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Oromo Community Organization Diabetes Mellitus (Dhibee Sukkaara)

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Oromo Community Organization Diabetes Mellitus (Dhibee Sukkaara) By: Wandaye Deressa, What is diabetes mellitus? Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases that affect ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Oromo Community Organization Diabetes Mellitus (Dhibee Sukkaara)


1
Oromo Community OrganizationDiabetes Mellitus
(Dhibee Sukkaara)
  • By Wandaye Deressa,

2
What is diabetes mellitus?
  • Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases that
    affect how your body uses blood glucose, commonly
    called blood sugar

3
Why should I Care?
4
Why should I Care?
5
Why should I Care?
6
FAST FACTS ON DIABETES (CDC 2011)
  • Diabetes affects 25.8 million people in us
  • ( 8.3 of the U.S. population)
  • About 1.9 million people aged 20 years or older
    were newly diagnosed with diabetes in 2010

7
FAST FACTS ON DIABETES (CDC 2011)
  • Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure,
    nontraumatic lower limb amputations, and new
    cases of blindness among adults in the United
    States.
  • Diabetes is a major cause of heart disease and
    stroke.
  • Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in
    the United

8
Sulultaa
9
Two Types of Diabetes Mellitus
  • Type I (5-10)
  • (Insulin dependent,
  • Juvenile onset diabetes)
  • Type II (90-95)
  • (Non insulin Dependent,
  • Adult onset diabetes)

10
What is Insulin
11
What is Insulin
  • Sugar gets into cells with the help of a hormone
    called insulin. If there is not enough insulin,
    or if the body stops responding to insulin, sugar
    builds up in the blood.
  • That is what happens to people with diabetes.

12
Type I Diabetes Mellitus
  • People with type 1 diabetes make little or no
    insulin.

13
Treatment
  • Treatment for type 1 diabetes involves 2 key
  • parts
  • Measuring your blood sugar often, to make sure it
    does not get too high or too low.
  • ? Using insulin shots or an insulin pump to
  • keep your blood sugar levels in the right
  • range

14
Treatment
  • People with type 1 diabetes also need to
    carefully plan their meals and activity levels
  • That's because eating raises blood sugar, while
    being active lowers it.

15
Type II Diabetes Mellitus
  • People with type 2 diabetes make too little
    insulin, but more often the problem is that their
    bodys cells do not respond to insulin.

16
Type II Diabetes Mellitus
  • The bodys cells do not respond to insulin
  • The body does not make enough insulin
  • Or both

17
Symptoms (mallattolee)
  • Intense thirst
  • Being very tired
  • Urinating often
  • Losing weight.
  • Blurred vision

18
Symptoms (mallattolee)
  • Nausea or vomiting, Belly pain
  • Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
  • Feeling very hungry - even though you are eating
  • May be no symptom(Type II)

19
Risk Factors
  • Age 45 years.
  • Overweight (body mass index (BMI) 25 kg/m2).
  • Diabetes mellitus in a first-degree relative.
  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • High-risk ethnic or racial group (eg,

20
Risk Factors
  • African-American or Black race, Hispanic, Native
    American, Asian-American, and Pacific Islanders).
  • History of delivering a baby weighing gt4.1 kg (9
    lb) or of gestational diabetes mellitus.
  • Hypertension (blood pressure 140/90

21
Risk Factors
  • High cholestrol(HDL 35 mg/dL or triglyceride
    concentration 250 mg/dL
  • A1C 5.7 percent, impaired glucose tolerance or
    impaired fasting glucose.

22
Treatment
  • There are a few medicines that help control blood
    sugar. Some people need to take pills that help
    the body make more insulin or that help insulin
    do its job. Others need insulin shots.

23
Can type II diabetes be prevented?
  • Yes

24
To reduce your chances of getting type 2
diabetes
  • Make diet modification ( balanced diet, fruits,
    vegetables)
  • weight loss (BMI 25)
  • If you already have the disorder, losing weight
    can improve your health and blood sugar control.
    Being active can also help prevent or control the
    disorder.

25
Why is it important to keep my blood sugar close
to normal?
  • Nerve damage
  • Kidney disease
  • ?Vision problems (or even blindness)
  • ?Pain or loss of feeling in the hands and feet
  • ?The need to have fingers, toes, or other body
    parts removed (amputated)
  • ?Heart disease and strokes

26
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