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Hinduism and Buddhism

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Buddhism and Hinduism agree on karma, ... urged people to seek enlightenment through meditation Buddhism Buddha preached in northern India and his teachings spread. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hinduism and Buddhism


1
Hinduism and Buddhism
  • AP World History
  • Bartlett High School
  • Mr. Pahl

2
Hinduism
  • No single founder
  • No single sacred text.
  • Grew out of various groups in India
  • The Aryans added their religious beliefs to those
    of the Indus Valley.
  • Our of all its complexity, though, there are
    certain basic beliefs

3
Hindu Beliefs
  • God is one, but is known by many names.
  • Everything in the universe is part of the
    unchanging, all-powerful force called Brahman.
  • Brahman is too complex for most people to
    understand.
  • They worship gods that give a concrete form to
    Brahman.
  • Gods are Brahma the Creator Vishnu the
    preserver, Shiva, the destroyer
  • All are aspects of Brahman
  • Every person has an essential life, or atman.

4
More Hindu beliefs
  • But even the atman is just another name for
    Brahman.
  • The ultimate goal is to attain moksha, union with
    Brahman.
  • Since this usually takes more than one lifetime,
    Hindus believe in reincarnation.
  • Reincarnation is the rebirth of the soul in
    another bodily form. Samsara.
  • Karma your good or bad deeds affect ones
    future, and the future of those around one, for
    good or suffering

5
  • Respect for all life vegetarian
  • Human life as supreme
  • Four stations of life (Caste) - priests
    teachers, nobles warriors, merchant class,
    servant class
  • Four stages of life student, householder,
    retired, renunciant
  • Four duties of life pleasure, success, social
    responsibilities, religious responsibilities
    (moksha)

6
Major Gods
  • Brahma, the creator god
  • Vishnu, the preserver god

7
  • Shiva, god of constructive destruction(the
    transformer)
  • Saraswati, goddess of wisdom, consort ofBrahma

8
  • Lakshmi, goddess of good fortune, consortof
    Vishnu
  • Kali, destroyer of demons

9
  • Ganesha-He is the Lord of success and destroyer
    of evils and obstacles. He is also worshipped as
    the god of education, knowledge, wisdom and wealth

10
More Hindu Beliefs
  • All existence is ranked Brahman, humans,
    animals, plants, things.
  • To help escape the wheel of fate, dharma,
    religious duties, can help one acquire merit for
    the next life.
  • Vedas and Upanishads are sacred texts. The
    BhagavadGita spells out many ethical ideas.
  • Ahimsa is another key principle of Hinduism
    nonviolence.

11
Buddha
  • Gautama Buddha, from the foothills of the
    Himalayas, founded a new religion.
  • Gautama born about 566 BC
  • He saw for the first time in his protected
    environment, a sick person, an older person, and
    a dead person.
  • Gautama left a happy married life to discover the
    realm of life where there is neither suffering
    or death.

12
Buddha
  • He meditated and fasted. For 48 days he
    meditated in one place. He believed he
    understood the cure for suffering and sorrow he
    was now Buddha.
  • The Four Noble Truths are the heart of Buddhism
  • All life is full of suffering, pain and sorrow.
  • The cause of suffering is the desire for things
    that are really illusions, such as riches, power
    and long life.
  • The only cure for suffering is to overcome
    desire.
  • The way to overcome desire is to follow the
    Eightfold Path

13
The Eightfold Path
  • Right views
  • Right aspirations
  • Right speech
  • Right conduct
  • Right Livelihood
  • Right effort
  • Right mindfulness
  • Right contemplation

14
Buddhism
  • Final goal of Buddhism is nirvana, union with the
    universe and release from the cycle of rebirth.
  • Buddhism and Hinduism agree on karma, dharma,
    moksha and reincarnation.
  • They are different in that Buddhism rejects the
    priests of Hinduism, the formal rituals, and the
    caste system. Buddha urged people to seek
    enlightenment through meditation.

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Hinduism and Buddhism Compared
Similarities Differences
Hinduism and Buddhism Karma Dharma Moksha Reincarnation Buddhism rejects the priests of Hinduism, the formal rituals, and the caste system. Buddha urged people to seek enlightenment through meditation
18
Buddhism
  • Buddha preached in northern India and his
    teachings spread.
  • Buddhas followers gathered his teachings into the
    Tripitaka.
  • Gradually Buddhism split into two parts, schools
  • Theravada Buddhism. Closely followed Buddhas
    original teachings.
  • Mahayana Buddhism. Made following Buddhism easier
    for the ordinary people.
  • Buddhism declined in India, being swallowed up by
    Hinduism which made Buddha another Hindu god.

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