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7th Meeting of the OECD Network on Early Childhood and Care:

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Early Learning in the US and the Economic Crisis * 7th Meeting of the OECD Network on Early Childhood and Care: Financing ECE Services Paris, France – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 7th Meeting of the OECD Network on Early Childhood and Care:


1
Early Learning in the US and the Economic Crisis
  • 7th Meeting of the OECD Network on Early
    Childhood and Care
  • Financing ECE Services
  • Paris, France
  • June 22, 2010
  • Jacqueline Jones, PhD
  • Senior Advisor to the Secretary for Early
    Learning
  • Us Department Of Education
  • Washington, DC

2
  • It will be the goal of this administration to
    ensure that every child has access to a complete
    and competitive education from the day they are
    born to the day they begin a career ... we know
    that the most formative learning comes in those
    first years of life.
  • President Obama
  • February 24, 2009

3
Early Learning Goal
  • The Education Departments early learning
    initiative is intended to improve the health,
    social-emotional, and cognitive outcomes for all
    children birth through 3rd grade, especially
    those with high-needs.

4
Early Learning A Range of Ages
  • Infants and Toddlers - Birth to 3 years
  • Pre-Kindergarten (3- and 4-year-olds)
  • K3

5
Domains of Learning
  • Physical health and well-being
  • Social-emotional development
  • Approaches to learning
  • Language and literacy
  • Cognitive skills

6
Major Public Funding Streams
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
  • Early Head Start
  • Head Start
  • Child Care
  • U.S. Department of Education
  • Special Education
  • Title I Preschool
  • U.S. Department of Defense
  • State-funded Preschool Programs
  • District/Local Programs

7
Interagency Collaboration
8
Interagency Early Learning Initiative
  • Study Groups
  • Encouraging Coordinated State Early Learning
    Systems

9
Six Study Groups
  • Standards, Curriculum and Assessment
  • Program Standards
  • Family Engagement
  • Health Promotion
  • Workforce and Professional Development
  • Data Systems

10
Components of a Coordinated State Early Learning
Systems
  • Aligned early learning and development standards,
    curriculum and assessments
  • Program quality and rating system with a review,
    monitoring and improvement system
  • Plan for human capital
  • Strategies for family engagement
  • Systems to facilitate health screening and
    referrals
  • Coordinated zero to 5 data infrastructure

11
Children in Poverty
  • Percentage of children under 18 years living in
    poverty may peak at 21 (15.6M) in 2010 highest
    in 20 years
  • Foundation for Child Development
  • 2010 Child Well-Being Index

12
Impact on Child Care Facilities
  • Reduction in the number of children in child care
    programs
  • Increased vacancies in child care programs
  • Closure of some childcare programs
  • NCCRRA Survey

13
Statefunded Preschool
  • Difficult State budgets in 2010 and 2011
  • Dramatic increase in State-funded preschool
    funding may be over
  • New Mexico, Florida, Illinois, Wisconsin, New
    York, Arizona, and others considering, or have
    implemented, cuts to early learning programs

14
Head Start
  • ARRA (American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of
    2009)
  • 1B Head Start
  • 1.1B Early Head Start
  • FY 2011
  • 989 increase in the total funding for Head
    Start, to over 8.2 billion

15
ARRA (cont,)
  • Teacher Incentive Fund (200M)
  • Teacher Quality Enhancement (100M)
  • Statewide Data Systems (250M)

16
Title 1
  • Improving the Academic Achievement of the
    Disadvantaged
  • ARRA
  • 10B to State Educational Agencies

17
Maternal, Infant and Childhood Home Visiting
Program Grants
  • 90M The Affordable Care Act
  • Evidence-based home visiting strategies that help
    families create a nurturing environment for young
    children and connect to a range of services,
    including
  • health,
  • early education,
  • early intervention and more

18
  • an early childhood service system in every State
    that supports high-quality, evidence-based
    practice. 
  • coordinated services to improve maternal and
    child health and promote healthy child
    development in our communities most in need.
  • additional funding to Tribal programs

19
Increase the quality and availability of Child
Care
  • Child Care and Development Block Grant
  • FY 2011
  • 1.6B addition to child care funding to extend
    child care assistance to approximately 235,000
    more children (total 6.644B).
  •  
  • Largest increase in child care funding in over 20
    years. 

20
Special Education
  • Additional 250M in formula grants for a total of
    11.76 billion to help States pay the extra costs
    of providing special education and related
    services to an estimated 6.7M children with
    disabilities aged 3 through 21 years 
  • Maintains 374.1M in additional support to States
    for providing special education and related
    services to preschoolers with disabilities ages 3
    through 5
  • Maintains 439.4M investment to help States
    implement statewide systems of early intervention
    services for all eligible children from birth
    through age 2 and their families

21
Race to the Top
  • ARRA 4.3B - Race to the Top (Rounds 1 and 2)
  • FY 2010
  • 1.35B (Round 3)
  • The initial competition, includes an invitational
    priority for activities that improve outcomes for
    high-need students who are young children (birth
    through 3rd grade)

22
Investing in Innovation (i3) Program
  • ARRA 650M
  • FY2011
  • 500M to identify, develop, and scale up
    promising models and interventions.
  • The initial competition, funded by the Recovery
    Act, includes a competitive priority for
    activities to improve outcomes for high-need
    students who are young children (birth through
    3rd grade)

23
Promise Neighborhoods
  • ARRA 10M
  • FY 2011
  • 210M to provide funding for another cohort of
    competitive planning grants and new
    implementation grants to community-based
    organizations for the development of
    comprehensive neighborhood programs, with
    effective schools at the center.

24
Effective Teaching and Learning Science,
Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)
  • FY 2011 300M
  • Supports State and local efforts aimed at
    implementing and supporting a comprehensive STEM
    strategy for the provision of high-quality STEM
    instruction and support to students from
    prekindergarten through grade 12 by funding the
    competitive grant program at

25
Effective Teaching and Learning Literacy
  • FY 2011 450M
  • Supports State and local efforts aimed at
    implementing and supporting a comprehensive
    literacy strategy that provides high-quality
    literacy instruction and support to students from
    prekindergarten through grade 12

26
ESEA REAUTHORIZATION
27
Overarching Principles
  • Raise the bar for all students. Close the gap.
  • Tight on goals. Loose on means.
  • Foster innovation and reward success.
  • Build on the four assurances.

28
Four Assurances
Raise standards and improveassessments. Recruit, retain support effective educators, andensure equitable distribution.
Build robust data systems that track student progressand improve practice. Turn around low-performing schools, focusing on dropout factories and their feeder schools.
29
Early Learning
  • ESEA reauthorization
  • Alignment of standards and assessments
  • Coordination of professional development
  • Integration of high-quality early learning
    programs into school reform efforts

30
High-quality early learning approaches
  • Continued Title I Support of Preschool
  • A Birth-Through-College-to-Career Agenda
  • Promise Neighborhood grants
  • Comprehensive Education Reforms
  • Race to the Top
  • Innovation in Early Learning
  • Investing in Innovation (i3)

31
Supports early learning professionals
  • Joint Professional Development
  • Expanded Administrators Knowledge of Early
    Learning
  • Support for Teachers of Young Children.

32
Expands learning opportunities for young children
  • Seamless Transitions and Improved Coordination
  • Strengthened Literacy and STEM P-12 Plans
  • Increased Learning Time for Young Children
  • Comprehensive Early Learning Assessment Systems

33
Looking at Assessment
  • The process of collecting, interpreting and
    evaluating evidence of learning in order to make
    informed judgments

34
An Assessment System
  • A coordinated system of assessments and
    strategies intended to collect information about
    the process and context of young childrens
    learning and development in order to make
    informed instructional and programmatic
    decisions.

35
Purpose
  • To monitor the learning and development of
    children prior to third grade
  • To monitor program effectiveness and support
    continuous improvement

36
Types of Measures
  • Screenings
  • Diagnostic
  • Formative
  • Formal
  • Observational measures
  • Descriptive data

37
Questions
  • How is Johnny doing?
  • Do all children have the basic health, social-
    emotional, and cognitive competencies needed to
    be successful in school?
  • Are children progressing along a trajectory that
    will lead to school success?

38
Questions
  • How is the program doing?
  • Does the program have sufficient resources
    (human/financial) to be successful?
  • Are program standards being met?
  • Are quality measures leading to improved outcomes
    for children?

39
  • Early Learning Standards A comprehensive,
    well-articulated set of standards that define
    what children should know and be able to do.
  • Program Quality Standards A comprehensive set of
    standards that describe program quality.
  • Assessments Multiple approaches to documenting
    childrens learning and reviewing program
    quality.

40
  • Opportunity to learn assessment of the
    environments in which children are spending time.
  • Inclusion ensuring that all children served by
    the program will be assessed fairly, regardless
    of their language, culture, or disabilities.
  • Resources Assurance of adequate financial
    resources to ensure the development and
    implementation of the system components.

41
  • Reporting Maintenance of an integrated database
    of assessment instruments and results, accessible
    to potential users, that
  • provides information about how the instruments
    and scores relate to standards, and that
  • can generate reports for the varied audiences and
    purposes.

42
  • Professional Development Ongoing opportunities
    at all levels to understand the standards and the
    assessments and to learn to use the data and data
    reports with integrity for their own purposes.
  • Monitoring and evaluation Monitoring of the
    system itself to ensure continuous improvement.

43
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