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The Christian and the Lord

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The Christian and the Lord s Supper Lesson 17 Matthew 26:17-28 26 While they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to his disciples ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Christian and the Lord


1
The Christian and the Lords Supper
  • Lesson 17

2
Matthew 2617-28
  • 26 While they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave
    thanks and broke it, and gave it to his
    disciples, saying, "Take and eat this is my
    body." 27 Then he took the cup, gave thanks and
    offered it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all
    of you. 28 This is my blood of the covenant,
    which is poured out for many for the forgiveness
    of sins.

3
What is the Lords Supper?
  1. When it was instituted by Jesus The night he
    was betrayed, during the Passover.

Last Supper
Maundy Thursday
4
What is the Lords Supper?
  1. When it was instituted by Jesus The night he
    was betrayed, during the Passover.
  2. The visible elements unleavened bread and wine

5
1 Cor. 1016 1 Cor. 1127
  • Is not the cup of thanksgiving for which we give
    thanks a participation in the blood of Christ?
    And is not the bread that we break a
    participation in the body of Christ?
  • Therefore, whoever eats the bread or drinks the
    cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be
    guilty of sinning against the body and blood of
    the Lord.

6
What is the Lords Supper?
  1. When it was instituted by Jesus The night he
    was betrayed, during the Passover.
  2. The visible elements unleavened bread and wine
  3. Together with these visible elements Jesus gives
    us His body and blood. These elements are in
    communion with each other.

7
Real Presence Transub-stantiation Represen-tation
Elements Present Body and Blood in, with and under bread and wine Bread and Wine changed into body and blood Bread and wine represents body and blood
Elements Received Bread and wine, Body and Blood Body and Blood Bread and wine
Value Forgiveness of sins, life and salvation Unbloody sacrifice to God for sins of living and dead A memorial feast
8
1 Corinthians 1125
  • In the same way, after supper he took the cup,
    saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my
    blood do this, whenever you drink it, in
    remembrance of me."

9
Why did Jesus give the Lords Supper?
  1. So that we would remember his death and its
    meaning for us.

10
Matthew 2628
  • This is my blood of the covenant, which is
    poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.

11
Why did Jesus give the Lords Supper?
  1. So that we would remember his death and its
    meaning for us.
  2. To assure us of his covenant (promise) of
    personal forgiveness.

12
Matthew 2626
  • While they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave
    thanks and broke it, and gave it to his
    disciples, saying, "Take and eat this is my
    body."

13
1 Cor. 1124 1 Cor. 1128
  • and when he had given thanks, he broke it and
    said, "This is my body, which is for you do this
    in remembrance of me."
  • A man ought to examine himself before he eats of
    the bread and drinks of the cup.

14
Who should receive the Lords Supper?
  • Repentant believers who are
  • Able to remember the Lords death
  • Able to examine themselves
  • United in Christian faith

15
2. Questions for self-examination
Am I sorry for my sins?
16
2. Questions for self-examination
Do I trust in Jesus as my Savior?
17
2. Questions for self-examination
Do I believe that his body and blood are truly
present for my forgiveness?
18
2. Questions for self-examination
Do I intend, with God's help, to change my sinful
life?
19
Matthew 2626
  • While they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave
    thanks and broke it, and gave it to his
    disciples, saying, "Take and eat this is my
    body."

20
3. Who should not receive the Lords Supper?
Those who
  1. Are not Christians

21
1 Corinthians 1123a
  • For I received from the Lord what I also passed
    on to you

22
3. Who should not receive the Lords Supper?
Those who
  1. Are not Christians
  2. Havent been instructed to know what it is

23
1 Corinthians 1128
  • A man ought to examine himself before he eats of
    the bread and drinks of the cup.

24
3. Who should not receive the Lords Supper?
Those who
  1. Are not Christians
  2. Havent been instructed to know what it is
  3. Are unable to examine themselves

25
1 Corinthians 1017
  • Because there is one loaf, we, who are many, are
    one body, for we all partake of the one loaf.

26
3. Who should not receive the Lords Supper?
Those who
  1. Are not Christians
  2. Havent been instructed to know what it is
  3. Are unable to examine themselves
  4. Are not united in faith or knowingly reject some
    of the Bible

27
What is close communion?
Communion together of those who share a common
faith
28
Two fellowships in Lords Supper
  • VERTICAL
  • Us with Jesus

29
Two fellowships in Lords Supper
  • HORIZONTAL
  • Us with fellow Christians

30
What is confirmation?
  • A ceremony in which an individual publicly
    confesses faith in Jesus and unity in faith with
    the Christian congregation.

31
Our confession of faith in confirmation shows we
are ready for the Lord's Supper
32
Other Questions about the Lords Supper
  1. Is it proper to use grape juice instead of grape
    wine, or bread with yeast instead of unleavened?
  • We could, but Jesus used wine and unleavened
    bread. Why change?

33
Other Questions about the Lords Supper
  1. Some churches use a large common cup for the
    Lords Supper and others use individual cups. Is
    one better than the other?
  • No!

34
Hebrews 727
  • Unlike the other high priests, he does not need
    to offer sacrifices day after day, first for his
    own sins, and then for the sins of the people. He
    sacrificed for their sins once for all when he
    offered himself.

35
Hebrews 1011-14
  • Day after day every priest stands and performs
    his religious duties again and again he offers
    the same sacrifices, which can never take away
    sins. But when this priest had offered for all
    time one sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the
    right hand of God. Since that time he waits for
    his enemies to be made his footstool, because by
    one sacrifice he has made perfect forever those
    who are being made holy.

36
Other Questions about the Lords Supper
  1. Why is it wrong to speak of the Lords Supper as
    a sacrifice instead of a sacrament?
  • Jesus needed to be sacrificed only once. This is
    Gods work for us, not our work for him.

37
Other Questions about the Lords Supper
  1. Some people bow before the bread and worship it
    after it has been consecrated (set apart) for the
    sacrament. Why shouldnt I do this?
  • Jesus said, Take, eat. He didnt say worship
    it.

38
Other Questions about the Lords Supper
  1. Who may distribute the Lords Supper in a church
    service?
  • Any Christian may do this when asked to do so by
    fellow Christians.

39
Other Questions about the Lords Supper
  1. How often should I receive the Lords Supper?
  • Regularly and frequently

40
Other Questions about the Lords Supper
  1. What should I do before and after receiving the
    Lords Supper?
  • Pray quietly meditate on Gods promises sing
    the hymn.

41
Other Questions about the Lords Supper
  1. What if Im sick and cant come to the Lords
    Supper?
  • Pastor can have private communion with you in
    your home.

42
Matthew 523-24
  • Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the
    altar and there remember that your brother has
    something against you, leave your gift there in
    front of the altar. First go and be reconciled to
    your brother then come and offer your gift.

43
Other Questions about the Lords Supper
  1. What if Ive wronged someone and havent tried to
    settle the matter?
  • I will try to get things settled before I receive
    the Lords Supper.

44
Matthew 1128-29
  • Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened,
    and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you
    and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble in
    heart, and you will find rest for your souls.

45
Other Questions about the Lords Supper
  1. If my faith is weak, should I come to the Lords
    Supper?
  • Yes, because God strengthens faith in the Lords
    Supper!
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