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AMERICAN ROMANTICISM

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Title: AMERICAN ROMANTICISM


1
AMERICAN ROMANTICISM
  • 1800-1860

2
  • HISTORICAL, SOCIAL, AND
  • CULTURAL FORCES

3
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  • IN THE MID-1700s, A HUGE
  • ECONOMIC CHANGE KNOWN
  • AS THE INDUSTRIAL
  • REVOLUTION BEGAN IN
  • BRITAIN.

4
  • MANUFACTURING SHIFTED
  • FROM SKILLED WORKERS
  • USING HAND TOOLS TO
  • UNSKILLED LABORERS
  • TENDING LARGE, COMPLEX
  • MACHINES.

5
  • MANUFACTURERS SOLD
  • THEIR GOODS NATIONWIDE
  • OR ABROAD INSTEAD OF
  • JUST LOCALLY.

6
  • THE INDUSTRIAL
  • REVOLUTION SOON SPREAD
  • TO THE UNITED STATES,
  • CREATING TREMENDOUS
  • ECONOMIC GROWTH AND
  • TRANSFORMED AMERICAN
  • SOCIETY.

7
  • A SERIES OF MILLS, OPENED
  • BY FRANCIS C. LOWELL IN
  • MASSACHUSETTS,
  • EMPLOYED THOUSANDS OF
  • PEOPLE WHO WORKED FOR
  • LOWER WAGES IN
  • DANGEROUS CONDITIONS.

8
  • TWO NEW INVENTIONS
  • REVOLUTIONIZED
  • TRANSPORTATION
  • THE STEAMBOAT
  • THE RAILROAD

9
SECTIONAL STRIFE
  • THE INDUSTRIAL
  • REVOLUTION DIVIDED
  • AMERICANS INTO TWO
  • NATIONS THE NORTH AND
  • THE SOUTH.

10
  • NORTHERN STATES HAD LARGE
  • CITIES AND AN ECONOMY BASED
  • ON MANUFACTURING.

11
  • SOUTHERN STATES HAD FEW
  • LARGE CITIES, AND THEIR
  • FARMING ECONOMY WAS
  • DOMINATED BY A SINGLE
  • CROPCOTTON.

12
  • IN TIME, THESE DIVISIONS
  • WOULD BRING THE CIVIL
  • WAR!

13
THE AGE OF REFORM
  • IN THE 1820s, IDEALISTIC
  • AMERICANS BEGAN AN
  • EAGER RUSH TO IMPROVE
  • AMERICAN SOCIETY WHICH
  • GAVE WAY TO REFORMERS.

14
  • REFORMERS WERE INSPIRED
  • BY THE SECOND GREAT
  • AWAKENING, A MAJOR
  • RELIGIOUS MOVEMENT
  • THAT REACHED ITS PEAK IN
  • THE 1820s AND 1830s.

15
  • DURING THIS AGE,
  • AMERICANS BANDED
  • TOGETHER IN DOZENS OF
  • ORGANIZATIONS TO DO THE
  • FOLLOWING

16
  1. END SLAVERY
  2. STOP DRUNKENESS
  3. SECURE WOMENS RIGHTS
  4. PROVIDE BETTER CARE FOR THE MENTALLY ILL
  5. IMPROVE PRISONS

17
  • ROOTS
  • OF
  • ROMANTICISM

18
OPTIMISM AND INDIVIDUALISM
  • NEW IDEAS BEGAN TO
  • TRANSFORM EUROPEAN
  • CIVILIZATION.

19
  • ROMANTICISM A MOVEMENT IN ART AND THOUGHT THAT
    DOMINATED EUROPE AND THE UNITED STATES THROUGHOUT
    MUCH OF 1800s.

20
  • ROMANTIC WRITERS
  • SHARED IMPORTANT
  • ATTITUDES

21
  • THEY VALUED
  • IMAGINATION AND
  • FEELING OVER INTELLECT
  • AND REASON.

22
  • SOME CELEBRATED
  • INDIVIDUALISM AND
  • FREEDOM.

23
  • THEY BELIEVED IN THE
  • BASIC GOODNESS AND
  • EQUALITY OF HUMAN
  • BEINGS AND IN THEIR
  • RIGHT TO GOVERN
  • THEMSELVES.

24
  • OTHERS TOOK A MORE
  • PESSIMISTIC VIEW OF
  • HUMAN LIFE.

25
  • ROMANTICISM REFLECTED A
  • DIVISION BETWEEN A
  • BRIGHT AND A DARK
  • VISION OF THE WORLD.

26
KINSHIP WITH NATURE
  • ANOTHER ATTITUDE THAT
  • THE ROMANTICS SHARED
  • WAS A BELIEF IN THE
  • IMPORTANCE OF NATURE.

27
  • EUROPEAN THINKERS
  • BELIEVED THAT NATURE WAS
  • MERELY A WILDERNESS TO
  • BE TAMED.

28
  • ROMANTICS CELEBRATED
  • THE BEAUTY, POWER, AND
  • WONDER OF THE NATURAL
  • WORLD.

29
  • ROMANTICS ALSO STRESSED
  • THE VALUE OF NATURE AS A
  • SPIRITUAL AND MORAL
  • GUIDE FOR HUMANITY.

30
THE POWER OF DARKNESS
  • THE DARK SIDE OF
  • ROMANTICISM INCLUDED
  • THE FOLLOWING

31
  1. FASCINATION WITH DISEASE
  2. MADNESS
  3. DEATH
  4. EVIL
  5. THE SUPERNATURAL
  6. DESTRUCTIVE ASPECTS OF NATURE

32
  • ROMANTICS WERE ALSO
  • FASCINATED BY REMOTE
  • PERIODS OF HISTORY AND
  • EXOTIC PLACES.

33
  • THE FIRST ROMANTIC
  • APPROACH CAN BE SEEN IN
  • THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE
  • GOTHIC NOVEL THAT
  • CONTAINED THE
  • FOLLOWING ELEMENTS

34
  • WILD, HAUNTED
  • LANDSCAPES,
  • SUPERNATURAL EVENTS,
  • AND MYSTERIOUS CASTLES.

35
  • THE GOTHIC HAD ITS ROOTS IN FRENCH, GERMAN, AND
    ENGLISH LITERATURE.

36
  • IN THE WORKS OF POE, THE
  • GOTHIC TOOK A TURN
  • TOWARD THE
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL
  • EXPLORATION OF THE
  • HUMAN MIND.

37
EXAMPLES OF GOTHIC NOVELS
  1. FRANKENSTEIN BY MARY SHELLEY
  2. NORTHANGER ABBEY BY JANE AUSTEN

38
MODERN GOTHIC WRITERS
  1. DAPHNE du MAURIER
  2. CATHERINE COOKSON
  3. VICTORIA HOLT
  4. MARY STEWART
  5. STEPHEN KING

39
VALUES OF THE ROMANTIC WRITER
  1. IMAGINATION
  2. FEELING
  3. INDIVIDUALISM
  4. FREEDOM

40
  1. HUMAN GOODNESS
  2. EQUALITY
  3. SELF-GOVERNMENT
  4. IMPORTANCE OF NATURE

41
THE DARK SIDE OF ROMANTICISM
  • SUPERNATURAL
  • DESTRUCTIVE ASPECTS OF NATURE
  • EVIL

42
  1. INSANITY
  2. REMOTE PERIODS IN HISTORY
  3. EXOTIC PLACES

43
FIVE IS OF ROMANTICISM
  1. INTUITION
  2. IMAGINATION
  3. INNOCENCE
  4. INSPIRATION FROM NATURE
  5. INNER EXPERIENCE

44
(No Transcript)
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