Arizona Government - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Arizona Government

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Arizona Government Arizona state government, like the national govt., is divided into three branches. In addition there are county governments, municipal or city ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Arizona Government


1
Arizona Government
2
  • Arizona state government, like the national
    govt., is divided into three branches. In
    addition there are county governments, municipal
    or city governments, school districts, and tribal
    governments.

3
Lawmaking Body
  • The Arizona Legislature consists of
  • 30 Senators
  • 60 Representatives
  • Each district has 1 senator and 2 house members
  • Thus, AZ is broken into 30 state districts
  • Modeled after US Congress but dealing with state
    specific issues
  • Legislators are part-time politicians
  • Compensation 28,000 and mileage
  • 2 year term with 4 consecutive term limit

4
Executive Branch
  • The Chief Executive is the Governor
  • They serve a 4 year term pseudo pres.
  • Has a 2 term limit, reeligible after 4 yr hiatus
  • Compensation 95,000
  • Arizona has no lieutenant governor
  • Cabinet consists of 37 members!!!
  • Governor determines size, not in constitution
  • Governor has full control over states budget

5
Major executive offices
  • Sec of State 1st in line to become governor
  • Keeps all records, elections, publishes laws,
    handles petitions
  • Attorney General
  • Directs the department of law
  • Treasurer
  • Chief financial officer, invests and collects
    states monies
  • Superintendent of public instruction
  • Develops state standards and tests
  • Mine Inspector
  • Supervises and inspects, new laws

6
Executive Powers
  • Makes appointments, removes officers
  • Liaison between the state and federal govt.
  • Military National Guard but pres. May
    nationalize
  • Legislative signs or vetoes laws
  • The AZ governor does have the power of line-item
    veto
  • This has lead to multiple balanced budgets in
    Arizona
  • Special sessions, state of state speech
  • An ordinary non-emergency bill becomes a law 90
    days after the legislative session ends
  • Judicial pardons, amnesty

7
Judicial Branch
  • 3 levels Supreme, Court of Appeals, Superior
  • Supreme 5 justices, 1 chief
  • Review lower court cases
  • Court of last resort in Az
  • Qualifications
  • Good moral character
  • Practiced law in Az at least 5 years
  • Law school graduate
  • Mandatory retirement at age 70
  • Appointed by Governor
  • Term 6 years for re-vote

8
  • Court of Appeals
  • Created in 1964 to relieve the S.C.
  • 2 divisions North (16 in Phx) South (6 in Tuc)
  • Superior Courts Primary courts
  • Hear civil cases using original jurisdiction
  • Cases involving over 5000 jury 6/8
  • Also hear crminal cases
  • Low level jury must be 6/8
  • High level must be unanimous or hung jury
  • Jury no less than six no more than 12

9
  • City courts
  • Hear cases concerning traffic, fighting,
    drunkenness
  • Justice of the Peace courts
  • Local judge hears less serious cases (elected
    judges)
  • Each precinct has a Justice of the Peace
  • Maricopa County judges are appointed by Governor
    and then must be re-elected after a 4 year
    term
  • Removal of Judges RECALL and impeachment

10
Direct Democracy
  • Initiative - rare
  • Proposed law by the people
  • 2 types
  • Constitutional amendment
  • Need 15 of previous votes cast to ballot
  • Statutory change in a law
  • 10 to ballot
  • These are seen on the ballots as propositions

11
  • Referendum take laws off
  • State legislature can place proposed law or
    change on the ballot as proposition
  • Law goes into effect 90 days after pass
  • Citizens can do this with 5 votes cast
  • State legislature can also do this

12
  • Recall
  • Special election to decide if elected official
    may finish term
  • To recall 25 must be collected via petition
  • Other people go on the ballot for the recall
    election by obtaining required signatures
  • Highest vote getter finishes the term
  • Cannot start recall until the person has been in
    office for at least 6 months

13
Stupid Arizona Laws
  • These are official laws on books but not
    enforced
  • Hunting camels is prohibited
  • Any misdemeanor committed while wearing a red
    mask is a felony
  • Donkeys cannot sleep in bathtubs
  • It is upwards of 25 years in prison for cutting
    down a cactus
  • It is illegal to manufacture imitation cocaine
  • When being attacked by a criminal or burglar, you
    may only protect yourself with the same weapon
    the other possesses
  • It is unlawful to refuse a person a glass of
    water
  • In Maricopa county No more than 6 girls may live
    an any house
  • In Prescott it is forbidden to ride your horse up
    the county courthouse stairs
  • In Tombstone it is illegal for men and women over
    the age of 18 to have less than one missing tooth
    visible while smiling
  • In Tucson women may not wear pants

14
Tribal Government
  • Arizona has 21 tribal nations over 25 of the
    land
  • Tribal Sovereignty
  • Tribal council representatives elected by
    people
  • Makes laws and imposes taxes on reservation
  • Federal law does apply on reservation but not
    most state laws
  • Hence why casinos are only located on reservation
    land
  • Chooses one council member to be liaison between
    the tribe and the federal govt. (Internal affairs
    department)
  • Tribal police are in charge of law enforcement on
    land except in cases of serious felonies
  • Be careful on reservation land
  • Tribal courts deal with minor crimes, divorce,
    child custody battles, civil disputes, etc.
  • Most tribes try to work with the state and
    federal govt. Ex 101
  • Tribal state compacts Ex gambling age to 21 in
    2003
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