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Recommendations of Working Group I concerning:

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Title: Recommendations of Working Group I concerning:


1
PROPOSED CHARTER ON WATER RECYCLING POLLUTION
PREVENTION IN PULP PAPER INDUSTRY
  • Recommendations of Working Group I concerning
  • Categorization of Industry
  • Objectives
  • Proposed Norms
  • Proposed Sction Points

2
Categories of Indian Pulp Paper Mills
  • Proposed Categorization under this Revised
    Charter
  • A1 Wood Based Pulp Paper Mills producing
    bleached grades of chemical pulps, papers,
    paperboards newsprint
  • A2 Wood Based Pulp Paper Mills producing
    unbleached grades of chemical pulps, papers and
    paperboards
  • B1 Agro Based Pulp Paper Mills producing
    bleached grades of chemical pulps, papers,
    paperboards newsprint
  • B2 Agro Based Pulp Paper Mills producing
    unbleached grades of papers and paperboards
  • C1 RCF and Market Pulp Based Paper Mills
    producing bleached grades of papers, paperboards
    newsprint
  • C2 RCF and Market Pulp Based Paper Mills
    producing unbleached grades of papers and
    paperboards
  • Mills that attract classification in more than
    one category will be deemed to be in the
    highest among those categories. For example, a
    mill that is both wood and agro based (A1 B1)
    will be classified as A1.

3
Objectives of the Charter
  • All time Compliance with Environmental Norms
  • This compliance shall be determined by long-term
    performance criteria like a 30-day moving
    average. Besides, allowable Exceedances shall
    be permissible on the basis of an agreed
  • of operating time that such exceedances occur
  • number of such exceedances per year/month
  • by which each such exceedance can deviate from
    norm
  • Start-up/shut-down periods, normal boiler
    soot-blowing sequences and exceptional
    circumstances (to be enumerated) should not be
    considered while determining all-time compliance.
  • Water consumption, effluent generation and
    emission limits shall be reckoned per tonne of
    product and not just paper. Besides paper,
    paperboard and newsprint, product shall include
    air dry tonnes of surplus pulp produced for short
    term storage (as wet-lap) or for sale.

4
Objectives of the Charter
  • Improved Environmental Performance beyond
    Regulatory Norms
  • This will essentially be a voluntary effort by
    the mills with performance targets proposed in
    advance, properly documented, and then validated
    by third parties.
  • Achievement of such improved performance should
    receive appropriate recognition from CPCB/SPCBs
    and, in particular, should qualify for fast-track
    environmental clearances.

5
Objectives of the Charter
  • Increased Productivity
  • Freedom to install minimum impact technology
    will not only improve better environmental
    performance but also ensure stakeholder
    relations, increased productivity, cost savings
    and competitive market advantages.
  • Constrained by the General and Special
    Conditions imposed by Environmental Clearances
    and Operating Permits, increased productivity
    could only amount to achieving the same
    production levels with lesser specific
    consumption of any or all of the resources
    involved in mill operations.

6
Objectives of the Charter
  • Compliance with International Commitments
  • Compliance with international commitments in the
    context of environmental regulation of the paper
    industry will be meaningful if effluent discharge
    standards are load based instead of the existing
    concentration based ones. Making ECF bleaching
    mandatory would then be the only residual issue.
  • Internationally, ECF bleaching is mandatory (BAT
    standard) and the only wood pulp bleaching
    technology to ensure safe AOx levels.
    Well-managed agro-pulp bleaching could still hold
    AOx levels to that of wood based ECF pulp
    bleaching without eliminating elemental chlorine.
    Indias compliance, in an agro pulping context,
    should be decided only on prescribed AOx levels.
  • Elimination of elemental chlorine in existing
    Agro mills, or wood pulp mills of capacity lt200
    tpd, could be either a voluntary initiative or a
    condition for expansion of capacity or
    establishment of new capacities.

7
Fresh Water Consumption Norms in the Revised
Charter (m3/t of product)
Tentative norms for Mills manufacturing
specialty paper. Wide variation can exist,
determined by grades (Hygiene grades/FDA
grades/coloured grades, etc). Case-to-case
consideration, based on product portfolio, would
be required
8
Proposed Effluent Generation Norms in the Revised
Charter (m3/t of product)
Tentative norms for Mills manufacturing
specialty paper. Wide variation can exist,
determined by grades (Hygiene grades/FDA
grades/coloured grades, etc). Case-to-case
consideration, based on product portfolio, would
be required
9
Proposed Norms for Treated Effluent Quality for
Integrated Pulp Paper Mills manufacturing
Chemical pulp
Parameters Goals
pH 6.5 8.5
TSS, mg/l 50
BOD, mg/l lt 30
COD, mg/l 250
TDS, mg/l 2100
Colour, PCU 500
AOx, mg/l 10
SAR 12 (Short/Medium Term)10 (Long Term)
Deviation from the norms for a specified of the
time in a year (say, 5) should be considered
within compliance.
10
Proposed Norms for Treated Effluent Quality for
RCF and Market Pulp Based Pulp Paper Mills
Parameters Goals
pH 6.5 8.5
TSS, mg/l 50
BOD, mg/l lt 30
COD, mg/l 225
TDS, mg/l 2100
SAR 12 (Short/Medium Term)10 (Long Term)
Deviation from the norms for a specified of the
time in a year (say, 5) should be considered
within compliance.
11
Water Consumption Effluent Generation Norms
w.r.t Irrigation Schemes
  • Mills that discharge all their treated effluents
    on land for irrigation through dedicated effluent
    distribution schemes have an obligation to
    dependent farmers. These mills will be entitled
    to a relaxation of water consumption and effluent
    generation norms, Such relaxation, to the extent
    required, shall be accorded to eligible mills
    through a validation protocol to be notified by
    CPCB.
  • Such relaxation shall, however, be subject to the
    following conditions
  • The dedicated irrigation scheme should have been
    in practice for a period of not less than five
    (5) years
  • The scheme should have, during this 5-year
    period, used all the effluent generated by the
    mill.
  • The effluent load generated by the mill shall
    not be in excess of the norms. In effect, any
    relaxation in volumetric terms would entail a
    corresponding reduction in the concentration
    terms.

12
Proposed Norms for Odorous Emissions
Odorous gases Existing Emission Norms mg/Nm 3 Proposed Emission Norms mg/Nm 3 Measurement Method Control technology
H2S 10 10 Gastec Tube Sampling Alkaline Absorption, Biological Methods, Adsorption, orIncineration (Incineration is proven but involves highest investment operating costs)
Total Mercaptans (Methyl Mercaptan, DMS DMDS) Not Specified 50 Gastec Tube Sampling Alkaline Absorption, Biological Methods, Adsorption, orIncineration (Incineration is proven but involves highest investment operating costs)
Recommended by the Expert Committee on Odour
Polluton its Control constituted by CPCB
Guidelines published May 2008.
These emissions shall be measured twice a year,
as an odour control assessment protocol, to
identify and evaluate point source emissions of
odorous gases. Mills that operate with a Soda
Process and with mill-wide sulphur-free
operations, shall be exempt from this section of
the Charter.
13
Proposed Stack Emission Norms

Boiler Capacity Control Equipmnt Existing Norms (mg/Nm3) Proposed Norms (mg/Nm3) Remarks
15tph above ESP SPM 150 H2S 10 Sox Not Defined Nox Not Defined SPM 150 (Boilers set up before 2008) SPM 100 (Boilers set up after 2008) H2S 10 Norms for a Chemical Recovery Boiler lime kiln will be same as that for a Power Boiler with capacity gt15 tph
For boilers lt15 tph Multi Cyclone SPM 600 (10- 15tph) SPM 800 (lt10 tph) H2S Not Defined SPM 600 H2S 10
NOX SOx has already been notified under
National Ambient Air Quality Standards. H2S
norms will be applicable only to stacks attached
to Chemical Recovery Boilers. Deviation from the
norms for a specified of the time (say, 5)
should be considered within compliance.
14
Conditions Necessary for Timely Compliance with
the Charter
  • No regulatory impediments.
  • Any process modification, construction activity
    or any other action required to be undertaken by
    a mill in pursuit of the objectives of this
    Charter should receive necessary environmental
    clearances from SPCBs with utmost speed.
    CPCB/MoEF should set in place a fast-track,
    single-window clearance mechanism.
  • Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Conditions not to
    apply.
  • SPCBs should be advised not to prescribe a ZLD
    condition in any of their operating permits
    during the currency of this Charter. If mills
    were to be capable of achieving ZLD, there would
    be no need for this Charter.
  • SPCBs active support, and understanding,
  • The transition from Short Term compliance levels
    to the next two levels could entail disruptions
    in mill operations leading to temporary
    aberrations in quality of treated effluents.

15
Charter for Water Recycling Pollution
Prevention in Pulp Paper Industries
Action Points
These action points are indicative of the
systems, equipment, processes and practices that
are considered essential to achievement of the
objectives of this Charter. Actual actions
required by individual mills may differ on
account of their unique circumstances like scale
of operations, equipment syatem
configuration, product portfolio', 'raw
material mix, etc.
16
Category A1 Wood based - Bleached Grades of
Pulps, Papers, Paperboards Newsprint
17
Section Action
Raw material Preparation section Wet washing of raw material using treated wastewater
Raw material Preparation section Dust Extraction system in the chipping plant (chippers, chip screens Re-chippers)
Digestion and Brown Stock Washing and Pre-bleach operations Installation of extended de-lignification systems/continuous digestion followed by oxygen delignification stage(s)
Digestion and Brown Stock Washing and Pre-bleach operations Closing up the black liquor loop integrating brown stock washing, screen room and oxygen de-lignification loops to limit the pre-bleach soda loss to lt8 10 kg/t pulp.
Digestion and Brown Stock Washing and Pre-bleach operations Black liquor spillage collection sump(s) with level controlled pump-out
Digestion and Brown Stock Washing and Pre-bleach operations Oxygen Delignification (Short-term target)
Bleaching Alkali extraction with oxygen hydrogen peroxide (EOP) in the short term
Bleaching Replacement of elemental chlorine bleaching with ECF bleaching (Long term target)
Black Liquor Management Installation of chemical recovery facility capable of recovery efficiency gt95. The facility should comprise Multiple-effect Black Liquor Evaporation Plant Conventional Chemical Recovery Boiler with Electrostatic Precipitator Recausticising Plant Lime Mud Re-burning Rotary Kiln with Electrostatic Precipitator Dregs washing and dewatering system
Black Liquor Management Black liquor spillage collection sump(s) with level controlled pump-out
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices NCG collection, scrubbing and elimination by incineration, alkali absorption, Adsorption or Biological treatment
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Colllection of foul condensate from Evaporation Plant/Cooking Plant for steam stripping and reuse. Stripped gases to be handled like NCG.(long term target)
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Electrostatic Precipitators for all Power Boiler, Recovery Boilers and Lime Kilns.
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Dust suppression/extraction systems in raw material preparation, fuel ash handling, lime/lime mud handling and chemical additives handling areas.
18
Section Action
Paper Machine Closed loop fibre recovery and backwater system using Polydisc save-alls (or alternatives) and adequately sized broke clarified backwater storage towers/chests
Paper Machine Collection, cooling reuse of vacuum pump sealing water
Paper Machine Use of clarified back or recycled water in high-volume, low-pressure showers and sheet knock-offs
Effluent Treatment Installation of coarse fine screen followed by a stabilization pond/tank , primary clarification, anaerobic primary treatment, secondary activated sludge treatment, secondary clarification, and site-specific tertiary treatment like Coagulation Flocculation, micro filtration and/or pressure sand filtration, activated carbon filtration or ozonisation
Effluent Treatment Secondary Sludge Bio-sludge handling system comprising pre thickening, followed by decanting/centrifuging and dewatering in a belt press or sun drying
Monitoring and control Installation of calibrated magnetic flowmeters (sealed by competent authority) to monitor mill water intake
Monitoring and control Setting up of well equipped lab with trained manpower for regular monitoring of all parameters controlled by the Air, Water and Solid Wastes Regulations
Monitoring and control Compulsory annual comprehensive water audit
Monitoring and control Annual Performance evaluation of ETP
Online monitoring(Medium term taret) Continuous online effluent/ emission monitoring data transmission to SPCB/CPCB. Initially online measurement will be limited to Flow, pH, TSS and DO (aeration tank). Other parameters will be introduced once reliable sensors/instrumentation have been demonstrated in atleast one trial installation.
19
Category A2 Wood based - Unbleached Grades of
Pulps, Papers and Paperboards
20
Section Action
Raw material Preparation section Wet washing of raw material using treated wastewater
Raw material Preparation section Dust Extraction system in the chipping plant (chippers, chip screens Re-chippers)
Digestion and Brown Stock Washing and Pre-bleach operations Installation of extended de-lignification systems/continuous digestion
Digestion and Brown Stock Washing and Pre-bleach operations Closing up the black liquor loop integrating brown stock washing, screen room loops to limit the pre-bleach soda loss to lt8 10 kg/t pulp
Digestion and Brown Stock Washing and Pre-bleach operations Black liquor spillage collection sump(s) with level controlled pump-out
Black Liquor Management Installation of chemical recovery facility capable of recovery efficiency gt95. The facility should comprise Multiple-effect Black Liquor Evaporation Plant Conventional Chemical Recovery Boiler with Electrostatic Precipitator Recausticising Plant Lime Mud Re-burning Rotary Kiln with Electrostatic Precipitator Dregs washing and dewatering system
Black Liquor Management Black liquor spillage collection sump(s) with level controlled pump-out
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices NCG collection, scrubbing and elimination by incineration, alkali absorption, Adsorption or Biological treatment
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Colllection of foul condensate from Evaporation Plant/Cooking Plant for steam stripping and reuse. Stripped gases to be handled like NCG.(long term target)
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Electrostatic Precipitators for all Power Boiler, Recovery Boilers and Lime Kilns.
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Dust suppression/extraction systems in raw material preparation, fuel ash handling, lime/lime mud handling and chemical additives handling areas.
21
Section Action
Paper Machine Closed loop fibre recovery and backwater system using Polydisc save-alls (or alternatives) and adequately sized broke clarified backwater storage towers/chests
Paper Machine Collection, cooling reuse of vacuum pump sealing water
Paper Machine Use of clarified back or recycled water in high-volume, low-pressure showers and sheet knock-offs
Effluent Treatment Installation of coarse fine screen followed by a stabilization pond/tank , primary clarification, anaerobic primary treatment, secondary activated sludge treatment, secondary clarification, and site-specific tertiary treatment like Coagulation Flocculation, micro filtration and/or pressure sand filtration, activated carbon filtration or ozonisation
Effluent Treatment Secondary Sludge Bio-sludge handling system comprising pre thickening, followed by decanting/centrifuging and dewatering in a belt press or sun drying.
Monitoring and control Installation of calibrated magnetic flowmeters (sealed by competent authority) to monitor mill water intake
Monitoring and control Setting up of well equipped lab with trained manpower for regular monitoring of all parameters controlled by the Air, Water and Solid Wastes Regulations
Monitoring and control Compulsory annual comprehensive water audit
Monitoring and control Annual Performance evaluation of ETP
Online monitoring(Medium term target) Continuous online effluent/ emission monitoring data transmission to SPCB/CPCB. Initially online measurement will be limited to Flow, pH, TSS and DO (aeration tank). Other parameters will be introduced once reliable sensors/instrumentation have been demonstrated in atleast one trial installation.
22
Category B1 Agro based - Bleached grades of
Pulps, Papers, Paperboards Newsprint
23
Section Action
Raw material Preparation section Dust Extraction system in raw material preparation
Raw material Preparation section Wet washing Sand removal using treated wastewater
Digestion, Brown Stock Washing and Pre-bleach operations Installation of continuous digestion followed by oxygen delignification stage(s)
Digestion, Brown Stock Washing and Pre-bleach operations Closing up the black liquor loop integrating brown stock washing, screen room and oxygen de-lignification loops to limit the pre-bleach soda loss to lt10 12 kg/t pulp.
Digestion, Brown Stock Washing and Pre-bleach operations Black liquor spillage collection sump(s) with level controlled pump-out
Digestion, Brown Stock Washing and Pre-bleach operations Oxygen Delignification (Short-term target)
Bleaching Alkali extraction with oxygen hydrogen peroxide (EOP) in the short term
Bleaching Replacement of elemental chlorine bleaching with ECF bleaching (Long term target)
Black Liquor Management Installation of chemical recovery facility capable of recovery efficiency gt95. The facility should comprise Multiple-effect Black Liquor Evaporation Plant Conventional Chemical Recovery Boiler with Electrostatic Precipitator Two-stage Recausticising Plant with purged lime sludge from 1st stage to be supplied to cement mills Lime Mud Re-burning Rotary Kiln with Electrostatic Precipitator Dregs washing and dewatering system
Black Liquor Management Black liquor spillage collection sump(s) with level controlled pump-out
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Electrostatic Precipitators for all Power Boiler, Recovery Boilers and Lime Kilns.
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Dust suppression/extraction systems in raw material preparation, fuel ash handling, lime/lime mud handling and chemical additives handling areas.
24
Section Action
Paper Machine Closed loop fibre recovery and backwater system using Polydisc save-alls (or alternatives) and adequately sized broke clarified backwater storage towers/chests
Paper Machine Collection, cooling reuse of vacuum pump sealing water
Paper Machine Use of clarified back or recycled water in high-volume, low-pressure showers and sheet knock-offs
Effluent Treatment Installation of coarse fine screen followed by a stabilization pond/tank , primary clarification, anaerobic primary treatment, secondary activated sludge treatment, secondary clarification, and site-specific tertiary treatment like Coagulation Flocculation, micro filtration and/or pressure sand filtration, activated carbon filtration or ozonisation
Effluent Treatment Secondary Sludge Bio-sludge handling system comprising pre thickening, followed by decanting/centrifuging and dewatering in a belt press or sun drying.
Monitoring and control Installation of calibrated magnetic flowmeters (sealed by competent authority) to monitor mill water intake
Monitoring and control Setting up of well equipped lab with trained manpower for regular monitoring of all parameters controlled by the Air, Water and Solid Wastes Regulations
Monitoring and control Compulsory annual comprehensive water audit
Monitoring and control Annual Performance evaluation of ETP
Online monitoring(Medium term target) Continuous online effluent/ emission monitoring data transmission to SPCB/CPCB. Initially online measurement will be limited to Flow, pH, TSS and DO (aeration tank). Other parameters will be introduced once reliable sensors/instrumentation have been demonstrated in atleast one trial installation.
25
Category B1 Agro based - Unbleached grades of
Pulps, Papers, Paperboards Newsprint
26
Section Action
Raw material Preparation section Dust Extraction system in raw material preparation
Raw material Preparation section Wet washing Sand removal using treated wastewater
Digestion, Brown Stock Washing and Pre-bleach operations Installation of continuous digestion followed by oxygen delignification stage(s)
Digestion, Brown Stock Washing and Pre-bleach operations Closing up the black liquor loop integrating brown stock washing and screen room and limiting the to lt12 15 kg/t pulp.
Digestion, Brown Stock Washing and Pre-bleach operations Black liquor spillage collection sump(s) with level controlled pump-out
Black Liquor Management Installation of chemical recovery facility capable of recovery efficiency gt95. The facility should comprise Multiple-effect Black Liquor Evaporation Plant Conventional Chemical Recovery Boiler with Electrostatic Precipitator Two-stage Recausticising Plant with purged lime sludge from 1st stage to be supplied to cement mills Lime Mud Re-burning Rotary Kiln with Electrostatic Precipitator Dregs washing and dewatering system
Black Liquor Management Black liquor spillage collection sump(s) with level controlled pump-out
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Electrostatic Precipitators for all Power Boiler, Recovery Boilers and Lime Kilns.
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Dust suppression/extraction systems in raw material preparation, fuel ash handling, lime/lime mud handling and chemical additives handling areas.
27
Section Action
Paper Machine Closed loop fibre recovery and backwater system using Polydisc save-alls (or alternatives) and adequately sized broke clarified backwater storage towers/chests
Paper Machine Collection, cooling reuse of vacuum pump sealing water
Paper Machine Use of clarified back or recycled water in high-volume, low-pressure showers and sheet knock-offs
Effluent Treatment Installation of coarse fine screen followed by a stabilization pond/tank , primary clarification, anaerobic primary treatment, secondary activated sludge treatment, secondary clarification, and site-specific tertiary treatment like Coagulation Flocculation, micro filtration and/or pressure sand filtration, activated carbon filtration or ozonisation
Effluent Treatment Secondary Sludge Bio-sludge handling system comprising pre thickening, followed by decanting/centrifuging and dewatering in a belt press or sun drying.
Monitoring and control Installation of calibrated magnetic flowmeters (sealed by competent authority) to monitor mill water intake
Monitoring and control Setting up of well equipped lab with trained manpower for regular monitoring of all parameters controlled by the Air, Water and Solid Wastes Regulations
Monitoring and control Compulsory annual comprehensive water audit
Monitoring and control Annual Performance evaluation of ETP
Online monitoring(Medium term target) Continuous online effluent/ emission monitoring data transmission to SPCB/CPCB. Initially online measurement will be limited to Flow, pH, TSS and DO (aeration tank). Other parameters will be introduced once reliable sensors/instrumentation have been demonstrated in atleast one trial installation.
28
Category C1 RCF and Market Pulp based - Bleached
grades of Pulps, Papers, Paperboards Newsprint
29
Section Action
Waste Paper Treatment Slushing in high consistency batch/continuous pulpers or Drum pulpers. Pulper feed conveyors to be preceeded by sorting conveyors.
Waste Paper Treatment Installation of Drum washers/ presses for pulp washing and/or dewatering
Waste Paper Treatment Minimise use of fresh water and maximize paper machine backwater usage
Deinking Two loop deinking with two of flotation stages and one dispersing stage. The process water loops will be closed and recycled through DAF cells.
Deinking Two rejects handling systems, one for pulper and coarse screen rejects and one for the subsequent flotation stages (deinking sludge). The deinking sludge will be dewatered and pressed to a dryness gt55. Sludge disposal will be through co-combustion in power boilers.
Bleaching Single stage (Peroxide) or two stage (Peroxide FAS) depending on the desired final brightness.
Effluent Treatment Installation of coarse fine screen followed by a stabilization pond/tank , primary clarification, secondary activated sludge treatment, secondary clarification, and site-specific tertiary treatment like Coagulation Flocculation, dissolved air flotation, micro filtration and/or pressure sand filtration, activated carbon filtration or ozonisation.
Paper Machine Closed loop fibre recovery and backwater system using Polydisc save-alls (or alternatives) and adequately sized broke clarified backwater storage towers/chests
Paper Machine Collection, cooling reuse of vacuum pump sealing water
Paper Machine Use of clarified back or recycled water in high-volume, low-pressure showers and sheet knock-offs
30
Section Action
Paper Machine Closed loop fibre recovery and backwater system using Polydisc save-alls (or alternatives) and adequately sized broke clarified backwater storage chests
Paper Machine Collection, cooling reuse of vacuum pump sealing water
Paper Machine Use of clarified back or recycled water in high-volume, low-pressure showers and sheet knock-offs
Effluent Treatment Installation of coarse fine screen followed by a stabilization pond/tank , primary clarification, secondary activated sludge treatment, secondary clarification, and site-specific tertiary treatment like Coagulation Flocculation, micro filtration and/or pressure sand filtration, activated carbon filtration or ozonisation
Effluent Treatment Secondary Sludge Bio-sludge handling system comprising pre thickening, followed by decanting/centrifuging and dewatering in a belt press or sun drying.
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Electrostatic Precipitators for all Power Boiler, Recovery Boilers and Lime Kilns.
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Dust suppression/extraction systems in raw material preparation, fuel ash handling, lime/lime mud handling and chemical additives handling areas.
Monitoring and control Installation of calibrated magnetic flowmeters (sealed by competent authority) to monitor mill water intake
Monitoring and control Setting up of well equipped lab with trained manpower for regular monitoring of all parameters controlled by the Air, Water and Solid Wastes Regulations
Monitoring and control Compulsory annual comprehensive water audit
Monitoring and control Annual Performance evaluation of ETP
Online monitoring(Medium term target) Continuous online effluent/ emission monitoring data transmission to SPCB/CPCB. Initially online measurement will be limited to Flow, pH, TSS and DO (aeration tank). Other parameters will be introduced once reliable sensors/instrumentation have been demonstrated in atleast one trial installation.
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Electrostatic Precipitators for all Power Boiler, Recovery Boilers and Lime Kilns.
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Dust suppression/extraction systems in raw material preparation, fuel ash handling, lime/lime mud handling and chemical additives handling areas.
31
Category C2 RCF and Market Pulp based -
Unbleached grades of Pulps, Papers, Paperboards
Newsprint
32
Section Action
Waste Paper Treatment Slushing in high consistency batch/continuous pulpers or Drum pulpers.
Waste Paper Treatment Installation of Drum washers/ presses for pulp washing and/or dewatering
Waste Paper Treatment Minimise use of fresh water and maximize paper machine backwater usage
Waste Paper Treatment Two rejects handling systems, one for pulper and coarse screen rejects and one for the subsequent screening cleaning stages (wastepaper sludge). The wastepaper sludge will be dewatered and pressed to a dryness gt55. Sludge disposal will be through co-combustion in power boilers.
Paper Machine Closed loop fibre recovery and backwater system using Polydisc save-alls (or alternatives) and adequately sized broke clarified backwater storage towers/chests
Paper Machine Collection, cooling reuse of vacuum pump sealing water
Paper Machine Use of clarified back or recycled water in high-volume, low-pressure showers and sheet knock-offs
33
Section Action
Effluent Treatment Installation of coarse fine screen followed by a stabilization pond/tank , primary clarification, primary anaerobic pre-treatment, secondary activated sludge treatment, secondary clarification, and site-specific tertiary treatment like Coagulation Flocculation, dissolved air flotation, micro filtration and/or pressure sand filtration, activated carbon filtration or ozonisation.
Effluent Treatment Secondary Sludge Bio-sludge handling system comprising pre thickening, followed by decanting/centrifuging and dewatering in a belt press or sun drying.
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Electrostatic Precipitators for all Power Boiler, Recovery Boilers and Lime Kilns.
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Dust suppression/extraction systems in raw material preparation, fuel ash handling, lime/lime mud handling and chemical additives handling areas.
Monitoring and control Installation of calibrated magnetic flowmeters (sealed by competent authority) to monitor mill water intake (short term target)
Monitoring and control Setting up of well equipped lab with trained manpower for regular monitoring of all parameters controlled by the Air, Water and Solid Wastes Regulations
Monitoring and control Compulsory annual comprehensive water audit
Monitoring and control Annual Performance evaluation of ETP
Online monitoring(Medium term target) Continuous online effluent/ emission monitoring data transmission to SPCB/CPCB. Initially online measurement will be limited to Flow, pH, TSS and DO (aeration tank). Other parameters will be introduced once reliable sensors/instrumentation have been demonstrated in atleast one trial installation.
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Electrostatic Precipitators for all Power Boiler, Recovery Boilers and Lime Kilns.
Odour Air Pollution Control Devices Dust suppression/extraction systems in raw material preparation, fuel ash handling, lime/lime mud handling and chemical additives handling areas.
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