4141 Airport Road, Cincinnati, OH
    45226) Tel 513-321-4511 Fax 513-321-8178
    Cel 513-276-3702 Email
    Web Vapor Bladders, Floating
    Roof Seals, Pontoon Repair Insert Floats, Vapor
    Guards, Fire Foam Delivery Systems
  • Rick Clifton, V.P. Sales/Marketing Atec Steel
    Fabrication Construction, LLC (1000 W. 5th
    Street, Baxter Springs, KS 66713) Tel
    877-457-5352 x111 Fax 620-856-5197 Cel
    620-249-1248 Email Web
  • Jack Lavin, CPPM, President and CEO National
    Petroleum Management Association (4222 Fortuna
    Plaza, 641, Dumfries, VA 22025) Tel
    703-583-1206 Fax 703-583-1207 Cel
    703-628-9958 Email Web Note Knows Joe Lovan, Don
    Grimes. Has worked in Hawaii.
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