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American Literature

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Stephen Crane (1895-1905) The Red Badge of Courage Realism, Naturalism, and French Impressionism VI. Post WWI Literature (1920 s-1930 s) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American Literature


1
American Literature
  • Lecture Notes!!

2
FYI
  • Genre(s) Type of Classification
  • Look at Historical Genres
  • 8 Genres (or historical periods)

3
I. Colonial Period (1620-1732)
  • Puritan-Calvinist writing
  • (Religious)
  • a. John Winthrop
  • Winthrops Journal (1649)
  • b. Ben Franklin (1732) Begins publishing Poor
    Richards Almanack
  • -Autobiography of Ben Franklin
  • -orders his day according to a strict
    discipline
  • -Manage time efficiently
  • -Set Goals

4
II. Revolutionary Period (1760s-1787)
  • 1776-Independence Day
  • 1787-Constitution adopted
  • Writing switches from religious to political
    (1765)
  • a. Thomas Paine
  • Pamphlet Common Sense (1775)
  • -American Independence
  • b. 1776- Declaration of Independence-Thomas
    Jefferson
  • -Started University of Virginia
  • -believed in creating an intellectual elite

5
III. Early National Period(1800-1830)
  • A. Washington Irving
  • 1.Rip Van Winkle-1819-1820
  • 2.Legend of Sleepy Hollow-1819-1820
  • B. Noah Webster (1828)
  • -1ST. American Language Dictionary
  • C. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow- poet
  • Paul Reveres Ride

6
IV. American Renaissance(1830-1860)
  • A. Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • - Poet/prose writer
  • Transcendentalist
  • Nature (1836)
  • B. Henry David Thoreau
  • (1) Walden (1854)
  • (2) Civil Disobedience
  • C. Emily Dickinson
  • Wrote 1400 poems-1850-1860

7
IV. American Renaissance (1830-1860) Cont.
  • Death was a focus of her poems. Ex I heard a
    fly buzz
  • D. Edgar Allan Poe
  • 1830s-1840s creator of Gothic Horror
  • The Tell-Tale Heart
  • E. Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • (1850) Scarlet Letter
  • F. Herman Melville
  • (1851) Moby-Dick
  • G. Walt Whitman
  • (1855) Leaves of Grass
  • H. Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • (1850) Uncle Toms Cabin

8
V. Post Civil War Literature (1865-1910)
  • Writing switches from romantic to realism
  • a. Mark Twain
  • - Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876)
  • - Adventures of Huck Finn(1884)
  • b. Henry James (elitist, wealthy)
  • -dual citizenship in England and the United
    States.
  • -Turn of the Screw
  • -Portrait of a Lady
  • c. Regional Writers (1880s-1900)
  • -Laura Ingals Wilder (KS)
  • -Little House on the Prairie
  • -Willa Cather (NE)
  • -Wagner Matinee
  • -My Antonia
  • -Kate Chopin (LA)-1st feminist
  • -A pair of Silk Stockings
  • Awakeningher novel
  • -Jack London- Novels-Call of the Wild, White
    Fang (Yukon Territory)
  • d. Stephen Crane (1895-1905) The Red Badge of
    Courage

9
VI. Post WWI Literature(1920s-1930s)
  • Realism? Disillusionment
  • A. Poets
  • -T.S. Eliot The Waste Land
  • -Robert Frost, ee cumings
  • B. Novelists
  • 1.Ernest Hemingway A Farewell to Arms
  • 2.William Faulkner- wrote in dialect The
    Stream of Consciousness -The Sound And The
    Fury (1929)
  • 3. F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby
    (1925)
  • C. 30s- Depression
  • -John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath (1939)

10
VII. Post WWII Period (1940s-Present)
  • A. Playwrights
  • Tennessee Williams
  • Glass Menagerie (1944)
  • Streetcar Named Desire (1947)
  • Arthur Miller (1940s)
  • The Crucible
  • Death of A Salesman
  • B. Other Novelists
  • 1. Ralph Ellison, Invisible Man (1952)
  • 2. Truman Capote (1965) In Cold Blood
  • C. Poets
  • 1. Feminists
  • Elizabeth Bishop
  • Sylvia Plath
  • Anne Sexton

11
VII. Post WWII Period (1940s-present) Cont.
  • 2. African American
  • Gwendolyn Brooks (50s-on)
  • Maya Angelou
  • Lucille Clifton
  • Alice Walker
  • Toni Morrison

12
VIII. Science Fiction (1940s-present)
  • (acknowledge two forerunners to SF Jules Verne
    (French) and H.G. Wells (British)
  • 4 American Founding Fathers
  • 1. Isaac Asimov
  • 2. Robert Heinlein
  • 3. Arthur C. Clarke 2001 A Space Odyssey
  • 4. Ray Bradbury Fahrenheit 451
  • 3 Types of Science Fiction
  • 1. Altered past-time travel machine
  • 2. Intruded upon present
  • 3. Extrapolated future
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