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Constitutional Foundations for The United States Democratic Republic

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Constitutional Foundations for The United States Democratic Republic The Creation of a Nation The Constitution is the Foundation of American Society American ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Constitutional Foundations for The United States Democratic Republic


1
Constitutional Foundations for The United States
Democratic Republic
  • The Creation of a Nation

2
The Constitution is the Foundation of American
Society
  • American Political Rights and governmental
    institutions had 3 sources
  • 1 British Influence
  • 2 17th 18th Century Enlightenment ideas
  • 3 American Colonial Experience
  • Developed from 13 ENGLISH COLONIES

3
British Influence
  • Magna Carta 1215 Limited the Kings power to
    rule
  • Petition of Rights 1628 Established basic
    rights for the people
  • English Bill of Rights representative
    government rule of law are more important than
    the power of the King

4
Enlightenment Thinkers
5
John Locke
  • People are born with natural rights
  • Life
  • Liberty
  • Property
  • Social Contract Theory to protect rights people
    form governments
  • Governments exist with consent of the governed

6
Baron De Montesquieu
  • Balanced government works best
  • Divide power among several branches
  • Prevents one branch from becoming too strong

7
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Governments rule with the consent of the governed
  • People have the right to change their government
    (by force if necessary)

8
Voltaire
  • Advocated right to free speech and religion
  • I may detest what you say but will defend to the
    death your right to say it.

9
Colonial Experience
  • House of Burgesses 1619 Virginia
  • First representative government
  • New England Town Meetings
  • 1754 Albany Plan of Union Franklins plan
    rejected - fear of loosing self-government

10
Economic Causes of Revolution
  • Mercantilism
  • Proclamation of (1763) limited movement
  • Sugar Act (1764) - Tax
  • Stamp Act (1765) -Tax
  • Townshend Acts Tax
  • Tea Act British tea less expensive
  • Intolerable Acts (1774)

11
Political Causes
  • Lost control over Kings representatives
  • Taxes threaten rights to property
  • No voice in British Parliament

12
Social Ideological Causes
  • Colonists felt more equal to each other than
    their British counterparts
  • 90 of all white males owned land which enabled
    them to vote
  • Birth rate in the colonies produced many people
    who had no ties to England
  • Great Awakening religious movement encouraged
    people to question authority

13
Colonial Response to Britain
  • First Continental Congress (1774) attempt to
    plan a united response to British actions
  • April 1775 Battles of Lexington Concord -
    colonial attempts to arm themselves are
    frustrated start the American Revolution
  • June 1776 Declaration of Independence proposed
    becomes fact July 1776

14
Purpose of the Declaration of Independence
  • Tell the world that the colonies are now a new
    Independent nation
  • Explain and Justify to the world why this action
    was necessary
  • Leave a record that made sense to future
    generations

15
Three parts of the Declaration
  • A theory of Government
  • List of grievances against the King
  • Formal resolution declaring independence

16
Key Ideas of Government
  • People have natural rights
  • Governments get power from the people the consent
    of the governed
  • If governments dont respond to the peoples
    wishes the people have the right to abolish that
    government.
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