Child maltreatment and disorganised attachment behaviour - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Child maltreatment and disorganised attachment behaviour

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CHILD MALTREATMENT AND DISORGANISED ATTACHMENT BEHAVIOUR Professor David Shemmings OBE PhD University of Kent UK Visiting Professor of Child Protection Research – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Child maltreatment and disorganised attachment behaviour


1
Child maltreatment and disorganised attachment
behaviour
Professor David Shemmings OBE PhD University of
Kent UK Visiting Professor of Child Protection
Research Royal Holloway University of London
Director of the ADAM Project and co-Director of
the University of Kents online Child Protection
Centre Director of the West London Advanced Child
Protection Pathway d.shemmings_at_kent.ac.uk
2
What is disorganised attachment behaviour?
  • Fear without solution
  • Secure base and safe haven are simultaneously the
    source of fear, terror, chronic indifference etc.
    fear of the carer or fear for the carer
  • A set of fleeting behaviours, depending on the
    age of the child, that practitioners can be
    trained to understand, recognise and work with
    (I have trained nearly 3500 professionals in the
    past four years)
  • It is not the same as disrupted placements and
    certainly not the same as insecure attachment

3
combined with other factors, it offers more
reliability as an indicator of maltreatment our
current risk indicators
  • Note its an indicator, not a predictor

4
Why is that?
  • Because it gets to heart of what chronic
    maltreatment actually is
  • And because difficulties currently exist when
    assessing maltreatment, resulting from
  • high base-rate population statistics
  • the fallacy of reverse inference

5
How can we identify disorganised attachment
behaviour?
  • Depends on age but practitioners need an
    accurate and contextualised understanding of
    attachment

6
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10
Is anything predictive of dab and maltreatment?
  • Yes, what we termed the Mechanisms of
    Maltreatment
  • Unresolved loss or trauma
  • Disconnected and extremely Insensitive Parenting
    (DIP) but not simply parental sensitivity
  • Low mentalising capacity

11
Can anything be done to help families?
  • most definitely!!
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