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Realism, Regionalism, Naturalism


Realism, Regionalism, Naturalism 1850-1914 Tough times all over ... Frontier _Voices_____ As America expanded _westward__, so did _America s _ _literature_. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Realism, Regionalism, Naturalism

Realism, Regionalism, Naturalism
  • 1850-1914
  • Tough times all over

Division, Reconciliation, and Expansion
  • Division North vs South women vs men
  • Reconciliation post-Civil War
  • Expansion Westward expansion

Does this make any sense??
  • Westward expansion was boosted by _completion__.

Whats the matter with the sentence above?
  • 1805-1914 was a time of _change/transformation_
    for the U.S. America changed from a mostly
    _agricultural___ nation to the _modern__
    __industrial___ nation we know today.
  • Historical Background
  • Prelude to __War___________
  • The North and South had developed along _very__
    _different___ lines. The __Industrial__
    _Revolution___ and cheap _transportation__ had
    helped turn northern towns into centers of
    bustling activity. __Immigration__, too, was
    changing the face of the North. The South was a
    __slower___ paced region of _plantations__ and
    small _farms___. The one issue that affected the
    South was __slavery__________.

  • List four to six events that took slavery from an
    issue of disagreement to a cause for war
  • 1. Fugitive Slave Act 1850
  • 2. Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
  • 3. Uncle Toms Cabin published 1852
  • 4. John Browns raid on arsenal at Harpers Ferry
  • 5. Lincolns election 1860
  • 6. South Carolina and 5 other states secede 1861
  • The Union is Dissolved
  • People along both sides anticipated a _short__
    war _ending__ in __victory___. The war lasted
    ___4_ long years, with _many/over 1 million___
    casualties the South lay in _ruins_____.

Civil War1861-1864
  • An _Expanding_____ America
  • _Change____ characterized the years following the
    Civil War. The _Homestead__ __Act (1862)__
    shifted westward movement into high gear. Half a
    million farmers, including tens of thousands of
    _freed__ _African____ _Americans___ claimed land
    in the West. _Miners___ went west by the
    thousands, lured by _gold_____. Westward
    expansion was boosted by _railroads____.
  • The Disappearing __Frontier_______
  • The frontier may have _disappeared___, but its
    legacy lived on in a rich western __folk____

Westward expansion
Westward expansion
  • A Changing American Society
  • With _electricity_____ in the 1880s, the second
    Industrial Revolution began in earnest.
  • List three positive aspects and four negative
    aspects of city life
  • 1. public transportation 1. dirty, polluted
  • 2. department stores 2. disease
  • 3. electric lights 3. crowding/traffic
  • 4. noise

Industrial Revolution
  • Industrial and urban growth was also fueled by
    _immigration__. In the last twenty years of the
    19th century, U.S. population went from _50mil__
    to _76mil_. Urban/city population growth came
    from both _Europe/immigration___ and people
    moving from _rural__ _southern__ _towns__. This
    influx provided _cheap_ __labor___ for industry.

Industrial Revolution
  • Describe (with two specifics) an industrial
    workers financial situation
  • Even with adults working, they couldnt afford
    more than a tiny apartment often children had to
    go to work to help financially
  • Small, dark, unventilated apartments led to
    rampant disease

Industrial Revolution
  • The owners of industrial corporations, in
    contrast to their employees, made _fortunes___
    and lived like _kings___. Because the nations
    prosperity was not benefiting the majority of the
    people, _discontentment__ grew. _Women__,
    _African_ _Americans___, and __workers___ sought
    changes in their social, _economic___ and
    _political___ status. Women still did not have
    _voting___ rights, and African Americans were not
    much better off in 1914 than they were in 1850,
    despite __emancipation__.

Womens Rights
  • Literature of the Period
  • Oh, _Freedom_____!
  • One of the great black abolitionist leaders was
    _Frederick Douglass_. After escaping slavery, he
    became a persuasive _orator____ against
  • Wartime Voices
  • The primary record of personal experiences of the
    war is from _diaries__, _letters__, _journals___
    and _speeches____.
  • Frontier _Voices_______
  • As America expanded _westward__, so did
    _Americas _ _literature_. During this time a
    number of writers represented the __West_______
    for the first time.
  • List three authors who wrote about the frontier
  • 1. Bret Harte
  • 2. Willa Cather
  • 3. Mark Twain

  • Realism and _Naturalism_____
  • The _harsh____ _reality_____ of frontier life,
    coupled with artists reactions to the Civil War
    gave rise to a new _movement_____ in American
    literature called _Realism__. _Realism___ in
    literature began __after___ the Civil War. The
    wars enormous cost in human life shattered the
    nations _idealism/innocence__. Turning away
    from Romanticism (the writing style before the
    war), writers began to focus on portraying
    _real___ _life___ as _ordinary___ __people__
    lived it. They attempted to show characters and
    events in an _honest____, _objective____, almost
    factual way.

  • An important literary offshoot of Realism was
    _Naturalism____. Naturalist authors also
    depicted real people in real situations, but they
    believed _forces__ _larger__ _than_ _the____
    _individual______ shaped peoples individual
    destiny. _Jack___ _London____ set much of his
    fiction in Alaska where the environment was
    _cruel___ and _unforgiving____. If these
    writers reality seemed always to be a harsh one,
    it was because _hardship____ influenced their
    art. The _war___, the frontier, and increasingly
    _cities_____ were harsh places in reality that
    influenced the writers of the time.

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  • Literature of _Discontent_______
  • The social problems that grew out of
    _industrialization__ were exposed by many
    talented authors. Kate Chopin wrote about
    __womens____ desire for _equality____ and
    __independence____. Naturalists saw
    _industrialization___ as a force against which
    individuals were _powerless____. By 1914 America
    had grown up and American _literature___ had,
    too. The Civil War, the closing of the frontier,
    and _industrialization____ brought about a
    _loss____ of _innocence____, a shift from
    _idealism____ to _pragmatism_____ in the American
    character. American writers reflected this
    change in rejecting _Romanticism___ and
    __embracing____ Realism.

  • Romanticism (previous time period)

  • Realism, etc.
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