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Hinduism and Buddhism

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Hinduism and Buddhism Chapter 3 Section 3 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hinduism and Buddhism


1
Hinduism and Buddhism
  • Chapter 3
  • Section 3

2
Vedanta
  • End of the Vedas
  • 700 B.C.
  • Indian religious thinkers questioned the
    authority of the Brahmins
  • Vedanta
  • Teachings collected in the Upanishads, which
    explained the Vedanta religion
  • Ordinary people could not read or write, so they
    learned through teachings and stories

3
Vedanta
  • Epics
  • Eventually the stories were combined into two
    epics
  • The Mahabharata
  • The Ramayana
  • Read last paragraph on p. 60
  • What is the importance of these epics?

4
Societal Developments
  • Between 1500 B.C. and A.D. 500
  • Caste system
  • Transformed Indian society
  • Created 4 distinct varnas
  • Varna- social class

5
Varnas
Rulers and Warriors
Brahmins, priests, and scholars
Merchants, traders, and farmers
Peasants and others who did menial labor
Pariahs, or untouchables- performed unclean
jobs (read quote on p. 61)
6
Varnas
  • Jati
  • Over time, the 4 varnas formed subgroups called
    Jati
  • A person was born into his/her parents jati
  • Very strict rules
  • It determined
  • Your job
  • Who you could eat with
  • Who you could marry

7
Discussion
  • How would your life be different if a caste
    system existed in the United States?
  • Material possessions?
  • Boyfriends/Girlfriends?
  • Jobs?
  • Agree or Disagree Although not as explicit, a
    certain cycle exists today that would resemble a
    caste system.
  • How can you change or continue the cycle?

8
Hinduism
  • Gradually spread to become Indias major religion
  • Developed from the Brahmin priests explanations
    of the Vedas
  • Brahman-the Hindu God
  • A divine essence that fills everything in the
    world
  • Self/Atman
  • A persons individual essence
  • Brahman and Atman are one in the same
  • This means that all things in the universe are of
    the same essence as God

9
Hinduism
  • Monistic
  • Belief in the unity of God and creation
  • Not monotheistic (belief in one god)
  • Beliefs
  • The world we see is an illusion, maya
  • If people accept maya, they cannot be saved
  • It may take many lifetimes to fully recognize
    maya
  • Reincarnation-rebirth of souls

10
Hinduism
  • Dharma
  • Doing ones moral duties
  • Karma
  • Good or bad force created by a persons actions
  • Reincarnation
  • Fulfilling dharma and having good karmahigher
    social group
  • Those not living moral liveslower social group
    or even animal

11
Hinduism
  • Nirvana
  • Eventually, souls who grow will reach nirvana
  • A perfect peace
  • Soul unites with Brahman
  • Brahman
  • Can be represented by a number of gods
  • Ex. Vishnu the Preserver or Siva the Destroyer
  • Even spirits of trees and animals
  • But all are a part of Brahman
  • Not polytheistic

12
Hinduism
  • Practices
  • Yoga
  • Mental and physical exercises designed to bring
    the body and soul together
  • Festivals
  • Religious ceremonies combined with rituals,
    dancing, eating, and drinking
  • Sacred animals
  • Especially cows, which are protected by law
  • Why do you think cows are sacred to Hindus?

13
Hinduism
  • So whats with the red dot?
  • It is called a bindi
  • Today, many girls and women choose to sport a
    bindi
  • In the past, it was meant to represent status and
    a sign that means a woman is happily married

14
Hinduism
  • Video clip

15
Buddhism
  • Founded by Siddhartha Gautama
  • Buddha, or Enlightened One
  • Born in 563 B.C. in northern India
  • Father was a wealthy prince
  • Shielded from the harsh realities of life
  • At 29, he ventured from his home
  • Shocked to learn of the tragedies of everyday
    life
  • Vowed to discover the reasons for suffering

16
Buddha
  • The Great Renunciation
  • Siddhartha left his home and lifestyle in search
    of truth and meaning
  • Practiced yoga, meditated, and fasted until he
    nearly died
  • None gave answers
  • After 6 years, he found the truth that formed the
    basis of life while meditating
  • He became Buddha

17
Buddha
  • Way of Life
  • Spent the remainder of life teaching followers to
    pursue the way to enlightenment
  • Teachings
  • Reincarnation
  • Believed the progress of the soul depends on the
    life a person leads
  • Salvation
  • Comes from knowing the Four Noble Truths and
    following the Eightfold Path

18
Buddhism
  • Ethics
  • Code of morals and conduct
  • More important that ceremonies
  • Stressed selflessness
  • Did not accept the Hindu gods
  • Believed priests should live in poverty
  • Rejected the importance of the caste system
  • Believed any person could reach nirvana
  • Rejected the Vedas as sacred writings
  • Who do you think would embrace/reject these
    teachings?

19
Buddhism
  • Read the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path
  • P. 64
  • How do you stack up?
  • Activity
  • Interview a classmate and record their responses
    to questions about the Eightfold Path

20
Buddhism
  • The Spreading of Buddhism
  • Buddha only gained a few followers during his
    lifetime
  • Split into 2 branches between 200 B.C. and A.D.
    200
  • Theravada Buddhism
  • Believed Buddha was a great teacher and spiritual
    leader
  • Mahayana Buddhism
  • Believed Buddha was a god and a savior
  • Declined in India, but gained many followers in
    other parts of Asia
  • See map on p. 63

21
Draw the Venn Diagram below
Work in pairs to complete the diagram
  • HW
  • 10 pts

Hinduism
Buddhism
22
Buddhism
  • Video clip

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