Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of the United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, and Italy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of the United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, and Italy

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Title: Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of the United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, and Italy Author: Michael Last modified by: Windows User Created Date – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of the United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, and Italy


1
Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of the
United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, and Italy
  • GPS Standard The student will explain the
    impact of location, climate, natural resources,
    and population distribution on Europe.

2
Location of the United Kingdom
  • An island nation with many ports and harbors.
  • Location has helped the U.K become an
    international banking and insurance center
  • Location on Atlantic Ocean helps its trade with
    U.S.
  • London (capital) has the busiest airport in the
    world.
  • Population 61 million

3
The Channel Tunnel
  • The Channel Tunnel is a large tunnel (under the
    water) which runs between Britain and France,
    under the Strait of Dover in the English Channel.
  • Great impact on Englands economy
  • The channel is about 31 miles long. The tunnel
    is about 131 feet below the sea bed.

4
Climate of the U.K
  • Mild climate with rainfall throughout the year.
  • The gulf stream moves warm water from the Gulf of
    Mexico up north across the Atlantic to the west
    coast of the U.K.
  • The Gulf stream makes winters in the U.K much
    milder.
  • The climate and the land is good
  • for farming.
  • (however lt 2 are farmers)
  • Over half of the land is used for farms.

5
Think Pair Share
  • Why do think most people in the U.K live in urban
    areas rather than rural?

6
Natural Resources of the U.K
  • Coal, petroleum, natural gas, and iron ore.
  • Fishing is profitable (cod,crabs, and mackerel)
  • Most people live in urban areas to find jobs
  • 80 of people work in service industries.

7
Location of Russia
  • In two continents, Europe and Asia
  • European Russia and Asian Russia are separated by
    the Ural Mountains
  • Russia is unfavorably located in relation to
    major sea lanes of the world which hurts trade
  • Population 142 million

8
Climate of Russia
  • Really only two seasons winter and summer.
    Average yearly temp is below freezing.
  • Many areas have soil that is permanently frozen
    (called permafrost)
  • About 73 of population lives in Europe Russia
    (weather not quite as bad)
  • Asian Russia climate is extremely cold. Temps can
    be
  • -40 F. Summers are mild
  • Its ports cities are locked by ice most of the
    year.

Siberian Tigers only about 500 in the wild.
9
Natural Resources of Russia
  • Gold, aluminum ore, coal, and iron are found in
    the Ural Mountains (lots of factories located
    here)
  • Oil in Siberia
  • Over half of the major cities are located on the
    Volga River.
  • Russia has formidable obstacles of climate,
    terrain, and distance which hinder exploitation
    of natural resources.

Gold
Volga River
10
Summary Writing
  • Answer the question below in paragraph form.
  • How does the location, climate, and natural
    resources of Russia and the U.K affect their
    economies?

11
Location of Germany
  • Germanys location in center of Europe makes it a
    crossroad of travel and trade (excellent highway
    system)
  • Densely populated, most live in urban areas
  • Many cities lie along the Rhine River, which is
    important for trade.
  • The Alps mountains make transportation more
    difficult in the South, though they have built
    tunnels to improve trade.
  • Population 82 million

12
Climate of Germany
  • Marine climate
  • Gulf stream warms the region
  • The seas also cool the land in the summer.
  • The ocean also brings moisture to the land to
    produce good crops

European Plains
13
Natural Resources of Germany
  • Coal, iron ore and potash from mining
  • Uranium used for nuclear fuel
  • 1/3 of the land is arable.
  • Coal helped to build large industrial areas
    mainly along the Rhine River

14
Location of Italy
  • Northern border is in the Alps Mountains
  • 70 of population lives in urban areas, mostly in
    North Italy
  • Italys location on Mediterranean sea allows
    effective trade with Africa, Asia, and other
    countries in Europe.
  • Population 60 million

15
Climate of Italy
Apennines Mtns
  • Mostly a Mediterranean climate
  • Mediterranean sea keeps temperatures comfortable
    most of the year.
  • Dry summers
  • Alps mountains block cold air from the north
  • The Sahara desert sends warm air from North
    Africa
  • Alps and Apennines mountains have snowy winters
    because of elevation

Mediterranean Sea
Alps
16
Natural Resources of Italy
Vineyard in Italy
  • Natural gas most valuable natural resource
  • Marble and granite used for construction and
    artwork
  • Grapes and olives are important crops
  • Fishing industry, (sardines and anchovies)
    important for the economy

Anchovy
Sardines
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