Update on Knowledge Management Capacity Building regional organisations Group work Learning - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: Update on Knowledge Management Capacity Building regional organisations Group work Learning


1
Update on Knowledge ManagementCapacity Building
regional organisationsGroup work Learning
Sharing
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Ouagadougou , July 2012 Pels, IRC

2
  • Objectives of this session
  • Update on WA-WASH KM work 10
  • What has been done until today
  • What is expected of WA-WASH partners for KM
  • Capacity Building regional organisations 10
  • What changed
  • Tour d horizon desk research
  • Group work Learning Sharing
  • Work in country teams KM team to chair 40
  • Plot partner / other Learning Sharing
    mechanisms
  • What CB is needed
  • Plenary reporting back group work 20

3
Update on Knowledge Management
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • What has been done until today

4
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

5
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

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Knowledge Management?
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Make primary information flow (IM)
  • See next slide (NOT ADMIN INFO)
  • Share knowledge (KS)
  • See following slide
  • For engineers K I(ESA) or in text knowledge
    is information in use.
  • KM gt KS..IM gt KS....IM gt KS IM

Experience Skills Attitude
7
Information management
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Key to success
  • WA-WASH KM-team YOU!
  • After Action Review (AAR) method simple
  • Contact person ( 1st in line) at every partner
  • Up-to-date
  • Calendar of events / Who who list
  • Activities
  • GIS
  • IT support tools!

8
Knowledge sharing
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Key to success
  • WA-WASH KM-team
  • Back to back with meetings (like now ?)
  • Document sharing processes gt FIU lead
  • Up-to-date
  • WHEN/WHO Calendar of events / Who who list
  • WHAT/HOW Documents (WPs, Press releases, PPTs,
    ANYTHING)
  • WHERE GIS
  • IT support tools!

9
.... KM links to
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Communication
  • Monitoring / Evaluation
  • Learning / Knowledge sharing
  • Information management / GIS database
  • IT use!
  • ..... sustainability

10
Lessons WAWI I II
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Begin as you mean to go on / KM team at the start
  • Need of key contacts in partner organisation
  • Regular communication in the KM team
  • Central repository for information
  • WHEN/WHO Calendar of events / Who who list
  • WHAT/HOW Documents (WPs, Press releases, PPTs,
    ANYTHING)
  • WHERE GIS
  • Needs in-continent office
  • Language barrier!

11
Literature
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

12
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

13
WA-WASH Central KM team
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

Burkina Faso, Salouka
Mali, Koné
Ghana, Otum
The Netherlands, Bury
Niger, Ousmane
The Netherlands, Pels
14
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Build network in the WA-WASH partnership
  • Use ICT
  • Chrome / Google , mail, groups, drive, calendar,
    CLOUD connect, Picasa, YouTube / SoundCloud /
    Microsoft / Skype
  • WAWASHKM
  • Coming Drupal / DropBox / Twitter / Facebook
    page
  • Run mail list https//groups.google.com/forum/?f
    romgroups!forum/wawash
  • Populate blog / GLOWS portal
  • www.ghana.globalwaters.net / www.globalwaters.net
    / www.niger.globalwaters.net / www.burkinafaso.glo
    balwaters.net www.mali.globalwaters.net
  • Keep Google WA-WASH / WASH sector country
    Calendar current
  • https//www.google.com/calendar/b/0/embed?srcfh72
    rdniukfmssvh9r4up664jo_at_group.calendar.google.com
  • Collect sector documents
  • Take inventory activities
  • http//www.akvo.org/rsr/project/447/
  • Use AKVO Really Simple Reporting .. Or alike in
    GLOWS portal

15
GLOWS website
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

16
Ghana country blog
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

17
AKVO RSR Rain foundation
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

18
AKVO RSR project example
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

19
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Step 1 Country Plans
  • Take stock of activities by WA-WASH
  • Step 2 NOW
  • Platforms for dialogues / learning sharing
    where capacity is build Take stock
  • Step 3 GLOWS Portal
  • Make information flow
  • Within WA-WASH
  • Within platforms
  • Within sector
  • Towards public

20
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

21
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

22
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

23
Update on Knowledge Management
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • What is expected of WA-WASH partners for KM

24
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Step 1 KM team
  • Kick-off workshop July 9-14, 2012
  • Step 2 NOW
  • Staff of WA-WASH partners needed to join the KM
    country team
  • Step 3 GLOWS Portal
  • Make information flow
  • Within WA-WASH
  • Within platforms
  • Within sector
  • Towards public

25
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Nodes WA-WASH
  • Global
  • USAid
  • FIU / IRC
  • Country manager
  • Country platforms
  • WA-WASH Partners
  • Partner platforms
  • Implementers
  • Community
  • Beneficiary
  • Sharing Learning
  • RWSN / WWF etc
  • Learning / Sharing
  • Learning / Sharing?
  • Learning / Sharing
  • .
  • Management? )
  • Sustainable? )
  • Information flow
  • Browse
  • Reports
  • Portal / Blogs
  • Reports
  • Reports
  • Reports
  • Stories )
  • Stories )

) Triangulation field fact finding missions
needed.
26
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

27
Collect, Compare,
Connect, Communicate,
Capacitate, Contact, Codify, Channel
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

Compare
Communicate
Collect
Connect
Communicate
Contact
Channel
28
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • In every WA-WASH partner in every country staff
    (at least one) to join the country KM teams.
  • To make the information flow
  • To take stock of activities
  • To co-edit the country calendar
  • To
  • FUI BF / Miami to work on Information systems

29
Triangulation fact finding field research
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

30
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • WAWI (WA-WASH predecessor)
  • No legacy!!!!
  • World Vision / WaterAid / CARE have bits and
    pieces
  • Let us not re-invent the square wheel again

WAWI legacy
31
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

Knowledge Management is about POWER, ACCESS and
LANGUAGE
  • Green
  • Mailing-list
  • Network
  • Google Cloud
  • Co-creation
  • Partnership
  • Social media
  • Public calendar
  • Open data / open knowledge (WB)
  • Red
  • Mail C.C. and B.C.C
  • Hierarchy
  • MsDOS
  • Teaching
  • Project
  • Reports
  • Hidden agenda
  • Information on a need-to-know basis
  • Orange
  • Mail To
  • Silos
  • DropBox
  • Telling
  • Program
  • Website / portal
  • No agenda
  • Empowered secretariat

I leave it to you to score WA-WASH to figure out
challenges
32
Capacity Building regional organisations
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • What changed

33
Capacity building
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

IR C synergies between WASH, Food security and
Climate Change CB of national organisations to
integrate WASH and food security programmes and
adapt to climate change. Activities 3.1 to 3.3
IR D Strengthen regional enabling environment
for integrated WASH CB of regional organisations
to strengthen the potential in WASH advocacy,
KM and networking Activities 4.1 to 4.4.
IR B Improved sustainability of WASH services CB
of local authorities / water service providers
to plan, invest, operate and monitor WASH
services Activities 2.1 to 2.5 4.2.1.
IR A Accelerated access to improved WASH
services CB of communities and HH to use water
and sanitation facilities and adopt hygiene
behaviours Activities 1.1 to 1.7 2.2 2.5
34
Re-focus of Inventory
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • There is no WASH regional organisations as such
    in West Africa
  • EAA (WSAfrica former CREPA) has ambitions
  • The regional organisations are not WASH related
    and dont hold any mandate on WASH

35
Re-focus of Inventory
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • 2009 ANEW Analysis of Water and Sanitation
    Policies and Status of IWRM in Africa Advocacy
    capacity assessment of African civil society on
    water supply and sanitation

36
Re-focus of Inventory
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • A number of questions that need to be answered to
    help develop a CB program.
  • A study would help identify which learning and
    knowledge platforms the program should be part of
    to make sure that the knowledge and learning
    created during WA-WASH are part of a bigger
    picture and to make sure that the steps and
    learning taken during this program are known by
    the sector.
  • After having identified the platforms, the
    assessment will look in the capacity of those
    platforms to be a place of exchange of
    information. These platforms will play their role
    in the WASH sector. It will help in identifying
    capacity gaps and the program would then build
    capacity of the selected platforms, mainly
    through the knowledge management activity handled
    by IRC.
  • One important point is that the study should not
    limit itself to NGOs platform but should include
    any kind of learning platform existing on WASH in
    each of the 3 countries Burkina, Ghana, and
    Niger and eventually Mali if and when activities
    are allow back. We agreed that this is an
    important aspect of capacity building and IRC
    should go ahead with it.

37
Capacity Building Setting
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • WAWASH includes a CB component geared towards
    decentralised organisations (IRC) and academic
    institutions (Unesco) in each country, and
    intra-regional organisations (FIU).
  • While developing the workplan in each country
    last year, it became clear each partner would
    carry on CB activities to implement its part of
    the programme. The planned CB activities are in
    direct relation with each partners project and
    essential to the success of the WAWASH programme.
  • WAWASH also includes the assessment of WASH
    capacities of governmental agencies and
    non-governmental organisations (conducted by IWA)
    and the assessment of capacities of WASH Learning
    sharing platforms (conducted by IRC), in each
    country. Based on these assessments, it will be
    possible to identify the gaps in planning and
    construction, operation and financing, social
    mobilisation, as well as gaps in learning and
    sharing information and knowledge, in each
    country. Then based on each partners CB plan, it
    will be possible to identify the gaps that our
    programme will address by August 2015 and to
    figure out overall WAWASH contribution to meet
    capacity needs.
  • WAWASH seeks to develop approaches, methods,
    tools and capacities that will last after the
    programme ends (on top of infrastructure). It
    means that the CB materials developed under
    WAWASH should be made available to others and
    benefit not only to the direct audience / targets
    each partner will reach through its own
    activities. In order to embed and to scale-up
    WAWASH CB, one can seek for the integration of
    WAWASH trainings into existing curricula and,
    when possible, the attendance of non WAWASH
    partners to the training sessions each partner
    will organise. Other options are possible and
    will be discussed in the course of the forum.

38
Capacity Building Roadmap
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • During the first 2 days of the forum (16 17),
    IWA and IRC will present their assessment of WASH
    capacity gaps and all WA WASH partners will
    present their CB plan for each country where they
    work. It will be a good opportunity to touch base
    on each partners project and on the potential of
    our programme to bridge some capacity gaps.
    WAWASH partners will also discuss various options
    to levy our CB activities and ensure they survive
    WAWASH. Finally, the aim is to reach an agreement
    on a sharing mechanism (giving all of us access
    to all CB materials) and on a peer-review process
    allowing synergies when relevant.
  • At the end of these 2 days, a CB framework is
    designed for BF (and possibly for the other
    countries), as well as a strategy to enlarge our
    audience and levy our CB activities.
  • In parallel to the internal forum, IWA is
    organising a side event in order to validate the
    assessment of WASH capacities in BF with local
    stakeholders.
  • The last day of the meeting consists in an
    open forum where assessments of gaps in BF and
    the WAWASH CB framework for BF are exposed to
    local stakeholders (from high level to CBOs,
    including academic/training institutes). A
    round-table discussion will be facilitated to
    cover the different leverage options envisaged by
    WAWASH partners.

39
WA-WASH partner input
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • IWA and IRC present the results of the country
    assessments
  • Each partner presents the CB related activities
    planned in each country. A format is included in
    the attach to align our presentations (15 min
    each)
  • IWA organises the validation side-event.
  • IRC introduces the Triple-S initiative to local
    stakeholders before the official launch of the
    programme on July 18.

40
Capacity Building regional organisationsLearning
Sharing platforms
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Tour d horizon desk research

41
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Platforms in the WASH Sector in Ghana (Abu Wumbei
    RCN Ghana)
  • Sector annual conferences
  • Mole conference (CONIWAS)
  • Ghana Water Forum (MWRWH)
  • NESCON (MLGRD)
  • Annual review meetings
  • CWSA annual review platform (CWSA)
  • WaterAid annual review (WAG)
  • Unicef / Gov of Ghana annual review (Unicef /
    MLGRD)
  • Annual Learning Festival (SNV, N/R)
  • National/ Regional/ District level learning
    events
  • National Level Learning Alliance platform (RCN)
  • DLLAP - Ashaiman, Hunni Valley Mankessim
    (TREND/ TPP)
  • Association of Water Boards (in the 3 Northern
    Regions)
  • WASH Stakeholder Collaborative Meetings (CWSA,
    UE)
  • Natural Resources Environmental Governance
    Platform (KASA)
  • Essential Services platform (ISODEC)
  • Afram School of Learning (CONIWAS)

42
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Platforms in the WASH Sector in Ghana (Abu Wumbei
    RCN Ghana)
  • Working Groups
  • Water and Sanitation Sector Working Group (MWRWH)
  • National Technical Working Group on Sanitation
    (NTWGS)
  • National Environmental Sanitation Policy
    Coordination Council (NESPoCC)
  • SHEP Working Group (SHEP)
  • CLTS Task Force
  • Sanitation KMI Consortium
  • High Level Sector Retreat
  • MDG platform (Christian Council)
  • AID Effectiveness platform (SEND)
  • WASHTech LA (TREND / RCN)
  • Triple-S /WASHCost advisory group (IRC /
    WD-MWRWH)
  • WASH Alliance - Ghana platform (WA-G)

43
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • WASH LEARNING PLATFORMS AND ORGANIZATIONS IN
    GHANA
  • NATIONAL LEVEL LEARNING ALLIANCE PLATFORM
    www.washghana.net
  • COALITION OF NGOs IN WATER AND SANITATION MOLE
    CONFERENCE www.moleconference.org
  • MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND RURAL
    DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION
    CONFERENCE www.nesconghana.com
  • MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES WORKS AND HOUSING
    GHANA WATER FORUM www.ghanawaterforum.org
  • WATERAID IN GHANA WATERAID REGIONAL LEARNING
    CENTRE FOR CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT (RLCCE)
  • WEST AFRICA CIVIL SOCIETY INSTITUTE (WACSI)
    CAPACITY BUILDING FOR CSOs http//wacsi.org
  • GHANA WATSAN JOUNALIST NETWORK MEDIA ENGAGEMENTS
    www.gwjn.com  

44
CONIWAS Blog .
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

45
Faso Calendar LS Opportunities
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

46
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Literature 2011 by IRC
  • Vers la gestion des connaissances et
    lapprentissage sectoriel au Burkina Faso
    comprendre les pratiques actuelles relatives à
    linformation et aux connaissances dans le
    secteur de leau et lassainissement. 
  • Burkina Faso
  • Language and Access main problems
  • Continued ..

47
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Literature 2011 by IRC
  • Flow information and sharing also in rural zones
    (80 population 2007)
  • Use telephones access
  • Connection to global debate problematic (WASH
    language is English)

48
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Literature 2009 by Eau Vive
  • ETAT DES LIEUX DES COLLECTIFS, PLATEFORMES ET
    RESEAUX DORGANISATIONS DE LA SOCIETE CIVILE DU
    SECTEUR EAU ET ASSAINISSEMENT DANS 6 PAYS DE
    LAFRIQUE DE LOUEST ET DU CENTRE
  • Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso
  • Synthesis report on West Africa

49
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Tout dabord, chaque phase vient en son temps et
    il semble peu opportun de forcer le mouvement, en
    suivant les recommandations de M. Compaoré
    concernant la nécessité dune approche portée par
    les acteurs locaux et non internationaux, et
    suivant un agenda et échéancier déterminés
    localement. Dans cette logique, peut-être que la
    simple collecte dinformations et la
    sensibilisation à la gestion des connaissances,
    si importantes actuellement, sont une étape
    logique avant de pouvoir espérer des échanges
    approfondis et plus complexes dans le sens dune
    véritable réflexion collective intégrée ?
  • Ensuite, au niveau du secteur il semble que les
    réseaux de centres de ressources disposent dune
    opportunité non négligeable pour appuyer les
    agences gouvernementales à coordonner les
    activités de gestion des informations et de
    partage de connaissances, à centraliser
    linformation et unifier les plateformes
    déchanges.
  • Enfin, à un niveau personnel, louverture
    croissante de certains acteurs vers les sources
    dinformation et dappui externes telles que les
    communautés de pratique semblent offrir des
    perspectives enrichies et semblent encourager le
    réflexe de la gestion des connaissances. Mais le
    dernier mot revient peut-être à M. Giniès (2iE)
    quand il rend hommage à la créativité et au
    dynamisme des jeunes générations burkinabè comme
    dune source de progrès pour lensemble du
    secteur HAEP Il faut dire au monde quil y a
    des jeunes africains qui travaillent, qui
    publient des travaux et qui sont en Afrique et
    qui travaillent sur les problèmes de lAfrique.
    Il ny a pas que le nord qui soccupe de
    lAfrique .

Local agenda! simple info-flow and preparing KM
Resource centre is a good start ..
Younger generations should / could / can pick up
50
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Literature 2011 by IRC
  • Studies Ghana and Burkina Faso for Triple-S
    Studies Ghana and Burkina Faso for Triple-S
    LESSONS FOR RURAL WATER SUPPLY Assessing progress
    towards sustainable service delivery
  • On water!

51
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

Ghana
52
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • 6.5 CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT Ghana / Triple-S Study
  • Lack of capacity at all intermediate levels (with
    the exception of regional CWSA of?ces that are
    relatively well provisioned for in terms of both
    staff and operational budgets) is a constant in
    any analysis of challenges to the sector. DAs,
    DWSTs, WSDBs, WATSANs and area mechanics all
    suffer from a lack of inherent skills in the
    population made worse by a failure to
    institutionalise a proper national capacity
    development scheme. Training and capacity
    building is almost entirely ad hoc and
    project-related.

53
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Literature 2012 by SKAT
  • Burkina Faso - Report 1st Assessment Visit for
    WA-WASH Self Supply
  • Municipalities have limited funds and internal
    capacity to implement works and activities.
    Communes have to design local plans for the
    development of water and sanitation
    infrastructures (Plan Communale Dévelopment /
    PCD-AEPA). On village level the CVD (Commité
    Villageois de Développent) are responsible for
    planning interventions. The following graph is
    part of the PN-AEPA and explains the roles of
    actors within the framework

54
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

Burkina Faso
55
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Main sector institutions Burkina Faso
  • Though the ultimate responsibilities over a
    number of small towns and the villages located
    within the boundaries of urban communes are
    unclear, sector organisation is relatively well
    defined, with a separation of functions between
    a number of key institutionsThe Ministry of
    Agriculture, Fisheries and Water Resources is the
    ultimate authority for water supply and
    sanitation issues in rural areas, and the
    National Office for Water and Sanitation (ONEA),
    is responsible for urban areas.
  • The General Directorate for Water Resources is
    the national body for policy development and
    planning.
  • The Regional Directorates for Agriculture,
    Fisheries and Water Resources coordinate
    planning, resources and activities at regional
    level.
  • The National Office for Water and Sanitation and
    the private sector operate some dimensions of
    water services in a selected number of communes
    (local government units).
  • International donors (GTZ German international
    cooperation organisation, World Bank, the Agence
    Française de Développement (AFD) (French
    Development Agency), Danish International
    Development Assistance (Danida), the European
    Union (EU), etc) finance about 90 of the
    national water budget.
  • INGOs implement and support local capacities.
  • Communes are responsible to ensure service
    provision to their populations.

56
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • ETAT DES LIEUX DES COLLECTIFS D'ORGANISATIONS DE
    LA SOCIETE CIVILE DU SECTEUR DE LEAU ET DE
    LASSAINISSEMENT EN AFRIQUE DE LOUEST
  • STATUS OF COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS FOR CIVIL
    SOCIETY SECTOR WATER AND SANITATION IN WEST AFRICA

57
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • The important role of civil society organizations
    in the management of resources is now widely
    recognized by all stakeholders. All countries in
    the sub-region of West Africa that have been
    covered by this study (Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali,
    Niger and Senegal) have gradually established a
    regulatory framework and operational mechanisms
    for the exchange between government and civil
    society.
  • Overall, CSOs are recognized and involved
    directly (through their collective) or indirectly
    (through multi-stakeholder group) in the process
    of national decision. But their ability to
    influence and effectiveness in decision-making
    bodies remain very low by a number of weaknesses

58
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Few CSOs and groupings meet minimum standards for
    administrative, financial and even associative
  • Fragmentation of several CSOs in multi-sectoral
    group
  • Absence of collective national WASH sector
    specific
  • Emergence of collective on shaky objective and
    they are often made because of government
    incentives but rarely by own CSO members,
    structuring to influence bodies and policy
    decisions
  • Collectives face funding difficulties and the
    bulk of their operations are financed from
    outside the country.

59
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • SWOT analysis of all these categories of
    collectives suggest the following
    recommendations
  • Consolidate the collective representation of CSOs
    WASH sector and skills to drive more efficiently
    operations for advocacy (find more synergy and
    complementarity between the existing collective)
  • Enhance the contribution of collective CSOs
    within the collective multi-sector actors WASH
    (review modes of representation to the
    effectiveness of the contribution)
  • Strengthen the influence of advisory bodies set
    up by State to act as real bodies regulating the
    sector.

60
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Knowledge networks WA-WASH partners
  • WaterAid (including learning labs)
  • SNV (partner IRC in KM team)
  • CARE (see mini interview Uwe Corus)
  • ..
  • To do
  • WinROCK (Beaujault, WA-WASH director) gt
  • RAIN gt Dutch WASH Alliance
  • SKAT gt RWSN
  • ..
  • Please suggest during group-work

61
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Mini interview Uwe Korus CARE on LS
  • Informal learning . Platforms??
  • As public accountability to government / communes
  • Within the CARE structures
  • With local / NGO implementing partners
  • New Adaptation Learning Project see links below
  • ALP French http//www.careclimatechange.org/files
    /adaptation/JotoAfrika_french_2012_web.pdf
  • ALP English http//www.careclimatechange.org/file
    s/adaptation/JotoAfrika_11112011.pdf
  • ALP http//www.careclimatechange.org/adaptation-i
    nitiatives/alp
  • ALP Niger http//www.careclimatechange.org/files/
    adaptation/ALP_Niger_Dan_Bouga_Sept2011.pdf

62
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • WSSCC
  • WSSCC is a people-centred organization and
    therefore gathers individuals who, collectively,
    are part of a great WASH movement. It is the
    people - rather than the organization - who make
    the real difference. Being a WSSCC member means
    being a part of a global peer network committed
    to improve sanitation, hygiene and water
    worldwide.
  • Burkina Faso 14 http//www.wsscc.org/members/find-
    another-member/search-results?keysfield_country_
    residence_value15
  • Mali 3 http//www.wsscc.org/members/find-another-
    member/search-results?keysfield_country_residenc
    e_value40
  • Niger  8 http//www.wsscc.org/members/find-anothe
    r-member/search-results?keysfield_country_reside
    nce_value48
  • Ghana 43 http//www.wsscc.org/members/find-anothe
    r-member/search-results?keysfield_country_reside
    nce_value31
  • Low numbers!

63
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • AWIS
  • A network of African partnersAWIS (African Water
    Documentation and Information System) is a
    network of African organizations that aim to
    share the practices and information they have
    available to the greatest number of audience.
    Awis value is built upon the diversity of its
    members- Geographic diversity Awis partners
    have reference and they are operationally
    involved throughout the African continent,- A
    variety of skills information managed by AWIS
    target the water sector in its broadest sense.
    Whether access to drinking water, resource
    management at a basin or sanitation and hygiene,
    this is why the AWIS thematic network members
    have a long experience and have developed a solid
    expertise.- A variety of modes of intervention
    another Awis specificity is the diverse nature
    of its constituent organizations. Its network
    includes government agencies, NGOs, research
    centres and basin organizations. Each, because of
    its special status, has developed methods of
    intervention of its own and which enrich the wide
    range of experiences federated by AWIS.
  • The objectives of AWIS1. Build a network of
    partners in Africa that produce information in
    the field of water2. Reference quality
    information on the water sector in Africa3.
    Provide free access to this information via an
    Internet portal.
  • More librarian library / lack of funds

64
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • PROPOSITION DAXES DE COLLABORATION AVEC LA
    COALITION EAU AUTOUR DU PLAIDOYER A MENER Les
    réflexions animées dans les différents pays font
    ressortir un certain nombre de préalables avant
    de travailler sur du plaidoyer à porter par les
    collectifs dOSC au cours des années à venir
  • Lamélioration des connaissances des OSC du Sud
    sur les enjeux AEPA (nationaux et internationaux)
    et lappui à la participation des collectifs aux
    débats, échanges et réflexions à léchelle
    nationale, sous régionale et internationale.
  • Le renforcement des connaissances des OSC et
    leurs regroupements sur les législations,
    politiques et stratégies nationales par des
    activités dinformation et de formation à mettre
    en œuvre par les collectifs.
  • Le renforcement des capacités techniques des OSC
    pour un meilleur apport à lAEPA Il sagit pour
    les collectifs de développer les activités de
    formation et dinformation des OSC membres. A cet
    effet, les collectifs pourront également conduire
    des opérations de capitalisation dexpériences de
    leurs membres. Ces activités pourront se mener à
    plusieurs échelles nationale, Sud-Sud et
    Sud-Nord. Certains thèmes sont déjà identifiés
    le changement de comportements des populations,
    la gestion durable des infrastructures, les
    pratiques de GIRE, ...etc.
  • Le développement des activités dinformations sur
    les opportunités de financement Il sagit pour
    les collectifs de développer les activités
    dinformation de leurs membres sur les
    opportunités nationales et internationales de
    financement de leurs activités.
  • La consolidation et lamélioration de
    lefficacité des collectifs nationaux par
    lamélioration des mécanismes de financement, le
    renforcement des capacités (plaidoyer, lobbying,
    communication) et lamélioration de la
    gouvernance interne.

65
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Pour le plaidoyer, les ateliers de restitution
    organisés dans les différents pays ont identifié
    les axes prioritaires suivants
  • La manifestation et la concrétisation de la
    volonté politique et financière pour lAEPA Il
    sagit dœuvrer pour que les pouvoirs publics
    nationaux reconnaissent que laccès à leau et
  • lassainissement est un investissement nécessaire
    aux autres secteurs. Il faudra alors militer pour
    que les ressources consacrées par les Etats aux
    investissements dans le secteur de leau
  • potable et de lassainissement soient en
    cohérence avec limportance du secteur pour
    toutes les composantes du développement humain
    durable.
  • La concrétisation du transfert de la maîtrise
    douvrage aux collectivités locales et
    communautés de base Dans tous les pays, lEtat
    dans le cadre de la décentralisation, a pris
    loption du transfert de la maîtrise douvrage
    (réalisation et/ou gestion des infrastructures)
    aux collectivités locales ou aux communautés de
    base. Mais la réalité dans les pays où la
    décentralisation est encore récente (Bénin,
    Burkina Faso, Mali et Niger) révèle que ce
    transfert de compétences tarde à se concrétiser
    avec des actes comme le transfert du patrimoine,
    le transfert des ressources financières, le
    transfert des ressources humaines et le
    renforcement des capacités des décideurs locaux.
  • La mise en place dun dispositif concerté de
    production et validation des statistiques
    nationales du secteur AEPA Dans plusieurs pays,
    les statistiques nationales font lobjet
    dincompréhension et de contestation entre lEtat
    qui les produit et les autres acteurs concernés
    par le secteur. Il est donc important, dans le
    cadre de la promotion dune bonne gouvernance du
    secteur, que toutes les catégories dacteurs
    concernés participent au processus de production
    et de validation des statistiques.
  • Le renforcement du contrôle citoyen de laction
    publique dans le secteur. Il sagit pour les
    collectifs dOSC de mettre en place des outils
    pour faire une analyse critique de laction
    publique tant au plan technique quau plan
    financier. Lun des principaux éléments
    dappréciation est limportance des
    investissements dévolus au secteur dans les
    budgets nationaux et lévaluation de lincidence
    financière et sociale de la non priorisation du
    secteur dans les budgets nationaux. Dans ce
    sens, la mobilisation des collectifs dOSC autour
    du Livre Bleu en tant quinstrument de mesure et
    de plaidoyer est un atout.

66
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • A Presentation on CONIWAS Strategic Plan
    (2012-2016)
  • Weaknesses (Internal)
  • Inadequate organizational policies and procedures
  • Weak documentation of implementation processes,
    data management and M E
  • Lack of effective communication strategy
  • Inadequate fund raising strategy
  • Low staff remuneration
  • Ineffective programme planning coordination
  • Inadequate capacity for project management
  • Inadequate capacity for research, advocacy and
    programme follow-ups
  • Inadequate resource mobilization
  • Limited support to Zonal structures
  • Lack of coordinated approach to programme design
    and implementation

67
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • WA-Net (Part of Cap-Net )
  • WA-NET (http//www.cap-net.org/node/51)(West
    Africa Capacity Building Network)Member
    countriesBenin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Cote
    d'Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea
    Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger,
    Nigeria, Togo, Senegal, Sierra LeoneObjectivesTo
    promote regional co-operation among training
    and/or education and/or research institutions and
    organizations engaged in IWRM related activities
    in West Africa
  • To strengthen the capacities of training and/or
    education and/or research institutions and
    organizations engaged in IWRM related activities
    in the region
  • To facilitating research and the delivery of
    demand-driven training/education in IWRM in the
    region
  • To promote the implementation of IWRM in the
    region
  • Outputs 2009 National training course on
    Economic Financial instruments WA-Net, Mali GWP
    9-13 Feb Training
  • Seems to be dried up .

68
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • http//www.pseau.org (fr)
  • http//www.plaidoyer-bf.net (out 2009)
  • http//www.sie-isw.org (cn)
  • http//www.watersanitationhygiene.org (North)
  • http//rosa.boku.ac.at (out 2011)
  • http//www.netssaf.net/ (out 2008)
  • http//www.uemoa.int  Union Economique et
    Monetaire Ouest Africane
  • http//www.africa-interactive.com/site/page/629ab
    out_us Journalistic services network
  • http//projectwet.org (tttt 2008)
  • http//www.coalition-eau.org (tttt 2008)
  • http//mwawater.org (tttt 2008)
  • http//washtech.wordpress.com (tttt 2008)
  • http//www.africa-interactive.com/site/page/629ab
    out_us (tttt 2008)
  • http//www.sswm.info/home (tttt 2008)
  • http//www.coalition-eau.org (fr /cn Eau Vive)

A lot of times out of date and or not WASH
specific.
69
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • FAN Freshwater Action Network (FAN)
  • Is a global network of people implementing and
    influencing water and sanitation policy and
    practice around the world. FAN works to improve
    water management by strengthening civil society
    to influence decision-making. http//www.freshwate
    raction.net
  • ANEW is part of FAN re-launch summer 2012

70
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • National WS program
  • Busy with decentralisation
  • Busy with OM and governance
  • Not with Learning Sharing .

71
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Journalist networks for WA-WASH countries
  • Burkina Faso Drissa Traoré, WASH Media Network
    Burkina Faso, on the importance of water for life
    and his perspective on the WASH situation in
    Burkina Faso and Liberia and the importance of
    behaviour change (in French)Blog
    www.wash-jn.net http//twitter.com/washjournalists
    www.facebook.com/washjournalists
  • Ghana GHANA WATSAN JOUNALIST NETWORK MEDIA
    ENGAGEMENTS www.gwjn.com  
  • Niger
  • Mali

72
Mali mini interview
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Pels _at_ IRC Can you tell me a bit about learning
    and sharing mechanism in Mali apart from the
    government platforms?
  • KASSAMBARA Bara, Mali Bara Kassambara FtF /
    MAVEN Country Director Mali Winrock
    International Hamdallaye ACI 2000 / Bamako
    Face Clinique KABALA - Rue 213 BPE 457 Office
    (00223)20 29 38 80 Cell (00223) 76 31 15 57
    Fax (00223) 20 29 22 81 Email bkassambara_at_winrock
    mali.org Skype kassambara_bara
  • KASSAMBARA Bara, Mali In Mali there many
    organizations networks FONGIM (Forum des ONGs
    International au Mali), CC-ONG, SECO ONG,
    Organisation de la Société Civile, ....... Thera
    many others organization relate to some specific
    issues as Water, Sanitation, Advocacy,..... and
    the likes where actors could meet, share
    information and negotiate the government to
    overcome their concerns
  • Pels _at_ IRC Do you think these platforms need
    capacity building in respect to learning and
    sharing? WA-WASH is only about WASH and MUS and
    alike.
  • KASSAMBARA Bara, Mali As you know, Learning and
    Sharing, let's say Communication is the key point
    concerning Capacity Building / Sharing /
    Extension / Promotion, for Socio-economic and
    political growth. Then the needs in this field is
    very high mostly if "People don't know that they
    don't know". It is just my opinion.

73
Capacity Building regional organisationsLearning
Sharing platforms
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Guiding lights .

74
Resource Centre Ghana
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • The Resource Centre in Ghana has evolved into a
    Resource Network which engages all key sector
    players. The Resource Centre Network provides
    quality services and knowledge products to meet
    the information needs of the  sector. These
    include
  • a Sector Newsletter
  • a Sector Website (www.ghana.watsan.net)
  • production of information materials like a
    Brochure, Fact Sheets and Short Briefing Notes in
    response to frequently asked questions
  • training and capacity building, especially in the
    area of documentation and information management
  • establishment of Media Platform as part of its
    advocacy role, the RCN is working closely with
    various media to introduce an interactive
    programme called WASH Agenda, where exclusively
    WASH issues will be discussed
  • provision of Enquiry Services where the
    secretariat will directly provide quick response
    to specific problems and queries
  • establish a library facility where key
    publications will be available to sector agencies
    and District Assemblies (DAs)and
  • working closely with sector agencies and umbrella
    groups like CONIWAS to organise sector dialogue
    on topical issues.
  • The target group for RCN Ghana services/products
    include, sector ministries and key agencies,
    parliamentary select committee on WASH, NGOs,
    CBOs, private sectors, networks and development
    partners.
  • read more about the establishment process,
    challenges and lessons in this case study
     http//www.irc.nl/page/47993

75
Scoops by WSAfrica .
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

76
Faso Nouvelles blog Burkina Faso
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

77
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Uganda case (LEAPSS) example (IRC)
  • Existing platforms (!)
  • More obligatory / press conference style / send
    information
  • No dialogue / discussion / follow up / reflection
  • Attach Reflection slot on Learning Sharing
  • At the start uncomfortable
  • More and more LS sessions appreciated
  • Reflection slots as part of other (regional /
    local) platforms

) The core objective of the Learning for
Practice and Policy in Sanitation (LeaPPS)
project is to support multi-stakeholder learning
processes. It takes local governance as its entry
point, facilitating learning platforms on hygiene
and sanitation at district and sub-district level
in Uganda.
78
Group work Learning Sharing
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Table per country KM team member as chair
  • Please draw / doodle / circle key issues
  • 1) Plot partner and / or other LS mechanisms
  • 2) What Capacity Building is needed?
  • 3) Report key issues back at 1740

79
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
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Title: Update on Knowledge Management Capacity Building regional organisations Group work Learning


1
Update on Knowledge ManagementCapacity Building
regional organisationsGroup work Learning
Sharing
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Ouagadougou , July 2012 Pels, IRC

2
  • Objectives of this session
  • Update on WA-WASH KM work 10
  • What has been done until today
  • What is expected of WA-WASH partners for KM
  • Capacity Building regional organisations 10
  • What changed
  • Tour d horizon desk research
  • Group work Learning Sharing
  • Work in country teams KM team to chair 40
  • Plot partner / other Learning Sharing
    mechanisms
  • What CB is needed
  • Plenary reporting back group work 20

3
Update on Knowledge Management
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • What has been done until today

4
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

5
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

6
Knowledge Management?
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Make primary information flow (IM)
  • See next slide (NOT ADMIN INFO)
  • Share knowledge (KS)
  • See following slide
  • For engineers K I(ESA) or in text knowledge
    is information in use.
  • KM gt KS..IM gt KS....IM gt KS IM

Experience Skills Attitude
7
Information management
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Key to success
  • WA-WASH KM-team YOU!
  • After Action Review (AAR) method simple
  • Contact person ( 1st in line) at every partner
  • Up-to-date
  • Calendar of events / Who who list
  • Activities
  • GIS
  • IT support tools!

8
Knowledge sharing
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Key to success
  • WA-WASH KM-team
  • Back to back with meetings (like now ?)
  • Document sharing processes gt FIU lead
  • Up-to-date
  • WHEN/WHO Calendar of events / Who who list
  • WHAT/HOW Documents (WPs, Press releases, PPTs,
    ANYTHING)
  • WHERE GIS
  • IT support tools!

9
.... KM links to
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Communication
  • Monitoring / Evaluation
  • Learning / Knowledge sharing
  • Information management / GIS database
  • IT use!
  • ..... sustainability

10
Lessons WAWI I II
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Begin as you mean to go on / KM team at the start
  • Need of key contacts in partner organisation
  • Regular communication in the KM team
  • Central repository for information
  • WHEN/WHO Calendar of events / Who who list
  • WHAT/HOW Documents (WPs, Press releases, PPTs,
    ANYTHING)
  • WHERE GIS
  • Needs in-continent office
  • Language barrier!

11
Literature
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

12
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

13
WA-WASH Central KM team
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

Burkina Faso, Salouka
Mali, Koné
Ghana, Otum
The Netherlands, Bury
Niger, Ousmane
The Netherlands, Pels
14
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Build network in the WA-WASH partnership
  • Use ICT
  • Chrome / Google , mail, groups, drive, calendar,
    CLOUD connect, Picasa, YouTube / SoundCloud /
    Microsoft / Skype
  • WAWASHKM
  • Coming Drupal / DropBox / Twitter / Facebook
    page
  • Run mail list https//groups.google.com/forum/?f
    romgroups!forum/wawash
  • Populate blog / GLOWS portal
  • www.ghana.globalwaters.net / www.globalwaters.net
    / www.niger.globalwaters.net / www.burkinafaso.glo
    balwaters.net www.mali.globalwaters.net
  • Keep Google WA-WASH / WASH sector country
    Calendar current
  • https//www.google.com/calendar/b/0/embed?srcfh72
    rdniukfmssvh9r4up664jo_at_group.calendar.google.com
  • Collect sector documents
  • Take inventory activities
  • http//www.akvo.org/rsr/project/447/
  • Use AKVO Really Simple Reporting .. Or alike in
    GLOWS portal

15
GLOWS website
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

16
Ghana country blog
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

17
AKVO RSR Rain foundation
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

18
AKVO RSR project example
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

19
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Step 1 Country Plans
  • Take stock of activities by WA-WASH
  • Step 2 NOW
  • Platforms for dialogues / learning sharing
    where capacity is build Take stock
  • Step 3 GLOWS Portal
  • Make information flow
  • Within WA-WASH
  • Within platforms
  • Within sector
  • Towards public

20
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

21
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

22
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

23
Update on Knowledge Management
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • What is expected of WA-WASH partners for KM

24
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Step 1 KM team
  • Kick-off workshop July 9-14, 2012
  • Step 2 NOW
  • Staff of WA-WASH partners needed to join the KM
    country team
  • Step 3 GLOWS Portal
  • Make information flow
  • Within WA-WASH
  • Within platforms
  • Within sector
  • Towards public

25
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Nodes WA-WASH
  • Global
  • USAid
  • FIU / IRC
  • Country manager
  • Country platforms
  • WA-WASH Partners
  • Partner platforms
  • Implementers
  • Community
  • Beneficiary
  • Sharing Learning
  • RWSN / WWF etc
  • Learning / Sharing
  • Learning / Sharing?
  • Learning / Sharing
  • .
  • Management? )
  • Sustainable? )
  • Information flow
  • Browse
  • Reports
  • Portal / Blogs
  • Reports
  • Reports
  • Reports
  • Stories )
  • Stories )

) Triangulation field fact finding missions
needed.
26
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

27
Collect, Compare,
Connect, Communicate,
Capacitate, Contact, Codify, Channel
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

Compare
Communicate
Collect
Connect
Communicate
Contact
Channel
28
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • In every WA-WASH partner in every country staff
    (at least one) to join the country KM teams.
  • To make the information flow
  • To take stock of activities
  • To co-edit the country calendar
  • To
  • FUI BF / Miami to work on Information systems

29
Triangulation fact finding field research
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

30
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • WAWI (WA-WASH predecessor)
  • No legacy!!!!
  • World Vision / WaterAid / CARE have bits and
    pieces
  • Let us not re-invent the square wheel again

WAWI legacy
31
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

Knowledge Management is about POWER, ACCESS and
LANGUAGE
  • Green
  • Mailing-list
  • Network
  • Google Cloud
  • Co-creation
  • Partnership
  • Social media
  • Public calendar
  • Open data / open knowledge (WB)
  • Red
  • Mail C.C. and B.C.C
  • Hierarchy
  • MsDOS
  • Teaching
  • Project
  • Reports
  • Hidden agenda
  • Information on a need-to-know basis
  • Orange
  • Mail To
  • Silos
  • DropBox
  • Telling
  • Program
  • Website / portal
  • No agenda
  • Empowered secretariat

I leave it to you to score WA-WASH to figure out
challenges
32
Capacity Building regional organisations
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • What changed

33
Capacity building
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

IR C synergies between WASH, Food security and
Climate Change CB of national organisations to
integrate WASH and food security programmes and
adapt to climate change. Activities 3.1 to 3.3
IR D Strengthen regional enabling environment
for integrated WASH CB of regional organisations
to strengthen the potential in WASH advocacy,
KM and networking Activities 4.1 to 4.4.
IR B Improved sustainability of WASH services CB
of local authorities / water service providers
to plan, invest, operate and monitor WASH
services Activities 2.1 to 2.5 4.2.1.
IR A Accelerated access to improved WASH
services CB of communities and HH to use water
and sanitation facilities and adopt hygiene
behaviours Activities 1.1 to 1.7 2.2 2.5
34
Re-focus of Inventory
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • There is no WASH regional organisations as such
    in West Africa
  • EAA (WSAfrica former CREPA) has ambitions
  • The regional organisations are not WASH related
    and dont hold any mandate on WASH

35
Re-focus of Inventory
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • 2009 ANEW Analysis of Water and Sanitation
    Policies and Status of IWRM in Africa Advocacy
    capacity assessment of African civil society on
    water supply and sanitation

36
Re-focus of Inventory
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • A number of questions that need to be answered to
    help develop a CB program.
  • A study would help identify which learning and
    knowledge platforms the program should be part of
    to make sure that the knowledge and learning
    created during WA-WASH are part of a bigger
    picture and to make sure that the steps and
    learning taken during this program are known by
    the sector.
  • After having identified the platforms, the
    assessment will look in the capacity of those
    platforms to be a place of exchange of
    information. These platforms will play their role
    in the WASH sector. It will help in identifying
    capacity gaps and the program would then build
    capacity of the selected platforms, mainly
    through the knowledge management activity handled
    by IRC.
  • One important point is that the study should not
    limit itself to NGOs platform but should include
    any kind of learning platform existing on WASH in
    each of the 3 countries Burkina, Ghana, and
    Niger and eventually Mali if and when activities
    are allow back. We agreed that this is an
    important aspect of capacity building and IRC
    should go ahead with it.

37
Capacity Building Setting
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • WAWASH includes a CB component geared towards
    decentralised organisations (IRC) and academic
    institutions (Unesco) in each country, and
    intra-regional organisations (FIU).
  • While developing the workplan in each country
    last year, it became clear each partner would
    carry on CB activities to implement its part of
    the programme. The planned CB activities are in
    direct relation with each partners project and
    essential to the success of the WAWASH programme.
  • WAWASH also includes the assessment of WASH
    capacities of governmental agencies and
    non-governmental organisations (conducted by IWA)
    and the assessment of capacities of WASH Learning
    sharing platforms (conducted by IRC), in each
    country. Based on these assessments, it will be
    possible to identify the gaps in planning and
    construction, operation and financing, social
    mobilisation, as well as gaps in learning and
    sharing information and knowledge, in each
    country. Then based on each partners CB plan, it
    will be possible to identify the gaps that our
    programme will address by August 2015 and to
    figure out overall WAWASH contribution to meet
    capacity needs.
  • WAWASH seeks to develop approaches, methods,
    tools and capacities that will last after the
    programme ends (on top of infrastructure). It
    means that the CB materials developed under
    WAWASH should be made available to others and
    benefit not only to the direct audience / targets
    each partner will reach through its own
    activities. In order to embed and to scale-up
    WAWASH CB, one can seek for the integration of
    WAWASH trainings into existing curricula and,
    when possible, the attendance of non WAWASH
    partners to the training sessions each partner
    will organise. Other options are possible and
    will be discussed in the course of the forum.

38
Capacity Building Roadmap
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • During the first 2 days of the forum (16 17),
    IWA and IRC will present their assessment of WASH
    capacity gaps and all WA WASH partners will
    present their CB plan for each country where they
    work. It will be a good opportunity to touch base
    on each partners project and on the potential of
    our programme to bridge some capacity gaps.
    WAWASH partners will also discuss various options
    to levy our CB activities and ensure they survive
    WAWASH. Finally, the aim is to reach an agreement
    on a sharing mechanism (giving all of us access
    to all CB materials) and on a peer-review process
    allowing synergies when relevant.
  • At the end of these 2 days, a CB framework is
    designed for BF (and possibly for the other
    countries), as well as a strategy to enlarge our
    audience and levy our CB activities.
  • In parallel to the internal forum, IWA is
    organising a side event in order to validate the
    assessment of WASH capacities in BF with local
    stakeholders.
  • The last day of the meeting consists in an
    open forum where assessments of gaps in BF and
    the WAWASH CB framework for BF are exposed to
    local stakeholders (from high level to CBOs,
    including academic/training institutes). A
    round-table discussion will be facilitated to
    cover the different leverage options envisaged by
    WAWASH partners.

39
WA-WASH partner input
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • IWA and IRC present the results of the country
    assessments
  • Each partner presents the CB related activities
    planned in each country. A format is included in
    the attach to align our presentations (15 min
    each)
  • IWA organises the validation side-event.
  • IRC introduces the Triple-S initiative to local
    stakeholders before the official launch of the
    programme on July 18.

40
Capacity Building regional organisationsLearning
Sharing platforms
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Tour d horizon desk research

41
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Platforms in the WASH Sector in Ghana (Abu Wumbei
    RCN Ghana)
  • Sector annual conferences
  • Mole conference (CONIWAS)
  • Ghana Water Forum (MWRWH)
  • NESCON (MLGRD)
  • Annual review meetings
  • CWSA annual review platform (CWSA)
  • WaterAid annual review (WAG)
  • Unicef / Gov of Ghana annual review (Unicef /
    MLGRD)
  • Annual Learning Festival (SNV, N/R)
  • National/ Regional/ District level learning
    events
  • National Level Learning Alliance platform (RCN)
  • DLLAP - Ashaiman, Hunni Valley Mankessim
    (TREND/ TPP)
  • Association of Water Boards (in the 3 Northern
    Regions)
  • WASH Stakeholder Collaborative Meetings (CWSA,
    UE)
  • Natural Resources Environmental Governance
    Platform (KASA)
  • Essential Services platform (ISODEC)
  • Afram School of Learning (CONIWAS)

42
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Platforms in the WASH Sector in Ghana (Abu Wumbei
    RCN Ghana)
  • Working Groups
  • Water and Sanitation Sector Working Group (MWRWH)
  • National Technical Working Group on Sanitation
    (NTWGS)
  • National Environmental Sanitation Policy
    Coordination Council (NESPoCC)
  • SHEP Working Group (SHEP)
  • CLTS Task Force
  • Sanitation KMI Consortium
  • High Level Sector Retreat
  • MDG platform (Christian Council)
  • AID Effectiveness platform (SEND)
  • WASHTech LA (TREND / RCN)
  • Triple-S /WASHCost advisory group (IRC /
    WD-MWRWH)
  • WASH Alliance - Ghana platform (WA-G)

43
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • WASH LEARNING PLATFORMS AND ORGANIZATIONS IN
    GHANA
  • NATIONAL LEVEL LEARNING ALLIANCE PLATFORM
    www.washghana.net
  • COALITION OF NGOs IN WATER AND SANITATION MOLE
    CONFERENCE www.moleconference.org
  • MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND RURAL
    DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION
    CONFERENCE www.nesconghana.com
  • MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES WORKS AND HOUSING
    GHANA WATER FORUM www.ghanawaterforum.org
  • WATERAID IN GHANA WATERAID REGIONAL LEARNING
    CENTRE FOR CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT (RLCCE)
  • WEST AFRICA CIVIL SOCIETY INSTITUTE (WACSI)
    CAPACITY BUILDING FOR CSOs http//wacsi.org
  • GHANA WATSAN JOUNALIST NETWORK MEDIA ENGAGEMENTS
    www.gwjn.com  

44
CONIWAS Blog .
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

45
Faso Calendar LS Opportunities
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

46
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Literature 2011 by IRC
  • Vers la gestion des connaissances et
    lapprentissage sectoriel au Burkina Faso
    comprendre les pratiques actuelles relatives à
    linformation et aux connaissances dans le
    secteur de leau et lassainissement. 
  • Burkina Faso
  • Language and Access main problems
  • Continued ..

47
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Literature 2011 by IRC
  • Flow information and sharing also in rural zones
    (80 population 2007)
  • Use telephones access
  • Connection to global debate problematic (WASH
    language is English)

48
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Literature 2009 by Eau Vive
  • ETAT DES LIEUX DES COLLECTIFS, PLATEFORMES ET
    RESEAUX DORGANISATIONS DE LA SOCIETE CIVILE DU
    SECTEUR EAU ET ASSAINISSEMENT DANS 6 PAYS DE
    LAFRIQUE DE LOUEST ET DU CENTRE
  • Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso
  • Synthesis report on West Africa

49
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Tout dabord, chaque phase vient en son temps et
    il semble peu opportun de forcer le mouvement, en
    suivant les recommandations de M. Compaoré
    concernant la nécessité dune approche portée par
    les acteurs locaux et non internationaux, et
    suivant un agenda et échéancier déterminés
    localement. Dans cette logique, peut-être que la
    simple collecte dinformations et la
    sensibilisation à la gestion des connaissances,
    si importantes actuellement, sont une étape
    logique avant de pouvoir espérer des échanges
    approfondis et plus complexes dans le sens dune
    véritable réflexion collective intégrée ?
  • Ensuite, au niveau du secteur il semble que les
    réseaux de centres de ressources disposent dune
    opportunité non négligeable pour appuyer les
    agences gouvernementales à coordonner les
    activités de gestion des informations et de
    partage de connaissances, à centraliser
    linformation et unifier les plateformes
    déchanges.
  • Enfin, à un niveau personnel, louverture
    croissante de certains acteurs vers les sources
    dinformation et dappui externes telles que les
    communautés de pratique semblent offrir des
    perspectives enrichies et semblent encourager le
    réflexe de la gestion des connaissances. Mais le
    dernier mot revient peut-être à M. Giniès (2iE)
    quand il rend hommage à la créativité et au
    dynamisme des jeunes générations burkinabè comme
    dune source de progrès pour lensemble du
    secteur HAEP Il faut dire au monde quil y a
    des jeunes africains qui travaillent, qui
    publient des travaux et qui sont en Afrique et
    qui travaillent sur les problèmes de lAfrique.
    Il ny a pas que le nord qui soccupe de
    lAfrique .

Local agenda! simple info-flow and preparing KM
Resource centre is a good start ..
Younger generations should / could / can pick up
50
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Literature 2011 by IRC
  • Studies Ghana and Burkina Faso for Triple-S
    Studies Ghana and Burkina Faso for Triple-S
    LESSONS FOR RURAL WATER SUPPLY Assessing progress
    towards sustainable service delivery
  • On water!

51
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

Ghana
52
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • 6.5 CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT Ghana / Triple-S Study
  • Lack of capacity at all intermediate levels (with
    the exception of regional CWSA of?ces that are
    relatively well provisioned for in terms of both
    staff and operational budgets) is a constant in
    any analysis of challenges to the sector. DAs,
    DWSTs, WSDBs, WATSANs and area mechanics all
    suffer from a lack of inherent skills in the
    population made worse by a failure to
    institutionalise a proper national capacity
    development scheme. Training and capacity
    building is almost entirely ad hoc and
    project-related.

53
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Literature 2012 by SKAT
  • Burkina Faso - Report 1st Assessment Visit for
    WA-WASH Self Supply
  • Municipalities have limited funds and internal
    capacity to implement works and activities.
    Communes have to design local plans for the
    development of water and sanitation
    infrastructures (Plan Communale Dévelopment /
    PCD-AEPA). On village level the CVD (Commité
    Villageois de Développent) are responsible for
    planning interventions. The following graph is
    part of the PN-AEPA and explains the roles of
    actors within the framework

54
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

Burkina Faso
55
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Main sector institutions Burkina Faso
  • Though the ultimate responsibilities over a
    number of small towns and the villages located
    within the boundaries of urban communes are
    unclear, sector organisation is relatively well
    defined, with a separation of functions between
    a number of key institutionsThe Ministry of
    Agriculture, Fisheries and Water Resources is the
    ultimate authority for water supply and
    sanitation issues in rural areas, and the
    National Office for Water and Sanitation (ONEA),
    is responsible for urban areas.
  • The General Directorate for Water Resources is
    the national body for policy development and
    planning.
  • The Regional Directorates for Agriculture,
    Fisheries and Water Resources coordinate
    planning, resources and activities at regional
    level.
  • The National Office for Water and Sanitation and
    the private sector operate some dimensions of
    water services in a selected number of communes
    (local government units).
  • International donors (GTZ German international
    cooperation organisation, World Bank, the Agence
    Française de Développement (AFD) (French
    Development Agency), Danish International
    Development Assistance (Danida), the European
    Union (EU), etc) finance about 90 of the
    national water budget.
  • INGOs implement and support local capacities.
  • Communes are responsible to ensure service
    provision to their populations.

56
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • ETAT DES LIEUX DES COLLECTIFS D'ORGANISATIONS DE
    LA SOCIETE CIVILE DU SECTEUR DE LEAU ET DE
    LASSAINISSEMENT EN AFRIQUE DE LOUEST
  • STATUS OF COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS FOR CIVIL
    SOCIETY SECTOR WATER AND SANITATION IN WEST AFRICA

57
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • The important role of civil society organizations
    in the management of resources is now widely
    recognized by all stakeholders. All countries in
    the sub-region of West Africa that have been
    covered by this study (Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali,
    Niger and Senegal) have gradually established a
    regulatory framework and operational mechanisms
    for the exchange between government and civil
    society.
  • Overall, CSOs are recognized and involved
    directly (through their collective) or indirectly
    (through multi-stakeholder group) in the process
    of national decision. But their ability to
    influence and effectiveness in decision-making
    bodies remain very low by a number of weaknesses

58
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Few CSOs and groupings meet minimum standards for
    administrative, financial and even associative
  • Fragmentation of several CSOs in multi-sectoral
    group
  • Absence of collective national WASH sector
    specific
  • Emergence of collective on shaky objective and
    they are often made because of government
    incentives but rarely by own CSO members,
    structuring to influence bodies and policy
    decisions
  • Collectives face funding difficulties and the
    bulk of their operations are financed from
    outside the country.

59
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • SWOT analysis of all these categories of
    collectives suggest the following
    recommendations
  • Consolidate the collective representation of CSOs
    WASH sector and skills to drive more efficiently
    operations for advocacy (find more synergy and
    complementarity between the existing collective)
  • Enhance the contribution of collective CSOs
    within the collective multi-sector actors WASH
    (review modes of representation to the
    effectiveness of the contribution)
  • Strengthen the influence of advisory bodies set
    up by State to act as real bodies regulating the
    sector.

60
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Knowledge networks WA-WASH partners
  • WaterAid (including learning labs)
  • SNV (partner IRC in KM team)
  • CARE (see mini interview Uwe Corus)
  • ..
  • To do
  • WinROCK (Beaujault, WA-WASH director) gt
  • RAIN gt Dutch WASH Alliance
  • SKAT gt RWSN
  • ..
  • Please suggest during group-work

61
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Mini interview Uwe Korus CARE on LS
  • Informal learning . Platforms??
  • As public accountability to government / communes
  • Within the CARE structures
  • With local / NGO implementing partners
  • New Adaptation Learning Project see links below
  • ALP French http//www.careclimatechange.org/files
    /adaptation/JotoAfrika_french_2012_web.pdf
  • ALP English http//www.careclimatechange.org/file
    s/adaptation/JotoAfrika_11112011.pdf
  • ALP http//www.careclimatechange.org/adaptation-i
    nitiatives/alp
  • ALP Niger http//www.careclimatechange.org/files/
    adaptation/ALP_Niger_Dan_Bouga_Sept2011.pdf

62
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • WSSCC
  • WSSCC is a people-centred organization and
    therefore gathers individuals who, collectively,
    are part of a great WASH movement. It is the
    people - rather than the organization - who make
    the real difference. Being a WSSCC member means
    being a part of a global peer network committed
    to improve sanitation, hygiene and water
    worldwide.
  • Burkina Faso 14 http//www.wsscc.org/members/find-
    another-member/search-results?keysfield_country_
    residence_value15
  • Mali 3 http//www.wsscc.org/members/find-another-
    member/search-results?keysfield_country_residenc
    e_value40
  • Niger  8 http//www.wsscc.org/members/find-anothe
    r-member/search-results?keysfield_country_reside
    nce_value48
  • Ghana 43 http//www.wsscc.org/members/find-anothe
    r-member/search-results?keysfield_country_reside
    nce_value31
  • Low numbers!

63
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • AWIS
  • A network of African partnersAWIS (African Water
    Documentation and Information System) is a
    network of African organizations that aim to
    share the practices and information they have
    available to the greatest number of audience.
    Awis value is built upon the diversity of its
    members- Geographic diversity Awis partners
    have reference and they are operationally
    involved throughout the African continent,- A
    variety of skills information managed by AWIS
    target the water sector in its broadest sense.
    Whether access to drinking water, resource
    management at a basin or sanitation and hygiene,
    this is why the AWIS thematic network members
    have a long experience and have developed a solid
    expertise.- A variety of modes of intervention
    another Awis specificity is the diverse nature
    of its constituent organizations. Its network
    includes government agencies, NGOs, research
    centres and basin organizations. Each, because of
    its special status, has developed methods of
    intervention of its own and which enrich the wide
    range of experiences federated by AWIS.
  • The objectives of AWIS1. Build a network of
    partners in Africa that produce information in
    the field of water2. Reference quality
    information on the water sector in Africa3.
    Provide free access to this information via an
    Internet portal.
  • More librarian library / lack of funds

64
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • PROPOSITION DAXES DE COLLABORATION AVEC LA
    COALITION EAU AUTOUR DU PLAIDOYER A MENER Les
    réflexions animées dans les différents pays font
    ressortir un certain nombre de préalables avant
    de travailler sur du plaidoyer à porter par les
    collectifs dOSC au cours des années à venir
  • Lamélioration des connaissances des OSC du Sud
    sur les enjeux AEPA (nationaux et internationaux)
    et lappui à la participation des collectifs aux
    débats, échanges et réflexions à léchelle
    nationale, sous régionale et internationale.
  • Le renforcement des connaissances des OSC et
    leurs regroupements sur les législations,
    politiques et stratégies nationales par des
    activités dinformation et de formation à mettre
    en œuvre par les collectifs.
  • Le renforcement des capacités techniques des OSC
    pour un meilleur apport à lAEPA Il sagit pour
    les collectifs de développer les activités de
    formation et dinformation des OSC membres. A cet
    effet, les collectifs pourront également conduire
    des opérations de capitalisation dexpériences de
    leurs membres. Ces activités pourront se mener à
    plusieurs échelles nationale, Sud-Sud et
    Sud-Nord. Certains thèmes sont déjà identifiés
    le changement de comportements des populations,
    la gestion durable des infrastructures, les
    pratiques de GIRE, ...etc.
  • Le développement des activités dinformations sur
    les opportunités de financement Il sagit pour
    les collectifs de développer les activités
    dinformation de leurs membres sur les
    opportunités nationales et internationales de
    financement de leurs activités.
  • La consolidation et lamélioration de
    lefficacité des collectifs nationaux par
    lamélioration des mécanismes de financement, le
    renforcement des capacités (plaidoyer, lobbying,
    communication) et lamélioration de la
    gouvernance interne.

65
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Pour le plaidoyer, les ateliers de restitution
    organisés dans les différents pays ont identifié
    les axes prioritaires suivants
  • La manifestation et la concrétisation de la
    volonté politique et financière pour lAEPA Il
    sagit dœuvrer pour que les pouvoirs publics
    nationaux reconnaissent que laccès à leau et
  • lassainissement est un investissement nécessaire
    aux autres secteurs. Il faudra alors militer pour
    que les ressources consacrées par les Etats aux
    investissements dans le secteur de leau
  • potable et de lassainissement soient en
    cohérence avec limportance du secteur pour
    toutes les composantes du développement humain
    durable.
  • La concrétisation du transfert de la maîtrise
    douvrage aux collectivités locales et
    communautés de base Dans tous les pays, lEtat
    dans le cadre de la décentralisation, a pris
    loption du transfert de la maîtrise douvrage
    (réalisation et/ou gestion des infrastructures)
    aux collectivités locales ou aux communautés de
    base. Mais la réalité dans les pays où la
    décentralisation est encore récente (Bénin,
    Burkina Faso, Mali et Niger) révèle que ce
    transfert de compétences tarde à se concrétiser
    avec des actes comme le transfert du patrimoine,
    le transfert des ressources financières, le
    transfert des ressources humaines et le
    renforcement des capacités des décideurs locaux.
  • La mise en place dun dispositif concerté de
    production et validation des statistiques
    nationales du secteur AEPA Dans plusieurs pays,
    les statistiques nationales font lobjet
    dincompréhension et de contestation entre lEtat
    qui les produit et les autres acteurs concernés
    par le secteur. Il est donc important, dans le
    cadre de la promotion dune bonne gouvernance du
    secteur, que toutes les catégories dacteurs
    concernés participent au processus de production
    et de validation des statistiques.
  • Le renforcement du contrôle citoyen de laction
    publique dans le secteur. Il sagit pour les
    collectifs dOSC de mettre en place des outils
    pour faire une analyse critique de laction
    publique tant au plan technique quau plan
    financier. Lun des principaux éléments
    dappréciation est limportance des
    investissements dévolus au secteur dans les
    budgets nationaux et lévaluation de lincidence
    financière et sociale de la non priorisation du
    secteur dans les budgets nationaux. Dans ce
    sens, la mobilisation des collectifs dOSC autour
    du Livre Bleu en tant quinstrument de mesure et
    de plaidoyer est un atout.

66
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • A Presentation on CONIWAS Strategic Plan
    (2012-2016)
  • Weaknesses (Internal)
  • Inadequate organizational policies and procedures
  • Weak documentation of implementation processes,
    data management and M E
  • Lack of effective communication strategy
  • Inadequate fund raising strategy
  • Low staff remuneration
  • Ineffective programme planning coordination
  • Inadequate capacity for project management
  • Inadequate capacity for research, advocacy and
    programme follow-ups
  • Inadequate resource mobilization
  • Limited support to Zonal structures
  • Lack of coordinated approach to programme design
    and implementation

67
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • WA-Net (Part of Cap-Net )
  • WA-NET (http//www.cap-net.org/node/51)(West
    Africa Capacity Building Network)Member
    countriesBenin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Cote
    d'Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea
    Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger,
    Nigeria, Togo, Senegal, Sierra LeoneObjectivesTo
    promote regional co-operation among training
    and/or education and/or research institutions and
    organizations engaged in IWRM related activities
    in West Africa
  • To strengthen the capacities of training and/or
    education and/or research institutions and
    organizations engaged in IWRM related activities
    in the region
  • To facilitating research and the delivery of
    demand-driven training/education in IWRM in the
    region
  • To promote the implementation of IWRM in the
    region
  • Outputs 2009 National training course on
    Economic Financial instruments WA-Net, Mali GWP
    9-13 Feb Training
  • Seems to be dried up .

68
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • http//www.pseau.org (fr)
  • http//www.plaidoyer-bf.net (out 2009)
  • http//www.sie-isw.org (cn)
  • http//www.watersanitationhygiene.org (North)
  • http//rosa.boku.ac.at (out 2011)
  • http//www.netssaf.net/ (out 2008)
  • http//www.uemoa.int  Union Economique et
    Monetaire Ouest Africane
  • http//www.africa-interactive.com/site/page/629ab
    out_us Journalistic services network
  • http//projectwet.org (tttt 2008)
  • http//www.coalition-eau.org (tttt 2008)
  • http//mwawater.org (tttt 2008)
  • http//washtech.wordpress.com (tttt 2008)
  • http//www.africa-interactive.com/site/page/629ab
    out_us (tttt 2008)
  • http//www.sswm.info/home (tttt 2008)
  • http//www.coalition-eau.org (fr /cn Eau Vive)

A lot of times out of date and or not WASH
specific.
69
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • FAN Freshwater Action Network (FAN)
  • Is a global network of people implementing and
    influencing water and sanitation policy and
    practice around the world. FAN works to improve
    water management by strengthening civil society
    to influence decision-making. http//www.freshwate
    raction.net
  • ANEW is part of FAN re-launch summer 2012

70
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • National WS program
  • Busy with decentralisation
  • Busy with OM and governance
  • Not with Learning Sharing .

71
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Journalist networks for WA-WASH countries
  • Burkina Faso Drissa Traoré, WASH Media Network
    Burkina Faso, on the importance of water for life
    and his perspective on the WASH situation in
    Burkina Faso and Liberia and the importance of
    behaviour change (in French)Blog
    www.wash-jn.net http//twitter.com/washjournalists
    www.facebook.com/washjournalists
  • Ghana GHANA WATSAN JOUNALIST NETWORK MEDIA
    ENGAGEMENTS www.gwjn.com  
  • Niger
  • Mali

72
Mali mini interview
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Pels _at_ IRC Can you tell me a bit about learning
    and sharing mechanism in Mali apart from the
    government platforms?
  • KASSAMBARA Bara, Mali Bara Kassambara FtF /
    MAVEN Country Director Mali Winrock
    International Hamdallaye ACI 2000 / Bamako
    Face Clinique KABALA - Rue 213 BPE 457 Office
    (00223)20 29 38 80 Cell (00223) 76 31 15 57
    Fax (00223) 20 29 22 81 Email bkassambara_at_winrock
    mali.org Skype kassambara_bara
  • KASSAMBARA Bara, Mali In Mali there many
    organizations networks FONGIM (Forum des ONGs
    International au Mali), CC-ONG, SECO ONG,
    Organisation de la Société Civile, ....... Thera
    many others organization relate to some specific
    issues as Water, Sanitation, Advocacy,..... and
    the likes where actors could meet, share
    information and negotiate the government to
    overcome their concerns
  • Pels _at_ IRC Do you think these platforms need
    capacity building in respect to learning and
    sharing? WA-WASH is only about WASH and MUS and
    alike.
  • KASSAMBARA Bara, Mali As you know, Learning and
    Sharing, let's say Communication is the key point
    concerning Capacity Building / Sharing /
    Extension / Promotion, for Socio-economic and
    political growth. Then the needs in this field is
    very high mostly if "People don't know that they
    don't know". It is just my opinion.

73
Capacity Building regional organisationsLearning
Sharing platforms
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Guiding lights .

74
Resource Centre Ghana
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • The Resource Centre in Ghana has evolved into a
    Resource Network which engages all key sector
    players. The Resource Centre Network provides
    quality services and knowledge products to meet
    the information needs of the  sector. These
    include
  • a Sector Newsletter
  • a Sector Website (www.ghana.watsan.net)
  • production of information materials like a
    Brochure, Fact Sheets and Short Briefing Notes in
    response to frequently asked questions
  • training and capacity building, especially in the
    area of documentation and information management
  • establishment of Media Platform as part of its
    advocacy role, the RCN is working closely with
    various media to introduce an interactive
    programme called WASH Agenda, where exclusively
    WASH issues will be discussed
  • provision of Enquiry Services where the
    secretariat will directly provide quick response
    to specific problems and queries
  • establish a library facility where key
    publications will be available to sector agencies
    and District Assemblies (DAs)and
  • working closely with sector agencies and umbrella
    groups like CONIWAS to organise sector dialogue
    on topical issues.
  • The target group for RCN Ghana services/products
    include, sector ministries and key agencies,
    parliamentary select committee on WASH, NGOs,
    CBOs, private sectors, networks and development
    partners.
  • read more about the establishment process,
    challenges and lessons in this case study
     http//www.irc.nl/page/47993

75
Scoops by WSAfrica .
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

76
Faso Nouvelles blog Burkina Faso
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program

77
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Uganda case (LEAPSS) example (IRC)
  • Existing platforms (!)
  • More obligatory / press conference style / send
    information
  • No dialogue / discussion / follow up / reflection
  • Attach Reflection slot on Learning Sharing
  • At the start uncomfortable
  • More and more LS sessions appreciated
  • Reflection slots as part of other (regional /
    local) platforms

) The core objective of the Learning for
Practice and Policy in Sanitation (LeaPPS)
project is to support multi-stakeholder learning
processes. It takes local governance as its entry
point, facilitating learning platforms on hygiene
and sanitation at district and sub-district level
in Uganda.
78
Group work Learning Sharing
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
  • Table per country KM team member as chair
  • Please draw / doodle / circle key issues
  • 1) Plot partner and / or other LS mechanisms
  • 2) What Capacity Building is needed?
  • 3) Report key issues back at 1740

79
  • West Africa Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
    (USAID WA-WASH) Program
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